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HOUSE OF COMMONS that the general opinion would be that The House of Commons afumbled to his Right Hon. friend united all those the number of three hundred at least. A. qualities that ha: rendered him formerly, bout three o'clock Sir Francis Molineux and would render him in furure, a prus come in the usual form, and delivered per object of their choice. To those the following message : “ His Majesty members who were not in the lat Parcominands the attendance of this Hon- liament, he would take the liberty to ourable House in the House of Peers.” to ftate, that all the dignity of the pro
Mr Hatfell, attended by a considerable ceedings in that House, the preservation number of members went to the bar of of its privileges in violate, and the nei the House of Lords, and in a very short thod of managing the great and intertime returned to eled their Speaker. tant husiness to be transacted tliere, dez Gentlemen having taken their places. pended very much upon the conduct of
The Master of the Rolls rofe, and fat- their Speaker, without whom they could ed, that they were now aflerbled for not do any one at whatever. He wouid the purpose of exercifing their ancient not detain them much longer froti cortiand indifputable right of electing their mencing the business they were ali imbra own Speaker. It had been, he said, the upon, but would ask those new member's usual custom vpon fuch occasions to to consider the nature of the official fitupoint out the various and important du- ation they were going to appoint some ties of that bigh ftarion, and to enume person to, and then appeal to them if rate the many qualities, great abilities, they would not certainly prefer his Right and accomplishments, which that perfon Hon. friend, who had been tried for ought to poffefs whom they were to some time in that arduous firaation, honour with their choice; were he to where he had given the most universal follow this example, he was happy to satisfaction, and who, he could venture think that a more ample feid for com- to affirm, pofteaed (as the last llouse of mendation never fell to the lot of any Commons' had experienced) all the gentleman, in propofing a Speaker, than sound judgment and koow.dge of our he had the good fortune to have this excellent confirution, adherence to thie day; but well knowing the honourable privileges of the House, and invariable character and gentleman-like feelings of conduct in strictly attending to its orderi his Right Hon. friend, as well as con- and regulations. The then moved that fidering that a majority of the gentlemen the Right Hou. Henry Addington be prefent had the honour of fitting with called to the chair. * him in the latt Pacliament, and bearing Mr Philips rofe to second the motion; teftimony, upon many and great occa he said, perhaps, \after what had fallen fions, to the propricty of conduct, the fron the Right Hon. Gentleman before superior abilities, and the very mild and him, there remained firele for him to conciliating manners of his Right Hon. add, nor would he tong detain the Houte friend, he would wave going into that from the important concerns for which panegyric in his presence, which, how they mei-ie, however felt himself, from ever justified he might otherwise be in his personal knowledge of his Right Hon. doing it, would, he knew, only serve to Friend, as well as from his public cha! ditre's the feeling of his Right llou. racter, called upon to rise. The honour friend.
of his Right Hox. Friend left himr no To thore gentlemen who were in the room to suppr fe that uninerited panegylaft Parliament, and who had witnes-d ric and complimentary praifes were any the proceedings of the House under the ways fuited to his frelings, far less to his direct on of his Right Honourable friend, wishes; but, he mafi fuy, that, great as he had little to lay, being convinced that there requstires were, which the person the motion le was about to make would ought to have acquired who was nomi. pass unanimously; and likewise, te haled for that dignified fituation and cause that conduct, and those ami high trust, ftill he knew, that his Honahle manners which he was applaud- ourable Friend uni-ed them all in his ing (though no applause of his could qualities for thechairflrong judgment, enhance their value), had already met a thorough knowledge of the conftitution with the approbation of every individual and laws of the country, a particular atmember of the last Parliament, who is tenuion to the forms and orders of the in this, and many other very respectable House, were all neceffary to the person pames which he was forry to think they whom they should put in the chair ; but, had loft. He was therefor well assured he was the more zcalous in supporting Ka
a bold scepiicism, and a complete defi- ceit, and that there never was, nor ance of lorg established public opinion, ever can be, pure and disinterefted they have brought forth accounts of conduct. Such opinions tend to lowthe conduét and pictures of the cha- er the dignity of our nature, and, by racters of the most illustrious of our depreciating our esteem of ourfelves ancestors, extremely different from as well as of others, to weaken every those of the most impartial and best generous effort, to damp every noble informed cotemporary writers, and exertion. have endeavoured to unfix the histori- If we examine the nature of the cal belief of mankind with regard to evidence on which the authors to points on which it had long been set- whom we allude have built their opitled.
