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Reflections on the Affair at Versailles op the 6th of October 1789. with us.

Soon, like us, they will be · (Signed) called to another fate ; for it is gran- J. GOLDSCHMIL, President, ed to your wisdon), my Lords, to AB. LOPES LAGOUNA, V. P. have an influence not only over this M. Weil, Elector. Empire, but over the surrounding J. Benjamin, Ele&tor. nations, who contemplate aod admire. J. FERNANDES, Elector. you at this inftant. What blessings MARDOCHE LEvi, Deputy. are reserved to those juft and hu- LAZARD JACOB, Deputy. mane men, who through the whole TRENELLE, Senior, Deputy. world, fhail have preserved the Jews MARDOCHE Elie, Deputy. from perfecution, and made them Jos. PEREYRA BRANDON, Deputy. Citizens.

Delcampo, junior, Deputy.

Remarks on the behaviour of the populace to the King and Queen of France on

the 6th October 1789. Y"

IELDING to reasons, at least to fly almoft naked, and through ways

as forcible as those which were unknown to thie murderers had efcapso delicately urged in the compliment. ed to seek refuge at the feet of a king on the new year, the king of and husband, not secure of his owa France will probably endeavour to for- life for a momenta get these events, and that compliment. This king, 'to say no more of him, But history, who keeps a durable re- and this queen, and their infant childcord of all our acts, and exercises her ren (who once would have been the awful cenfure over the proceedings of pride and hope of a great and geneall sorts of sovereigns, will not for. rous people) were then forced to aget, either those events, or the æra of bandon the sanctuary of the most this liberal refinement in the inter- fplendid palace in the world, which course of mankind. History will re- they left swimming in blood, polluted cord, that on the morning of the 6th by massacre, and strewed with scatterof O&ober 1989, the king and queen ed limbs and mutilated carcases. of France, after a day of confusion, Thence they were conducted into the alarm, dismay, aud' flaughter, lay capital of their kingdom. Two had down, under the pledged security of been selected from the uprovokede public faith, to induige nature in a unresisted, promiscuous slaughter, few hours of respite, and troubled which was was made of the gentlemelancholy repose. From this deep men of birth and family who comthe queenwas first startled by the voice posed the king's body guard. These of the centinel at her door, who cried two gentlemen, with all the parade out to her, to save herself by flight--- of an execution of justice, were cruela that this was the last proof of fideli- ly and publicly dragged to the block, ty he could give---that they were up- and beheaded in the great court of on him, aud he was dead. Inftant- the palace. Their heads were stuck ly he was cut down. A band of upon fpears, and led the proceffion; cruel ruffians and affäffins, reeking whilst the royal captives who followwith his blood, rushed into the cham- ed in the train were slowly moved a. ber of the queen, and pierced with long, amidst the horrid yells, and an hundred strokes of bayonets and fhrilling screams, and frantic dances, poniards the bed, from whence this and infamous contumelies, and all perfecuted woman bad but just time the unutterable abominations of the Vol. XII. No. 72.

furies * From Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France,


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Réflections on the affair at Versailles on the 6th of Otober 1789. furies of hell, in the abused shape of quences of this happy day. I allow the vileft of women. After they had to so much entbufalm fome little de been made to tafte, drop by drop, viation from prudence. I allow this more than the bitterness of death, in prophet to break furth into hymns of the slow torture of a journey of twelve joy and thanksgiving on an event miles, protracted to fix bours, they which appears like the precursor of were, under a guard, composed of the Millen um, and the proje&ted fifth those very soldiers who had thus con- monarchy, in the destruction of all duçted them through this famous church estabiishmenis. There was, triumph, lodged in one of the old however (as in all human affairs there palaces of Paris, now converted into is) in the midst of this joy fomething a Baftile for kings.

to exercise the patieợce of these wor: Is this a triumph to be consecrated thy gentlemen, and to try the lord. at altars ? to be commemorated with suffering of their faith. The actual grateful thank giviog ? to be offered murder of the king ard queen, and to the divine humanity with fervent their child, vas wanting to the other prayer and enthusiastick ejaculation auspicious circumstances of this "ibeau-These Theban and Thracian Or- tiful dayThe actual murder of the gies, ae din France, and applauded bishops, though called for by fo many only in the old Jewry, I assure you, holy ejaculations, was also wanting. kindle prophetic enthusiasm in the A groupe of regicide and sacrilegious minds but of“ very few people in this daughter, was indeed boldly sketchkingdom; although a faint and apofile, ed, but it was only sketched. It who may have revelations of his own, unhappily was left unfinished, in this and who has so completely vanquilhed great hiftory-piece of the massacre of all the mean superstitiops of the heart, innocents. What hardy pencil of a may incline to think it pious and des great maller, from the school of the çokous to compare it with the entrance rights of men, will finish it, is into the world of the Prince of Peace, seen hereafter. The age has not yet proclaimed in an holy tem le by a ve she compleat benefit of that diffusion nerable fage, and no long before not of knowledge that has unde: mined worse announced by the voice of an. fuperftition and error; and the king gels to the quiet innoccnce of thep: of France wants another object or herds.

