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book is appropriated to complaints,' .ther is he going?”_"I am a Dutch and, if the traveller makes any, there officer, on my way from Copenhagen is another to receive the defence of to Stockholm.”—“Monsieurwill faces the poft master, who, at the end of me his passport.”—I produced it :each month, is responsible to go- " Very well, Monsieur, this must be Pernment for his conduct.

figned by the captain of the grand • Many patriotic writers have re- guard, and you will receive it at presented the grievance of these your inn."_" Officer, your servani.” kind of services, and proposed in " Good night, Monsieur.” A their stead a small tax upon the pea- few smacks of the coachman's whip fants, that, with some assistance fiom foon brought me to my inn, where I the state of the crown, would be fuf- wished for nothing so much as a supficieot for the support of poft horses, per and a good night's rest, and was and a great relief to agricult *, just stepping into bed, when I was surwhich cannot be too much encourag- prired by the found of clarionets, hauted in Sweden. Hitherto, however, boys, French-horns, and a trumpet. government has not regarded their I ran to the window, and mv fervant, complaints, though in many other whom I had sent to enquire what respects agriculture has been greatly was the matter, brought me word attended to and promoted.

that these were the musicians of the I had forgot to tell you, that the Count de Salıze's regiment, who ase of hired voitures is unknown came to welcome the arrival of a here, and at no ftage can you find Dutch Officer, or, in plain terms, to either a chariot or a poft-chaile. The beg, by means of music. After listentraveller muit, therefore, take his own ing to a few marches, I dismissed them voiture, or be contented in the case with some money, and deired they riage of a peasant, with two or four miche drink to the health of the wheels, in which he may be jolted Prince of Orange. This fort of see perhaps more than he desires. In- renade is common at Gottenburg updeed the number of travellers in this on the arrival of a stranger ; but I kingdoin is too fmall to defray the have since past through many garriexpence of proper conveniences. son towns, without receiving such

• Upon my wrival at Goltenburg, an honour, for which I have consoat eight o'clock at igiit, I was stop- led myself by the possession of iny ped at the barrier, and ased in Swe- daalders and plattes. The music was dith, “ Have you any thing probin gonc, and I had prepared to stretch bited by the Kig?" but perceiving out my limbs, almoft dislocated by my ignorince of their langurge, they a joiting of eight-and-forty hours, put the same question to me in Ger- upon my uncurtained bed, when a man, and I answered, “ No."- rapping at the gate again prevented « Who is Morfieur?”_A Dutch me. They opened it, and admitted officer travelling for his pleasure."- a hero of about two pence a day, co“ Has Monleur nothing :"_" No- vered with feathers, and roses of ribthing: Nothing but his night- bands, something in the fashion of cap and a little linen:” to allure Henry the Fourth's time. My them of which, I dropped a billet for officer,” says he, “ I have brought fix daalders cooper munt, and was im- your passport, signed by the captain." mediately answered by “ Paso Mon- " Ali, niy friend, how comes it fieur." Having got over the bridge, you speak French!”_"Thank God, I came to a gate, and was addressed captain, I am a Frenchman. A with by an officer, “Who is Monfieur? to see the world leads me, by turns, from whence comes he? and whe, into the service of many powers : when I am tired, I desert; and, as sions"_" I understand you, my my figure is of the military height, friend, here's something for you." I never want bread. I can, besides, « Oh, captain, I absolutely must endress hair, and shall be proud of serv- ter once more into the service of ing Mongeur the captain in that Holland---brave generous Durchmen! way.” I took the passport, thanked -but a good night to my most noble him for his offer, and dismissed him. captain.” He few down stairs by He went, however, with a very lin. leaps of four at a time, and I stretched gering pace, and at last, with a cere myself upon my crib, where, in spice tain arrangement of his fingers, " It of the music of the goats, I foon fell is usual, captain, upon these occa- afeep."


