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priete-ire clandos.

Cursory Observations by Dr. Jortin'

. no mighty matter Nulla eft gloria The same writer also informs us,

that the gold, ihe silver, the ivory, the Doctor B. said in a sermon, “An apes, and the peacocks, which came liypocrite is like a red; smooth with- from Tarlithio Solomon, mean the out, and hollow within.” It was a tol. writings of pagans, and oi hereticks! lerable conundram ; but he fpoilt all There was at Epiesus a man of exby adding, “and tossed abjue with traordinary abilities, called Hernadoevery blast of wiod.” I heard the rus, whose superior merit so offended same preacher say, “If any one denies his fellow-citizens, that they banished the uninterrupted fucceflion of bishops, bim,—and on ebat occalion made the I shall not scruple to call him a down- following decree : Let 50 person aright Atheid.

mongst us exrel the rel: If such andre « Nothing is more proper to form be joind, let him d port, ani dwell ellethe mind and manners, than the ftudy where. The prilofopher Heraclitus of the Roman law. Every one,” says said, that all tie Ephesians, who were Vigneul-Marville, “who is of any of age, deferred to be hanged, for afconliderable rank in life, ought to have fenuing to such a law. Hermcdorus, perused with attention, once at least, thus cast out, went to Italy, and took the Institutes and the Code of Jufti- refuge at Rome; where the Barbari. inian: I am of the same opinion; and ans (for so the Greeks in those days acI add to these the Theodosian Code, for counted all, except themselves,) rethe light which it gives to Ecclefiafti- ceived him with courtely and respect; cal History.

defired his ailistance in forming their Lord Bolingbroke calls Cafaubon body of laws, contained in the twelve « a pedant.” If by the word Pedant tables; and rewarded him with a stais to be understood a man who is skile tue erected in the Foram. Jed in the learned languages, Boling- We have had some powerful Drum broke himself was assuredly no pedant: ids and High Priests, who would have But, in the true sense of the word, he liked a decree of the Ephesian kind was one, in gradu fuperlativo. Good concerning the clergy: If any Eccle. judges of composition have pronounc- fiaftic amongst us siurpass others in learned the preface of Calvim to his Infi- ing and abilities, let him by all means be tutes, of Thuanus to his History, and depreljed ; and never permitted to rise of Casaubon to Polybius, to be master- ahove the station of a Curate. pieces in their kind: but Bolingbroke Justin Martyr says to the Jews, had neither Latin enough to under- “ God p:omised that you should be as stand them, nor honefty enough to re- the sand on the sea.shore; and to you Jith them.

are indeed, in more fenres than one. Jerome, in his life of Paul the her: You are as numerous, and you are as mit, fays, “that the fauns and fatyrs barren, and incapable of producing any conversed with St. Antony, and in thing good..” This is ingenious; and treated him to pray that they might if all the allegorical interpretations of obtain mercy from God, who came the old fathers were like it, we should for the salvation of the whole world." at least be agrecably entertained. A man who writes such things, must soppose all his readers to be fauds and satyrs.


Letter from Gorgon, a Painter of the deformea and terrible, to a Tragic,

Poet. *


ing seen and admired my portrait of I

Wait with impatience to hear of the little hump-backed dwarf, em

the success of your tragedy, and in ployed me to take the figure of his the mean time have worked off a fron- celebrated savage for the purpose of tispiece for it, that you, who have a displaying it on the outside of his paffion for the terrific, will be perfect- booth. Such an occasion of introly charmed with.

ducing my art into notice fpurred my I am scandalized when I hear peo- genius to extraordinary exertions, and ple say that the fine arts are protected though I must premise that the favage in this country; nothing can be fure was not the best fitter in the world, ther from the truth, as I am one a- yet I flatter myself I acquitted myself mongst many to witness. Painting I to the fatisfaction of his keeper and presume will not be disputed to be did justice to the ferocity of my subone of the fine arts, and I may say jeet: I caught him in one of his most without vanity I have some preten- striking attitudes, standing erect with Lions to rank with the best of my a huge club in his paw:


put every brethren in that profesion.

muscle into play, and threw such á. My first studies were carried on in terrific dignity into his features, as the capital of a certain county, where would not have disgraced the characia I was born, and being determined to ter of a Nero or Caligula. I was, chufe a striking subje& for my debut happy to observe the general notice in the branch of portrait-painting, I which was taken of my performance perfuaded my grandmother to fit to by all the country folks, who relorted me, and I am bold to say there was to the show, and I believe my emer great merit in my pi&ture, considering ploger had no cause to repent of have, it as a maiden production ; particular- ing set me upon the work. ly in the execution of a hair-mole up- The figure of this animal with the on her chin, and a wart under her club in his paw suggested a hint to a eye, which I' touched to such a nice- publican in the place of treating his-> ty, as to make every body start, who ale-houfe with a new lign, and as he całt their eyes upon the canvass. had been in the service of a noble fa.

