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for our miraculous preservation, and, without rece:ving any material addi. fully confident of his gracious sup. tion to their stock of provisions, lic port, I found my mind more at eale ving on the 25th part of a pound of ihan for some time palt.”

bread and an ounce of pork a-day, They accordingly proceeded thro' and sometimes a tea spoonful of rum that immense ocean, discovering some each man, till on the 14th of July new illaods, and landing for a short they landed at Coupang in the illand {pace upon the coast of N. Holland, of Timor.

Brutus's Letter to H. R. H. the Poor W**** t.

TN absolute monarchies, all commu- public, but the habits of your private

nication of teoriment between the life, to the view of the people ; and Sovereign and the people is cut off disdaining to impose on them by the by the terrors of desporism. Personal weight of your name or the parade familiarity, indeed, the Prince may of your dignity, have conciliated their allow to a few favoured individuals, affections by the charms of your apmore safely than in freer governments, pearance and the graces of your man. because the distance of political situa- ner. If there has been sometimes a tion prevents all danger of that want small degree of error or excess in this of reverence and respect which is fa. affability and condescension, we are tal to dignity. In monarchies more li- disposed rather to regret than to cen. mited, the Sovereign and his family sure it : we regret the accident of its rely on the confidence and affection milapplication, but we are not inclined of the people; a fealty of a more ge- to blame the exercise of it in you. The nerous and valuable kind, which the sunshine that gives to the breeze its higher rank deserves by its virtues, health and to the fields their verand the lower yields from a reason. dure, breeds at the same time the use. able and independent conviction of less weed and noxious exhalation : them. Flattery it is in the power of We complain of the weed and the flaves to bestow, but fame is the gift exhalation, but he must be a peevith oply of freemen.

misanthrope indeed who quarrels with When I advance these truths to a, the sunshine. Prince of the House of Brunswick, I Sober reasoners, however, may percannot be in danger of his displea. haps dispute the justice of my lirile; fure; and I know too well the pecu. they will tell us of the difference beliar condescension of him whom I now tween the seeming imperfections of take the liberty of addressing to doubt the natural, and the real imperfections bis acceptance of that honest tribute of the moral world, and point out the which I offer him, of approbati'on latter as subjects of correction and a. mixed with counsel, of attachment to mendment, which it is the province his person and his family, joined to a of wisdom to discover and of goodwith and a hope that his conduct may ness to remove. In the instance ale always deserve it. With a peculiar luded to, your talents are equal to the complacency of disposition, you have discovery, and your prudence as well tbrown aside the distance of rank and as yirtue, they trust, will prompt the the selerve of loyalty ; you have on correction. There are persons on pened oot only the actions of your whom your favour and friend hip are

bestowed, † From the Edinburgh Herald.

bestowed, whom, even amidst the a- fects. Nothing has been more fatal to dulation with which it is the misfor- princes than this predilection for weak tune of princes to be deceived, you or unworthy men; and the history of will easily discover to be unworthy of mankind is one continued lesson of that favour and friendship. You the danger to greatness in being made have mixed enough with the world to the dupe of its private attachments, be able to judge of men; and, in this when they are not restrained by prucountry, the channel of public opinion dence nor regulated by virtue. is sufficiently open to the highest per. The annals of our own country are fopages, even without the advantage not silent on that subject. You, Sir, of your accessibility to obtain it. The I believe, have heard them quoted in people have too much reverence for excuse, if not in compliment, of some your name to apply their common youthful levities for which the goodtraditionary adages to the effects of humour of Englishmen is glad to find fociety upon character ; but tho’ the an apology. Eastcheap has been cited communication may not hurt you, it for the credit of Parliament-street, and affects the public, doubly affects it, if Gadshill drawn into precedent for the the unworthy are brought forward in honour of Newmarket. But if there to place and distinction, and the de- is any scholiast on Shakespeare who serving excluded from itacions which has the entree to your library, let him they ought to have filled.

