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graven images, which he hath made? And what stay and safety, worthy of his reliance, shall he meet with in his molten image, which is no other than a teacher of lies? To what purpose hath he made these dumb idols of either kind?

II. 19. That saith to the dumb stone, Arise, it shall teach.

That saith to the senseless stone, Arise ; and shall add, This image shall teach us future things; this oracle shall instruct us.

II. 20. Let all the earth keep silence before him.

Let all the inhabitants of the earth be awfully affected before his Majesty.

The TITLE.- III. 1. A prophetical and supplicatory song of Habakkuk, set to mixed tunes.

III. 2. O Lord, I have heard thy speech, and was afraid: O LORD, rerive thy work in the midst of the years, in the midst of the years make known; in wrath remember mercy.

O Lord, I have heard the words spoken by thee, concerning the future captivity of thy people, and was much troubled with them: and now, O Lord, since they must lie under this grievous affliction for a time, make good upon them the work of thy gracious preservation of them; uphold them, while those years of their misery continue; let thy merciful protection be made known to the world.

III. 3. God came from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah. His glory covered the heavens, and the earth was full of his praise.

God hath given abundant proof of his power, and care over his Church: if we look to his ancient mercies, and dreadful manifestations of himself, when the Lord God came before his people from the south, even from Egypt through the wilderness, heaven and earth were full of the Majesty of his glory.

III. 4. And his brightness was as the light; he had horns coming out of his hand: and there was the hiding of his power.

His brightness was as the light of the sun: he had radiant beams, that came streaming out from him; and under those glorious rays, his power was rather hid than manifested.

III. 5. Before him went the pestilence, and burning coals went forth at his feet.

Before him, he sent the pestilence; and other consuming judgments were ordained and executed by him, upon his enemies and rebels.

IJI. 6. He stood, and measured the earth; he beheld, and drore asunder the nations, and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his ways are everlasting.

When he fixed his station in Canaan, and gave order by Joshua for the dividing of the Land of Promise, he, by his very

look, drove out the nations before Israel: those mountains, which, from their first creation, had been fixed to their places, were now so shaken at the awful presence of God, as if they had been scattered and removed from their foundations : those hills, which had ever stood upright, now bowed: so dreadful and glorious is God for ever, in the manifestation of himself to his creatures.

III. 7. I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction: and the curtains of the land of Midian did tremble.

I saw the neighbouring nations of the Arabians and Ethiopians in great distress; and the Midianites trembling under the expectation of his judgments, which he was ready to bring upon them, in the behalf of his people.

III. 8. Was the LORD displeased against the rivers ? was thine anger against the rivers? was thy wrath against the sea, that thou didst ride upon thy horses and thy chariots of salvation ?

O God, when thou dividedst the Red Sea, and driedst up the river of Jordan, was it upon any displeasure, that thou conceivedst against those waters? or was it out of a desire to triumph over the sea, that thou didst, as it were, pass, in state, upon the horses and chariots of salvation and deliverance, before thy people, through the channel thereof? or was it not for the confusion of those proud Egyptians, which pursued thine Israel ?

III. 9. Thy bow was made quite naked, according to the oaths of the tribes, even thy word. Selah. Thou didst cleare the earth with rivers.

Thou didst draw forth and bend the bow of thy mighty power among thine enemies, according to the oaths which thou swarest to the tribes of Israel; even the word of promise, which thou gavest them to settle them in that good land. Selah. Thou didst eleave in sunder the rivers which run upon the earth, to give way to thy people.

III. 10. The mountains saw thee, and they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice, and lifted up his hands on high.

The very mountains felt the terribleness of thy presence, and shook withal: the overflowing stream of the Red Sea and Jordan passed backward in their channels: the deep made a noise, in his running together on heaps; and did lift up his waves, as so many hands, to praise and magnify thy power.

III. 11. The sun and moon stood still in their habitation: at the light of thine arrows they went, and at the shining of thy glittering spear.

The sun and the moon stood still, upon the command of Joshua, for the time, in the orbs of their heaven; in which extraordinary light of those standing planets, thy thunder and

lightning and hailstones flew abroad, as so many arrows, or glittering spears, to wound thine enemies.

III. 12. Thou didst march through the land in indignation, thou didst thresh the heathen in anger.

In despight of which enemies, thou didst march through the land of Canaan, before thy people, in great indignation at their resistance; and didst subdue the heathen before them, in thine anger.

III. 13. With thine anointed, thou woundedst the head out of the houses of the wicked, by discovering the foundation unto the neck. Selah.

With Moses thy servant thou didst cut off the kings and princes, which were the heads of those seven wicked nations, and leftest them destitute; even as when the head is cut off by the sword, the junctures thereof unto the neck and shoulders are fully discovered.

III. 14. Thou didst strike through with his staves the head of his villages : they came out as a whirlwind to scatter me : their rejoicing was as to devour the poor secretly.

