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ous correlpondence, consider what it To this history of the latter part of would be to have his character judged Queen Anne's reign, the preceeding of, not by his actions or conduct, not remarks are applicable in the strongest by the train of his correspondence degree: Not only is the evidence, wy compared with his conduct, not even which its narrative is supported, of by the whole series of his letters com- those uncertain species we have enupared with one another, but by differ- merated, but their authority is less fub ent detached pasiages of these letters, ftantiated than is common in works written at different periods and to dif- that reit on the same fort of proof.ferent persons, without any knowledge Manuscript anecdotes are quoted of the circumstances in which they without its being mentioned by whom were written or of the persons ro they were written, and ihey are very whom they were addressed, and he will seldom, if at all, given at full length, at once see the hardship of such a mode or, in the words of the anonymous of procedure. If this holds in private author from whom they are taken. life, how much more must be the in- Neither are the letters, but with few justice of such a mode of forming our exceptions, copied at large; and somejudgment of men concerned in the times when they are mentioned to various great and difficult transactions have been in the posseflion of the auof states and kingdoms ; in those tranf- thor's father, no account is given of a&tions, where, from their very nature, the manner in which he became polthe weak muft so often be flattered, felfed of them. Most of the anecdotes the violent conciliated, the interested derived from oral tradition, confessedallured, the subtle counterplotted, and ly Aowed thtough the channel of the where State secrecy makes conceal- court of St Germains, to whose zeal ment and disguise but parts of the vis- for its unfortunate master we can eatue of fidelity
sily pardon that pliant belief, those vioThe third sort of evidence we men- lent prejudices which are to decorate tioned, that of itories or anecdotes the characters of his friends, and to handed down by oral tradition, it is depreciate those of bis enemies. scarce necessary to comment further Exclusive of the errors, to which, on, than to suggest that it is clearly from the above mentioned circumliable, and indeed, in a much stronger ftances, this narrative is liable, it may degree, to every objection that has be further observed, that, from the been made against the frst. Its ori- very singular account which the auginal imperfections are as great as thor gives of himself in his preface, he those of written memoirs or anecdotes, can hardly be fupposed to be altoge. and it is liable, belides, to that increas- ther dispassionate or unprejudiced on ed uncertainty, which succeeding igno- the subject of his hiftory. We mean rance or prejudice may occasion. not by this to infinuate, in the most
We have been induced to make diftant degree, that the author (who those general remarks, not only as they we have heard is a most upright and apply to the work before us, but, as benevolent man) would intentionally we think they may not improperly be misrepresent or fallify any particulars ; kept in view in perusing some other but it is requisite only to read a few modern narratives of former transac- passages of his book, to be satisfied that tions and other modern portraits of he is too much heated, and under too former statesmen, which contradi&t the much irritation, to be a cool and im. general opinion, and strike at the ve- partial historian of the period he has neration which the public have long chosen. What but this heat, this inbeen accustomed to pay to some of its temperate zeal, could have led him illustrious ancestors.
grapely to retail the ridiculous story, 428
Review of New Publications. that the set of dissipated and thought. rupters, of our poet's text; and great less young men, recorded by the Spec- corrupters indeed, be proves then tator under the title of Mohocks, were both, in the course of the work, 10 men hired by Prince Eugene to con- hare been. mt riots in the streets, and dip their Mr Malone appears to have been hands in blood, that they might be at great pains in collating the several hardened to the atrocity of political copies, and by means of an indes, or massacres ?
table formed for the purpose, to bare The vehemence and zeal of this detected every variation in every copy; author have not only prejudiced his by which mrans “ many innovations, belief, but alio degraded his language tranfpofitions, &c. have been detected, below the dignity of historical, or the many hundred emer.dations made; and decorum of improved expresion. To I truft (fays he, with that modely call the Duke of Marlborough, whole which is cisplayed through the whole) Shining talents and military exploits a genuine texe has been forined.”. have ranked himn with the able tatele Among the introductory matters conmen and most consummare generals, a tained in the first part of the frit vofriend, a daftardly veteran, is to use a lume, the prefaces of Theobald, Han. freedom with history and with his mer, and Warburton (on the latter of readers, which we are perfuaded the whom Mr M. is pretty sevére,) are author, upon clm review', will thank not adniitted---not appearing to the us for having pointed out to his cor- editor to throw any light on the aurection. [Edinburgh Herald.] thor or his works.