two to consign to oblivion, in contiAt first I was at a loss to account deration of all the good which is to for this fit of unguarded transport. I arise from his own sufferings, and the knew, indeed, that the sufferings of patriotic crimes of an enlightened age. monarchs" make a delicious repast 10 * Although this work of our new some sort of palates. There were re: light and knowledge, did not go to flexions which might serve to keep the length, that in all probability it this appetite within some bounds of was intended it thould be carried ; temperance. But when I took one yet I must think, that such treatment circumstance into my confideration, I of any human creatures must be shock. was obliged to confess, that much ing to any but those who are made allowance ought to be made for the for accomplishing Revolutions. But Society, and that the ri mptation was I cannot ftop here. Influenced by too ftrong for common difcretion ; ( the inborn Feelings of my nature, mean, the circumstance of the lo aud not being illuminated by a single Pæan of 'the triumph, the animating ray of this new-fprung modern ligit

, éry which called “ for all the Bishops I confess to you, Sir, that the exalted to be hanged on the lamp-posts,”, rank of the persons fuffering, and par. might will have brought forth a burst ticularly the sex, the beauty, and the ef enthusiasm on the foreseen conse- amiable qualitics of the descendant of


Reflections on the Affair at Versailles on the 6th of OEtober 1789. 389 Co

many kings and emperors, with thes dauphiness, at Versailles; and the tender age of royal infants, insen- surely never lighted on this orb, üble only through infancy and inno which the hardly seemed to touch, a çence of the cruel outrages to which more delightful vision. I saw her their parents were exposed, initead of just above the horizon, decorating and being subject of exultation, adds cheering the elevated sphere the just put a little to my sensibility on that began to move in,-glittering like most melancholy occasion.

the morning-star, full of life, and I hear that the august person, who splendor, and joy. Oh what a re was the principal object of our prcach- volution ! and what an heart mult t er's triumph, though he supported have, to contemplate without emotion himself, felt much on that shameful that elevation and that fall! Little bccasion. As a man, it became himi did I drcam that, when the added to feel for his wife and his children, titles of veneration to those of enthuand the faithful guards of his perfon, fiaftic, diftant, refpe&ful love, that the that were inafsacred in cold blood should ever be obliged to carry the about him; as a prince, it became tharp antidote against disgrace conhim to feel for the itrange and fright- cealed in that bofom; little did i ful transformation of his civilized sub- dream that I Ihould have lived to see jects, and to be more grieved for them such disafters fallen apon her in a nas than-folicitous for himfelf. It dero- tion of gallant men, in a nation of gates little from his fortitude, while men of honour and of cavaliers. I it adds iofinitely to the honour of his thought ten thousand (words must humanity. I am very forry to fay it, have leaped from their fcabbards to very sorry indeed, that such perfon- avenge eveo a look that threatened ages are in a situation in which it is her with insult. But the age of chi. not unbecoming in us to praise the valry is gone. --Thầt of fophifters, virtues of the great.

ceconomists, and calculators, has suća I hear, and I rejoice to hears that ceeded; and the glory of Europe is the great lady, the other object of the extinguished for ever. Never, nevet triumph, has borne that day (ane is more, hall we behold that generous intereited that beings made for fuffer- loyalty to rank and fex, that proud ing should suffer well) and that the submission, that dignified obedience, bears all the succeeding days, that she that subordination of the heart, which bears the imprilonment of her husband, kept alive, even in servitude itself, and her own captivity, and the exile the fpirit of an exalted freedom. The of her friends, and the intulting adus unbought grace of life, the cheap den lation of addresses, and the whole fence of nations, the nurse of manly weight of her accumulated wrongs, fentiment and heroic enrerprize is with a serene patience, in a manner gone! It is gone, that fenfibility of suited to her rank and race, and be- principle, that chaltiry of honour, coming the offspring of a sovereign which felt a ftain like a wound, which diftinguithed for her piery and her inspired courage whilft it mitigated courage; that like her she has lofty ferocity, which ennobled whatever it sentiments; that the feels with the touched, and under which vice itself dignity of a Roman marron ; that in loft halt its evil, by losing all its groff. the last extremity the will save herself oeíso from the last disgrace, and that if the

This mixed System of opinion and mult fall, she will fall by no ignoble sentiment had its origin in me ancient hand,

chivalry; and the principle, though It is now sixteen or seventeen yeurs varied in its appearance by the vary, dace I saw the queen of France, then ing ftate of buman affairs, fub Gated 3 C 2

