« ForrigeFortsæt »
ei much by their new constitution; The number of the inhabitants of and the Georgian cohorts, whom the Immeretta is reckoned to be twenty Pc:fians employed to expel the thousand families; but the greater Afghans, distinguih themselves in part of them live neither in towns 'nor an eminent degree by their applica- villages, but are dispersed throughtion, igood discipline, and bravery. out the level country, each of them The other inhabitants of Georgia are posseffing a small nut or cottage, Tartars, the Oli and the Armenians, These people have fewer strangers awhom the Georgians call Semaki. mong them, and they are more engaThe latter are dispersed throughout ging in their appearance than the the whole country, fometimes mixed Georgians. They are of a milder among the natives, and sometimes and less pufillanimous character, and living with them in some remote vil- the principal branch of their come lage. Among their countrymen, merce consists in wines, a considerable they speak their language, but this quantity of which they export in does not prevent them from being all skins as far as the confines of Georthoroughly acquainted with that of gia. They are acquainted with no Georgia. They profess the Arme- other trade, for they are poor and nian religion ; yet many of them miserable, and greatly oppressed by follow that of the Roman Catholics. their lords. They are the molt oppressed subjects The ordioary revenues of Imnieof the country, but they however retta, like those of Georgia, arife display great Zeal and a&ivity, for from a tythe which vaffals are obliowhich these laborious people are e, ed to pay in wines, cattle, and corn, minently diftinguithed.
and some subsidies furnished annual, There are found also in Georgia ly by neighbouring princes. The a considerable number of Jews, cal. extraordinary revenues for the most led in the language of the country part arise from confiscations of every Seria. The greater part of these kind ; but notwithstanding this, the have retired to the villages, and live finances of the prince are so limited, entirely by themselves; the rest are that he is often under the necessity mixed among the Armenians and of going from house to house, to live Tartars; but they have never been at the expence of his vassals, Dever observed to form any coonedions quitting their habitacions until the with the Ofis. The Jews pay some pressing wants of his holls absotaxes from which the other inhabi- lutely compel him. It is therefore tants are exempted. The capital of probable that the court of the foveImmeretta, where prince David re- reign of Immeretta is as deficient in lides, is called Curtays. The remains brilliancy as his table is in fplendour of a church announce that Curtays when he dines at home. His prin. was formerly a large city ; but at cipal dishes consist of a certain food present it can scarcely be accounted a called gom, which is a kind of millet village.
boiled, and a piece of roast meat, with Solomon, the father of the present some high seasoned sauce. He never sovereign, ordered the citadel to be eats but with his fingers, for forks and destroyed as well as the ramparts of spoons are unknown in Immeretta the city; for he thought, and very At table, he generally gives auwisely, that Caucafus was the only diences respecting affairs of the first fortification capable of being defendo consequence, which he determines ed by an army of fix thousand men as he thinks proper; for in every undisciplined and destitute of artilo country subject to his dominions, lery:
there is no other law but his will.
On Friday, which is the market write: the preits who compose the day, all his new ediets are published rest of the clergy are not much more by a kind of herald, who climbs enlightened. The greater part of up into some tree, in order to pro- their churches are pitiful edifices, clain the will of his sovereign. The which can scarcely be distinguished Immerettans profess the religion of from the common huts of the inha. the Greek church. Their patriarch bitants but by a pasteboard crucifix, must be of the royal family ; but it and a few coarse paintings of the is seldom that he can either read or Virgin, which are seen in them.
Narrative of the Mutiny on board his Majesty's ship the Bounty. Written by
Lieut. William Bligh. [Continued from p. 368.] M A Y if, at dawn of day the therto been a weighty consideration
M party set out again in a dif- with me, how I was to account to the ferent roure, to see what they could natives for the loss of my ship: I knew find; in the course of which they they had too much sense to be amu. soffered greatly for want of water : sed with a story that the ship was to they, however, met with two men, a join me, when she was not in fight woman and a child; the men came with from the hills. I was at first doubt. them to the cove, and brought two ful whether I should tell the real cocoa-nut shells of water. I imme- fact, or say that the ship had overset diately made friends with these peo- and sunk, and that only we were saved: ple, and sent them away for bread- the latter appeared to me to be the fruit, plantains, and water. Soon af most proper and advantageous to us, ler other natives came to us; and by and I accordingly instructed my peos noon I had 30 of them about me, ple, that we might all agree in one trading with the articles we were in story. As I expected, enquiries were Want of: but I could only afford one made after the ship, and they seembunce of pork, and a quarter of a ed readily satisfied with our account; bread-fruit, to each man for dinner, but there did not appear the least with half a pint of water; for I was symptom of joy or forrow in their fafixed in not using any of the bread or ces, although I fancied I discovered water in the boat.