There was a little dwarfish lad in mily, who from ancient time have, the parish, who, besides the deformity borde the Bear and ragged daif for. of his person, had a remarkable bair- their creít

, he gave me a comoulion lip, which exposed to view a broken to provide him witi a sign to that efrow of discoloured teeth, and was in- feet: Though I spared no pains to get deed a very brilliant subject for a a real bear to fit to me for his pore painter of effect: I gave a full length trait, my endeavours proved abortive, of him, that was executed fo to the and I was forced to resort to such. life, as to turn the stomach of every common prints of that animal as I. body, who looked upon it,

could obtain, and trusted to my ima. At this time there came into our gination for supplying what else might. town a travelling show-man, who a- be wanted for the piece: As I workmongst other curiosities of the favage cd upon this capital design in the . kiad brought with him a man-ape, or room where my grandmother's por. Durong-outong; and this person hav- trait was before my eyes, it occurred VOL. XII. No 72.

to * From the Observer, Vol. V.

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Letter fronu Gorgon, a Painter. to me to introduce the same hair-mole horseback, to throw a dwarf, or some into the whiskers of Bruin, which I such contrasted figure, into the back. had fofuccessfully copied from her chin, ground: Should any artist be in want and certainly the thought was a hap- of such a thing, I can very readily fup. py one, for it had a piciurefque effect; ply him with my hare-lipped boy : if but in doing this I was naturally e- otherwise, I am not totally without nough, though undefignedly, betrayed hopes that he may suit fome Spanish into giving such a general resemblance grandee, when any such shall visit this to the good dame in the rest of Bru- country upon his travels, or in the in's features, that when it came to be character of ambaffador from that il. exhibited on the fign-post all the peo- lustrious court. ple cried out upon the likeness, and a Before I conclude I shall beg leare malicious rumour ran through the to observe, that I have a complete fet town, that I had painted my grand- of ready-made devils, that would do mother instead of the bear; which honour to St Antony, or any other loft me the favour of that indulgent person, who may be in want of such relation, though Heaven knows I accompaniments to fet off the self-dewas as innocent of the intention as the nying virtues of his character: I bave child unborn.

also a fine parcel of murdered inno, The disguft my grandmother con- certs, which I meant to have filled up ceived agair ft her likeness with the with the story of Herod ; but if any ragged staff, gave me incredible unea. gentleman thinks fit to lay the scene finess, and as she was a good customer in Ghent, and make a modern com. to the landlord and much respected position of it, I am bold to say my in the place, he was induced to return pretty babes will not disgrace the pathe bear upon my hands. I am now thos of the fubjeci, nor violate che thinking to what use I can turn him, Costuma. I took a notable sketch of and as it occurs to me, that by throw a man hanging, and seized him juft in ing a little more authority into his the dying twitches, before the last features, and gilding his chain, he stretch gave a stiffr.ess and rigidity might very posibly hit the likeness of unfavourable to the human figure ; this fe:ne lord mayor of London in his fur- I would willingly accommodate to the gown and gold chain, and make a re- wishes of any lady, who is defirous of spectable figure in some city hall, I preferving a portrait of her lover, am willing to dispose of him to any friend cr husband in that interesting such at an easy price.

attitud.. As I have also preserved a sketch These, cum multis aliis, are part of of my famous Qurong-Ourong, a my stock on hand, and I hope, upon thought has ftruck me that with a few my arrival at my lodgings in Bloodfinishing touches he might easily be bowl-alley, to exhibit them with much converted into a Caliban for the Tem- credit to myself, and to the entire sapeft, and, when that is done, I shall tisfaction of such of my neighbours not totally despair of his obtaining a ip that quarter, as may incline to paniche in the Shakspeare gallery, trooize the fine arts, and restore the

It has been common with the great credit of this drooping country, masters, Rubens, Vandyke, Sir Joshua

Your's, Reynolds and others, when they paint

Gorgon. warrior, or other great personage, on



Pidure of an ill natured Man. * T is wonderful to me that any man As Toia shifts his servants about as flave of peevish and irascible humours, the world to nothing if the poor devil that annoy his peace, impair his does not stumble at startiag; or if by health and hurt his reputation. Who happy inspiration he should begin with does not love to be greeted in society the right foot foremost, Tom has aowith a smile? Who lives that is in: other inspiration ready at command sensible to the frowns, the fneers, the to quarrel with him for not setting, curses of his neighbours? What can forward with the left: To a certainty be more delightful than to enter our then the razor wants ftrappiog, the own doors amidst the congratulations thaviog water is smoaked, and the deof a whole family, and to bring a vil's in the fellow for a duoce, booby .chearful heart into a chearful house? and blockhead. Foolid, contemptible felf-tormentors Tom now comes down to breakfast, ye are, whom every litrie accident ir- and though the savage bas the stomach rit.tes, every night omillun piques ! of an ostrich, there is not a morsel Surely we should guard our pallions as paffes down his blafpheming throat we would any other combustibles, and without a damn to digelt it; 'twould not spread open the inftammable maga. be a less dangerous talk to serve in zine to catch the first spark, that may the morning mefs to a faiting bear. blow it and ourselves into the air. He then walks forth into his garden;

