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for our miraculous preservation, and, without receiving any material addifully confident of his gracious sup- tion to their stock of provisions, liport

, I found my mind more at eale ving on the 25th part of a pound of than for some time palt.”

bread and an ounce of pork a-day, They accordingly proceeded thro' and sometimes a tea spoonful of rum that immeose ocean, discovering some each man, till on the 14th of July new islands, and landing for a short they landed at Coupang in the island {pace upon the coast of N. Holland, of Timor.

per.

Brutus's Letter to H. R. H. the P. of W**** t. IN absolute monarchies, all commu- public, but the habits of your private

nication of feoriment between the life, to the view of the people ; and Sovereigo and the people is cut off disdaining to impose on them by the by the terrors of defporism. Personal weight of your name or the parade familiarity, indeed, the Prince may of your dignity, have conciliated their allow to a few favoured individuals, affections by the charms of your apmore safely than in freer governments, pearance and the graces of your man. because the distance of political fitua

If there has been sometimes a tion prevents all danger of that want small degree of error or excess in this of reverence and respect which is fa- affability and condescenfion, we are tal to dignity. In monarchies more li- disposed rather to regret than to cenmited, the Sovereign and his family fure it : we regret the accident of its rely on the confidence and affection misapplication, but we are not inclined of the people; a fealty of a more ge- to blame the exercise of it in you. The nerous and valuable kind, which the sunshine that gives to the breeze its higher rank deserves by its virtues, health and to the fields their verand the lower yields from a reason. dure, breeds at the same time the useable and independent conviction of less weed and noxious exhalation : them. Flattery it is in the power of We complain of the weed and the flaves to bestow, but fame is the gift exhalation, but he must be a peevish oply of freemen.

misanthrope indeed who quarrels with When I advance these truths to a , the funline. Prince of the House of Brunswick, I

Sober reasoners, however, may percannot be in danger of his difplea- haps dispute the justice of my liale; fure; and I know too well the pecu. they will tell us of the difference be. liar condescenfion of him whom I now tween the seeming imperfections of take the liberty of addressing to doubt the natural, and the real imperfections his acceptance of that honest tribute of the moral world, and point out the which I offer him, of approbation latter as subjects of correction and amixed with counsel, of attachment to mendment, which it is the province his person and his family, joined to a of wisdom to discover and of goodwith and a hope that his conduct may ness to remove. In the instance ale always deserve it. With a peculiar luded to, your talents are equal to the complacency of disposition, you have discovery, and your prudence as well tbrown aside the distance of rank and as yirtue, they trust, will prompt the the reserve of loyalty ; you have o

cirrection. There are persons on pened oot only the actions of your whom your favour and friendship are

bestowed, † From the Edinburgh Herald.

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Brutus's Letter to H. R. H. ihe P. W

bestowed, whom, even amidst the a- fects. Nothing has been more fatal to dulation with which it is the misfor- princes than this predilection for weak tune of princes to be deceived, you or unworthy men ; and the history of will easily discover to be unworthy of mankind is one continued lesson of that favour and friendship. You the danger to greatness in being made have mixed enough with the world to the dupe of its private attachments, be able to judge of men ; and, in this when they are not restrained by prucountry, the channel of public opinion dence nor regulated by virtue. is sufficiently open to the highest per- The annals of our own country are {opages, even without the advantage not filent on that subject. You, Sir, of your accessibility to obtain it. The I believe, have heard them quoted in people have too much reverence for excuse, if not in compliment, of some your name to apply their common youthful levities for which the gooduraditionary adages to the effects of humour of Englishnen is glad to find fociety upon character ; but tho' the an apology. Eastcheap has been cited communication may not hurt you, it for the credit of Parliament-Street, and affects the public, doubly affects it, if Gadshill drawn into precedent for the the unworthy are brought forward in honour of Newmarket. But if there to place and distinction, and the de- is any scholiaft on Shakespeare who serving excluded from Itations which has the entree to your library, let him they ought to have filled.

