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concluding member of the foregoing for the sake of his reputation he is paragraph we shall extract from that unwilling to name, would require a part of the publication which gives little hellebore. an account of the writings of Liddel, “ There is also another work puba curious anecdote which made some lished concerning this singular conpoise at the time :

troversy, by Ingolstaterus, a physician 4. Duncani Liddelii Traciatus de of Nuremberg, who likewise combats Dente dureo, &c. Hamburgi, ex Bib- the opinion of Horstius, proving the kioth. Frobeniana 1628, 12mo. golden tooth to be monstrous and un

“ As the subject of this treatise is natural, and suggesting that it was perhaps cot generally known, and is most probably the work of the devil. somewhat curious, the following short But the imposture, as mighi be ima. account of it may not be unaccept- gined, was soon after discovered to able. Jacobus Horstius, doctor and be a thin plate of gold, skilfully drawn professor of medicine in the scade- over a natural tooth by an artist of snia Julia, at the same time with our that country, with a view to excite author, published a truly ridiculous the public admiration and charity.” performance, and dedicated it to the Prefixed to the work is an engra. emperor Rudolphus the second ; in ving of great merit, by Beugo, of which from ocular infpe&ion, and by Liddel, from an outline on tin. many learned arguments, he endeavours to vindicate the truth of a popular story then current, of a poor boy of Silesia, who at seven years of A Tribute to the Memory of Ulric age having loft some of his teeth, his of Hutten, co-temporary with E. parents were astonished at the appear. - rasmus and Luther ; one of the ance of a new one of pure gold. Hoi most zealous Antagonists as well Itius serioully looks upon this won of the papal Power as of all despoderful tooth as a prodigy seat from tic Government, and one of the beaven to encourage the Germans, most elegant Latin Authors of his then at war with the Turks; from it tine. Translated from the Gerforetells the future vi&tories of the man of Goethe, the celebrated Chriftians, with the final destruction Author of the Sorrows of Werter: of the Turkish Empire and Mahome. By Anthony Aufrete, Esq. Iltan faith, and a return of the golden l ustrated with Remarks by the age in 1600, preparatory to the end Translator. With an Appendix, of the world. This wietched per containing Extracts from some of formance Dr Liddel takes the trouble Hutten's Performances, a Lift of to refute, as he says, for the honour his Works, and other explanatory of the Academia Julia, and because and intereft ng Papers. 8vo. p.151, the reveries of his colleague were cb. 35. sewed. Dodsley. taining too much credit in that igno. sape age He appears, however, alha. THIS is an unqualified panegy. med to treat the subject seriously, but ric on the celebrated, but turbuleno employs the powers of irony and ri- and headftrong, Ulric de Hutten. dicule against his unfortunate oppo- Mr Goethe seems to possess little of nent with much success. He says, he the calm and sober judgment of the Should as fuon believe that the whole historian; nor do we find in this work body of the boy was made of gold as any nice discrimination of character, one of his teeth, talks of idle dreams or acute inquiry into the motives and old womens tales, and hints that which led to particular actions. the brain of a certain person, whom The gotes of the traosator are use

ful,

ful, both for the chronology and for author, taken an active part in faillustrating the characters, merits, and vour of Luther. The reason was, conduct some of the persons who were the pope had not, as yet, commanded conspicuous actors in the great bug the Bishop of Mentz to send him in Dess of the Reformation,

