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The Mode of Travelling through Sweden. book is appropriated to complaints, ther is he going?”"I am a Dict and, if the traveller makes any, there officer, on my way from Copenhagen is another to receive the defence of to Stockholm.". • Monsieurwillthew the post-master, who, at the end of me his passport."-I produced it : each month, is responsible to go- u Very well, Monsieur, this must be Ternment for his conduct.

figned by the caprain of the grand • Many patriotic writers have re. guard, and you will receive it at presented the grievance of these your inn.”_ Officer, your servant." kind of services, and proposed in " Good night, Monsieur." A their stead a small tax upon the pea- few smacks of the coachman's whip fants, that, with some allistance from soon brought me to my inn, where I the state of the crown, would be fuf- wished for nothing so much as a supe ficient for the support of poft horses, per and a good night's rest, and was and a great relief to agricultor, just stepping into bed, when I was surwhich cannot be too much encourag- prised by the sound of clarionets, hauted in Sweden. Hitherto, however, boys, French-borns, and a trumpet. government has not regarded their I ran to the window, and my fervant, complaints, though in many other whom I had sent to enquire what respects agriculture has been greatly was the matter, brought me word attended to and promoted.

that these were the musicians of the • I had forgot to tell you, that the Count de Saltze's regiment, who ase of hired voitures is unknown came to welcome the arrival of a here, and at no ftage can you find Dutch Officer, of, in plain terms, to either a chariot or a poft-chaise. The beg, by means of music. After listentraveller muit, therefore, take his own ing to a few marches, I dismissed them voiture, or be contented in the cas- with some money, and desires they riage of a peasant, with two or four mighe drink to the health of the wheels

, in which he may be jolted Prince of Orange. This fort of seperhaps more than he desires. In- renade is common at Gottenburg up: deed the number of travellers in this on the arrival of a stranger ; but I kingdom is too fmali to defray the have since past through many garriexpence of proper conveniences, son towns, without receiving such

Upon my wrival at Gortenburg, an honour, for which I have consoat eight o'clock at orgiit, I was stop- led myself by the pofleffion of iny ped at the barrier, arid ased in Swe- daaiders and plattes. The music was dith, “ Have you any thing probi. gone, and I had prepared to itre.ch bited by the King?" but perceiving out my limbs, almost dislocated by * ·my ignorince of their langurge, they a joiting of eight-and-forty hou's,

put the same question to me in Ger- upon my uncurtained bed, when a · man, and I answered, “ N"- ripping at the gate again prevented

& Who is Moclieur?"_" A Dutch me. They opened it, and admitted officer travelling for his pleasure.”- a hero of about two pence a day, co“ Has Monheur nothing :"_" No. vered wiih feathers, and roses of rib. thing

Nothing but his night- bands, something in the fashion of cap and a little linen :" to afiure Henry the Fourth's time. My them of which, I dropped a billet for officer," says he, “ I have brought fix daalders cooper munt, and was im- your passport, ligned by the captain." mediately answered by “ Paso Mon- -" Ali, niy friend, how comes it fieur." Having got over the bridge, you speak Frenclı!"_"Thank God, I came to a gate, and was addrefied

captain, I am a Frenchman. A with by an officer, “ Who is Monfieur? to see the world leads me, by turns, from whence comes he? and whe- into the service of many powers :

whea

when I am tired, I desert; and, as fons"_" I understand you, my my figure is of the military height, friend, here's something for you." I never want bread. I can, belides, “ Oh, captain, I absolutely must endress hair, and shall be proud of serv- ter once more into the service of ing Mongeur the captain in that Holland---brave generous Durchmen! way." I took the passport, thanked -but a good night to my most noble him for his offer, and dismissed him. captain." He flew down stairs by He went, however, with a very lia. leaps of four at a time, and I streiched gering pace, and at last, with a cer- myself upon my crib, where, in spice tain arrangement of his fingers," It of the music of the goats, I foon fell is usual, captain, upon these occa- afdeep."

Account of Sir Alexander Dick, Bart. of Prestonfield, late Prehdent of the

Royal College of Physicians of Elinburgh, and F. R. S. Elin. By Dr Duncan, Profesor of the Theory of Medicine in the University of Edinburgh.

