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the nomination of his Right Hon. Friend, and well adapted speech, by assuring the because he added to theie, in an eminent House, that if he had ibe honour to be degree, the liberal and amiable demean- elected their Speaker, no possible exertion our, which united the urbanity of the that he could make should be wanting to gentleman with the knowledge and offi- fill the office of Speaker with fidelity, hocial dignity of the great magistrate. Mr nour, and impartial jullice; he however Philips concluded a speech highly and argued much against a person so inadejustly honourable, both to himself and quate to the task being fixed upon, and his Right Hon. Friend. by seconding the wished somebody more fit was thought motion.
of. Mr Addington then rose, seemingly The Master of the Rolls, Mr Philips, much embarrafled by his natural modern and many other members, then forced ty and the peculiar strain of praises with Mr Addington to the chair ; when he which his Honourable Friends had intro: again stated to the House that the eleco duced the motion; he however acquitted tion was not yet final, and begged they himself in a style that did him the high would consider and endeavour io find eft credit. He said, he felt much at a somebody more capable. There was then loss how to express himself in any man- a general cry of Chair! Chair and haner nearly adequate to his feelings or cong ving taken Kis feat, the Speaker, in very ceptions upon ihis occasion, weil convin- appofite terms, thanked the House for ced that the compliments and encomiums the honour they had so generously confer. which his friends had poured upon him red upon him. far exceeded any thing that he ever had Lord Courton rose, and spoke for a few merited, and was much afraid he never minutes, which, from his attitude, we could merit. In this situation he was took to be complimentary to the Speaker, perfectly overcome, nor did he know how as his Lordship spoke in so low a tonç to proceed; he could not remain filent; that we could collect nothing of what he and indeed the great respect he had for said. those who heard him, and for those who The Speaker moved that this House had kindly approved his endeavours to do adjourn. fill the great and essential duties attached Adjourned accordingly, to the situation he had the honour to hold in the last Parliament, and was nominated to again by his Right Hon. Friend, made
FRIDAY. Nov. 26. him anxious to express that gratitude This day his Majesty went in ftate to which he owed for those repeated obliga- the House of Peers, when the ceremony tions which their generous and undeler- of presenting and approving of the new ved support on his part had laid him un- Sneaker i
laid him un Speaker being gone through, and the der to the Houfe, and of which he felt House of Commons attending, he was the most lively sense, though at present pleased to deliver the following moft by no means able to express in any way gracious speech from the throne that could convey his ideas to that Hoc nourable House: 'He wifhed of all things' My Lords and Gentlemen, to avoid all affectation; but when he re- It is a great satisfaction to me to in. flected on the last feffion of Parliament, form you that the differences which had and his own conduct, thc retroipect arisen between me and the Court of Spain brought to his memory many omissions haye happily been brought to an amicaand defects on his pari, w Bich, however bie termination. indulgently they were borne by the House I have ordered copies of the declara. convinced him ihat he was not a fit per- tions exchanged between ny Ambassasen to be again placed in that arduous dor and the Minister of the Catholic and honourable situation.
King, and of the convention which has He said, the person, whoever he might since been concluded, to be laid before lie, that should be the object of their you. choice, muft possess that degree of natu- The objects which I have proposed to ral abilities, profound knowledge, parti. myself in the whole of this traniaction, cular acquaintance of the laws and pri. have been to obtain a suitable reparation vileges of parliament, and many other va. for the act of violence commitird at luable and effential qualifications, which Noorka, and to remove the grounds of he was sorry to think he never could at. fimilar disputes in future; as well as to tain. . After continuing for some time in secure to my subjects the exercise of their This ftrain, he finished a very excellent navigation, comincrce, and fisheries in
those parts of the world, which were the My Lords and Gentlemen, subject of discusion.