and 384 Refeftions on the Afair at Verfailles on the 6th of Oaober 1789. and in Auenced through a long fuccef- general as fuch, and without difine Lon of generacions, even to the time views, is to be regarded as romance we live in. If it should ever be to and folly. Regicide, and panicide, ially extinguished, the lofs I fear will and facrilege, are but fiétions of fur be great. It is this which has given perftition, corrupting jurifprudence by its character 10 modern Europe. I destroying its fimplicity. The muris this which has distinguished it un- der of a king, or a queen, or a bishop, der all its forms of government and or a father, are only common homi distinguished it to its advantage, from cide ; and if the people are by any the ftates of Afia, and poflibiy from chance, or in any way gainers by it, & thofe ftates, which flourished in the fort of homiciủe much the most parmost brilliant periods of the antique donable, and into which we ought world. It was this, which, without not to make too 'severe a scrutiny. confounding ranks, had produced a On the scheme of this barbaross noble equality, and handed it down philofophy, which is the offspring of through all the gradaions of social cold hearts and muddy understand life. It was this opinion which mi- ings, and which is as void of folid tigated kings into companions, and wisdom, as it is deftitute of all tafte raised private men to be fellows like and elegance, laws are supported only kings. * Without force or opposition, by their own terrors, and by the con it fubdued the fiercenefs of pride'atid cers, which each individual may find power; it obliged fovereigns to füb- in' them, from his own private specumit to the soft collar of social esteem, tations, or can spare to them from his compelled stern authority to submit to own private interefts. In the groves elegance, and gave a domination van- of their academy, at the end of every quilher of laws, to be fubdued by visto, you see nothing but the gallows.

Nothing is left that engages the affecBut now all is to be changed All tions on the part of the common the pleasing illufions, which made wealth. "On the principles of this power gentle, and obedience liberal, mechanic philosophy, our inftitutions which harmonized the different fhades can never be embodied, if I may use of life, and which by a bland assimila. the expreffon, in persons ; so as to tion, incorporated into politics the create in us love, veneration, admirasentiments which beautify and foften tion, or attachment. But that fort private society, are to be dissolved by of reason which banifhes the affe&ions this new conquering empire of light is incapable of filling their place. and reason. All the decent drapery These public affections, combined with of life is to be rudely torn off. All manners, are required sometimes as the fuperadded ideas, furnished from fupplements, fometimes as correctives the wardrobe of a moral imagination, always as aids to law. The precept which the heart owns, and the un- given by a wise man, as well as a great derstanding ratifies, as neceffary to critit, for the conftruétion of poems, cover the defects of our naked shiver. is equally true as to ftates. Non fa ing nature, and to raise it to dignity in tis eft pulchra effe poemata, dalcia funta Our own eftimation, are to be explod- There ought to be a fyftem of maned as a ridiculous, abfurd, and anti- ners in every pation which a wellquated fashion.

formed mind would be disposed to reOn this scheme of things, a king lish. To make us love our country, is but a man; a queen is but a our country ougħt to be lovely. woman; a woman is but an animal ; But power, of some kind or other, aad aa animal not of the highest or will survive the shock in which man. der. All homage paid to the sex in pers and opinions perih; and it will

find they From the fame:


find other and worfe means for its fup- in the minds of men, plots and asfaffiport. The usurpation which, in order nations will be anticipated by prevento subvert antient institutions, has de- tive murder and preventive confiscaAtroyed antient principles, will-hold tion, and that long roll of grim and power by arts similar to those by which bloody maxims, which form the poliit has acquired it. When the old feu- tical code of all power, not fanding dal and chivalrous fpirit of Fealty, on its own honour, and the honour of which, by freeing kings from fear, those who are to obey it. Kings will freed both kings and subjects from the be tyrants from policy when fubjects precautions of tyranoy, shall be extinct are rebels from principle.


On the Religious Establishment of England. HE majority of the people of from infancy to manhood. Esen

England, far from thinking a re. when our youth, leaving schools and ligious national establishment unlaw- universities, enter that most important ful, hardly think it lawful to be with period of life which begins to link out one.' In France you are wholly experience and study togetlier, and miltaken if you do not believe us a- when with that view they visit other bove all other things attached to it, countries, initead of old domeftics and beyond all other nations; and whom we have feen as governors to when this people has acted unwisely principal men from other parts, threeand unjustifiably in its favour (as in fourths of those who go abroad with fome instances they have done most our young nobility and gentlemen are certainly) in their very errors yop will ecclefiaftics; not as auftere mafters, at least discover their zeal.

nor as mere followers ; but as friends This priociple rups through the and companions of a graver character', whole system of their polity. They and not feldom persons as well born do not consider their church establish a's themselves. With them, as relament as convenient, but as effential tions, they most commonly keep up a to their state ; not as a thing hetero- close connexion through life. By geneous and feparable ; something ad- this connexion we conceive that we ded for accommodation ; what they attach our gentlemen to the church; may either keep up or lay aside, ace and we liberalize the church by an cording to their temporary ideas of intercourse with the leading characters convenience. They consider it as the of the country. foundation of their whole constitution, So tenacious are we of the old ecwith which, and with every part of clesiastical modes and fashions of inwhich, it holds an indissoluble union. Ritution, that very little alteration has Church and ftate are ideas inseparable been made in them since the fourin their minds, and scarcely is the one teenth or fifteenth century; adhering ever mentioned without mentioning in this particular, as in all things elle, the other.

to our old settled maxim, never enOur education is ro formed as to tirely nor at once to depart from anconfirm and fix this impression. Our tiquity. We found thele old inftitueducation is in a manner wholly in the tions, on the whole, favourable to mohands of ecclefiaftics, and in all stages rality and discipline; and we thougt.

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