chains to Rome. When this order Ulric of Hutten, of noble birth in was issued, in consequence of a ridi. the circle of Franconia, was born in culous bravado, addreffed to Pope 1488. He studied at Fulda, at Co. Leo the Tenth by our literary Quixlogne, and Francfort on the Oder. ote, he determined to revenge the inHe went into Italy as a soldier, ud- sult by writing and fighting in supder the Emperor Maximilian. Upon port of Luther : but non tali auxilio, his return to Germany, and about the nec defenforibus iftis-Luther did not close of 1516, or the beginning of altogether app'rove his weapons. the following year, appeared the fa. His aims tailing here, he retired mous Epiftolæ obfcurorum Virorum ; to the fortress of Ebernberg, comwhich, we are told, were written in manded by Sickingen; where he reconsequence of the sufferings of mained till his friend's ceath. Thence Reuchlin; and in the composition of he went, says M. Goethe, with a bro. which, Hutten is said to have been ken heart into Switzerland, there to affifted by Crotus Rubianus, That seek for shelter. His restless pride, these letters were the work of differ- and his misfortunes, which were the ent hands, is not improbable ; but we consequences of it, had now deprived are not certain that Crotus Rubianus him of all his friends. bad any share in them ; nor can we He applied to Erasmus, who was tell from what authority M. Goethe glad to excuse himself from admitting affirms it, With much more proba- bis company. His coolness produ. bility, might it be said of Reuchlin; ced a passionate expoftulation from who, indeed, by some, has been supá Hutten ; the last ebullition of a torbus pored the sole author. We are, how. lent and disappointed spirit. Erasmus ever, inclined to think them Hut juftified himself in what he quaintly ten's. “ Jacob. Tbomafius in præfa. termed · A Sponge to wipe away the tione ad Pauli Manutii Epiftolas, certa • Splashes of Huiten. Probably, föde exploratum fe habere affirmat, Hut- however, Hutten died without readtenum effe earum autorem."

ing his answer. His death happened It was not only by words that Hut- upon the small ille of Auffnaw in ten was contented to thew his zeal the lake of Zuric, at the house of a for Reuchlin, His favourite argu- poor curate, where he found refuge, ment was force; and he was always attention, nourishment, and repofe.' ready to prove the justice of his cause • Navigate thither, youthful travelby the strength of his arm. His tur. 'ler,' exclaims M. Goethe, seek his bulent fpirit and haughtiness were grave, and say, “ Here lieth the ofully experienced by Reuchlin's chief rator for the German nation, for free. enemy, Hochftraten; who is said to dom, for truth, and one who would have met Hutten in the Netherlands. have done more than speak for then.!" The terrified inquisitor thought all Such was the restless life, and mi. was over with him; and “ falling at ferable end, of Ulric of Hutten ; of bis feet, commended his poor soul to whom his panegyrist has ventured to all the saints with the most fervent e- assert (p. 5o), that he was envied jaculations of devotion.” “I foil by Melanchon ;' who was a man not my fword with thy blood," said learned without oftentation, and too Hutten, and suffered bim to depart. wife to think himself infallible: resoHytten had not, as yet,' says the fute, but never ralh ; mild, yet never

timid;

timid: opposing what he thought learoed parasite, and applause from the wrong in one party, without joining uninformed multitude, for pursuits in the passion of the other; and calm and discoveries that terminate in no under oppresion, because he knew addition to the real elegancies or con. himself to be honest. Subjecting him. veniencies of living. Sne may, how. self to perfecution, because he would ever, claim the poffeffion of all useful not persecute others; and labouring learning. Science has not only rear. for the benefit of those, by whom he ed her head, but flourishes with a de. was ill-treated.

gree of vigour in the new world, that threatens to surpass the old. In the great and useful science of politics,

the Republic of America is, perhaps, Bibliotheca Americana ; or, a Chrono. unequalled. Their orators, lawyers, logical Catalogue of the most cu- physicians, historians, philosophers, rious and interesting Books, Pamph- and mathematicians, may be fairly oplets, State papers, &c. upon the posed to our most successful cultivasubject of North and South Ame- tors of science and the liberal arts ; rica. 410. 125. boards. Debrett. and, poets have lately put in claims,

backed by productions, that evince a THE Introdnetion to this work very slender inferiority. contains, “An Account of the pre- We have examined the merits of fent Siate of Literature in America. the American philosophers, with their The author, with the zeal of an en- works before us, and we cannot supthubaft, speaks of the effects of liberty port, by our opinion, this very power. on the progress of litera:ure, and at- fui claim to distinction and applause. tributes to the despotism of South A. Though an accidental genius may america its comparative ignorance. rise, which shall at once pervade and • But, says he, let us turn (to use a elucidate the most abftrufe sciences, metaphor of Junius) from this barres a series of succeeding minds must be waste, where no verdure quickens, no cultivated in succeslive agęs to give a faluiary plant takes root, to a foil ter- decided general fuperiority. Ai least tile in every great and every good this is the conclusion which the his. qualification. Let us examine the tory of science and of literature teach. Atate of literature in North America. es us to draw. Franklio (alas now no The elder sister (South America) is more !) is one of those heaven-taught decorated with gold ; but that gold, minds; and though we wiih not to fabricated into chains, and, as is 100 detract from the merits of the gende. commonly the fate of wealth, serving men so highly applauded in this in. only to exclude, what is conducive to troduction, yet we cannot allow that happiness, and to confine what is ef- they deserve the very exaggerated ensential to misery. The younger sister comiums bell:wed by our author : (North America), inured to native nor can we greatly praise the spirit or poverty, and bred in the tumult of the judgment whichi dictated the fol, difficulties and danger, has arisen to lowing paragraph: fame and distinction among nations. The people of N. America have Industry and perseverance were the seized and improved some useful parts pinions to support her flight, and heaof Science, that our public seminar es ven-born liberty is still the strongest have neglected. They have establish. feather in her wing.