You will have observed with concern 'The zeal and public spirit manifested the interruption which has taken place by all ranks of my subjects, and the dis-, in the tranquillity of our Indian poffefpofition and conduct of sy allies, had' lions, in confequence of the unprovoked left me no room to doubt of the most attack on an ally of the British natioo. vigorous and effectual support, but no The respectable state, however, of the event could have afforded me so much forces under the direction of the governsatisfaction, as the attainment of the ob- ment there, and the confidence in the jects which I had in view, without any British name, which the system prefcribactual interruption of the bleffings of ed by parliament has established among · peace.
the native powers in India, afford the Since the last fe:Tion of Parliament, a mon favourable prospect of bringing the foundation has been laid for a pacifica. contest to a speedy and successful con lution bitween Austria and the Porte, and fion. 'I am now employing my mediation, in I think it ncceflary particularly 10 conjunction with my allies, for the pur. call your attention to the ftate of the pole of negociating a definitive treaty province of Quebec, and to recommend between those powers, and of endeavour. it to you to conficer of such regulations ing to put an end to the diffentions in for its government as the present circunithe Netherlands, in whose situation I am ftances and condition of the province necessarily concerned, from considera- may appear to require. tions of national interest, as well as from I am satisfied that I shall on eyery oc. the engagements of treaties.
calion receive the fullest proofs of your · A feparate peace has taken place bet- zealous and affectionate attachment, ween Russia and Sweden, but the war which cannot but afford me peculiar las between the former of those powers and tisfactin, after fo recent an opportunity the Porte fill continues. The princi- of collecting the immediate fense of my ples on which I have nicherto acted will people, make me always desirous of einploying. You may be assured that I delire nothing the weight and influence of this country so much, on my part, as to cultivate an in contributing to the restoration of ge- entire hormony and confidence between neral tranquillity,
me and in parliamen', for the purpose of Gentlemen of the flouse of Commons preserving and tran:mitting to poterity
As the invaluable blelling of our free and exI have ordered the accounts of the excellent constitution, and of concurring pences of the late armaments, and the with you in every measure, which can estimates for the ensuing year, to be laid maintain the advantages of our present before you.
situation, and promote and augment the Painful as it is to me at all times to see profperity and happiness of my faithany increase of the public burthens, I am ful fubjects.". persuaded you will agree with me in His Majesty having resired, and their thinking that the extent of our prepara. Lordships having unrobcd, leveral new tions was dictated by a due regard to Peers were introduced, and took the the existing circumstances, and that you usual oath; among them were Lord will reflect with pleasure on so ftriking a Gripitone, Lord Douglas, and Lord proof of the advantages derived tiom Grenville.' The Lord Chancellor then the liberal fupplies granted fince the last read his Majeity's Ipeech to the Ilouse, peace for the naval service. I rely on as did also the clerk; after which the your zeal and public fpirit to make due Chancellor moved, that their Lordships provision for defraying the charges in- do now take the said speech into their curred by this armament, and for sup- consideration; upon which. supporting the several branches of the Lord Powlett roli, and fail, that althongh public service on such a footing as the he was not in the habit of speaking in pub. general situation of affairs may appear lic, and wanted those distinguilhed abilitics to require. You will at the same time, for drawing the attention of their Lordships I am persuaded, mew your determina- to any thing he coull offer from himself, tion invariably to persevere in that fyftem yet he flattered himself what he had now to which has fo efféctually confirmed and propose to them would meet their most maintained the public credit of the na. unanimous concurrence; and he felt exs
trene fatisfaction at having it in his power to move for an address to his Majery, for
