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Pidure of an ill natured Man. *,

TT is wonderful to me that any man As Toia shifts his servants about as

I will surrender himself to be the regularly as he does his shirt, 'tis all flave of peevish and irascible humours, the world to nothing if the poor devil that annoy his peace, impair his does not stumble at starting; or if by health and hurt his reputation. Who happy inspiration he should begin with does not love to be greeted in society the right foot foremost, Tom his anwith a smile? Who lives that is ioa other inspiration ready at command sensible to the frowns, the sneers, the to quarrel with him for not ferring curses of his neighbours? What can forward with the left : To a certainty be more delightful than to enter our then the razor wants (trappiog, the own doors amidst the congratulations thaving water is smoaked, and the de. of a whole family, and to bring a vil's in the fellow for a duoce, booby .chearful heart into a chearful house? and blockhead.

Foolish, contemptible felf-tormentors Tom now comes down to breakfast, ye are, whom every lit:ie accident ir- and though the favage bas the stomach ritatos, every flight omilhon piques ! of an ostrich, . there is not a morsel Surely we should guard our passions as passes down his blafpheming throat we would any other combustibles, and without a damn to digelt it; 'twould not spread open the inflammable maga. be a less dangerous talk to serve in zine to catch the first spark, that may the morning mess to a faiting bear.--. blow it and ourselves into the air. He then walks forth into his garden;

Tom Tinder is one of these touchy there he does not meet a plant, which blockheads, whom nobody can endure: his ill-humour' does not engraft with The fellow has not a single plea in the bitter fruit of curling; the wafps life for his ill temper; he does not have pierced his nectarines, the caterwant money, is not married, has a pillars have raised coniributions upon great deal of health to spare and never his cabbages, and the infernal black once felt the flightest twinge of the birds have eaten up all his cherries : gout. His eyes no sooner open to the Tom's soul is not large enough to ada morning light than he begins to quar: low the denizens of creation a talte of rel with the weather; it rainsy, and Nature's gifts, though he surfeits wien he wanted to ride; it is sunshin and the superabundance of her bounty. he meant to go a fishing ; he would He next takes a turn about his hunt only when it is a frost, and ne- farm; there vexation upon vexation ver thinks of skaiting but in Open crosses him at every corner : Tn- fly, weather; in short the wind is never a plague upon't, has got amongit his in the right quarter with this teity turnips ; the Smut has seized his fellow; and though I could excuse a wheat and his sheep are falling down man for being a little out of humour with the rot : All this is the fault of with an eafterly wind, Tom Tinder his bailiff, and at his door the blame Thall box the whole compass, and ne- lies with a proportionable quantity of ver set his needle to a Gngle point of blessings to recommend it. He finds good humour upon the face of it. a few dry fticks pickt out of his

He now rings his bell for his sér. hedges, and he blasts all the poor in vant to begin the operation of dres- his neighbourhood for a set of thieves, fing him, a talk more ticklish than to pilferers and vagabonds. He meers tait upon the toilette of a monkey: one of his tenants by the way, and he 3 E2

bes • From the fame.

has a petition for a new gate to his with a vengeance; the tables riog with farm-yard, or some repairs to his dove the deafening crash, the parson stands house, or it may be a new threshing. aghalt, and Tom ftamps the floor in floor to his barn-Hell and fury! the phrenzy of passion-Despicable there is no end to the demands of pallion ! miserable dependant ! these caríed farmers-His ftomach Where is his next resource ? the rises at the request, and he turns aside parson has fied the pit; the backSpeechless with rage, and in this hu- gammon table is closed; no chearful mour pays a visit to his masons and neighbour knocks at his unfocial gate; carpenters, who are at work upon a silence and night and solitude are his building he is adding to his offices : melancholy inmates ; his boiling boHere his choler instead of fubfiding som labours like a turbid fea after the only flames more furiously, for the idle winds are lulled ; shame ftares him rascals have done nothing ; some have in the face ; conscience plucks at his been making holiday, others have heart, and to divert his own tormeotgone to the fair at the next town, and 'ing thoughis, he calls in those of anothe master workman has fallen from ther person, no matter whom the firft the scaffold, and keeps his bed with idle author that stands next to his the bruises: Every devil is conjured hand: he takes up a book; 'is a Foap from the bottomless pit to come on lume of comedies; he opens it at raj. earth and confound these dilatory mil. dom; 'tis all alike to him where he creants; and now let him go to his begins ; all our poets put together are dinner with what stomach he may. If not worth a halter; he ftuinbles by an humble parson or dependant coufin mere chance upon The Choleric Man; expects a peaceful meal at his table, 'twas one to a thousand he should he may as well sit down to feed with frike upon that blafted play, What Thyeftes or the Centaurs. After a an infernal title! What a canting, meai of misery and a glass of wine, preaching puppy of an author ! -A. which ten to one but the infernal but- way goes the poet with his play and ler has clouded in the decanting, he half-a-dozen better poets than himself is summoned to a' game at back.gam- bound up in the same luckless volume, mon : The parson throws size-ace, the innocent sufferers for his offence. and in a few more cafts covers all his Tom now fits forlorn, disgusted, points; the devil's in the dice! Tom without a friend living or dead to che makes a blot, and the parfon bits it; him, gnawing his own heart for want he takes up man after man, all his of other diet to feed bis spleen upoo : points are full, and Tom is gammon- At length he Ninks into a comfortlefs ed' paft redemption-Can Aeth and bed; damns his servant as he draws blood bear this? Was ever such a run the curtains round him, diops afleep of luck? The dice-box is slapt down and dreams of the devil. .