ed profeffit Ships of animal magnetism '. North America may want some of aud agricu ture, and formed lucreries the fopperies of literature. She boasts for the improvement of manufactures not those dignified literati, who in and mechanics, commerce, naviga, Europe obtaip adựlation from the tion, and policy,'

ÏT happened once, while king Arthur way, instead of answering, they all ran

was holding his court at the castle to the trees where their lances were of Cramalot, that he walked out to en: hanging, and where the youths were joy the serenity of the evening, and sat holding their impatient steeds. Arthur down under an open tent of gold-em- and all his knights vaulted into their broidered velvet which had been pitch fadilles, with their thields on their arms, ed upon the lawn before the castle. and couching their lances, rode to the Thirty knights of noble birth surround- place where the strange knight had aled hin, anit, beside him, in all the ready taken his ftand. The king rode pride of beauty, fat the lady Guenever firit, Both the combatants put their his queen. Twelve virgins, whose spears in the rest, covered themselves charms would have fufficiently rewards with their shields, and putting spurs to ed the noblest de 's of the most va- their horses, ran against each other with liant heroes, stood, magnificently dreft, such force that the ground trembled unnear the feat of the beauteous queen. der their steps; but, in the moment of Around the tent, on the tall oaks, hung collision, the strange knight held up his numberless shields and pears, reflecting spear high in the air, and received the the luftre of the sun's declining beams; king's thrust on his firm shield: the and, under the thick foliage, thirty lance was broken with the Mock into a yourbs held, each in his right hand, a thousand splinters, and king, Arthur richiy caparisoned fteed when, lo! a could hardly kecp himieif fait in the knight in black. armour issued fingly from stirrups. The black knight fat firm and the wood, and rode towards the tent. unshaken, and as soon as he had stapWhen he drew near, he dismounted, ped his horse, he turned, rode up to the koelt down before the queen on his king, and with respectful. demeanour right knee, thenrising, he bowed graceful thus addressed him;" God forbid, my ly, and addressing himself to Arthur “Sir “ gracious liege, that I should use my * king, said he, I am come to beg a boon, « lance against you! Arthur is intitled

which, I am perfuaded, you will not " to my obedience ; command me, “ refuse me, provided it be such as one is therefore, as one who has devoted “ knight may request of another." 66 him felf to your service, not only out

King Arthur looked at the stranger; 6 of duty but affection.” King' Arthe eyes of all around were fixed upon thur looked with astonishment at the him, admiring his discourse and his knight, and without speaking rode off flately presence; for he was taller by flowiy towards the tent. the head than any knight of the court, Sir Galherich, his nephew, the second and they waited in filence to hear what son of king Loth of Orkan, now rides boon he was to ask. « Speak freely boldly up, eager for the encounter, and “ Sir knight, said king Arthur, I pro fure of eafy victory. He reizes bis lance « mise to grant your requeft.”

with firm grasp, throws before his breat The knight bowed a second time; his broad shield, on which a golden eagle and said, " I hope it will not be dis. was emhosied, and rushes like a torrent * agreeable to you, mighty Sir, and to on his foe. Firm is his push and power« those valiant knights by your side, ful; but with nimble motion the other

if, in honour of all virtuous ladies and evades it; the spear palles under his " chaste damsels, and that we may decide left arm harır.less, and at the same mo* to whom among us the palm of chi. ment the stranger's lance strikes Sie “ valry is due, one after another, you

Galherich with such force that his k ride a tilt with me on this green." fentes forlake him, his knees lose their