IR ALEXANDER DICK of of receiving a second diploma for

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22d of O&tober 1703. He was the which was conferred upon him by the third son of Sir William Cunning- University of St Andrews, on the ham of Caprington, by Dane Janet 23d of January 1727 ; and on the Dick, the only child and heiress of 7ch of November of the same year Sir James Dick of Prettunfield. he was admitied a Fellow of the Roy. While his owo elder brothers suc- al College of Ph:ficians of Edinceeded to ample fortunes, the one as burgh. heir to his father, and the other to But after Dr Cunningham (for at his mother, the provision made for that time he bore the name of his fa. a younger fon was not sufficient to ther) had received these distinguishenable him to live in a manner agree- ing marks of attention at home, he able to his wishes, without the aid of was still anxious to obtain farther his own exertions. His inclination knowledge of his profession by the led him to make choice of the pro- prosecution of his studies abroado fellion of Medicine; and after being With this intention, he made th: instructed in the preliminary branch- tour of Europe ; and although medies of education at Edinburgh, he be- cine was uniformly his firit and pringan his academical Itudies in the ciple object, yet other arts and scienscience of Physic at the University ces were not negle&cd. During this of Leyden, under the celebrated tour, he readed for a conliderable Boerhaave, at that time the most time in Italy; and there an elegant eminent medical profeffor in Eu- classical taste, and extensive koowe rope. After having completed the ledge of the bistory and antiquities of usual academical course under Buer- the country, could not fail to afford haave and bis colleagues, he ob- himavery high degree of gratification, tained the degree of Doctor of Me. Upon his returo toj Britain, Mr dicine from the University of Ley. Hooke, a gentleman with who.n lie den, on the 314 of August 1725; formed an intimate friendthip, and and, upon that occafion, he published who pofleffed a large fortune in Peman inaugural dissertation De Epilepjia, brokeshire, persuaded him to settle as which did him much credit. Not a physician in that country. For selong after this, he returned to his veral years he practised medicine Edlige country, and had the honour there with great reputation and suc2

ceis,

44

secount of the late Sir Alexander Dick, Bart, cess, and was much respected and members entertained of his services, admired, both as a Physician and a a portrait of him was, by their wa. Man. But his immediate elder bro- nimous suffrages, hung in their hall: ther Sir William Dick, dying with- a mark of destination which has ne. out issue, he succeeded to the family- ver been bestowed, either before or estate and title, assuming, from that since that time, upon any other memtime, in terms of the patent and en

ber. tail of that estate, the name and arms But the College of Physicians were of Dick. Very soon after the death not the only set of men who were of his brother, he left Pembroke- benefited by his exertions. He was fhire, and fixed his residence at the long distinguished as a zealous and family-feat of Prestonfield in Mid active member of the Philolophical Lothian, little more than a mile from Society of Edinburgh. And when the city of Edinburgh.

they resolved to join their influence Although he now resolved to re- as a body, in seconding an applicalinquish medicine as a lucrative pro. tion to the Crown from the University, feilion, yet, from inclination, he still for the establishment of a new Society continued to cultivate it as an useful under Royal patronage, and on a science. With this view, he fup- more extended plan, having for its ported a friendly and intimate cor- object the cultivation of every branch respondence with the Physicians of of Science, erudition and talle, he had Edinburgh ; and he foon distinguish- an active hand in procuring the estaed himicif, by paying particular at- blishment of this institution. And tention to the business of the Royal accordingly, when his Majesty was College, among the list of whose graciously pleased to grant a charter, members his name had been enrolled for incorporatiog the Royal Society at a very early period of his life. In of Edinburgh, the name of Sir Alexthe year 1756, he was unanimously ander Dick stands enrolled as one of chosen Prelident of the College; and the first of the list. For many years, as his fellow.members were fully con-, he discharged the duties of a faithiul vinced of his zeal, as well as of his and vigilant Manager of the Royal abilities, they afterwards elected him Infirmary of Edinburgh. It was his to that office for seven years fuccef- constant endeavour to render that sively. It was their earnest wish establishment at once subfervient to that he should have continued still the relief of the distressed, and to the longer as their head; but this he po- advancement of medical education, sitively declined, as he thought that And while he Thewed himself a fine he hou'd thus deprive other gentle- cere friend to the poor, he was also men of a dignity, to which, from remarkable for the countenance and their merit, they were well'entiiled. encouragement which he gaveto moBut after his resignation of the office deft merit, particularly among the of Pielident, his attachment to the students of medicine. Indeed, porCollege, and his earnest endeavours fefing a high degree of public spirit, to promote its interest, continued un- he took an active share in promoting abated. He not only contributed li- every undertaking which he thought berally towards the building of a hall would be beneficial, either to his for their accommodation, but strenu- country in general, or to the city of oufly exerted himself in promoting e- Edinburgh in particular: To tim, very undertaking in which he thought its inhabitants are tuch indebted for that the honour or interest of the many excellent high roads in the College was concerned. As a tetti- neighbourhood; and bardly one in. mony of the fenfe which his fellow-' tcrral improven.ent was fuggeiled or

executa

executed, during his residence at Pres. But it may with justice be said, that tonfield which he was not instrumen- while he was steady in the pursuit al in promoting, with an activity of every object which engaged his which did him the highest honour. attention, his conduct in

every

transWhen the seeds of the true rhu- action through life, was marked with barb were first introduced into Bri- the stricteft honour and integrity. sain by the late Dr Mounsey of Pe- This disposition, and this conduct, tersburg, he not only bestowed great not only led him to be constant and atrention on the culture of the plaot, warm in his friendship to those with but also on the drying of the root, whom he lived in habits of intimacy, and preparing it for the market. The but also procured him the love and fuccels in these particulars was fo etteem of all who really knew him. great, that the Society in London Notwithstanding the keenness and for the encouragement of arts and activity of his temper, yet its strikcommerce, presented him, in the ing features were mildness and fiveetyear 1774, with a gold medal, which ness. He was naturally disposed to is inscribed to Sir Alexander Dick, put the most favourable conítruction Bart. for the best specimen of British on the conduct and actions of others. rhubarb.