some marks of surprise. Some of the No particular chief was yet among natives were coming and going the the natives : they were, not withstand whole afternoon, and we got enough ing, tractable, and behaved honestly, of bread-fruit, plantains, and cocoa giving the provisions they brought for puts for another day ; but water they a few buttons and beads. The party only brought us about five pings. Á who had been out, informed me of canoe also came in with four men, having discovered several neat planta- and brought a few cocoa-nuts and tions ; so that it became no longet a bread fruit, which I bought as I had doubt of there being settled inhabis done the rest. Nails were much entents on the island ; and for that rea- quired after, but I would not suffer son I determined to get what I could, one to be shewn, as I wanted them for and sail the first moment the wind the use of the boat! and weather would allow me to put Towards evening I had the fatisa to sea.
faction to find our stock of provisions Saturday, May the 2d: stormy Somewhat increased ; but the natives weather, wiad ES E. It had hi- did not appear to bave much to spare.
What What they brought was in such small fitive to know in what manner I had quantities, that I had no reason to lost my lip. During this convers a hope we should be able to procure tion a young man appeared, whom I from them sufficient to stock us for remembered to have seen at Annaour voyage. At sunset all the natives mooka, called Nageete; he expressed left us in quiet possession of the cove. much pleasure at leeing me. I now I thought this a good fign, and made enquired after Poulaho aod Feenow, no doubt that they would come again who, they said, were at Tongataboo ; the next day with a larger proportion and Eefow agreed to accompany me of food and water, with which I ho. thither, if I would wait till the weaped to fail without farther delay; for ther moderated. The readiness and if, in attempting to get to Tongata- affability of this man gave me much boo, we should be blown away froin satisfaction. the islands altogether, there would be This, however, was but of short dua larger quantity of provisions to sup- ration, for the natives began to inport us against such a misfortune. crease in number, and I observed
At night I served a quarter of a fome symptoms of a design against bread-fruit and a cocoa-nut to each us ; soon after they attempted to haul person for supper; and, a good fire the boat on More, when I threatened being made, all but the watch went Eefow with a cutlas, to induce him to sleep.
to make them defilt; which they did, At day-break I was happy to find and every thing became quiet again. every ones fpirits a little revived, My people, who had been in the and that they no longer regarded me mountains, now returned with about with those anxious looks, which had three gallons of water. I kept buyconstantly been directed towards me ing up the little bread-fruit that was fince we lost sight of the ship : every brought to us, and likewise some countenance appeared to have a de- fpears to arm my men with, having gree of chearfulness, and they all only four cutlafles, two of which were feemed determined to do their best in-che boat. As we had no means
As I doubted of water bei.g of impioving our situation, I cold out brought by the natives, I sent a party people I would wait until sun-fet, by among the gullies in the mountains, which time, perhaps, something with enpty shells, to see what they might haj-pen in our favour; that if could get. In their absence the na- we attempted to go at present, we tives came about us, as I expected, niuft fight our way through, which bar more numerous; also two canoes we could do more advantageously at came in from round the north side night ; and that in the mean time we of the illand. In one of them was an would endeavour to get off to the elderly chief, called Maccaackarwo. boat what we had boughi. The beach Soon after some of our foraging party was now lined with the natives, and returned, and with them came a good. we heard nothing but the knocking of looking thief, called Eegijeefow, or Atones together, which they had in perhaps more properly Eefow, Egijor eacli hand. I knew very well this Eghee, signifying a chief. To both was the sign of an attack. It being these men I made a present of an old now noon, I served a cocoa-nut and thist and a knife, and I foon found a bread-fruit to each person for dinthey either had seen me, or had heard ner, and gave some to the chiefs, of my being ar Annamooka. They with whom I continued to appear inknew I had been with captain Cook, timate and friendly. They frequentwho they'enquired after, and also cap- ly importuned me to sit down, but I tain Clerk. They were very inqui- as constantly refused; for it occurrer
both to Mr Nelson and myself, that quitted me. We had now all but they intended to seize hold of me, if two or three things in the boat, when I gave them such an opportunity. I took Nageete by the hand, and we Keeping, therefore, constantly on our walked down the beach, every one in guard, we were suffered to eat our a filent kind of horror. uncomfortable meal in some quiet. When I came to the boat, and was ness.