not forget the expreflion of unyoked We know, Sir, at the same time, idleness” which the youthful Henry and make allowance for that fociety indulged with his associates. There which gaturally fastens itself on a was an extravagance in the pranks of young man's freer hours; and do not Falstaffe and Poins that might impeach cxpe that, amidst amusement or fef- the dignity, but did not taint the charactivity, there should always be an unex- ter of their illustrious companion. The ceptionable selection of his compa- excursive fallies of the Prince were nions or his guests. There is a diss made into the regions of absurdity, fo. tinction which will readily be made reign to that place which his birth enbetween that circle with which men titled him to hold, or those duties of high rank and important stations which it called on him to perform ; unbend their leisure, and that with his follies hung upon him like a maswhich they trust their serious mo- quing dress which the mummery of ments, “ Nobody, said the French- the hour put on, and the serious oc, man, is a hero to his valet de chambre;" cupations of his own person and chaand be who should attempt it would racter laid aside. Your companions, be very little of a hero to any one Sir, if not all of a higher rank thao else. But the valet de chambre who Harry Monmoutb's, had in general dresses, or the idle companion who deeper and more important designs. amuses a great man, are mere appen. They did not, amid the jovialty of dages of his private dressing room or wine or the gaiety of pleasure, doff parlour, with whom, if they keep in the cares of life, or mock the toils of their proper place, the public bas no- ambition. Theirs was not always the thing to do, and after whom it will honeft, joyous vacancy of thoughtless never inquire. But if they counsel mirth; like the Athenian heroes, behim ia important affairs, if they lead neath the roses of the feast they hid him in monientous or delicate fitua- the arms of their ambition ; but they rions, he muft be accountable for his did not, like the Athenian heroes, use misplaced and preposterous attach- them against the enemies of their counment, and the public which it injures try. will be entitled to complain of its ef- One particular juncture there was,

which

own.

which might have afforded an apolo- in the triumph of sudden elevation, dy for men of less foresight than them, to have forgot decency; and, in the to think of using the connection which infolence of anticipated power, to youth and inexperience had formed have despised moderation. Bankrupt to purposes of interest and advance. alike in fortune and in character, some ment; when the diadem hovered over of them might have been imagined cathe head of their patron, and when pable of every extremity to which desindeed, but for some error in their perate circumstances and determined political measures, its power and au- profligacy might excite ; and having thority might have been his. That nothing to lose, and nothing to feel juncture was attended with circum- with the country, to have been equalItances of so extraordinary a kind as ly unrestrained by prudence and by to form an æra in the political history sentiment. of the kingdom. When disease and Your sentiments, Sir, and your deinfirmity invaded the throne, the dif- portment, we knew by our tress of the Sovereign was felt as a Struck with the folema melancholy private calamity, which interested the of the national distress, you felt it feelings of every individual, without doubled in your own individual afrelation to his political rights, or the fiction. At the age when feeling is political interests of the community; acute, when interest and ambition have not only the loyalty of subjects, but hardly learned the value of their obthe affection, the sympathy of men jects, you thought less of the public were excited by this calamity. In this dignity to which this calamitous event calamity they looked to you, Sir, with might call you, than of the private feelings of a similar kind, ready to ac- forrow by which it was to be accomknowledge the public merits of the panied. Of political opinions, you aPrince, or the private virtues of the dopted the most temperate; of politifon. In diftress, men's hearts are cal measures, you proposed the least easily won : if you failed to win them, violent: you did not wish to add to it must have been owing to fome im- the depreffion of the public by the prudence in that surrounding circle, fear of sudden change, or the dread through the medium of whose cha- of civil dissension. You knew that racter the characters of princes are al- the influence and power which ways seen. It could not be owing ferent conduct might obtain were as to any fault in your own disposition, unsafe to a prudent, as disagreeable to gracious at all times, and then pecu- a good mind; that in the opposite liarly calied on to exercise the best scale were placed every thing that qualities of your nature-kindness, wisdom' or virtue in a Prince could compassion, filial attention, and filial desire ; all the confidence, the love, reverence. The thoughtless and un- the glory, which a generous people principled dissipation of some of that could offer to his acceptance. circle might have, at such a period, To the joy of the nation, as to been supposed to watch the bed of your's, Sir, this calamity“overpassed fickaels with malignant expectation, us like a summer cloud,” and our to scoff at the distress of those around fears were lost before we could well it, and to make matter for wretched ascertain them.

The country was and scurril jefts of the most severe of freed from a situation of uncertainty all human afflictions. In a public view, and of danger that shook its credit they might have been supposed to and its quiet, and you were left, we have catched, with a blind and rapa. hope, (and we know you hope) many cious eagerness, this opportunity of years longer to the exercise of those gratifying their avarice or ambition ; engaging and amiable qualities that

VOL XII. No. 67.

a dif

are

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Brutus's Letter to H. R. H. the P. of W

are hardly allowed to expand under fers, from the vermin that shelter at the weight and pressure of state affairs. its root.

in your present situation, Sir, you have In a private capacity, your humimany opportunities, which we are per- lity will not probably allow you to fuaded you will improve, of render- suppose how much is in your power ing eflential service to your country. for the manners and the happinels of Your favour and example can encou- the community. With the advantarage genuine patriotism, can promote ges you derive from nature, with the public honour and public virtue; accomplishments you have received without the respongibility of official from education, you have for some power, your patronage can call merit time been acknowledged into action, and prompt the reward The glass of fathion and the mold of its exertions. Keep but the pu

of form ;" rity of your influence unsullied, pre- and there is a sort of dominion anserve its dignity unimpaired, and you nexed to this idea, which, though of can weave the civic crown for the a lighter kind, is of greater extent itatesman, and bis laurel wreath for and importance than "some others the soldier.

