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teady charged by a decree of the Na. had reigned for ages. The people were tional Affembly, and fanctioned by his called on by a citizen to give thanks to Majefty with the care of the public the Ruler of the Universe, the supreme tranquillity,thail fulfil, under the King's arbiter of kingdoms, for their freedom orders the functions of Major General and victory.-- Populi laudate Deum, and of the Confederation; and in that quae a grand chorus, which began the Te lity the orders he hall give fall be ob- Deum, answered the call of the citizen, served as the orders of his Majesty himfelf.
Fuly 14th. The king has, in like manner, nomi- Every part of the grand ceremony nated M. Gonvion, Major-General of was conducted with the regularity and the Parisian guard, Lieutenant-General order which had been previously conof the Confederation for the day of ce- certed, Nor was the general joy and. Temony.
happiness any way interrupted even by When all persons are placed, the bler- the coldness and wetness of the day, fing the flags and colours shall be pro- for it rained almost constantly from ceeded to, and the celebration of mals eight o'clock in the morning, till four in
The King empowers the said M. de the afternoon. la Fayette to pronounce the Confedera- At fix o'clock in the morning, the tion oath in the name of all the Deputies persons appointed to regulate the order of the National Guards, and those of of the procession assembled on the Boulethe troops and marines, according to the vards, between the gate of St Martin, form decreed by the National Assembly; and arranged the procession in the foland the King Thall in like manner pro- lowing order : bounce the oath, the form of which was decreed by the National Assembly, and A Detachment of the Parisian National accepted by his Majesty.
Guard on horseback, with a standard The Te Deurn shall be then sung, and
and fix trumpets. conclude the ceremony ; after which, A Band of Music, consisting of several hunde the proceffion shall return from the
red inftruments. Champs de Mars in the same order it
A Company of Grenadiers.
The Electors of the city of Paris-appointcame. Done at Paris the nith of July. 1990,
ed in April 1789. (Signed) LOUIS: A Detachmept of the Parisian National
Guard on foot, with music. Par le Roi, Guignard.
Afsembly of the Representatives of the Com
mons, confisting of the 240 Citizens of On the same day the King reviewed
Paris, chofen in August 1789. the Deputies of the eighty.three depart
'The Military Committee. idents of the nation. The populace gave
A Company of Chasseurs. themselves up to joy, and vive le Roi!
The City Drums. vive la Nation! was heard in every quar- The Prefidents of the sixty Districts. ter.
One hundred and twenty Citizens of Paris, Te Deum was performed at the me. chosen by the fixty Districts to conduct tropolitan church. The band confifted the festival, and appointed for of all the performers of the Royal Aca
them to take the federal demy of Music, and those belonging to
oath. the various places of amusement. The "The Sixty Administrators of the MuniciElectors, the Representatives of the Com
pality, with the City Guards. mons of Paris, the Deputies of the Na
Second Divifion of Music. tional Departments, twelve Members
Monsieur the Mayor of Paris. of the National Assembly, and a vait
in 'The Guards and Music of Paris, forming a concourse of people attended.
train of 16o Depuries of the CommonThe Te Deum was introduced by a
alty, fixty Presidents, and other Hierodram, composed of quotations from
Officers attendant on the Mathe book of Plalms and the Prophets, The Herald at Arms, furrounded with the applicable to the grand ceremony. An
colours of fixty battalions of the Na. uverture by M. des Augiers, composed
tional Parisian Guards, preceding for the occasion, was happily expressed
THE KING; and received with much pleasure.
who had on his right hand In the evening, a son of Victory an The President of the National Assembly, nounced the fall of Tyranny---the def. And was attended ty all the Members of truction of the Baltile, where despotilin that body, and also by his body guard.
One hundred infants in their mothers arms, well as all the companies that were em
decorated with national cockades. ployed as escorts. A body of four hundred children, from The civil bodies took the places al. eight to ten years of age, dressed uni- , lotted to them in the arnphitheatre. The formly, attended by music, and battalion of children formed about à carrying banners, inscribed,
hundred paces from the grand altar, Íbe Hope of tbe People.
crofling the Champ de Mars, but facing detachment of the Colours of the Na
the altar. tional Guard of Paris.
While the National Assembly passed A battalion of Veterans.
through the two lateral gates, the The Deputies of the thirty-two first De
members took their seats on the right partments of the
and left of the Chair of State, and the • Nation, in alphabetical order. The Oriflamme, or Grand Standard of the
Chair of their own President.
The battalion of veterans was placed Cornette-blanche of France in the first
a hundred paces behind the altar, across rank of the
the Champ de Mars, but facing the Deputies of the troops of the line, compo
altar. sed of Marischals of France.