Dr Johnson's preface, Mr Steeren's Advertisement, Catalogue of ancient
Translations from Claffic Authors, The Plays and Poems of William Mr Pope's Preface, the Players de
Shakespeare, collated verbatim with dication and preface to the third folio, the most authentic Copies, and revif. Rowe's life of Shakespeare (with maed; with the corrections and Illuf ny notes by Mr Malone, and, what is trations of various Commentatori; better, a promise, at a future period, to which are added Notes by Edmond of a compleat life,) bis will and a Malone. 11 vols cr. 8vo.
mortgage, Poems on Shakespeare, Lift
of the ancient and modern editions of IT appears the principal aim of Mr the plays and poems, and Mr Malo. Malone, in this edition, to afcer- 'ne's essay on the chronological order tain the genuine text of Shakespeare, of the plays confiderably enlarged, from the earliest editions. This, as form a volume which is called the he very juftly observes, ought ever to first part of the first volume. be the first duty of an editor; his Toe second part of the first volume next aim is to explain and illustrate'; 'begins with Mr Malone's history of and in this latter he has shown great the Englifh Stage, now of itself neardiligence, attention, and extent of ly suficient to form a moderate book reading of contemporary writers. (and to such a book we wish much to
The editor of the second folio, and see it extended ;) and then proceeds Mr Pope (observes Mr Malone in to the plays, of which the tempeft his preface,) were the two great cor. ranks the first.
The Chevalier Bayard and Mudame de Randan. A Tale of the fiff enth century. M houve o Miranda, became a widow ang
Adame de Randan, of the illustrious gem, I am convinced he is enterprise at twenty years of age, and wis incon. After these fort reflections the two foleable.' What grief was ever like hers, knightà fat for some time fiient ; strange and whose eyes, to young and to charm- thoughts were paling in their minds, ing, ever ihed so many tears for a dead for they were both in love. It was the husband! The whole talk atcourt was of first instant of their pailion, and that inthe mourning of the young widow. She lani is certainly foraitimes very cubarno longer confulted her mirror ; The cier- railing. " It wouid be a meritorious pised the decorations of dress, and vowed act, tad Paliec, to touch the heart of to io the shade of her husband that the fair and accomplished a lacy.”
“ Corwould never more use them: the muffled tainly, faid Bayard, and highly honourhertelf up in a hood like a nun, and yet, able :” and they relapied again in:o fie in that disadvantageous attire, Madame lence. They looked at each other, and de Randan was the lovelictt of ali the wo- perceived that they were rivals.
. Let men of her time.
there, however, be no diffi renee het ween The Chevalier Bayard, at the age of us, laid Palice. Let us fwcar hy Si Deiathirty, had already aitained the appeila- nis, that whosoever fall be ine uníuction of Bayard the dauntless and irre. Ceisfui lover, mall immediately yie d proachable. Palice was proud of ha- without complaiut; and that if a thund ving been named with universel applause shali enter the lifis the din arded candito the command of the army at Ravenna. date mali alist the other, and be his comThese two preux chevaliers, whip acted a panion in arms. Let us promise, on the conspicuous part in the field, were hard faith of true knights, to relate our fucly known at court, and they resigned to cets without reserve.” “ I swear,” said the gentle Bonnivet and many others, Bayard. They embraced and te parated. the intire poffefsion of court favour, con- The one took the road on the right tent themselves with military fame. Bon- hand, the other that on the left, but nivet, however, sometimes courted the both directed their steps to the horel of conversation of Palice and Bayard; his the fair widow. Bayarui hal already frigid soul came to warm itself at the fire fet his foot whin the thru hold of iner which animated them where they talked gate, when he law Palice cinesing. llc of honour, and loyalty, and deeds of had all his life been above suspicion or arms. Bonnivet repayed them with reproach. 6* Emer, my Friend, isid he tales of galantry, with the news and “to Palice, you are my fenior; goud anecdotes of the court. The fair wi- • night and luccets to you; I will reo dow had her turn. 6. What think you,"
turn to-morrow, At thef: wor's he said he one day to the knights, of Ma- retired, and Paiile was an.wunced to the dame de Randan ?, “ By this hand," widow. faid Bayard, “ I never saw so fair a How Thall I describe Ma lame de Ran. ci dame." " Befhrew, me, added Palice, dan. She wore a grey robe; hur hair 66 but it is too much to weep so long for was unpowdered, and concealed beneath “ the dead." " Dont you know, replied an immense hord which covered her rice. “ Bonnivet, that I have undertaken to A small machine for weaving filk lace
put a speedy termination to her wi- ttood before her, and a young borl, who
dowhood ? yes, indeed, the fair wi. was reading certain select ; ages from s dow, let me tell you in confidence, the story of Godfrey of Poulogne, was ' will not be displeased when I attempttó ofien interrupted by the midwion « dry her tears." “ Thou are a vain many a light. This was the Helinfos ..
créature, said Palice.” “ He is a whom theie two brave Chevaliers were is braggart,” rejoined Bayard. Vory about to contend. She acknowledged well, gentlemen, said Bonnivet, obleive the honour of the Captain's vifit, but it the end," and he took his leave. made her neither more talkative nor What a strange man, said Palice, is more at eale.