not forget the expression of “ unyoked We know, Sir, at the same time, idleness” which the youthful Henry and make allowance for that society indulged with his associates. There which aaturally fastens itself on a was an extravagance in the pranks of young man's freer hours; and do not Falstaffe and Poins that might impeach expect that, amidst amusement or fef- the dignity, but didnot taint the charactivity, there should always be an unex. ter of their illustrious companion. The ceptionable selection of his compa- excursive sallies of the Prince were nions or his guests. There is a dif- made into the regions of absurdity, fo. tinction which will readily be made reign to that place which his birth enbetween that circle with which men titled him to hold, or those duties of high rank and important Itations which it called on him to perform ; unbend their leisure, and that with his follies hung upon him like a mas. which they trust their serious mo- quing dress which the mummery of ments, “ Nobody, said the French- the hour put on, and the serious oc. man, is a hero to his valet de chambre;" cupations of his own person and chaand he who should attempt it would racter laid aside. Your companions, be very little of a hero to any one Sir, if not all of a higher rank thao else. But the valet de chambre who Harry Monmoutb's, had in general dresses, or the idle companion who deeper and more important designs. amuses a great man, are mere appen. They did not, amid the jovialty of dages of his private dressing room or wine or the gaiety of pleasure, doff parlour, with whom, if they keep in the cares of life, or mock the coils of their proper place, the public bas no- ambition. Theirs was not always the thing to do, and after whom it will honeft, joyous vacancy of thoughtless never inquire. But if they counsel mirth ; like the Athenian heroes, behim ia important affairs, if they lead neath the roses of the feast they hid him in momentous or delicate situa- the arms of their ambition ; but they rions, he muft be accountable for his did not, like the Athenian heroes, use misplaced and preposterous attach- them against the enemies of their coun. ment, and the public which it injures try. . will be eauitled to complain of its ef. One particular juncture there was,


which might have afforded an apolo- in the triumph of sudden elevation, gy for men of less foresight than them, to have forgot decency; and, in the to think of using the connection which ipfolence of anticipated power, to youth and inexperience had formed have despised moderation. Bankrupt to purposes of interest and advance. alike in fortune and in character, some ment; when the diadem hovered over of them might have been imagined cathe head of their patron, and when pable of every extremity to which derindeed, but for some error in their perate circumstances and determined political measures, its po:ver and au- profligacy might excite ; and having thority might have been his. That nothing to lose, and nothing to feel juncture was attended with circum- with the country, to have been equalItances of so extraordinary a kind as ly unrestrained by prudence and by to form an æra in the political history sentiment. of the kingdom. When disease and Your sentiments, Sir, and your deinfirmity invaded the throne, the dif- portment, we knew by our own. tress of the Sovereign was felt as a Struck with the solemn melancholy private calamity, which interested the of the national distress, you felt it feelings of every individual, without doubled in your own individual afrelation to his political rights, or the fiction. At the age when feeling is political interests of the community; acute, when interest and ambition have not only the loyalty of subjects, but hardly learned the value of their obthe affection, the sympathy of men jects, you thought less of the public were excited by this calamity. In this dignity to which this calamitous event calamity they looked to you, Sir, with might call you, than of the private feelings of a similar kind, ready to ac- forrow by which it was to be accomknowledge the public merits of the panied. Of political opinions, you aPrince, or the private virtues of the dopted the most temperate; of politifon. In distress, men's hearts are cal measures, you proposed the least easily won : if you failed to win them, violent: you did not wish to add to it must have been owing to some im- the depression of the public by the prudence in that surrounding circle, fear of sudden change, or the dread through the medium of whose cha- of civil dissension. You knew that racter the characters of princes are al- the influence and power which a difways seen. It could not be owing ferent conduct might obtain were as to any fault in your own disposition, unsafe to a prudent, as disagreeable to gracious at all times, and then pecu- a good mind; that in the opposite liarly calied on to exercise the best scale were placed every thing that qualities of your nature-kindness, wisdom' or virtue in a Prince could compassion, filial attention, and filial desire ; all the confidence, the love, reverence. The thoughtless and un- the glory, which a generous people principled dilipation of some of that could offer to his acceptance." circle might have, at such a period, To the joy of the nation, as to been supposed to watch the bed of your's, Sir, this calamity “overpassed fickness with malignant expectation, us like a summer cloud,” and our to scoff at the distress of those around fears were lost before we could well it, and to make matter for wretched ascertain them. The country was and Scurril jests of the most severe of freed from a situation of uncertainty all buman amictions. In a public view, and of danger that shook its credit they might have been supposed to and its quiet, and you were left, we have catched, with a blind and rapa. hope, (and we know you hope) many cious eagerness, this opportunity of years longer to the exercise of those gratifying their avarice or ambition ; engaging and amiable qualities that VOL. XII. No. 67.


are hardly allowed to expand under fers, from the vermin that shelter at I. he wi

the weight and pressure of state affairs. its root.

in your present ficuation, Sir, you have In a private capacity, your humimany opportunities, which we are per- lity will not probably allow you to fuaded you will improve, of render- suppose how much is in your power ing eflential service to your country, for the manners and the happiness of Your favour and example can encou- the community. With the advantarage genuine patriotism, can promote ges you derive from nature, with the public honour and public virtue; accomplishments you have received without the responsibility of official from education, you have for some power, your patronage can call merit time been acknowledged into action, and prompt the reward “Theclass of falhion and the mold of its exertions. Keep but the pu- of form ;" . rity of your intluence unsullied, pre- and there is a sort of dominion anserve its dignity unimpaired, and you nexed to this idea, which, though of can weave the civic crown for the a lighter kind, is of greater, extent Itatesman, and bis laurel wreath for and importance than "some others the soldier.