The detachments of National Guards General Officers.
appointed to take the oath, ranged them. Officers of the Staff.
felves under the banner indicative of his Subaltern Officers.
place in the amphitheatre. Commissioners of War.
The music, now all collected into one Lieutenants of the Marischals of France. immense band, occupied the fide of the Deputies of Infantry.
platform under the aitar, next to the inDeputies of Cavalry.
valids ; the band of drums the opposite Deputies of Huffars, Dragoons, and Chase fide. curs.
The detachment of cavalry, that clorGeneral Officers, and Deputies of the Ma- ed the proceflion, foraned the exterior rine, according to rank.
line on the side where they entered, opThe Deputies of the forty-one last Departo
pofite to the first detachment. ments, in alphabetical order. . A company of Volunteer Chasseurs.
While the Deputies were taking their A company of Cavalry, with a standard
seats, the entrances to the tier of the e. and two trumpets.
levated benches that surrounded this
immense amphitheatre, were opened, It would be impossible to give a mis and the people of all ranks, and of both nute description of the various emble
fexes, the ladies all dressed in white, matic ornaments which accompanied
nied took their places. These benches, rithis grand procession.
fing thirty in number above one another, The proceflion set out at eight o'clock and extending an immenle way, were precisely, and pafled the Boulevards, capable of containing, as it is laid, through the streets of St Dennis, &c. to 380,000 perlons. the palace of Louis XV, where they ,
Their 'Majefties entered the Champ halted ; and the detachment of the co
de Mars through the military school, lours of the National Guards of Paris and took their places to afilt in the ces opening to the right and left, the King remony, in a superb box erected for the and the Nationas Assembly joined the occasion, and elevated about fifreen feet. proceffion, falling into'the place affigned The foreign minifters took their pla. for them in the preceding account of the ces in an elegant fide box near them. order.
After a lolemn invocation to God, The procession then moved on thro' this vast mulicurlez confisting of from the Cours la Reine along the Quay to
three to four hundred thousand, was the bridge of boats, over which they
feated. passed, and from thence they entered
Ths grand standard, and all the banthe Champ de Mars, through a triumph
ners of the several departments, were al arch.
then brought up to the platform, and In entering the Champ de Mars, the received benedictions; after which, they cavalry marched off to the right, and
were carried back to their several ftarangei themselves in the exterior line
tions, High Mats was then celebrated, on the opposite lide to the entrance. and the great Assembly proceeded to the The company of grenadiers, formed bufinels of the day. ander the step of thic amphitheatre, as The folemnity was announced by the
MajorMajor-General. The King then, with of the peace that took place througla much composure and folemnity, ap- the whole was provoked by the stubborn proached the grand altar, and pronoun obftinacy of some inveterate Aristocrates, ced diftinctly
who did not light up their houses, or " I, a citizen, King of the French, who had flcd with their domeftics, and fwear to the nation, to employ all the left their windows dark emblems of their power delegated to me by the constitu- own minds. They fell a prey to the tional law of the Itaie, to maintain the indignation 'of the populace; and all form of government decreed by the Na- the massacre of this day, so much dreadtional Assembly, and accepted by me, ed in anticipation, was the maslacre of and to enforce the execution of the laws." some thousand panes of glass.
The Prefident of the National Allem Excepting such trifling accidents as bly then went up to the altar; the other are usual when prodigious multitudes inembers all standing, and holding up are assembled, I have heard of no disaster their hands, he repeated the Civic Oath. whatever, but one, and that arose from
« I swear to be faithful to the nation, the bursting of a cannon, on firing a the law, and the King, and to maintain, royal salute, when the King entered the with all my powers, the conftitution de- field. It is reported, that five or fix creed by the National Affembly and ac- men were killed on the occasion. cepted by the King. On the conc'ulion When the captors and demolishers of of which, every member said, “ That I the Bastile entered the Champ de Mars, swear,”
such united shouts of joy and triuinph The Sieur de la Payette, (lately Mar. were perhaps never heard. Conceiving quis) then took the oath for himself, and that dreadtul prison to have been one of all the other Deputies of the eighty-three the grandeft engines of despotism and departments of the National Guards, cruelty, the multitude were frantic in who, all standing, pronounced atter him the expreffion of their joy, when they Je le Jure ; and these words, with up beheld those enter who had levelled it lifted hand", were folemnly pronounced with the duft. by every individual of the iminense af. M. d'Orleans attended, and sat in his sembly. Te Deum was then sung by place as one of the members of the Nathe whole piultitude! What an effect! tional Affembly. He had gained much it was lofty beyond the power of del popularity by a short appeal to his councription ! 'A whole nation, with one try, in which he called upon them to voice and one heart, returning thanks try him, if they had any charge to exto God for his mercy in giving them hibit against him, but to try him, not freedom and liberty. There never was by judges, but by a jury. before such an orchestra, or such an au. All the streets wiich communicate dience all were fingers-all were hear with the Cyamp de Mars were furnitha ers. Their thouts in full chorus rent the ed with scaffolds for the use of thosc fies, exc pe during the interval of the who were not privileged with seats on more folemn parts of the National pace the spot, the tops of the houses and evetion, during which periods, a most fo- ry window within view, were also oclemn filence prevaded the vall multitude, cupied. and teftified the interest which every in. Every precaution was taken to prevent dividuai feit in this great and folemn busi- tumult, and inassacre. All suspected nefs; during the whole of which, the uto places were searched not a carriage to most decorum, peace, and concord pre. be seen on the streetscanes, swords, vailed.