nions, we shall, I think, be inclined to This, except to a few persons of a doubt their solidity, as much as we particular turn of mind, is always un- deprecate their effects. This evidence pleasant. But it is particularly dif. confills of three kinds : ift, Anecagreeable when fuch authors deny or detes or memoirs supposed to baré derogate from the merit of personages been written about the time the perwhom we have, from our earliest days, fons treared of lived; 2d, Letters of been taught to esteem or admire. thofe perfoos; 3d, Oral tradition. We That wise and benevolent structure of may be allowed some general observaour minds which disposes them to tions on each of those species of evifeel pleasure in the encomiam of vir- dence. tue in the abstract, gives them the fen- With regard to the first, that of timent of reverence and gratitude to memoirs or anecdotes fupposed to those persons whose actions have been have been written at the time, it may held to merit that encomium. Our be observed, that it they are the prohearts rise within us at the bare men- du&tions of persons who are themselves tion of their names, and we regard engaged in pablic transactions, or con. them as we do our patrons and our nected with any of the parties or facfriends. To be deprived of this sen- tions then sublisting, there is a fufpitiment, to be told that we have been cion against their testimony, which it déceived, to be informed that such per- requires a conviction not only of the funages, instead of being the objects candour but of the strength of their of cur best affections, of our love and miods to remove. Let us judge the reverence, ought to excite in us only case from the analogy of our own the feelings of hatred and contempt, times ; let us anticipate the researches mi ft neceffarily communicate a very of future historians, and suppose their disagreeable sensation. 'Tis to ex- judgment of the character of the change feelings the most pleasant for present time, to be drawn from the others the must painful; 'ris like lof- parıy-writings of this day, and, I think, ing our best friends, and having them it will be easy to pronounce on the in. converted in:o our bittereft ene nies. justice of their representations.
Nor is this all. Such a change of The next species of evidence, that fentiment is apt to make us doute of of letters or paffages of letters alledged the truth and certainty of all human to have been written by those persons virtue. Nothing can have a stronger whose characters are attacked, or attendency to lead the mind, for the mo- tempted to be depreciated, though ofment at least, to adopt the disagree- ten brought forth with an air of triumable and ill founded opinions of cer- phant discovery, appears to be of a kind táin philosophers, who have taken pains extremely uncertain and inconclusive. to convince the world, that all the pre. Let any one, who in the private walks tenfioc.s ro virtue are founded on dęof life has liad an extenlive and vari
pus correspondence, copsider what it To this history of the latter part of would be to have his character judged Queen Anne's reign, the preceeding of, not by his actions or conduct, not remarks are applicable in the strongest by the train of his correspondence degree: Not only is the evidence, vy compared with his conduct, not even which its narrative is supported, of by the whole series of his letters com- those uncertain species we have enupared with one another, but by differ- merated, but their authority is less subent detached pasiages of these letters, ftantiated than is common in works written at different periods and to dif- that reit on the same sort of proof, ferent persons, without any knowledge Manuscript anecdotes are quoted of the circumstances in which they without its being mentioned by whom were written or of the persons to they were written, and ihey are very whom they were addressed, and he will seldom, if at all, given at full length, at once see the hardship of such a mode or, in the words of the anonymous of procedure. If this holds in private author from whom they are takev.life, how much more must be the in- Neither are the letters, but with few justice of such a mode of forming our exceptions, copied at large; and somejudgment of men concerned in the times when they are mentioned to various great and difficult transactions have been in the posseflion of the auof states and kingdoms ; in those trans- thor's father, no account is given of actions, wbere, from their very nature, the manner in which he became polthe weak muft so often be flattered, sessed of them. Most of the anecdotes the violent conciliated, the interested derived from oral tradition, confessedallured, the subtle counterplotied, and ly Aowed through the channel of the where State secrecy makes conceal- court of St Germains, to whose zeal ment and disguise but parts of the vir- for its unfortunate master we can eatue of fidelity.
