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Kings of Spain had usurped the ef- enemy of Madame de Maintenon, tates of his ancestors, who, he said, whom she never called any thing but had formerly reigned in Arragon; the old few, the forceress, the bigot, the and the, haughty and vain-glorious, widow Scarron. The king's favourite conceived the hope of seeing him re- borc all this with seeming patience, instated by the power and interest of because she was fenfible she had aliea her father.

nated the king's heart from MaThe last fickness of this princess dame. was dreadful. She had got cold after This princess wore a perriwig like a delivery, and languished about a a man; she kept a pack of hounds, went month, when she died with some signs a hunting, handled the sword and the of repentance. She was regretted by gun, and all sorts of arms. She was nobody, not even by her father, She pailionately fond of the regent her entrusted a certain person with a box fon, because she saw in him a great of jewels of great value for Riom, many quilities which he had only of who was absent, but the matter being her, and her attachment shewed itself discovered, they were seized by the even in favour of all the illegitimate regent as her heir.

children of that prince, whom the The other children of the regent took care of. When she was at home were still at that time (1715) under alone, she spent her time in writing age.

letters to all the courts of Germany, Charlotte - Elizabeth of Bavaria, and said she had in her life addressed dowager of Monsieur, only brother of to them anecdotes of the Court of the late king and mother of the regent, France, that would have made more still kept her court at the Palais roy- than ten volumes in folio. She lived al, at the age of seventy, and kept it on the coarsest fare, and her health with dignity. She had preserved all was fo vigorous, that at the age of the decencies and all the etiquette of sixty she had not once been fick. the old Court; she liked its pomp, its After the death of the King, she went, plcasures, and its shows ; she had like- out of decency, to visit Madame de wise preserved whatever was blunt Maintenon ; but she reproached her and savage in the manners of her bitterly with having ravished from her youth, and of her native country, for the confidence of the king, and of hashe was entirely German in her prins ving endeavoured to prevail with him, ciples and discourse. She was frank, on the death of.Monsieur, to send her and sincere, without disguise, without to a convent. prudery, and always the declared

Anecdotes of Law, and of the beginnings of his System to T AW was the son of a silversmith body. The parliament, however, fore

L in Edinburgh, who left him a seeing that, in the end, it would oblige {mall patrimony, which he disipated in people to take paper instead of coin, a short time, and then lived by gaming and would give reality to obje&s and cheating. The parliament of which could have none intrinsically Scotland, being at that period engaged but from the confidence of the public, in discovering the means of supplying decreed that a scheme which 'tended the kingdom with money, and of faci- to establish credit upon a fiction, was litating the circulation of specie, he pernicious to morality, contrary to the propoled his pernicious system to that laws, and dangerous to the state. + From the fame.

Law, Law, afterwards prevailed on a with his question, that they fent an person, who had formerly been secre- account of it to their republic, who tary to Turenne, to write to Pelletier, caused to be regiltered in the rethen comptroller general, with a pro- cords of their city, a sentiment fo posal for enriching Louis XIV. and worthy of the best of kings, whose preventing his subjects for ever from wealth certainly consists in that of revolting against their lawful sove their subjects. reigns. This new system was rejected Having been condemned to death in France.

in England, banished from Italy, and Law now took it into his head to repuised at Turin, Law proceeded to travel, that he might present his plans Paris, where he was already known himself. He was tall, well made, as a mad projector.“ In the life time and graceful; and was a man of abiof Louis XIV. he had presented his lities. He was accompanied in his schemes to Desmarest and to Chamiltravels by a woman whom he had car- lard, who had rejected such innovaried off from her husband in Eng- tions. He now proposed them to the land, and by whom he had a son and Duc d'Orleans, who desired Noailles a daughter. He had kilied a man to examine them, to be as favourable in this latter kingdom, and having in his report as poffible, and to rebeen condemned to death for the mark such of them as were practicamurder, he was constantly in danger ble. Noailles called in the asistance of being taken and hanged. The re- of several merchants and bankers who geot at last obtained his pardon, when were averse to the system. Law then the Abbé Dubois went to London to proposed the establishment of a bank, negociate the league against Spain. composed of a company, with a stock In his flight from justice he had visi. of lix millions. Such an institution ted Italy, and had been banished from promised to be very advantageous to Venice and Genoa, because he con- commerce. Ao arret of the 2d March trived to drain the youth of these ci. 1716 established this bank, by autho. ties of their money, by his fuperiority rity, in favour of Law and his affociin calculation, that is, by being a ates; two hundred thousand shares cheat and a sharper. He wandered were instituted of one thousand livres over all Italy, living on the event of each; Law deposited in it to the vathe most singular bets and wagers, lue of two or three thousand crowns which seemed to be advantageous to which he had accumulated in Italy, those who were curious after novelty; by gaming or cheating. This estabbut which were always of the most lishment very much difpleased the certain success with regard to him. bankers, because at the beginning buHe arrived at Turin, and proposed siness was transacted here at a very his system to the Duke of Savoy, small premium, which the old finanwho saw at once that, by deceiving ciers had charged very highly. Many his subjects, he would in a short time people had at first little confidence in have the whole money of the king- this bank, but when it was found dom in his possession : but that saga- that the payments were made with cious prince asking him how his sub- quickness and punctuality, they began jects were to pay their taxes when to prefer its notes to ready money. all their money should be gone, Law Such was the commencement of was disconcerted, not expecting such Law's bank. Noailles and Rouiller a question. The Duke, iwo days af- purged the plans of that adventurer terwards, relating to the deputies from whatever was rash or unjust in from Geneva how he had dismissed them, and left nothing but what this adventurer, they were so pleased tended to facilitate commerce.