Account of Sir Alexander Dick, Bart. of Prestonfield, late President of the

Royal College of Physicians of Elinburgh, and F. R. S. Elin. By Dr Duncan, Profesor of the Theory of Medicine in the University of Edinburghe CIR ALEXANDER DICK of of receiving a second diploma for D Preitonfield, was born on the the degree of Doctor of Medicine, 22d of October 1703. He was the which was conferred upon him by the third son of Sir William Cunning- University of St Andrews, on the ham of Caprington, by Dane Janet 23d of January 1727 ; and on the Dick, the only child and heiress of 7th of November of the same year Sir James Dick of Prettunfield. he was admitied a Fellow of the Roy. While his iwo elder brothers suc- al College of Physicians of Edin. ceeded to ample fortunes, the one as burgh. heir to his father, and the other to But after Dr Cunningham (for at his mother, the provision made for that time he bore the name of his fa. a younger fon was not sufficient to ther) had received these distinguish. enable him to live in a manner agree ing marks of attention at home, he able to his wishes, without the aid of was still anxious to obtain farther his own exercions. His inclination knowledge of his profeflion by the led him to make choice of the pro- prosecution of his studies abroado feltion of Medicine; and after being With this intention, he made the instructed in the preliminary branch- tour of Europe ; and although medies of education at Edinburgh, he be- cine was uniformly his first and prin. gan his academical Itudies in the ciple object, yet oiber arts and scienfcience of Phylic at the University ces were not negle&cd. During this of Leyden, under the celebrated four, he reGded for a considerable Boerhaave, at that time the most time in Italy; and there an elegant eminent medical professor in Eu- classical taste, and extensive knowe rope. After having completed the ledge of the bistory and antiquities of ufual academical course under Boer- the country, could not fail to afford haave and his colleagues, he ob- him a very high degree ofgratification, tained the degree of Doctor of Me. Upon his returo to; Britain, Mr dicine from the University of Ley. Hooke, a gentleman with whom lie den, on the 318of August 1725; formed an intimate friendthip, and and, upon that occasion, he publ’ined who possessed a large fortune in Pem. an inaugural dissertation De Epilepjia, brokeshire, persuaded him to settle as which did him much credit. Not a physician in that country. For felong after this, he returned to his veral years he practised medicine Dulise country, and had the honour there with great reputation and sus


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cess, and was much respected and members entertained of his services, admired, both as a Physician and a a portrait of him was, by their una Man. But his immediate elder bro- nimous suffrages, hung in their hall: ther Sir William Dick, dying with a mark of destinction which has neout issue, he succeeded to the family- ver been bestowed, either before or estate and title, assuming, from that since that time, upon any other memtime, in terms of the patent and en- ber. tail of that estate, the name and arms But the College of Physicians were of Dick. Very soon after the death not the only set of men who were of his brother, he left Pembroke benefited by his exertions. He was thire, and fixed his residence at the long distinguished as a zealous and family-feat of Prestonfield in Mid active member of the Philosophical Lothian, little more than a mile from Society of Edinburgh. And when the city of Edinburgh.

they resolved to join their infuence Although he now refo!ved to re- as a body, in seconding an applicalinquish medicine as a lucrative pro- tion to the Crown from the University, feilion, yet, from inclination, he still for the establishment of a new Society continued to cultivate it as an useful under Royal patronage, and on a science. With this view, he sup- more extended plan, having for its ported a friendly and intimate cor- objeet the cultivation of every branch repondence with the Physicians of of Icience, erudition and talie, he had Edinburgh ; and he foon distinguish- an active hand in procuring the eftaed himself, by paying particular at blishment of this institution. And tention to the business of the Royal accordingly, when bis Majesty was College, among the list of whose graciously pleased to grant a charter members his name had been enrolled for incorporating the Royal Society at a very early period of his life. In of Edinburgh, the pame of Sir Alexthe year 1756, he was unanimously ander Dick stands enrolled as one of chofen Prelident of the College; and the first of the list. For many years, as his fellow.members were fully con- he discharged the duties of a faithiul vinced of his zeal, as well as of his and vigilant Manager of the Royal abilities, they after wards elected him Infirmary of Edinburgh. It was his to that office for seven years fuccef. conftant endeavour to render that firely. It was their earnest with establishment at once subíervient to that he should have continued still the relief of the diftreffed, and to the longer as their head; but this he po advancement of medical education, sitively declined, as he thought that And while he thewed himself a lin. be fou'd thus deprive other gentle. cere friend to the poor, he was also men of a dignity, to which, from remarkable for the countenance and their merit, they were well entitled. encouragement which he gave to moBut after his resigaation of the office det merit, particularly among the of President, his attachment to the students of medicine. Indeed, por College, and his earneft endeavours feficg a high degree of public fpirit, to promote its intereft, continued un- he took an active share in promoting

abaicd. He not only contributed li- every undertaking which he thought ·berally towards the building of a hall would be beneficial, either to his for their accommodation, but itrenu- country in general, or to the city of oufiy exerted himself in promoting e Edinburgh in particular. To tim, very undertaking in which he thought its inhabitants are much indebted for that the bonour or interest of the many excelient bich roads in the College vas concerned. As a retti- neighbourhood; and bardly one in. mony of the sense which his fellow- terzal im roten ent was fugge..ed er

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executed, during his residence at Pres. But it may with justice be said, that tonfield which he was not instrumen- while he was steady in the pursuit al in promoting, with an activity of every object which engaged his which did him the highest honour attention, his conduct in every trans

When the seeds of the true rhu. action through life, was marked with barb were first introduced in:o Bri the stricteit honour and integrity. rain by the late Dr Mounsey of Pe This difpofition, and this conduct, tersburg, he not only bestowed great not only led him to be conitant and atrention on the culture of the plaot, warm in his friendihip to those with but also on the drying of the root, whom he lived in habits of intimacy, and preparing it for the market. The but also procured him the love and success in these particulars was fo esteem of all who rearly knew him. greai, that the Society in London Notwithstanding the keenness and for the encouragement of arts and activity of his temper, yet its strikcommerce, presented him, in the ing features were mildness and fweet year 1774, with a gold medal, which ness. He was naturally disposed to js inscribed to Sir Alexander Dick, put the most favourable construction Bart. for the best specimen of British on the conduct and actions of others. rhubarb,