which men are more solicitous to poso In former times, of which some cu- sess. I am do Cynic preacher, and rious records are left us, the heir ap- will not suppose that, at your time of parcnt of the Crown has been indu- life, and with your temperament, you ced to lend himself to a factious cabal, are to regulate your; conduct and deto become a king of the “ ihreds and portment by the rules of cold-blooded patches" of Oppofition, who prostitu- age and sober wisdom. But there is ted his name to their own little pur- a decorum in pleasure, a temperance pofes, who abufed his confidence, and even in diffipation, which, amidst all made a vile stewardship of his weak- the extravagance of the moment, nets for their own private advantage. marks the feeling of a man of sepse "To such arts greatness must always be and a gentleman ; a something even liable; and it is, perhaps, rather a about his idleft indulgences which compliment to your good-nature than speaks the folly to belong to him, and an impeachment on your understand- not?him to the folly. The words, iog, if we venture to caution you a- gentleman and man of fashion, will gainst them. In your situation you borrow their meaning, within a cercannot know their effects ; you can- tain circle, from you ; but there is not see them as we do, in distant pro- an intrinlic sense of the terms which vinces, and amidst the mass of the will still be the understanding of the people. You know not what despic people. Consider, Sir, that, with all cable affociates the Cresy standard as the witchery of your manners and adsembles, over what inpurities the dress, the sphere of your attraction is plumage of

creft is made to limited, the sphere of your fame extenwave; yet popular prejudice will of- five. Sacrifice a little to the judg. ten lay these abuses to your charge, ment, or, if your gayer friends will though in that encouragement, to call it so, the prejudice of thote whose which the easiness of your nature al- judgment is one day to be so importlows them, you cannot foresee the ant to you. Remember that no powmischiefs they produce. The noblest er, even in the most arbitrary gotree of the forest is not always fhaken vernments, was ever equal to his who by the winds, or scathed by the light could wield at will the opinions of his ning of heaven; it suffers, ignobly fuf- subjects.

your

BRUTUS.

Brutus's 4 From the fame.

Brutus's Letter to the Right Llor. E. B**** t.

ARTY- WRITERS have so accuí- in the greatest part of Europ? ; a

dresses of this fort, that I am obliged almost any other in the mythology of to pefacerbis letter with a declaration, the vulgar. You had the genius and that I am more an admirer of yourgood the learning. but you wanted the pruqualities than an observer of your fail. dence and the address of the Society ings. In the diftant retirement of private of Jesus. They contrived to work lite, political opinions are mellowed upon mankind by the dextrous mainto fpeculative mildness, and do not nagement of ordinary powers : you tise in our boroms with that personal loft men by the milinanagement of acrimony which sets down a man's great and uncommon endowmenis. character merely from his party. Tho' From the time of Swft downwards, If eel with, Ibelieve, a very great ma- the remark of the superior fitness of jority of my fellow citizens, much re- coarse and ordinary minds to the plain fpect and gratitude to men against operations of business," has been often whom you have been long in opposi- repeated. In the Houle of Comtion, yet I am neither blind to their mons, which you early chose for the imperfections nor to your merits. field of your ambition, the famething When their imperfections thall appear takes place : there is often a point beto diminish their usefulne's to the low eloquence at which men mult public, I will speak my opinion with stand who would will to persuade or the same regret with which I have to lead that assembly. That in this seen your merits rendered useless or business-kind of speaking you should hurtful to it. I feel for my country, not greatly excel; that you thould not Sir; and am grieved when, on either always conjoin accuracy of deduction fide, virtues or talents are loft to its with fertility of invention, nor be as service, or misapplied to its prejudice. cleat in a Itatement of figures as glow

In my sense of your merits, Sir, I ing in an appeal to the pallions, is what own I indulge a certain degree of va- we naturally expect from the different nity. It is not a vulgar mind they formation of different mirds. There can affect or attach. You have been are few, very few men, indeed, the unfortunate in the exertion of your variety of whose powers can accomtalents ; poffefling popular virtues and modate itself to the sense of the plain, popular abilines, your public conduct the calculations of the plodding, the and public appearances have but sel- vivacity of the fanciful; whose landom won the fuffrages of the people. guage has perspicuity for the dullest There was a refinement in your vir- understanding, and brilliancy for the lue, an abstraction in your eloquence, moitlively imagination : whose speechwhich it required fomething of a phi- es have demonitration for the reasonlosopher and a scholar to relish; plain er and logician, and flow for the ears men denied the one, and did not al- of the vacant and the thoughtless. Ways understand the other. Hence, These are endowments which nature perhaps, arose the ridiculous fable of bestows but feldom, though the hapyour education at St Omer's, and your pens to have gifted with them each being designed for a member of a re- of the present leaders of the opposite ligious order some time ago abolished parties in parliament.

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