Account President of the Court of Sellion, and F. R. S. Edinburgh. By David Hume, Efa. [From Tranf. of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.]

TT has often occurred to me, as a the usual course of academical stu. I hard circumstance in the lot of dies in the University of that place ; those who follow the active employ. where he acquired a relih of the purments of life, that however great their suits of literature and science, that eminence, however useful their la- never forsook him, and especially a bours, nay, however rare and ex. fondness for the Greek and Roman cellent their talents, the remem. clailics, which, even in the basiest pe. brance of them dies among their coun- riods of his lift, he occasionally found trymen at large, almost as soon as opportunities to indulge. Horace they themselves are gone; and even was almost his constant companion ; with those of their own professions and even in his last years, after his scarcely survives for more than a promotion to the most laborious office single generation. The records of in the law, Homer, during a vacation, the Royal Society are therefore in was often on his table. this respect valuable, that they afford Another branch of knowledge for the means of rescuing from oblivion, which he there imbibed an early prethose of our Members who, by their dilection, was that of Ethics, or Moprofessional eminence and services, ral Philosophy. This he had the ad. have merited the gratitude and re- vantage of studying under the cele. membrance of their country, though brated Dr Hutcheson, of whom be their line of life did not permit them was a favourite pupil The warmth 10 attain distinction of another kind, of eloquence with which this Philo. by any literary work or discovery in fopher poured forth his lectures, atscience.

tached to him extremely all those of I thought it would be universally his hearers who had any liking to the felt and allowed, that the late Sir subject he treated, or w re susceptible Thomas Miller, (at one time a Vice of being moved ; and Mir Miller, in President of this Society), most juste particular, contracted not oily a high ly fell under the above description of admiration of his talents, but such a lingularly oseful man, and fit to be love to him as a man, that long after commemorated. And in this per his death; and when he himself had suasion, I have prepared a short ac- grown old, he could not mention his count of him, now to be submitted to name but in terms of gratitude and your confideration.

veneration, equal to those in which Sir Thomas Miller of Glenlee, late the disciples of Socrates spoke of Lord President of the Court of Sef- their master. Like Socrates too, Dr sion, was the second son of William Hutcheson taught his disciples to vaMiller writer to the Signet, who was lue Ethics beyond all other sciences; himself the second son of Matthew and with Mr Miller this preference Miller of Glenlee, and succeeded to was so strong, that he used habitually that estate, along with the lands of in conversation, when distinguishing Barkimming, on the death of his el. it from the rest, to give it the appelder brother.

lation of Philosophy. Sir Thomas was born on the 3d of Having thus, by the improvement November 1717. He received the of his taste, and the acquisition of a first rudiments of his education at philofophic spirit, made the best preGlasgow, and afterwards went thro'paration for eminence in any liberal Vol. XII. No. 67.


Employment, he decided for the Bar, the impression of his own belief in the professio" to which those accom- the doctrines he maintained. Men plishments lend the most diftinguished there might perhaps be in the profefluitre of apy, and where they most fion, more eminent for invention of materially contribute to the advance topics in a desperate cause, or who net of the person possessed of them. Thewed more versatility of genius in For some time he had hesitated be placing the same business in different tween this profession and his father's ; lights, or turning it into all variety of and it is said to have been in a great shapes ; but there was none who bet. measure owing to the state of his ter understood the strength of a good health, that he gave up thoughts of or a tenable cause, or took his ground the latter.