“ You see before you, this Admiral Bonnivet! When I con- said Palice, a true kright who has just lider, replied Bayard, his behaviour to devoted himself wholly to your service.” a lady of high rank, into whose cham- “How say you ! láid mhe, with fur. ber lie introduced himself by a frata- priz::." is true, fair lady : my land, VOL. XII. No. 72.
430 The Chevalier Bayard and Madame de Randan. A Tale. my heart, I lay at your feet.” At this ed me ; hut a brave tellow, who had althe widow wept and was filent. Palice ways defended himself from my strokes was affected and had almost th d tears. surrounded me with his party and took The girl by a fiun, brought forward the me prisoner. Ludovic had seen my bepicture of M. de Randan, and the widow, haviour from his window and sent for as her only answer, pointed with her in- me. “ What brought you hither, Cheger to this infcription, I love him ftill. valier?" said he. “ The defire of victory, Palice interpreted this dumb refusal, I answered. And did you expect to and took his leave for that time by de- take Milan alone ?"-" No, my Lord, claring that he would never cease implor- but I thought I had been followed by my ing God to dispose ber heart to forget comrades."- " Though you had, you the dead, and to have pity on the living. could not have fucceeded."-" They
Bayard waited his return with a de- were wiler than I; they are free and I gree of impatience, “ Alas! said Palice, am a prisoner."--"What is the firength The was all in tears, me shewed me the of the French Army ?"- “ We never port
trait of her husband, and I have been reckon by numbers; but I can assure obliged to retire without hope!” Bayard you the soldiers are all cholen men before knew the worth of Palice and did not whom your's will never stand.”—That flatter himself. " I will go however time will determine ; a battle will to-morrow, faiú he, and you mall know prove their valoar."- Would to God the event.'
it were to-morrow,and that I were free." The interview between our Chevalier You are free; I like your freedom and and the widow was not altogether the your courage ; if you have any thing fame. Bayard was younger than Palice further to ask of me it shall be granted.” and his fame was greater. The beauteous I fell at his feet and befought him to widow wept ; he fewed the portrait, hut pardon the rudeness of my replies. ! the listened to Bayard ; and when he begged my horse and my arms and took said to her, Madam,. I will return---the leave. Thus ended my adventure at replied in a low voice, " you will do me Milan. It was easy for Ludovic to give me a great kindness.”
back my liberty; but that which I have The Chevalier related to Palice the loft with you it is impoffible to recover." conversation faithfully. You will be Palice was informed of this long cone “ the happy man, faid the captain; the versation ; for Bayard faithful to his oath “ did not speak half so much to me.”Pa- concealed nothing from him. The next lice made another attempt. The widow visit he paid the widow he thought to was still in tears, the picture was again make his court by detailing the circumpresented. Bayaid returned; and while stances of the batiles he had fought from Palice was always treated in the same Marignan to Ravenna ; but his labour way, the Chevalier was making advances was loft ; what interested the fair widow daily. The fair widow began to turn when told by Bayard, was in Epid when her eyes now and then to her mirror. related by Palice. This at lai he perThere was however no change of drels, ceived. i. The honour of this conqueft, no kind looks; but she wept no more, faid he, is yours, Chevalier ; I yield and and always prolonged the converíation retire. If a third rival appears, behold by questions that demanded long an- me your companion in arms." swers, which the Chevalier never give The fair widow grew insensibly enawith fufficient precision. “ Tell me, moured of Bayard; and his conversa" said the, one day, the story of your' tion, which at firft was only a pleasure “ being made prisoner in Milan by Lu- became at last a neceflity. She had quit“ dovic." "I was, said Bryand, at the scd her grey attire,and had gradually reBead of a party of French; we were sumed her' former dress. One would met by a party of Italians who attack- have said that the certainty of being beloved us' vigorously: both sides were fo ed inspired her with the wish to please. She animated that the one did not know they took a fancy to re-appear at court, with were retreating nor the other that they a view of observing whether the did not were advancing, till we were at the gates still retain the pre-eminence over all the of Milan where the cry of turn, turn, beauties there. Bayard was the only was repeatedlyardeagerly uttered. I, who man who forgave the widow her return was intent upon victory, was deaf to the to the world, and she was accordingly cry and thoughtlessly pursued into the always called at Court the Lady of the heart of the city. Immediately foldiers Chevalier. and citizens and the very women attack- Spain having at that time renewed