seeing the people embark, Nageete Sunday, 3d May, fresh gales at S Wanted me to stay to speak to Ee. E and ESE, varying to the N E in fow; but I found he was encouraging the latter part, with a storm of wind. them to the attack, and I determined,
After dinner we began by little and had it then begun, to have killed him little to get our things into the boat, for his treacherous behaviour. I orwhich was a troublesome business, on dered the carpenter not to quit me account of the surf. I carefully until the other people were in the watched the motions of the natives, boat. Nageete, finding I would not who still increased in number, and stay, loosed himself from my hold and found that, instead of their intention went off, and we all got into the boat being to leave us, fires were made, except one man, who, while I was and places fixed on for their stay du- getting on board, quitted it, and ran ring the night. Consultations were up the beach to cast the stern fast off, also held among them, and every thing notwithstanding the master and others assured me we should be attacked. I called to him to return, while they sent orders to the master, that when were hauling me out of the water. he saw us coming down, he should I was no sooner in the boat than keep the boat close to the shore, that the attack began by about 200 men ; we might the more readily embark. the unfortunare poor man wijo had
I had my journal on shore with run up the beach was knocked down, me, writing the occurrences in the and the stones fiew like a shower of care, and in sending it down to the shot. Many Indians got hold of the boat it was nearly soatched away, but stern rope, and were near hauling us for the timely alistance of the gun on shore, and would certainly have
done it if I had not had a knife in The sun was near setting, when I my pocket, with which I cut the rope. gave the word, on which every person, We then hauled off to the grapnel, who was on thore with me, boldly every one being more or less hurt. took up his proportion of things, and At this time I saw five of the natives carried them to the boat. The chiefs about the poor man they had killed, alked me if I would not stay with and two of them were beating him athem all night, I said, “ No, I never bout the head with stones in their • fleep out of my boat, but in .the hands. “ morning we will again trace with We had no time to reflect, before, “ you, and I shall remain until the to my frrprise, they filled their ca“ weather is moderate, that we may nocs with stones, and twelve men " go, as we have agreed, to fee Pou- came off after us to renew the attack, “ laho, at Tongataboo." Maccaac- which they did fo effectually as nearly kavow then got up, and said, “ You to disable all of us. Our grapoel was “ will not sleep on shore ? then Mat- foul, but Providence here alifted us; “ tie,” (which directly signifies we the fluke broke, and we got to our will kill you) and he left me. The oars, and pulled to sea. They, howon set was now preparing; every one ever, could paddle round us, so that as I have described before, kept we were obliged to sustain the attack knocking itones together, and Eefow without being able to return it, except with such stones as lo-ged in the not in danger, the boat and every boat, and in this I found we were very thing we had would most probably be infer or to them. We could not close, taken from us, and thereby all hopes because our boat was lumbered and precluded of ever being able to retura beavy, and that they knew very well: to our native country I therefore adopred the expedient of We were now sailing along the west throwing overboard . some cloaths, side of the island Tofoa, and my mind which they lost time in picking up; was employed in conlidering what add, as it was now almost dark, they was best to be done, when I was sogave over the attack, and returned to licited by all hands to take them towards the shore, leaving us to reflect wards home; and, when I told thema on our unhappy fituation.
no hopes of relicf for us temained, The poor man I lost was John Nor. but what I might find at New Holland, ton ; this was his second voyage with until I came to Timor, a distance of me as a quarter master, and his wor. fuil 1200 leagues, where was a Dutch thy character made me lament his loss settlement, but in what part of the very much. He has left an aged pa- island I knew not, they all agreed to rent, I am told, whom he supported. live on one ounce of bread, and a quar· I once before sustained an attack ter of a pint of water, per day. Thereof a similar nature, with a smaller fore, after examining our stock of pronumber of Europeans, against a mul- visions, and recommending this as a titude of Indians; it was after the sacred promise for ever to their me. death of captain Cook, on the Morai mory, we bore away across a sea, at Owhyhee, where I was left by where the navigation is but little lieutenant King : yet, notwithstanding known, in a small boat, twenty-three I did not conceive that the power of feet long from stem to fern, deep laa man's arm could throw stones, from den with cigliteen men; without a two to eight pounds weight, with such chart, and co:hing but my own re. force and exactness as these people collection and general knowledge of did. Here unhappily I was without the situation of places, assisted by a arms, and the Indians knew it; but book of latitudes and longitudes, to it was a fortunate circumstance that guide us. I was happy, however, to they did not begin to attack us in fee every one better satisfied with our the cave: in that case our destruc- situation in this particular than my. tion must have been inevitable, and self. we should have had nothing left for Our stock of provisions consisted of it but to die as bravely as we could, about one hundred and fifty pounds fighting close together; in which I of bread, twenty-eight gallons of wa. found every one cheerfully disposed ter, twenty pounds of pork, three to join me. This appearance of re- bottles of wine, and five quarts of solution dererred them, fuppofing they tum. The difference between this could effect their purpose without and one quantity we had on leaving risk after we were in the boat. the Thir, was principally owing to lois • Taking this as a sample of the dif- in the bustle and confusion of the ato pofitions of the Indians, there was tack. A few cocoa-nuts were in the litde reason to expect much benefit if boat, and some bread-fruit, but the I persevered in my intention of visite latter was trampled to pieces. ing Poulabo ; for I considered their It was about eight o'clock at night good behaviour hitherto to proceed when I bore away under a reefed lug from a dread of our fire-arms, which, forefail: and, having divided the people now knowing us deftitute of, would into watches, and got the boat in a cease ; and, even fupposing our lives little order, we returned God thanks