The Effects of the Cold of the Winter 1788-89 on Animals and Vege.

tables Read by P. Cotte in the Royal Scciety of Agriculture of Law September 5, 1789.

T HE winter 1788-89 was ren- covered the earth, and the effects

dered remarkable by the intense which the frost produced upon men, cold felt all over Europe, by the e- animals, and vegetables. The froft normous quantity of snow, which commenced the 25th of November,


and continued till the 13th of Janu- the trees themselves withered, and ary, including a space of fifty days fome brvught their fruits to maturisuccessively, with the intermillion of ty, but are expected not to survive auonly one day of thaw (the 25th of tumn. Some trees were faved by cutDecember). This period was at- ling them very short, or by making tended with considerable injury to ani- incisions in the bark. Those which mals and vegetables ; some of its suffered moit were the walnut-irec, effects, taken from observation, we the winter pear-tree, the apple-trec, shall proceed to enumerate.

part of the peach-trees, and the fig

tree; those which suffered least were 1. The Vine.

the plum-tree, the apricot-tree, the

cherry-tree: those were moft damag. The effects of the frost on the vine ed which were exposed to the were perceptible from the different south. colour of that part of it, which was above, from the withered state of the III. FOREST-Trees. stems, and the colour of the juice, which was black. What is remark.. The effect of the frost on the foreftabie, the young and slender vines fuf- trees has been to rend them, which fered less than the old, which were occasioned the loss of a considerable taller and Itronger, and even than number. Thole which suffered most those which were grafted. In fpire were the oak, the ash, the elm, the of the precautions which were taken linden-tree, the filberd, in fpring to give them air, there were but few clusters produced ; the frost . IV. Foreign Trees. had seized the aqueous part of the vine, and at the moment of thaw, These are but little cultivated in from the improper combination of the this country. It was remarked ihat water with the spirit of the vine, there the ever green trees as the laurel, was occasioned a decay in the quality lost their leaves ; those called Les and colour.

Arbres de Yudee, and the toxicoden

dron, withered, both trurk and II. Fruit-TREES.

branches, but the roots produced new

stems. . It was remarked that young trees, whose bark was smooth, fuffered less

V. Grain. than old trees, whose bark was rough; from which it was concluded, that The grain did not suffer where ir the congealed water fixed in the ca- was covered with snow, and the harvities of the bank had occafioned all veft was sufficiently plentiful from the injury. It was remarked that the Chamy agne to S. Quentin, where the bark of the frozen trees was black, snow had fallen two days after the and the wood of a yellow colour; the frolt: no grain was hurt except what body of the tree and the branches had been fown late. But from S. were injured in several places : no Quentin to Flanders the foow did no means that were employed to remedy fall three weeks afier the frost, which the effects of the froit completely suc- made astonishing ravag:s in almost all ceeded. Several trees did not flourish, French Flanders, and a good part of and were absolutely dead; others Artois. The winter-barley, and the produced a few buds that were foon corn sowed late, were entirely lost. destroyed; some trees produced flow. After the thaw winter grain was fown ers 2.d fruits, which fell in summer, on the former {ced, in order to pre


serve what the froft had fpared : this did not succeed, because the fishes, last seed quickly sprung up. In strong when they came to breathe at these and rich lands winter-grain was fow- holes, were at once enclosed between ed; ia thinner ground, barley. two pieces of ice. The fishes, how

ever, in deep ponds, did not share VI. KITCHEN-Roots.

the fate of the others. The eel suf.

fered most on this occasion, and nexe All those plants were preserved to the eel the pike and the carp. which the snow had covered, but the others have been the vi&tims of the

VIII. ANIMALS. frost, as artichokes, colewort, fellery, and the aromatic herbs ; those pree Hens and turkies are moft exposed served were the forrel, lettuce, alpa- to the effects of froit; several hens ragus, and wild succory.

loft their legs; which did not, how

ever, prevent them, after the thaw, VII. FISHES.

from laying eggs; they supplied the

loss of their legs by employing their So intense was the frost that the knees in walking. In general, the usual method employed for preserving cows and horses suffered litule, being fifhes, by making holes in the ice, well fed and kept warm.