the speech which he was graciously pleased thips, but the senle alfo of his people as to deliver from the throne that day. The large. Noble Lord then proceeded to a retrospect The motion having been read, of the late disagreement betwecn this Court, Earl Stanbope rose and faid; he rose not to and that of the Catholic King; but which, oppose the address, neither was it his intenhe was happy to congratulate their Lord. tion to impute either blame or praise to Mi. ships, no longer exifted; and he was proud nisters for their conduct in respect to the of being able :congratulate his country up- late negociation, and that, because he was on a circumstance which casures to us a fur- not yet sufficiently acquainted with the ther continuance of the blessings of peace, grounds and circumstances of it in detail, and which secures to us the full exercise of to be enabled to decide upon the subject. our navigation and commerce. With ree He rose to congratulate their Lordships, spect to the armament which we made, the and the country, on the profpect of peace circumstances of the times demanded it, and that opened to them; the continuance of the cause of offence was considered of suf- peace was, he was confident to declare, an ficient import to warrant it; for of what use inestimable blessing to this country at prewould our remonftrances to the Court of fent. Without meaning, however, to do Spain have been, had we not shewn a deter- tract in the smallest degree from the merit mined resolution to follow such remonftrance of Administation in having brought the difup by vigorous action ? On this ground his ferences with the Conrt of Spain to a fortuLordship approved the conduct of his Ma- nate termination (whatever inerit it fhould jesty's Ministers in their late exertions to hereafter appear Administration were entisupport and maintain the honour of this na- tled to), he thought it incumbent on him to tion, which, he faid, was effected in a man- assert, that under the blefling of Providence ner that redounded to the credit of his Ma- he believed the enjoyment of a continuance jesty's servants, and to the interest of the na- of peace was principally owing to the revotion; and his Lordship was persuaded, that lution in France. That event had reconin a short time, this country would find that ciled a free people, who were formerly conit has gained more hy the force which Min sidered as our natural enemies, to the people nistry took into their own hands, than we of this country. If, therefore, their LordThould probably have done after a long, ships were fincere in their congratulations bloody, and expensive war. After dwelling on the prospect of an uninterrupted peace, for some time upon this subject, his Lord- and wished to maintain it, they would natuthip next took potice of the other parts of rally look to the best means of obtaining his Majeity's speech, and expressing himself that end, and rendering the peace perniain terms of condolence, for the loss the Royal nent. No' means, in his opinion, were so Family sustained by the death of his Royal likely to answer this purpose as an alliance Highness the Duke of Cumberland, moved, with France, Great Britain and France, " That ar humble addrefs be presented to the two most powerful free nations in Euhis Majesty, for his most gracious speech rope, were they united by tresty, might bid from the throne ”-His Lordfhip then read defiance to all their enemics. 'They might the address; which, as usual, was a mere secure themselves from the attack of any inecho of the speech; there being no difference dividual state, and easily repel the attempts in substance, except one paffage, wherein of almost every poflīble combination of their Lord'hipe condole with his Majesty for power. His Lordship said, he should not the death of his Royal Brother.
thus early have broached this fentiment, had As soon as his Lordhip finished reading not a molt extraordinary publication made the addıcss,
its appearance in this country, since their Lord Hard vicke rose to second the motion, Lordlips had last met together-A publin but obicrvcd, that it would be unnecessary cation containing a grofs libed upon the King. for him to trouble their Lordships for any Several Lords smiling at the affertioo, his length of time, after the proper cbservations Lordship said, he meant not a piece of poemide ly the Noble Lord who had gone be- try, for poetry deferved not a serious answer, fore him. His Lordship said, that every fa- but the publication he alluded to was a tisíacion necessary to be required, had been book, not fent forth without a name, not wbraincd ; that the honour of the British flag, coming from an obscure and insignificant inthe only protecion to British merchant dividual, but from no less a man than the vesic's, had beer preferred; and that the late forft Minister of France, Monsieur de country had obtaincd advantages that put Calonne! He wonld ffate to their Lordships the exp rec the nation had incurred in its what Monbeur de Calonne had said, and if Trorarations for war, out of confideration. they had the smallest doubt of his correct. His Lordiliip concluded by obfervir:g, that nelé, his Lordfhip declared, he would inflantin an unanimous vote for the address just ly produce the original words. After treatmoved, their Lorit.ips would not only car- ing of the advantages of a civil war in ry up to his Majesty the sense of their Lord France, which Monsieur de Calonne so pa.