This was born productive of much Sir Alexander was twice married, happiness to himself, and of general and has left children by both mar. benevolence to mankind. And that riages. In April 1736, he married serenity and cheerfulness which achis cousin Miss Janet Dick, the companied his conduct through life, daughter of Alexander Dick, Esq; were the attendants even of his lat merchant in Edinburgh, and repres moments : for, on the roth of . sentative of the family of Sir Wil vember 1785, he died with a mile liam Dick of Braid. By her he had upon his countenance. Although five children, but of these two daugh. he had alr(ady palled the 32d year ters only survived him. In March of his age, a period at which the fa1762, he married Miss Mary Butler, culties both of mind and body have the daughter of David Butler, Eig; in general to far failed, that death is of Pembrokeshire. By this lady who rather to be wished for than otherservived him, he had seven children, wile, yet not only his judgment, but of whon three fons and three daugh- his spirit for exertion, still remained ters are still alive.

unimpaired. His death, therefore, It would be a difficult matter to even at that advanced age, was a great fum up his character in a few words, loss to fociety. .

Sketches of the Life of Soame Jenyns. Esq; with a foort Account of his Fan


OAME JENYNS, Efq; was Churchill in Somersetshire ; one of D born in Great Ormond Streut, whom, about the middle of the sixin London, in the year 1703-4. teenth century, by an intermarriage His father, Sir Roger Jenyos, Knt. with a cobeiress of the Rowler family, was descended from the ancient ut becamc poflefled of Sandridge, in the respectable family of the Jenyns's, of county of Heriford; whole descen

dant, Yz* 3Cole's lately published Edition of his Works, in 4 Vols. 8vo.

dapt, Sir John Jenyos, was created taught him the Grft rudiments of lab. by King James a Knight of the Bath guage, and of such branches of knowo at the creatioa of Charles Prince of ledje as were proper for his age, was Wales, and was returned to represent called off to pursuits that promised the borough of St Alban's in the · him greater advantages than he could Second Parliament bolden after the expe& to derive from his fole atten. crowo had ders: nded to that prince. tion to the education of the son of a Sir Roger's residence in the country private gentleman. The apxiety of was at Ely, in the isle of Ely. He the family on the important point of was an upright, knowing, and diligent his education, made them very in. magistrate. Amongst other obje&s duitrious in procuriog a proper sucof his attention to the interests of the cell r; which was amply satisfied by public, he exceedingly laboured in their having prevailed on the Rev. carrying into execution the drainiag Mr Stephen White to undertake the of the great level of the fens; went charge. Mr Worte was the brother through all the higher offices in that of him who afterwards distinguished corporation, which was created by himself in several controversial pieces an act of parliament passed in the with the Diflenters; and he was time of Charles the Second, for that timself eminent for his learning, work; and this with great reputa- good taste, and great ingenuity; and tion to himself and advantage to the having uo object but the improvecountry.

ment of his pupil, continued his care As a reward for a general condud, of him till it was necessary to finish manifesting itself by an exemplary his education by a removal of him to life, in the performance of such ci- one of our universities. His father vil duties as his station gave him an had purchased Bottilham-hall, in the opportunity of performing, the ho- vidiage of Bottiham, where he renour of knighthood was conferred fided with his family; and, as it was on Roger Jenyns, Ely; by King not far diftant from Cambridge, that William, at Kengngton, January 9, university was fixed on for the place 1693.4.

in which his son was to make a pro. The mother of Mr J. was one of gress in his future tudies. St John's the daughters of Sir Peter Soame, College was at that time a society, of Hayden, in the county of Effex, as it hath copunued to be ever since, Baronet ; a most beautiful woman, eminent as a seat of religion, learning and endued with an excellent un- and discipline. Into this society he derstanding, which she had improved was admitted, as a fellow-commoner, by reading, much beyond what was in the year 1722, under Dr Edmonthe falhion of those times in the edy. son, at that time one of the principal cation of the daughters of gentlemen. tutors of the college. In this cola She was well instructed in the prin- lege he lived, except at those times ciples of Religion, which she mani. set apart for vacations, near three feited both by her life and in her years, pursuing, with great industry, conversation; and these exellences the course of studies in which youpg were still heightened by the mott men of fortune at that time were ina polished manners. He was brought ftiiuted. His behaviour whilft he up under the care of his excellent mo- resided there was most orderly and ther, till to the Rev. Mr Hill, intro- regular, and the discipline of the colduced into the family for that pur- lege was by no means disagreeable to Doss, the surrendered up her charge, his natural inclination; insomuch, H: continued some time under the that he was often heard to say, after care of Mr Hill, who, after he bad he had left the univerfist that he ac


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