and every other sort of weapon interdic• The ceremony being ended, the pro- ted. Not even the flower girls were ceffion moved off in the order in which it permitted to impede pall-ngers, by prefentered, and then the detachment filed fing them :o purchase nosegays. off to the tents in the adjacent grounds, The joy on account of the safety and where a cold collation was providet, of good order woich prevailed, is univerwhich, ftrance as it may found, several lal; ad even thote who would have hundred thousands parto: k. Eiery part rejoiced at mischief were constrained to of the neighbouring country was filled appear pleased. with tents, and in various appointed places dinners and wine were delivered
ENGLAND. to the poor gratis.
TRIAL OF THE MONSTER. A grand illumination closed the tri- London, July 8. Mr Cullen yesterday ymph of the day; and the only breach opened the pleadings.
The Tke indictment charged, that Ren- circumstances of the assault on Mifs Por, wick Williams, on January the 18th ter, as they afterwards appeared in evi. 1790, with force and arms, at the parish dence. The four young ladies who of St James's Westminster, in the King's would shortly appear in support of the highway, and in a certain public street, present charge were the daughters of caiied St James's Street, unlawfully, Mr Porter, who kept a respectable howilfully, and maliciously, did make an tel in St James's Street It was'there allault upon Ann Porter, Spinster, she the pritoner had frequently accosted then being in the same street and King's them in the streets, not in the manner of highway, with an intent to tear, spoil, a gentleman, but in language the most cut, and deface the garments and cloaths 'vile, disgusting, and obscene. His per. of the said Ann Porter.
son was by this means rendered familiar The indictment farther charged, that in such a degrec, as not to leave a polii. on the same day, and at the parish a bility of mittake, if the young ladies forelaid, the prisoner at the bar unlaw. would depose to his identity. After fully, wilfully, and maliciously, did tear, mentioning the assault in St James's fpoil, cut, and deface the garments and Streer, on the birth day, which was the cloaths, to wit, the cloak. gown, and ground of the present indictment, and petticoats of the fai? Ann Porter, con. the circumstances which led to the ap. trary to the Atatute, and against the prehension of the prisoner, Mr Pigot King's peace.
dwelt for a short time on his evalive To this indictment the prisoner pleado conduct when first called to an account, ed.-Not guilty
He did not then give his own address--· Mr Pigot, 'in an address as pathe- he did not refer in the residence of his tic as it was humane, stated the parti mother and fifter for this man had feculars to the Jury.---They had now, he male relations every part of his defaid, the unpleasant talk of judging on meanor was sufficiently in proof of tranfactions as fingular and extraordinary guilt, if such evidence were wanted. As as had ever appeared in the list of hu- men of the world, the Jury would form, man crimes. They had to liften to a however, their own conclusion, when it detail of enormities without a precedent; was stated to them, that the prisoner yet they had to remember, that the per- sept in an obscure public-houle, where fon accufed of this guilt was still their in one room fx men lay in three beds; fellow creature. They were to liften to and, to which, in consequence, he had evidence which went to prove, that lo much shame left as to refuse a referthere existed a being, whe, without an ence.The defence which was meant to end to be answered without gain to be be let up, he understood, was an alibi, acouired-without, a purpose to be at- or-as it may be neceliary to explain Laineri, or a pasion to be gratificd evidence tending to prove that the prif. could pais even beyond the cominon oner was in another place at that time sange of crimes, and who stood a me, when the fact thus charged was actual. lancholy proof, that those perfons who ly committed. He should only observe, contended that no wickedness was prac- that this was either the best or the work Gised without a morive, knew in fact defence that could be produced. If this but little of the degraded difpofitions of was proved by creditable evidence, they some men, or of the general per verleners would of course acquit the prisoner; but of human nature. He did not with to the degree of cr dit to be given refted blend the mention of other crimes with wholly on thek judgment. that which was observed in the present Miss Ann Porter laid, that the lived indictment. If this single fact were in St James's Sirect; that on the 18th proved, of which his initruction (carce- of January last, being the Queen's birth. ly permitted him to doubt, it would ap- day, she was, in company with her filter pear, that the prisoner at the bar lad and another lady, in the gallery of the wantoniy, wickedly, and deliberateiy af- ball-room; the ball broke up about saulted a description of perions who are eleven o'clock, and at a quarter paft at all times, and in all places, regarded eleven, the, her sister, and another lady, as objects of protection, if not of ad- quitted the Palace and came hume. Her miration, and that his difpofition was father, who had promiled to call to take such as to lead him to insult, and to in them home, did not come at that time, jure the faireft, and, it might be added, having no idea that the bail would break the best among the works of nature. - up at lo carly an hour. When they Mr Pigot then touched lightly on the came to Si James's-Streci, lhe faw no