Tom Tinder is one of these touchy there he does not meet a plant, which blockheads, whom nobody can endure: his ill-humour' does not engraft with The fellow has not a single plea in the bitter fruit of curling; the wafps life for his ill temper ; he does not have pierced his nectarines; the caterwant money, is not married, has a pillars have raised contributions upon great deal of health to spare and never his cabbages, and the infernal blackonce felt the lightest twinge of the birds have eaten up all his cherries : gout. His eyes no sooner open to the Town's foul is not large enough to ada morning light than he begins to quar. low the denizens of creation a taste of rel with the weather; it rains, and Nature's gifts, though he surfeits with he wanted to ride; it is sunshine and the fuperabundance of her bounty. he meant to go a fishing ; he would He next takes a turn about his hunt only when it is a frost, and ne- farm ; there vexation upon vexation ver thinks of skaiting but in open croffes him at every corner : To-fly, weather; in short the wind is never a plague upon't, has got among t bus in the right quarter with this telty turnips ; the smut has seized his fellow; and though I could excuse a wheat and his iheep are falling down man for being a little out of humour with the rot : All this is the fault of with an easterly wind, Tom Tinder his bailiff, and ai his door the blame Thall box the whole compass, and ne- lies with a proportionable quantity of ver set his needle to a Gingle point of blessings to recommend it. He finds good humour upon the face of it. a few dry sticks pickt out of his

He now rings his bell for his sèr. hedges, and he blalts all the poor in vant to begio the operation of dres- his neighbourhood for a set of thieves, fing him, a task more ticklish than to pilferers and vagabonds. He meecs wait upon the toilette of a monkey : one of his tenants by the way, and ng

bas • From the same.

3 E 2


Effects of the cold in Winter 1788-89. has a petition for a new gate to his with a vengeance; the tables ring with farm-yard, or some repairs to his dove the deafening crash, the parfon Itands house, or it may be a new threshing. aghaft, and Tom ftamps the floor in floor to his barn-Hell and fury! the phrenzy of passion-Despicable there is no end to the demands of passion! miserable dependant ! these curfed farmers—His ftomach Where is his next resource ? the rises at the request, and he turns aside parson has fled the pit; the backspeechless with rage, and in this hu- gammon table is closed; no chearful mour pays a visit to his mafons and neighbour knocks at his unsocial gate; carpenters, who are at work upon a filence and night and solitude are his building he is adding to his offices : melancholy inmates ; his boiling boHere his choler instead of subsiding som labours like a turbid sea after the only flames more furiously, for the idle winds are lulled ; same ftares him rascals have done nothing ; some have in the face ; conscience plucks at his been making holiday, others have heart, and to divert his own tormentgone to the fair at the next town, and ing thoughis, he calls in those of anothe master workman has fallen from ther person, no matter whom--the first the scaffold, and keeps his bed with idle author that stands next to his the bruises: Every devil is conjured hand: he takes up a book ; 'uis a voap from the bottomless pit to come on lume of comedies; he opens it at ranearth and confound these dilatory mis- dom; 'tis all alike to him where he creants; and now let him go to his begins ; all our poets put together are dinner with what stomach he may. If not worth a halter; he ftuinbles by an humble parson or dependant coufin mere chance upon The Choleric Man; expects a peaceful meal at his table, 'twas one to a thousand he should he may as well sit down to feed with Brike upon that blasted play-What Thyeftes or the Centaurs. After a an infernal title! What a casting, meal of misery and a glass of wine, preaching puppy of an author!-Awhich ten to one but the infernal but- way goes the poet with his play and ler has clouded in the decanting, he half-a-dozen better poets than himself is summoned to a game at back.gam- bound up in the same luckless volume, mon: The parson throws size-ace, the innocent sufferers for his offence. and in a few more cafts covers all his Tom now fits forlorn, disgusted, points; the devil's in the dice! Tom without a friend living or dead to chear makes a blot, and the parfon hits it; him, gnawing his own heart for want he takes up man after man, all his of other diet to feed his spleen upoo : points are full; and Tom is gammon- At length he Ninks into a comfortlefs ed' past redemption-Can fieth and bed; damns his servant as he draws blood bear this ? Was ever such a run the curtains round him, drops asleep of luck? The dice-box is slapt down and dreams of the devil.

The Effects of the Cold of tłe Winter 1788-89 on Animals and Vege

tables. Read by P. Cotie in the Royal Society of Agriculture of Laws, September 5, 1789. HE winter 1788-89 was ren- covered the earth, and the effects

dered remarkable by the intense which the frost produced upon men, cold felt all over Europe, by the e- animals, and vegetables. The frott normous quantity of snow, which commenced the 25th of November,



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