Character of the Honourable Sir Francis Buller, Bart. one of the Judges

of the Court of King's Bench.* .

« Our city's inftitutions, and the terms
Of common justice, y'are as pregnant in,
As art and practice hath enriched any
That we remember.

Shakspeare's Measure for Measure.

THE great and learned Judge Bul. ted to assume the dignity of the coif,

1 ler was admitted of the Inner or to ascend, the magifterial bench ; a Temple on the 8th of February, period indeed, abeyond the bloom of 1763, and called to the bar after the manhood, customarily elapsed before usual period of probation, from the their “ call to the bar.” In the ina honourable society of the Middle (tance before us, we see a judge emiTemple ; from the fame society he nently qualified for the ftation he fills, was also made a serjeant, and, almost almost in the bloom of youth.. immediately after, promoted to the Mr Buller's first entré into the prorank of a judge of the Court of fefsion, was in the department of speKing's Bench.

cial pleading. He studied under the This is the age of young men present Judge, then Mr. Ashurst, we now fee men born statesmen and and, like Demofthenes, excelled his lawyers. They are translated almost master,t and was always ranked ko from the cradle to the government of mongst the most eminent of the prokingdoms, and to prelidency in legi- feffion. His accession to busioess, as flation. In former times, none but a common law draughuman, was immen advanced in years were permit. mediate and immense ; his practice as

• From Stri&ures on the Lives and Characters of the molt eminent Lawyers of the present day.

+ Ifæus was the preceptor of the great Athenian orator.

a barrister was also, at firft, confider- If special pleading has any fani able, and, in an extremely short pe- beams, many others tave been lightriod, became equal to that of the very ed up by his. The astonishing sucfirst-rate lawyers.

cess of Judge Buller, introduced the In all that part of practice which fashion of making the study of that pushes a cause out of its regular science (if it ought to be dignified by course, and forms the great business that name) an introduction to the of the term, he had no equal ; in profeflion. every motion of consequence, or spe- Th eloquence of magiftracy is of cial argument, he was always engaged a far different kind from that of the either for the plaintiff or defendant ; advocate; and the speeches of this and here Mr. Buller was perfectly at very learned judge from the Bench, home.

certainly approach as near perfection Nature designed him for a lawyer, as modern example reaches; it is a and he wisely pursued her bias ; for model for imitation. very early in life he seems to have en- He poffesfes great quickness of pertered into a recognizance, to talk and ception ; sees, the consequences of a think of nothing but law; bis know. fact, and the drift of an argument at ledge of practice and cases, left him its first opening, and can immediately without a competitor. He resembles reply to an unforeseen objection ; the Roman lawyer Sulpitius, t and though, perhaps, it may be sometimes certainly is the Coke of the preient suspected that his perception is too age.

quick ; it has certainly exposed him His Nifi Prius practice was, in- in fome instances to the charge (whedeed, comparatively inconsiderable. ther true or falle) of in patience and The fact is, Mr Bulier had little fuc- petulance, very indecorous in the cess in his address to the passions, and character of a judge; it is not ecould not cherefore be eminent in his nough that the magistrate on the bench appeal to a jury. However shrewdly should perceive the truth or fallacy he cross-examined; however sagacious of an argument; it is his duty to prohe might be in the arrangement and ceed with the most cautious delibermanagement of a cause (from a want, ation, 'till, from the arguments of probably, of directing his attention the pleader, or the result of evidence, to the embellishirenis of oratory) he he has drawn forth the cleareit dewas by no means, happy as an advo- montrations tha, the case possibly advocate, his advocatorial adaress ra- mits, and established conviction, by ther conveyed the idea of barking the patient excrtion of argumentative than speaking; but excellence does reason. not ered her banner in every region It is the general, as it is the juft of the mind; be sought and found profesional character of this great fame in the recesses of law learning; lawyer, that he states his arguments and therefore we are not to be fur with the utmost accuracy and preci. prised, if he was deficient in those fion, reasoning logically, and in a more showy accomplishments, which style, which may be deemed the true were little, or not at all, objects of eloquence of law. Like his present his choice or attention.

Chief, he was not calculated to push


• Sulpitius, the great Roman lawyer, is said to have left behind him one hundred and fourfcore volumes on law subjects, of his own compiling. It is extremely pro' able that Mr Buller's manuscript collections are considerably of a larger bulk, and of a fimilar nature.

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