sily pardon that pliant belief, those vioThe third sort of evidence we men- lent prejudices which are to decorate tioned, that of stories or anecdotes the characters of his friends,' aod to handed down by oral tradition, it is depreciate those of his enemies. scarce necessary to comment further Exclusive of the errors, to which, on, than to suggest that it is clearly from the above mentioned circumliable, and indeed, in a much stronger stances, this narrative is liable, it may degree, to every objection that has be further observed, that, from the been made against the first. Its ori- very singular account which the augioal imperfections are as great as thor gives of himself in his preface, he those of written memoirs or anecdotes, can hardly be supposed to be altoge. and it is liable, besides, to that increaf- ther dispalhonate or unprejudiced on ed uncertainty, which succeeding igno- the subject of his history. We mean rance or prejudice may occasion. not by this to insinuate, in the moit
We have been induced to make distant degree, that the author (who those general remarks, not only as they we have heard is a most upright and apply to the work before us, but, as benevolent man) would intentionally we think they may not improperly be misrepresent or falsify any particulars ; kept in view in perusing some other but it is requisite only to read a few modern narratives of former transac- passages of his book, to be satisfied that tions and other modern portraits of he is too much heated, and under too former statesmen, which contradict the much irritation, to be a cool and im. general opinion, and frike at the ve- partial historian of the period he has neration which the public have long chosen. What but this heat, this inbeen accustomed to pay to some of its temperate zeal, could have led him illustrious ancestors.
gravely to retail the ridiculous story, that the set of dissipated and thought- rupters, of our poet's text; and great less young men, recorded by the Spec- corrupters indeed, be proves them tator under the title of Mohocks, were both, in the course of the work, to men hired by Prince Eugene to con- hare been. . . mit riots in the streets, and dip their · Mr Malone appears to have been hands in blood, that they might be at great pains in collating the several hardened to the atrocity of political copies, and by means of an indes, or massacres ?
table formed for the purpose, to bare The vehemence and zeal of this detected every variation in every coyy; author have not only prejudiced his by which mrans “ many innovations, belief, but alio degraded his language traifpofitions, &c. have been detcated, below the dignity of historical, or the many hundred emerdations made; and decorum of improved expreslion. To I truft (lays he, with that modely call the Duke of Marlborough, whole which is displayed through the whole) shioing talents and military exploits a genuine text has been forned.”. have ranked him with the ablert statele Among the introductory matters conmen and most consummare generals, a tained in the first part of the firit vo. fiend, a daftardly veteran, is to use a lume, the prefaces of Theobald, Han. freedom with history and with his mer, and Warburton (on the latter of readers, which we are perfuaded the whom Mr M. is pretty severe,) are author, upon cólm review, will thank not adniitted---not appearing to the us for having pointed out to his cor- editor to throw any light on the aurection. [Edinburgh Herald.] thor or his works.
Dr Johnson's preface, Mr Steeren's Advertisement, Catalogue of ancieot
Translations from Claflic Authors, The Plays and Poems of William Mr Pope's Preface, the Players de
Shakespeare, collated verbatim with dication and preface to the third folio, the most authentic Copies, and revif- Rowe's life of Shakespeare (with ma
ed; with the corrections and Illuf ny notes by Mr Malone, and, what is • trations of various Commentator:; better, a promise, at a future period,
to which are added Notes by Edmond of a complear life,) bis will aod a Malone. 11 vols cr. 8vo. . mortgage, Poems on Shakespeare, Lift
of the ancient and modern editions of * IT appears the principal aim of Mr the plays and poems, and Mr Malo. Malone, in this edition, to ascer- 'ne's essay on the chronological order tain the genuine text of Shakespeare, of the plays considerably enlarged, from the earliest editions. This, as form a volume which is called the he very juftly observes, ought 'ever to first part of the fortt volume. be the first duty of an editor; his . Toe fecond part of the first volume next aim is to explain and illustrate'; 'begins with Mr Malone's history of and in this latter he has shown great the English Stage, now of itself neardiligence, attention, and extent of ly sufficient to form a moderate book reading of contemporary writers. (and to such a book we wish much to
The editor of the second folio, and fee it extended ;) and then proceeds Mr Pope (observes Mr Malone in to the plays, of which the tempeft his preface,) were the two great cor- ranks the first.
