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hurtful; but if it is only the cloak of the juft prerogatives of the Crowa, profligate self-catereft, or inordinate or to infringe the rights of the people, ambition, who for their own private from you, Sir, we expect their de. advaorage, would risk the peace and fence. With moderate and virtuous, prosperity of the country, it is doub. men, the present performance will be ly to be dreaded. It is not from the a guarantee for your conduct ; they mcan or desperate tools of sellition will figure you laying your hand up. that the country has most to fear, on this book, Twearing loyalty to but from more artful aod more res- your king, and fidelity to the confti. pectable partizans, whose abilities for turion; pledging yourself as attached mischief hide their inclination for it. "to no principles so much as to thofe To you, Sir, and other virtuous citi- of general patriotism and public vir: zens, the public look for protection tue ; as subservient to the interefts of against fuch enemies. If faction no party in opposition to those of your fhould at any time wish to corrupt country. our freedom into anarchy, to usarp .


Cursory Obfervations by Dr. Jortin. TN order to be chosen one of the true of Cats--that seldom do they

T fix principal magistrates of Straso die a natural death. . . burg, a man must prove that he is ignoble, and a Plebeian, descended from Ad gènerum Cereris furie cede" et " Plebeians for eight generations. See

vulnere paucæ

Descendunt Feles, et ficcá morte La Mothe le Vayer.

fruuntur.'. « The more absurd and incredi. ble any divine history, the greater But if they escape the hands of honour," lays Bacon," we do to violeoce. they hold out beyond the God in believing it.” I wonder that period assigned by Bacon. I had one Tuch a man lhould have adopted such chat lived with me fourteen years; and » a doctrinc, and have had to listle re- I have heard of some that were much gard for his own reputation ; for he older. who talks in this manner, will always How little the duties of Toleration fall under the suspicion of being cirher and Moderation were understood, a tru: Fanatic, or a disguised infidel. either by Papifts or Protestants, in As to Bacon's Editor, he hath taken the fixteenth century, is evident from sufficient care, both in his nute upon a letter of Melanchthon, who ivet this pallage, and in a Preface, Vol. seems to have been a Divine of much II. P. 284. to let us know that he mildauss and good nature. Concernhimli is not a Fanatic. See Ba. ing the burning of Sérvetus, he says con's Works, by Shaw. As to Ba- to Pullipger, Legi qua de Serveis con he seems to have give way to his blu/phemniis refpondisiis, et pietatem ac fancy, and exercised his wit, in draw- judicia ultra prabo. Tudico etian ing 'p. Chriftian Paradoxes.: i Senatu Genevenfem reftè feciffe, quod

The Same, Author tells us, that bominens pertinacem, et non omiffe. ” the age of the cat terminates be- rum blasphemia fitftrilit: Ac miratas. tween fix and ten.”:- What Jugenal fum effe, qui feceritatem illam inprise fays of Tyrants, (Sat. X. 112.) is kent." - Brati

It is an observation of Montaigne, much berter fortone : and yet I dare. that “. Of those who have made not wish that he were rich." Why? themselves famous in the world, he fo? you will fay." Left it should would lay a wager to produce more make him indolent, and less active in « who died before, than after, thirty- advancing the cause of literature. Post five." Essais, Tom. I. 19. : I have, verty is a great spur to industry.” I believe, considered this matter more. This may be true: but, when a learn than Montaigne, and marked the ed and a modeft man bath long drudge's years of the life of many hundred, ed in occupations which are really be." scholars. And, setting' aside violent neath him, and hath fewn evident: deaths, I look upon sixty-three to be marks of his attachment to literature, the middle term of life; there being of his zeal to serve the public, and of about as many who have died before, his capacity of doing greater things, as at fixty-three and upwards. The if he were more at his ease, and at liens number of those who died at or near berty to chuse such works as boft fuit. fixty-three is so far greater than at ed his abilities,--he is surely worthy any other year, that I suspect it hath of some recompense: and it is a scaonot been called the grand climacteric, dalous thing when such favours are without some reason. The bodies only bestowed upon people, who pioof many persons seem to be a machine cure them by soliciting, by flattering, wound up for that period; which &c. may be thortened, but cannot be much Æfculapius, the Father of Physici. lengthened.

ans, loved fecs too well; and for the In the first protestant schools and fake of gold restored a dead man to universities of Germany, most of the life, for which Jupiter killed bin with, students were very poor : They sup- his thunder, as "Pindar informs us, , ported themselves by, begging and Pyth. III. I wonder that some of the linging psalms from door to door; Greek Epigrammatists, who often tie they studied by moon-light, for want dicule the physicians, did not take the of candles ; they were almost starved hint from Pindar ; and say, that the for want of fire ; and often went to children of Æsculapius, lelt they bed with an empty stomach : Yet should suffer as their father had done, the earnest desire of erudition con- instead of raising the dead, were con queled all these difficulties, and they tented to kill the living. became private tutors, schoolmatters, H i s too verbose in his com.". preachers, and professors. Our young positions. If he were an indigent au. folks now have not the tenth part of thor, who sold his works by the lheet, these hardships to endure, nor a tenth I could pardon him: for such an one part of their industry and learning. lofes a penny, along with every idle

The Athenians, a polite people, sentence that he strikes out of his copy :, : gave politę names to ugly things. his necessities will not suffer him to part They called the jail, the house ; the with his fuperfluities. hangman, low Amphis the commoner; a The Greeks and Latios made the thiet, a LOVER : that is, “one who. Mufes, the Graces, and all the Virtues, falls in love with a purse of money, or females. . with some such preity object, &c." Boileau was a good poet; but, noc.