petron until they came near their own as she could judge, it must have been door. But her fifter, apparently in a effected with a sharp inftrument ftatc of agitation, defired her for God's The cloaths which had been cut were sake to make halte. She ran as fast as then prod ced; a silk gown of pale pink, the could; and when the came to the was rent about the length of 18 inches fteps of her father's house, the ascended near the right hip. The under gara them, and at this time apprehending no ments were divided about the length of danger, and not understanding the reason iz inches.. of her Gifter's agitation, the Taid “ We · Miss Pifter was next examined. She are now safe.” Her fifter went first to the knew the prisoner well, he having ac. door, and was followed by Mrs Niel, cofted her four times in the street, and their companion. Her filter rang the with the same gross language as that bell, but before the door was opened, mentioned by her lifter. On the birthand as she was at the corner of the rail, night Me was walking home with her ing, the received a blow upon her hip. and Mrs Niel., The prisoner was walk, The person who thus ftruck her turned ing before, when fime chairinen crosfing round, and the law him ftoop down him, he turned round, and observing the the then knew him it immediately oce witness, he said, “ O! ho !” and ina curred to her that she had seen him be. ftantly struck her a violent blow withi fore three or four times. She knew his hand on the back part of the head. bim immediately-he had reafon to re She spoke to her fifter, and defir.d her collect him, because at each time she to make hafte, as “ the Wretch," was faw him he had spoken to her in the behind them. By this name it appear. most gross and vulgar language. He ed that they had 'mentioned him to each did not run a vay atter he had struck other, when speaking of his several afber, but food staring her in the face, faults. When this witness had knocked even after the door of her father's house at her father's door, Thę turned round was opened. She observed his person, and saw him strike her fifter with she utand knew him perfectly well. On being inoft force. She heard the filk “ rent,”. asked whether the had any doubt of him, and when the door was opened, the athe answered, Not the least in the gain turned round, and saw him standworld. She then ftated, that on Suno ing in the saine attitude; She had no day the 13th of June laft, she was walk. doubt whatever of his being the fame ing in St James's Park, in company man. She saw him about a week after, with her mother, fifter, and Mr Cole. terwards from her father's window, and man, when he saw the prisoner, and fent two men in pursuit of him, but immediately recognised him. She was they unfortunately fixed on a different very much agitated, and turned round person. She saw him next' at her faand looked at him, and he at herIn ther's house, and fainted at his entrance. consequence of the information she gave She also fixed on him at Bow-street, when of him, he was pursued by Mr Colemán. mixed in a large croud, and selected him The next time he saw him was at her without difficulty father's house with Mr Coleman; but On her cross examination; nothing on her feeing him, she was fo terrified contradictory appeared in her evidence. that she became almoft fenseless. She T he two other Gifters, Martha and law him afterwards at Bow-ftreet, and, Rebecca Porter, described the conduct without the affiftance of any person and address.of the prisoner in the same whatever, pointed him out in a great manner, and were equally certain as to croud, In short she had no reason what his perfom. ever to be doubtful of his person. She · [The evidence of these four ladies, knew him well.
though separately examined, was confiftMr Knowles, who appeared as coun, ent and uniform, and their demcanours Lel for the prisoner, cross-examined this happily marked by the mixed, but beyoung lady. He asked her whether in coming traits of resolution and fenfibithe agitation of the moment' she could be lity.] fufficiently accurate in the recollection Mr Coleman gave an account of the of the prisoner and also whether there manner in which Miss Porter pointed was light sufficient where the stood to out the prisoner as they were walking in diftinguith objects clearly? To both St James's Park. This was on the 13th these questions the answered decidedly, of June in the evening; fie laid, “T::re in the affirmative. She had been wound is the Wretch, he is just passed us.”'. éd, the said, and very severely; as fat Mr Coleman then followed him to Spring
VOL. XII. No. 676