in one of that description with more When he had resolved on going to judgment and discretion, cr used its the Bar, he fixed his residence at E. advantages to better purpose. Hadinburgh, and devored himself to the ying found the soundelt or most fafty of the law, with that zeal and vourable part of his client's piea, that earneftness with which, during his he attached himself to, and on it exwhole life, he was remarkable for ested all his itrength; throwing aside following every object that had at' with just and proper confidence, all once determined his choice *. Yet the more doubtful points and weaker with all his diligence in this necef- considerations in the cause. Captious sary occupation, as the turn of his and quibbling argument indeed, and mind led him to no base or trifling all perversion of an adverfary's words pursuits, he was able to find time, and or meaning, he held to be as foreign neglected not to employ it, for culti- to the lawyer's duty, as they are devating the humaner and more liberal rogatory to the lionour of the Court It dir Even at this time, he con- where they are leard ; nor could he, tinued to read the clasics extensively, on any occasion, be prevailed on to particularly the better Greek authors, attempt the aiding of his cause, in a having for his asistant the late Mr manner so inconlilient with his own Ceorge Muirhead, afterwards Pro- feelings of what was right and professor of Humanity at Glasgow, whose per, reputation as a claslical scholar is No wonder then, that thus qualiweil krown.

fied, and regulated by sentiments so In the mouth of July 1742 he was respectable, he quickly rose to a high called to the Bar. Where he had degree of enployment in bis profer. not long continued, before the most fion, though he had among his cofavourable opinion come to be enter- temporaries, for rivals in the public tained, among the persons belt entit. favovi, men of the greatest acuteness led to judge, of the proficiency he. and splendour of paris. had made in the knowledge of the. Hence also he, at an early period law, and of his excellent qualifica- of life, entered the career of public tions, both for counsel and debate. offices and honour in the department His elocution was copious and easy; of the law. his selection of argument judicious, In the year 1748, on the new 'arand his mode of presenting it, in the rangement of the office of Sheriff, highest degree perspicuous and plain ; (which has been attended with so many and he accompanied it with a man- falutary confequences) he was pitched per of delivery so weighty and fer- upon as a fit person for one of those yent, as carried home to the hearer appointments. The county which

Government • His usual hour of going to bed at this period was four of the morning.

Government had destined for him, fluence of the then Ministry, he acwas that of Inverness, in those times cordingly both voted against, and gave of recent disorder and rebellion, ac- his reasons to the House for opporcounied the most important of any; ing :-A most respectable and ruly and what required the steadiest and patriotic piece of conduct, and of most able superintendence. But this which he reaped a jutt, but unlookedappointment, though more advanta. for reward, in the friend thip and cf gevus, he declined; because his friend teem of the Marquis of Rockingham; the Earl of Sulkirk had recommend who, however loath to have an oppoed him to Government for the stew- nent in the principal servant of the artry of Kirk udbright, and it had Crown for Scotland, yet, fatisfied that been understood between him and the he had taken this line froin the purest Erl that he was to accept it.

and most disinterested mutives, conThe duties of this office he per. tinued him in his public ftatior, and formed with great punctuality, and to ever after honoured him with his parthe entire satisfaction of the district ticular attention. entrusted to his charge ; and he con- In the year 1766, on the death of tinued to hold it till the year 1755, Lord Minto, he was appointed Lord when he resign:d, and was named So. Justice Ciurk; which office both belicitor of Ercilaan office in those stows the Presidency of the highest days generally held by a lawyer. Criminal Tribunal, and a seat as an

In the year 1759, on the promoć ordinary Judge in the supreme Civil tion of Mr Pringle (afterwards Lord Court. Alemore) to the Bench, he reaped In these high stations, he fully the fruit of the public favour, in be. justified the choice that had been ing appointed his Majesty's Solicitors made of him, and soon, by his fcruGeneral for Scotland.

pulous attendance on the Court, and In the year 1760, he succeeded tlie aliduous labour in the dispatch of late President Dundas as his Ma- business, gained a l'gh place in the jeity's Advocate for Scotland, and in esteem and confidence of the public, The following year he was chosen to as a man deeply impressed with the serve in Parliament for the burgh of importance of his duties, and actuared Dumfries.

by a warm and itcady zeal conscienWhile in these stations, Mr Miller, tiously to discharge them. And this whose modeity and discretion were task he accomplished, in the civil deequal to his ability, did not think it partment, in such a manner, as both so much incumbent on him to take an added credit to the Court of which active share in the debates of the Af he was a member, and was of the most sembly, as to regulate his voice ac- effential service to the interests of law cording to his opinion of the public and justice. For besides the learning good. The single occafion that calls and experience, acquired by long ed him up as a speaker, was indeed of study and extensive prasice, he was a very interesting kind, and became a pollessed of many other more material signal proof of the independence of qualifications, which added much to his spirit, and sincere concern in the the power of those attainments, and grandeur and prosperity of the British peculiarly fitted him for the importempire. This was the repeal of the ant charge of deciding on the rights American Stamp act ; a measure in of his feilow-citizens. which Mr Miller's sagacity foresaw He was happy in a great natural the miserable train of consequences temperance of disposition and soundthat have suce ensued from it, and ness of judgment. Whence, though which, thoug'. fupported by all the in- he was well able to purtue an intriB 2


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