The Chevalier Bayard and Mudame de Randan. A Tale, of the fiftienth century.
M ADAME de Randan, of the illustrious gem, I am convinced he is enterprisM house of Miranda, became a widow ing at twenty years of age, and wis incon. After these fort reflections the two foleable. What grief was ever like hers, knights fat for some time frient; Aranye and whose eyes, so young and to charm- thoughts were pating in thcir minds, ing, ever théd so many tears for a dead for thoy were both in love. It was the husband! The whole talk atcourt was of first instant of their patlion, and that inthe mourning of the young widow. She stani is certainly sometimes very cuibarno longer confulted her mirror ; The dies- railing. " It would be a meritorious pised the decorations of dress, and vowed act, laid Palice, to touch the heart of to io the shade of her husband that the fair and accomplished a lacy.” “ Cerwould never more use them: the muffled tainly, faid Bayard, and highly honourhertelf up in a hood like a nun, and yet, able :” and they relapicd again into sia in that disadvantageous attire, Madame lence. They looked at each other, and de Randan was the lovelicit of ali the wo- perceived that they were rivals. " Let men of her time.
there, however, be no diffirence between The Chevalier Bayard, at the age of us, laid Palice. Let us swear hy Si Del. thirty, had already attained the appella- nis, that whosocver fall be ine unluc. tion of Bayard the dauntless and irre- ceisfui lover, snall immediately yied proachable. Palice was proud of ha- without complaiut; and that is a third ving been named with universal applause Thali enter the lifts the diharded candito the command of the army at Ravenna. date shall allin the other, and be his com
These two preux chevaliers, whp acted a panion in arms. Let us promise, on the conspicuous part in the field, were hard- faith of true knights, to relate our fucly known at court, and they resigned to cels without reserve.” “ I swear,” said the gentle Bonnivet and many others, Bayard. They embraced and te parated. the intire possession of court favour, con: The one took the road on the right tent themselves with military fame. Bon- hand, the other thai on the left, but nivet, however, sometimes courted the both directed their steps to the liorel of conversation of Palice and Bayard; his the fair widow. Bayaru ha! already frigid foul came to warm itself at the fire fct his foot w hin the thru hold of inci which animated them where they talked gate, when he law Palice Cuneing. Ile of honour, and loyalty, and deeds of had all his life been above fufpicion or arms. Bonnivet repayed them with reproach. * Ener, my Frienu, u.id he tales of galantry, with the news and “to Palice, you are my icnior; goud anecdotes of the court. The fair wi- " night and luccels to you; I will reo dow had her turn. “What think you,” “ turn 10-morrow,' At ther: wor's he said he one day to the knights, of Ma- retired, and Paiice was an duurced to the dame de Randan ?.“ By this hand,” widow. faid Bayard, “ I never saw so fair a How hall I describe Ma lame de Ran. 6 dame." ^ Befhrew, me, added Palice, dan. She wore a grey robe; hur hair " but it is too much to weep so long for was unpowdered, and concealed beneath “ the dead." “ Dont you know, replied an immenfe hord which covered her ince. “ Bonnivet, that I have undertaken to A small machine for weaving filk !ace " put a speedy termination to her wi- ftood before her, and a young borl, who “ dowhood yes, indeed, the fair wie was reading certain feltet ; ages from 6. dow, let me tell you in confidence, the story of Godfrey of Boulognt, was 's will not be displeased when I attempt to ofien interrupted by the mid with « dry her tears.” “Thou arr a vain many a figli. This was the Hilin for . creature, said Palice.” “ lie is a whom theie two brave Chevaliers were " braggart,” rejoined Bayard. 6. Very about to contend. She acknowledged well, gentlemen, said Bonnivet, obleave the honour of the Captain's vifit, burit the end," and he took his leave. made her neither more talkative nor
What a strange man, faid Palice, is more at eale. “ You see before you, this Admiral Binnivet! When I con- faid Palict, a true kright who has just lider, replied Bayard, his behaviour to devoted himself wholly to your service.” a lady of high rank, into whose chain- " How lay you ! laid in, with fur. ber he introduced himself by a traia- priz:," "Xin truc, fair lady: my hand, I Vol. XII. No. 72.