King Arthur, and the thirty knights hold, he tuinbles and measures his length that stood around him, all of thein com- unon the ground. panions of the Round Table, were by no. * To avenge his brother's fall now admeans disposed to fufier such a request vanced in hatte Sir Galban, Loth of Ora to he made a second time; and straight- kan's eldest born. In all places, where VOL. XII. No. 67. I

daunt

• Translated from the German of Wielande

dauntless courage and unconquerable tender embrace in secret. No other Strength were the subjects of discourse, companion of Arthur's order in valour the naine of Galban was always men or in beauty equalled the gallant Lancetioned. Yet at this time he must either lot. In the prelence of his gracious milhave neglected to recommend himself to trefs he thought it an caly matter to o. his lady, or his fortune muft at last have verthrow all the lance-breakers and all forsaken him: for the black knight the braggarts on the face of the earth. treared him as he had before treated He could not help, however, being af Galherich.

tonished at the prowess of the black * The l'ame tot fell next to the other knight ; for what now happened had nephews of the king, Sir Egerwin and never before happened since the Sir Galheret, to Biiomberis and Lionel, inftitution of the round table. " IF the noble fons of king Bart of Gannes; “ it be magic that protects this heathen, and to the ever gay and intrepid Sir Di. “ whispered Sir Lancelot to the queen, nadel of Estrangor: thele had often laid “ I pray you, faxeft lady, not to forlake many a brave man on the grass, but “ your own true knight : though all now their own turn came, and they were « hell should protect him, do you but all successively, by the superior might « smile and heaven will be on my side.” of the stranger, in a moment unhorsed. As he said this, the queen allowed

Ha! cried Sir Kay, the king's Sener him to read in her eyes an answer that chall, who united the politeness of a made his heart swell'in his bosom. In. courtier with the manners of a knight, ftantly with loosened bridle he lifts high beshrew my heart ! Mall it ever be told his field, reits his lance firmly on his in foreign lands of Arthur's knights, fide, and springs forward; both knights. that, one after another thus, like child push on so vigorously, that their lances Ten, they are to be overtarsed by a lin- are broken to Tivers, and their helmets gle arm! The ftrange knight is not and Mields resound. But little do the a devil thongh he be black. If he is of eyes of his lady avail the noble Lancelot ; mortal mould, let him come on.

the refiftiess force of the black knight oWith these words, spoken half in jeft vercomes him; he yields, he loses the and half in earnest, Sir Kay the Senef- ftirrups, he totters, sinks, and lies where chall puts sputs to his horse. He had his companions had lain. chosen with great care the heaviest from The unknown knight now with great a heap of spears that lay by the tent. compofure dismounts, he Atrokes with But neither his provident care, nor his kindly hand the humid back and warm high courage, nor the volubility of his breast of his generous steed, rakes off tongue availed him aught; the black from him the faddle and foamy bit, knight hove him from his saddle, and and gently patting him on the forehead, let him fall rather unfofil. His squire dismisses him to go and feed at his pleahelped him again upon his feet, and he sure on the lawn. He then returns un. walked sullenly on to the tent.

moved and unconcerned, in his ordinary The others new followed'in rotation; pace, as it from a ride of pleasure, and all of them valiant eombatants, who ne- approaches the golden tent. ver used to shrink from the bravest, and "With uncordial looks the knights, as to whom no adventure, thugh ever so he palled, viewed him afkance; they perilous, came amifs. The tilting at looked at one another as if they would tournaments was but play to them; and have said, " Is this to be endured?" they had almost robbed the forest of its But king Arthur came out from the tent, wood by the lances they had broken. and courteously bid the stranger wel. Among them all, however, there was come. « Noble knight, said he, we not one that could withstand the push “ have, I think, dearly enough bought of the franger; for one after another “ the right of seeing that man's face they were forced out of the saddle. " and of knowing who he is, who

To behold this reproachful discomfi. « with luch agility has in one evening. ture of the knights of the Round table, « forced thirty of the moft valiant provoked the noble Lancelot of the lake, « knights of England from their steeds." the only one of the thirty knights that As soon as the king had said these words, Nill remained to be conquered. The the strange knight began to unloose his beauteous queen's own knight was Sir helmet, and as he took it off, there fell Lancelot. Many adventures he had at- adown his temples shining locks of snove chieved in her honour, and had received white hair, and, lo! in all the digniry in return many a fweet kiss and many a of uncnfeebled age stood the venerable

hero;

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