truce with France, the ambassıdors of dress of the respective combatants, not that power were received at Paris with with a description of the hopes and fears the greatest pump. The entertainmnts that agitated their friends. Let it be lufgiven by Francis corresponded with the ficient to say that, after an obstinate and idea wnich the Spaniards, entertained of bloody encounter, the Chevalier Payard his magnificence. The widow was one few his opponent and came off victoria of thote who were chosen to figure in the ous. He immediately threw himself ballets, and he was always the most ap- upon his knees and returned thanks to plauded. One of the noble Spaniards God, three times killing the ground, who attended the embassy, becaine ena. He was led away in triumph with the moured of her. But all his serenades, found of trumpets to the church, again and other efforts of gallantry were fruit- to give thanks for his victory, and thence less, and Don Alonzo soon learnt, that he proceeded to the fair widow. the heart, which appeared to him im- No one can paint the j y of this lady pregnable, had a weak fide which lay, but one who could paint her charming open to Bavard. The high reputation eyes and her whole person. All was of his rival did not intimidate him. The soul, and all, even her very fighs, was more of difficulty and of danger that joy. From this moment' love united appeared but stimulated him the more their hearts with his strongest bonds. to the attempt.
Madame de Randan, sur ounded with Don Alonzo accordingly challenged a crowd of importunate lovers, now be. Bayard to fingle combat, which the lat- gan to dread the effects of her beauty, ter did not refuse. Judges were appoint. The life of Bayard was become so dear ed, and Palice had the guard of the lifts. to her that he could not think of exporThe news of the duel was soon spread, ing it again to another hazard. and the Spaniards,confidering Dun Alon- She therefore resolved to retire to a zo as the champion of their country, fequestered mansion that belonged to her were anxious for his fate; while the in the country. See did not however French made vows for the triumph of inform Bayard of her resolution, but the Bayard ; and thus a private quarrel be- said to herielf, he will perbaps corne ; and came almost a national concern. me furnished a magnificent appartment
But who can defcribe the grief of the for him in the calle. widow? She was the innocem cause of The lacies of our age, so decent and the combat, and accused herfelt for hav- so delicate, will perhaps be astonished ing appeared beautiful in the eyes of that the widow should provide an appartDon Alonzo. How interesting a moment ment in her house for one not a husband: but was this for the foul of our Chevalier, this was the custom in days of old ; there who heard the foft confeffion, which he preux Chevaliers were discreet and refhad never dared to ask for, now uttered pectful lovers, and never failed to say, amidst a profusion of tears, of fighs and horni foit qui mal y pense. sobbings! He wiped away her tears Our widow was occupied with Bayard and spoke comfort to her. As a pledge alone; the ladies of these times are difof love the tied round his arm a ribband, tracted with so many lovers that they can and gave him a picture. It was a Cuo afford to one but a small portion of fen. pid removing a widow's .veil and wiping sibility; and this distraction no doubt is off her tears with leaves of roses. The the safeguard of their honour. But Chevalier received this picture on his alas! when one thinks of none but one, knees, and after having kided it a thou- how necessary does that one become ! fand times, and a thousand times kiffed especially when that one is a Bayard ! the fair hand that gave it, he placed it The lady departed for her retirement in his bosom, and took his leave. in the country, and the Chevalier, it is
Palice led his friend to the lifts, mount.' needless to say, did not remain behind ed on a ftately courfer; but the Spaniard They arrived in great ftate at Fertę chuling to fight on foot the Chevalier where magnificent preparations had been dismounted the judges distributed the made for their reception; the old solarms to each, and both before engaging diers welcomed, the gallant Chevalier fell down on their knees to recommend with honest hearts and military honours, themselves to God. Then rising and while the young girls, of all the neighmaking the sign of the cross they pro- bouring villages, in their heit array, ceeded to the combat.
came out to meet the widow and preI shall not detain the reader with a sented her with flow is. particular account of the prowess and ad- How happy were our two lovers !