In many places Erafmus highly content with that, he wanted to pass commends Sigismundus Gelenius, who for a good scholar. He had, in truth, was the corrector of Froben's press. a Nender stock of erudition; and in “ His uncommon erudition,” says he, this moft of our celebrated Englith " and the probity and sincerity of his poets refenible him. He was mure manders, render him worthy of a learned zhan Perrault ; but that is


no mighty matter! Nulla eft gloria The fame writer also informs as; praeterire claudos.

that the gold, ihe filver, the ivory, the Doctor B. said in a sermon, “An apes, and the peacocks, which camé liypocrite is like a reed; smooth with- from Tarbith io Solomon, mean the out, and hollow within." It was a tol- writings of pagaos, and of hereticks! lerable conundram ; but he fpoilt all T here was at Ephesus a man of exby adding, “ and tored about with traordinary abilities, called Hermodoevery blast of wind." I heard the rus, whose superior merit so offended fame preacher say, “ If any ore denies his fellow-citizens, that they banished the uninterrupted fucceflion of bishops, bim,-and on what occalion made the I shall not scruple to call him a down- following decree: Let 10 person a. right Atheist.

: monoft us exrel tre rejt: If such an cze « Nothing is more proper to form be jound, let fimd port, and dwellelle. the mind and manners, than the ftudy where. The prilofopher Heraclitus of the Roman law. Every one," says fuid, that all the Ephesians, who were Vigneul-Marville, « who is of any of age, deferved to be hanged, for afconliderable rank in life, ought to have fening to such a law. Hermodorus, perused with attention, once at least, thus cast out, went to Italy, and cook the Institutes and the Code of Justi- refuge at Rome; where the Barbari. inian: I am of the same opinion ; and ans (for so the Greeks in those days ac. I add to these the Theodosian Code, for counted all, except th:mselves,) re. the light which it gives to Ecclefiafti- ceived him with courtely and respect; cal History.

desired his alliitance in forming theit Lord Bolingbroke calls Casaubon body of laws, contained in the iwelve « a pedant.” If by the word Pedant tables; and rewarded him with a stais to be understood a man who is fkile tue erected in the Forum. led in the learned languages, Boling. We have had some powerful Drum broke himself was assuredly no pedant: ids and High Priests, who would have But, in the true sense of the word, he liked a decree of the Ephesian kind was one, in gradu fuperlativo. Good concerning the clergy: If any Eccle. judges of composition have pronounc- fiaftic amongst us firpass others in lerned the preface of Calvio to his Infti- ing and abilities, let him by all means be tutes, of Thuanus to his History, and depreled; and never permitted to rife of Casaubon to Polybius, to be master- ahove the station of a Curate. pieces in their kind: but Bolingbroke Justin Martyr says to the Jews, had neither Latin enough to under- “ God p:omised that you should be as stand them, nor honefty enough to re- the sand on the sea-shore; and so you Jish them.

are indeed, in more senses than one. Jerome, in his life of Paul the her: You are as numerous, and you are as mit, says, “ that the fauos and satyrs barren, and incapable of producing any coaversed with St. Antony, and in thing good.." This is ingenious; and treated him to pray that they might if all the allegorical interprétatioos of obtain mercy from God, who came the old fathers were like it, we should for the salvation of the whole world." at least be agreeably entertained. A man who writes such things, must soppose all his readers to be fauds and Tatyrs.

· Letter

Letter from Gorgon, a Painter of the deformea and terrible, to a Tragic,

Poet. *


ing seen and admired my portrait of T Wait with impatience to hear of the little hump-backed dwarf, em., I the success of your tragedy, and in ployed me to take the figure of his ! the mean time have worked off a fron- celebrated favage for the purpose of tispiece for it, that you, who have a displaying it on the outside of his paffion for the terrific, will be perfect- booth. Such an occasion of introly charmed with.

ducing my art into notice fpurred my I am scandalized when I hear peo- genius to extraordinary exertions, and ple say that the fine arts are protected though I must premise that the favage in this country ; nothing can be fure was not the best fitter in the world, ther from the truth, as I am one a. yet I Aatter myself I acquitted myself mongst many to witness. Painting I to the satisfaction of his keeper and, presume will not be disputed to be did justice to the ferocity of my subone of the fine arts, and I may say ject: I caught him in one of his most without vanity I have some preten. striking attitudes, standing erect with fians to rank with the best of my a huge club in his paw: I put every brethren in that profesion.