thetically recommends, he declares that Court of Spain, together with a translatina those who promoted a civil war in France, of the same. As also accounts of the exwould be protected and encouraged by all tbe Sove pences of the arirament, fo far as the same reigns of Europe. This assertion being couch- could yet be ascertained. Ordered to lie on ed in such general terms, necessarily includes the table. the King of Great Britain, and his Majesty, Mr Grey observed, that before the House h: wis persuaded, entertained no such in- could enter upon the discuslion of the merits tention, ieither did he believe that any of of the Convention, several papers would be his Ministers harboured sentiments of ihrat required to illustrate the subjec. He there. fort. If they did, it was high time that fore wished to know, if the Ro. Hon. Gen. they spoke out, and that the country should tleman meant to bring them forward. know what their sentiments were, and for Mr Pitt replied, that he knew of no other what objects the blood and treasure of Great papers which were neceffary to enable the Britain were likely to be spcnt. But his House to consider the merits of the ConLordship said, he was satisfied, the assertion vention, ard he had received no commands was a libel on the King, his Ministers, and from his Majesty to lay any other papers the country, and that it was utterly unfound. before them than those which he now proed. By a letter, which his Loritmip inform- duced. ed the House he had received from Paris, Mr Grey then gave r.otice, that he would, fince he came to town, he was assured, that in the course of a few days, call the altcrthe publication had already provoked a vi!i- tion of the House to that subject. ble lensation in France, and as their Lord. thips well know, that many Englihinen
December 7. were at present in Paris, and many Scotch and Irish dispersed throughout the kingdom The Speaker having put the question upone of France, it would be a good joke, if their the resolution of the Committee, to allow countrymen were to suffer for the false im- 24,000 seamen, including marines, for the putation of Monsieur de Calonne. He thank- naval service of next year, ed God, that they had among them a Peer, Mr Fox rose and obscrved, that he could and that Nobleman a most respectable man, not think of agreeing to this resolutian, who had folemnly declared," he never without making a few remarks, especially would desert his King;" he hoped, there as he had heard from an Hon. Gentleman, fors, that Noble Lord would stand up and not now in his place (Mr Pitt), the King's defend his Majesty from calumoy, and pro- Ministers meant, i: itating the expences into tect him from the scandalous libel of Monf. ceffary to b: provided for, to make a cler de Calonne. His Lord:hip declared, that distinction between that which was incurred he knew of no law of this country that aue entirely in consequence of the late armament, thorised any man to impate intentions to his and that which was to be the current eve Majesty which did not belong to him, and perce of the year, having aoconnexion whatmuch leis did it become a tranger to take cver with the charges of the arniament. that liberty. On this and various other con- But this, if he was to judge from the resolo fiderations the Earl flattered himself that the tion before them, if no farther explanation Noble Lord, to whom he had jult alluded, was given by those who knew the ticrets of would publicly reprobate the passage of M. Governmeni, and could only give such inde Calonne's book that he had stated, and formation, was not meantto be done. Mr Fox manifest to the world that it had excited the faid, he believed his opposition ought more indignationofthose whose most peculiar duty properly to have been yesterday; but as he it was to guard their Sovereign against the and many other gentlemen were ablent on malignant venom of a falfe and unwarrant- Saturday, when notice was given that these able libel.
estimates were to be moved on Monday, he His Lordship's speech, tho' not couched knew nothing of the matter till to-day, and etadly in these words, was pretty nearly to he could produce many respectable witneilcs the effect of what we have above stated in the House that would join with him in
As soon as Earl Stanhope sat down, the faying, that it was by no means the general Lord Chancellor put the question upon the idea amongst the Menbers that such a motion for the address, when it was declared, motion would come on fo early. that the contents had ic nemire diffentiente. He said, that to give a vcte for so great
an increasc, as from 18,000, the last peace HOUSE OP COMMONS. establishment, to 24,000, as now proposed,
without being polesed of sufhcient and a Friday, Dec. 3.