which men are more solicitous to pofIn former times, of which some cu. fefs. I am no Cynic preacher, and rious records are left us, the heir ap- will not suppose that, at your time of parcnt of the Crown has been indu- life, and with your temperament, you ced to lend himself to a factious cabal, are to regulate your; conduct and deto become a king of the “ ihreds and portment by the rules of cold-blcoded patches” of Oppofition, who prostitu- age and sober wisdom. But there is ted his name to their own little pur- a decorum in pleasure, a temperance poses, who abused bis confidence, and even in dissipation, which, amidit all made a vile Rewardship of his weak. the extravagance of the moment, nets for their own private advantage. marks the feeling of a man of sepse To such arts greatness must always be and a gentleman; a something even liable; and it is, perhaps, rather a about his idleft indulgences which compliment to your good-nature than speaks the folly to belong to him, and an impeachment on your understandnot? him to the folly. The words, ing, if we venture to caution you a- gentleman and man of fashion, will gainst them. In your situation you borrow their meaning, within a cercannot know their effects ; you can-' tain circle, from you ; but there is not see them as we do, in diftant pro- an intrinlic sense of the terms which vinces, and amidst the mass of the will still be the understanding of the people. You know not what despia people. Consider, Sir, that, with all cable associates the Crelly standard as, the witchery of your manners and adfembles, over what inpurities the dress, the sphere of your attraction is plumage of your creft is made to limited, the sphere of your fame extenwave; yet popuiar prejudice will of- five. Sacrifice a litile to the judg.. ten lay these abuses to your charge, ment, or, if your gayer friends will though in that encouragement, to call it so, the prejudice of those whose which the easiness of your nature al. judgment is one day to be so importlows them, you cannot foresee the ant to you. Remember that no pow. mischiefs they produce. The noblest er, even in the most arbitrary go. tree of the forest is not always shaken vernments, was ever equal to his who by the winds, or scathed by the light could wield at will tbe opinions of bis ning of heaven; it suffers, ignobly suf- subjects.



Brutus's Letter to the Right Ilon. E. B**** t.

DARTY - WRITERS have so accuí- in the greatest part of Europe; a

I tomed us to expect abuse in ad- stury which had leis foundation than drefies of thi; fort, that I am obliged almost any other in the mythology of 10 prefaceshis letter with a declaration, the vulgar. You had the genius and that I am more an admirer of your good the learning. but you wanted the pruqualities than an observer of your fail. dence and the address of the Society ings. In the distant retirement of private of Jesus. They contrived to work lite, political opinions are mellowed upon mankind by the dextrous mainto speculative mildness, and do not nagement of ordinary powers : you t'le in our with that personal loft men by the milinanagement of acrimony which fets down a man's great and uncommon endowments. character merely from his party. Tho? From the time of Swift downwards, Ifeel with, Ibelieve, a very great ma- the remark of the superior fitness of jority of my fellow citizens, much re. coarse and ordinary miods to the plain Ipect and gratitude to men against operations of business," has been often whom you have been long in oppofi. repeated. In the House of Com. tion, yet I am neither blind to their mons, which you early chose for the imperfections nor to your merits. field of your ambition, the famething When their imperfections thall appear takes place : there is often a point be. to diminish their usefulness to the low eloquence at which mea mult public, I will speak my opinion with stand who would with io persuade or the same regret with which I have to lead that assembly. That in this seen your merits rendered useless or business-kind of speaking you should hurtful to it. I feel for my country, not greatly excel; that you thould not Sir; and am grieved when, on either always conjoin accuracy of deduction fide, virtues or talents are lost to its with fertility of invention, nor be as service, or misapplied to its prejudice. clear in a statement of figures as glow

In my sense of your merits, Sir, I ing in an appeal to the pallions, is what owa I indulge a certain degree of va- we naturally expect from the different Dity. It is not a vulgar mind they formation of different minds. There can afcet or attach. You have been are few, very few men, indeed, the unfortunate in the exertion of your variety of whose powers can accomtalents ; poffeffing popular virtues and modate itfelf to the sense of the plain, popular abilines, your public conduct the calculations of the plodding, the and public appearances have but sel- vivacity of the fanciful; whose landom won the fuffrages of the people. guage has perfpicuity for the dulleft There was a refinement in your vir- understanding, and brilliancy for the loe, an abstraction in your eloquence, moli lively imagination : whose speechwhich it required fomething of a phi. es have demonílration for the reasonlosopher and a scholar to relish; plain er and logician, and flow for the ears mea denied the one, and did not al. of the vacant and the thoughtless. ways understand the other. Hence, These are endowments which nature perhaps, arose the ridiculous fable of bestows but seldom, though the hap. your education at St Omer's, and your pens to have gifted with them each being designed for a member of a re- of the present leaders of the opposite ligious order some time ago abolished parties in parliament.

But G 2

+ From the same.

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