muscle into play, and threw such a My first studies were carried on in terrific dignity into his features, as the capital of a certain county, where would not have disgraced the charace I was born; and being determined to ter of a Nero or Caligula. I was, chuse a striking subje& for my debut happy to observe the general notice in the branch of portrait-painting, I which was taken of my performance persuaded my grandmother to fit to by all the country folks, who relorted: me, and I am bold to say there was to the show, and I believe my em. great merie in my pi&ture, considering ployer had no cause to repeat of have it as, a maiden production; particular- ing set me upon the work. lin. Jy in the execution of a hair-mole up. The figure of this animal with the on her chin, and a wart under her club in his paw suggested a hiot to a. cye, which I touched to such a nice- publican in the place of treating his ty, as to make every body start, who ale-house with a new sign, and as he cast their eyes upon the canvass. had been in the service of a noble fa.

There was a little dwarfish lad in mily, who from antient time have the parish, who, besides the deformity borne the Bear and ragged faf for. of his person, had a remarkable hair- their creít, he gave me a comcution. lip, which exposed to view a broken to provide him witu a sign to that ef. row of discoloured teeth, and was in- fect: Though I spared no pains to get deed a very brilliant subject for a a real bear to fit to me for his por painter of effect: I gave a full length trait, my endeavours proved abortive, of hion, that was executed fo to the and I was forced to resort to such. life, as to turn the stomach of every common prints of that animal as I. body, who looked upon it. .

could obtain, and trufted to my ima. At this time there came into our gination for supplying what else might. town a travelling show-man, who a- be wanted for the piece: As I work-... mongst other curiosities of the favage cd upon this capital design in the kiad brought with him a man-ape, or room where my grandmother's por. Durong-outong; and this person hav- trait was before my eyes, it occurred Vol. XII. No 72. 3 E

* From the Observer, Vol. V.

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to me to introduce the same hair-mole horseback, to throw a dwarf, or some into the whiskers of Bruin, which I such contrasted figure, into the back, had so successfully copied from her chin, ground: Should any artist be in want and certainly the thought was a hap- of such a thing, I can very readily fup. py one, for it had a picturesque effect; ply him with my hare-lipped boy: if but in doing this I was naturally e. Otherwise, I am not totally without nough, though undefignedly, betrayed hopes that he may fuit fome Spanish into giving such a general resemblance grandee, when any such shall yifit this to the good dame in the rest of Bru- country upon his travels, or in the in's features, that when it came to be character of ambaffador from that il. exoibited on the sign-post all the peo- 'lustrious court. ple cried out upon the likeness, and a Before I conclude I shall beg leave malicious rumour ran through the to observe, that I have a complete fet town, that I had painted my grand- of ready-made devils, that would do mother instead of the bear; which honour to St Antony, or any other loft me the favour of that indulgent' person, who may be in want of such relation, though Heaven knows I accompaniments to set off the self-de. was as innocent of the intention as the nying virrues of his character: I bave child unborn.

also a fine parcel of murdered inno, The disguft my grandmother con- certs, which I meant to have filled up ceived agairft her likeness with the with the story of Herod ; but if any ragged staff, gave me incredible unca- gentleman thinks fit to lay the scene finels, and as she was a good customer in Ghent, and make a modern com. to the landlord and much respected pofuion of it, I am bold to say my in the place, he was induced to return pretty babes will not disgrace the pas the bear upon my hands. I am now thos of the fubject, nor violate the thinking to what use I can turn bim, Castuma. I took a notable sketch of and as it occurs to me, that by throw- a man hanging, and seized him juft in ing a little more authority into his the dying twitches, before the last features, and gilding his chain, he stretch gave a stiffr.ess and rigidity might very possibly hit the likeness of unfavourable to the human figure; this fi:ne lord mayor of London in his fur-'I would willingly accommodate to the gown and gold chain, and make a re- wishes of any lady, who is desirous of spectable figure in some city hall, I preserving a portrait of her lover, am willing to difpose of him to any friend c- husbapd in that interesting such at an easy price.

attitude, As I have also preserved a ketch These, cum multis aliis, are part of of my famous Ourong-Ourong, a my stock on hand, and I hope, upon thought has struck me that with a few my arrival at my lodgings in Blood. fnilhing touches he might easily be bowl-alley, to exhibit them with much converted into a Galiban for the Tem. credit to myself, and to the entire fapeft, and, when that is done, I shall tisfaction of such of my neighbours ņot totally despair of his obtaining a ip that quarter, as may incline to paniche in the Shakspeare gallery. tropize the fine arts, and restore ibe.

It has been common with the great credit of this drooping country, masters, Rubens, Vandyke, Sir Joshua

Your's, Reynolds and others, when they paint

GORGON: a warrior, or other great personage, on


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