tisfactory information as to the neceflity of
that extraordinary burthen upog the counThe Chancellor of the Exchequer presented try, would be acting inconfilone with the the Declaration, Counter-declaration, and duty which every member owed this conthe sticles of the Convention with the fituents, and what he would never be guil.. ty of. No man was a warmer advocate nisters considered that the present state of for a liberal confidence in the King's Mi- Europe demanded that a greater naval force nifters for the time than he was, well should be kept up than the last peace esta. knowing that there might very properly be blishment, at least for a short time; and that secret motives for their conduct, which the they took this to be the policy which Eng. fafety of the state required to be kept from land onght to follow in the present situa. the knowledge of the public; at the same, tion of affairs. He said, that it would very he thought that the House had an undoubt foon, in the course of the business which he ed title, as trustees and guardians of the meant to submit to the Houfe, be necessary public treasure, to every information rela- to examine the peace establishments that had tive to its expenditure, that could be ob- taken place at different times previous to tained without endangering the safety of settling what onght, in the present circumthe state, by harrailing Ministers to disclofe ftances, to be the permanent citabiilnment; what ought to remain secret.What he but he did not think it would be pofiible to plainly and fimply withed to know he should bring that on before Christmas, as it would ftate thus : First, Whether from the pre- require much ferious confideration and was a fent situation of this country, and the gene. fubject which he, as much as any body; ral ate of Eurone, his Majey's Minifters wished might meet with an ample discuss con dered it to be the necessary policy of fion. this country to keep up a greater naval era: Mr Fox, in reply, said, that finding from tablishment than was formerly done in what had fallen from the Right Honouratime of peace! Or secondly, Whether it bie Gentleman, that his Majesty's Minifwas intended entirely to alter the former Eers confidered it to be the policy of this system, and to make a permanent increale country, from the general fate of Europe at of the peaee establishment ?..On the first present, to increase the peace establishment, point he could not say that he was inclined he would most cheerfully give his vote for to argue now, because he was not in pofies the motio1, reserving to himself, however, fion of such suficient information as his Ma- the right to reafon upon the general, state jesty's Ministers must he, from their oficis of Europe, and the present itate of this al fituations ; he was sorry he did not fee country, when other matters might be unthe Right Honourable Gentleman in his der discusion to which that reasoning place, but he saw others materially connect would apply. ed withi the naval department, whom he T he Speaker then put the question, that made no doubt were able to answer him this resolution be read a second time which perfely. As to the second point, he cer- was carried jainly would not vote for any increase of the Mr Blartin presented a petition from peace establishment that must bring a per- John Horne Troke, Eig; the contents of manent additional burthen upon the counwhich were, as follows: try; his conscience didated to him that he “That he, as an elector of the city of ought to make this enquiry, and he truited Westminster, observed, with great concern, he hould have an explicit answer, other the constant outrags and acts of violence wise he should not vote for the resolucion committed during the time of Election for wow moved.
members to ferve in parliament for that The Cbancellor of the Excbecuer said, he city, and which still continued, as if no understood that the Right Honourable Gen- Attorney-general was in being, or no tleman was very desirous to have an exact House of Commons in the nation—That account of the expences attending the late 17,000 electors of Westininster, who have armamcnt, diftinct from the estimates of all a right to vote for representatives, have the current year; and as far as it was pofli. been deprived of their franchifesThat the ble to separate them, he would he ready great expence attending appeals to that to fate to the House, and could assure the House, from persons who are declared to be Right Honourable Gentleman, that it was not elected, is so heavy, as renders it almost his intention to lay before the House a very impossible for any man to bring his comparticular and minute detail of every article plaint before that ilguse, which, although that had been done in consequence of the still called the Houle of Commons, it is no. late ditierence with the Court of Spain, and torious that places, or seats, in that House, the consequent armament. With regard to are constantly bought and sold, the same as the present vote for 24,000 seamen, he did stands in a market. It then takes notice r.ot think it was pctible entirely to separate of the election in 1784, and that wherein that from the current expences, because the Lord John Townshend was returned memdismantling of so grcat a Acer could take ' ber, and of which election the petitioner place but gradually, and there miglit even complains, as well as of the return made at Le a neceffity for keeping up a greater peace the last election. The petition concludes sitablishment than formerly, as he would with a prayer, that the House will take pot heftate to say, that his Majcity's Mi- such mcafures as urray in future togulate the