Thou didst, with thine immediate judgments, and by the weapons of thy people, overthrow those, which were the princes and leaders of those hostile forces: they came out furiously as a whirlwind, to scatter and defeat Ísrael; and, they rejoiced to think, how easily their power and subtlety should be able to consume this poor handful of thy people.

III. 15. Thou didst walk through the sea with thine horses, through the heap of great waters.

When thou leddest thy people through the sea, thou didst, as it were, pass triumphantly with thine horses of war, through the heaps of the great waters.

III. 16. When I heard, my belly trembled; my lips quivered at the voice : rottenness entered into my bones, and I trembled in myself that I might rest in the day of trouble : when he cometh up unto the people, he will inrade them with his troops.

I heard thy speeches, O Lord, as I before said, concerning those grievous afflictions, which thou hast threatened to bring upon thy people; and when I heard thereof, I was moved with much fear and compassion: my heart trembled; my lips shook; and I was even consumed with inward grief and heaviness: and all this sorrow and consternation should I think well bestowed, on condition, that I might rest in the day of the common calamity, when the Chaldees come up against my nation, and invade Judah with their troops.

III. 17. Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither shall fruit be in the vines, the labour of the olive shall fail, and ihe fields shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut of from the fold, and there shall be no herd' in the stalls :

Although God should so cross us, as that none of these VOL. IV.

outward comforts should prosper in our hands ; though our fig trees should not yield us any blossoms, nor our vines yield us grapes; though our olive trees should fail us, after the labour and cost bestowed on them; though our fields should yield us no grain, nor our folds any flocks, nor our stalls any herds :

III. 18. Yet I will rejoice in the Lord, I will joy in the God of my salvation.

Yet I will depend cheerfully upon the Lord, even against hope, and joy in the God of my salvation.

İII. 19. The LORD God is my strength, and he will make my feet like hinds' feet, and he will make me to walk upon my high places. To the chief singer on my stringed instruments. See 2 Sam. xxii. verse 34, &c.

ZEPHANIAH.

I. 2. I will utterly consume all things from off the land, saith the LORD.

I will utterly waste and consume all things from off this land of Judea, which hath so grievously provoked me, saith the Lord.

I. 3. And the stumblingblocks with the wicked.

And I will destroy those abominable idols, which have been stumblingblocks to their followers; together with their idolatrous clients.

I. 4. And I will cut off the remnant of Baal from this place, and the name of the Chemarims with the priests;

I will cut off those that remain of the worshippers of Baal, from this place; and the name of those idolatrous priests of his, together with those corrupt ministers of my sanctuary;

I. 5. And them that worship the host of heaven, fic.

And those, that build altars on the roofs of their houses to the hosts of heaven &c.

I. 7. Hold thy peace at the presence of the Lord God: for the day of the Lord is at hand: for the Lord hath prepared a sacrifice, he hath bid his guests.

Do thou, with an awful fear and silence, make account to see the execution of these judgments, from the Lord; for the day thereof is nigh at hand: the Lord hath made preparation to a very great slaughter, which he shortly intendeth. So also verse 8.

I. 9. In the same day also will I punish all those that leap on the threshold, which fill their masters' houses with violence and deceit.

In that day will I punish those, which violently break into the houses of their peaceable neighbours, and take away their

goods forcibly; filling their masters' houses, with treasures gotten by rapine and fraud.

I. 10. And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD, that there shall be the noise of a cry from the fish gate, and an howling from the second, and a great crashing from the hills.

There shall be a general lamentation and shrieking in all the streets of Jerusalem, from the fish gate which is in the upper part of the cities, to the lowermost gate thereof; and great noises of the falling of houses, and outcries of men, from the hills, in the remotest parts of Jerusalem.

1. 11. Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off.

Howl, ye inhabitants of the hollow valley of Cedron; for all the merchants, which dwelt in those parts, are cut off; all those rich men, which had wont to drive a great trade with their silver, are now perished and gone.

I. 12. And it shall come to pass at that time, that I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees : that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil.

And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will make a curious search in Jerusalem, and will leave no corner thereof unsought, for the fetching out and punishing of those foul and secure offenders, which have hardened themselves with resolutions of wickedness; and have determinately settled themselves to live in their known sins; and say in their hearts, Tush, it is all one, whether we do good or evil, the Lord will not regard it, whethersoever we do.

I. 14. The great day of the Lord is near.

The great day of God's revenge upon Jerusalem is near at hand. So also verses 15 and 16.

II. 2. Before the decree bring forth, before the day pass as the chaff

Before the command of God bring forth all this heavy judgment upon you; before the day of your captivity come upon you, which is coming upon you with such speed and violence, as the chaff is driven with a strong wind.

II. 3. Seek ye the Lord, all ye meek of the earth, which hare wrought his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the Lord's anger.

Pray to the Lord, O all ye, that are well disposed and conscionable upon earth; ye, which have endeavoured to do that, which is just and right before him: go ye on still to approve yourselves to him, in your holy carriage and good affections: it may be, that God will be pleased to deliver you from the common judgment. II. 4. For Gaza shall be forsaken, and Ashkelon a desola

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