This was born productive of much Sir Alexander was twice married, happiness to himielf, and of general and has left children by both mar- benevolence to mankind. And that riages. In April 1736, he married ferenity and cheerfulness which achis cousin Mifs Janet Dick, the companied his conduct through life, daughter of Alexander Dick, Esq; were the attendants even of his lat merchant in Edinburgh, and repre. moments : for, on the roth of sentative of the family of Sir Wil- vember 1785, he died with a smile liam Dick of Braid. By her he had upon his countenance. Although five children, but of these two daugh- he had alr(ady palled the 820 year ters only survived him. In March of his age, a period at which the fa1762, he married Miss Mary Butler, culties both of mind and body have the daughter of David Butler, E1q; in general 1o far failed, that death is of Pembroke/hire. By this lady who rather to be wished for than othersurvived him, he had seven children, wife, yet not only his judgment, but of whom three fons and three daugh- his spirit for exertion, itill remained ters are still alive.

unimpaired. His death, therefore, It would be a difficult matter to even at that advanced age, was a great sum up his character in a few words, loss to society,

Sketches of the Life of Soame Jenyns. E/?; with a foort Account of his Fa

mily*.

SOA
OAME JENYNS, Esq; was Churchill in Somersetshire ; one of

born in Great Ormond Streut, whom, about the middle of the sixin London, in the year 1703-4. teenth century, by an intermarriage His father, Sir Roger Jenyos, Knt. with a cobeiress of the Rowler family, was deicended from the ancient si becamc poileired of Sandridge, in the respectable tamily of the Jenyns's, of county of Hertford; whole defcen

dant, * Colc's lately published Edition of his Works, in 4 Vols. 8vo.

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Life of Soame Jenyns, Els dant, Sir John Jenyas, was created taught him the first rudiments of lanby King James a Knight of the Bath guage, and of such branches of knows at the creation of Charles Prince of ledge as were proper for his age, was Wales, and was returned to represent called off to pursuits that promised the borough of St Alban's in the him greater advantages than he could second Parliament holden after the expect to derive from his fole atten. crown had descended to rhat prince. tion to the education of the son of a Sir Roger's residence in the country private gentleman. The anxiety of was at Ely, in the isle of Ely. He the family on the important point of was an upright, knowing, and diligent his education, made them very inmagistrate. Amongst other objects dustrious in procuriog a proper suce of his attention to the interests of the cell Jr; which was amply satisfied by public, he exceedingly laboured in their

having prevailed on the Rev. carrying into execution the draining Mr Stephen White to undertake the of the great level of the fens; went charge. Mr White was the brother through all the higher offices in that of him who afterwards distinguished corporation, which was created by himself in several controverfial pieces an act of parliament passed in the with the Disfenters ; and be was time of Charles the Second, for that timself eminent for his learning, work; and this with great reputa- good taste, and great ingenuity; and tion to himlelf and advantage to the having no object but the improvecountry.

ment of his pupil, continued his care As a reward for a general condu&, of him will it was necessary to finish manifetting itself by an exemplary his education by a removal of him to life, in the performance of such cis one of our universities. His father vil duties as his station gave him an had purchased Bottilham-hall, in the opportunity of performing, the ho viliage of Bottiham, where he renour of knighthood was conferred fided with his family; and, as it was on Roger Jenyns, Eld: by King not far diftant from Cambridge, that William, at Kenangton, January 9, university was fixed on for the place 1693-4.

in which his son was to make a proThe mother of Mr J. was one of gress in his future itudies. St John's the daughters of Sir Peter Scame, College was at that time a society, of Hayden, in the county of Eises, as it hard copunued to be ever since, Baronet; a most beautiful woman, eminent as a feat of religion, learning and endued with an excellent un- and discipline. Into this society he derstanding, which she had improved was admitted, as a fellow-commoner, by reading, much beyond what was in the year 1722, under Dr Edmonthe fathion of those times in the edų. son, at that time one of the principal cation of the daughters of yentiemen. tutors of the college. In this colShe was well instructed in the prin- lege he lived, except at those times ciples of Religion, which she mani. set apart for vacations, near three feited both by ber life and in her years, pursuing, with great industry, conversation ; and these exellences the course of studies in which young were still heightened by the mott men of fortune at that time were in polished manders. He was brought itiuted. His behaviour whilft he up under the care of his excellent mo- relived there was most orderly and ther, till to the Rev. Mr Hili, intro- regular, and the discipline of the colduced into the family for that pur- lege was by no means disagreeable to defe, she furrendered up her charge, his natural inclination ; infomuch, H: continued some time under the that he was often heard to fay, after Care of Mr Hill, who, after he bad he had left the univerfata that he ac

counted

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