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at length, either through weakness or seps took the few dogs that remained hunger, they fell into the fire before alive to profecute his journey; and he our eyes.”
concludes his first volume by taking At last one of the messengers re- leave of his companion M. de Kafturned with an ample supply of loff. whale's filet and oil. M. de Les
[To be continued.]
Translation of the Address presented to the National Assembly by the Jews refida
ing at Paris. My Lords,
THE Jews residing at Paris, pe. in the thought, your justice did not L netrated with admiration and require to be solicited, nor anticipated respect at beholding the multiplied by our wilhes. In reitoring to Man acts of Justice which proceed from his primitive dignity, in re-establishthe National Animbly, are embol. ing him in the enjoy ment of his dened to flitter themselves that their rights, you did not mean to make fate would not escape your foresight, any diftinétion betwecii one man and and that they also should finally feel another ; this title belbogs to us, as the happy effects of your wisdom; and well as to the other Members of Soshey take the liberty to come and de- ciety, and the rights which are depolii, in the midst of this august Al- rived from thence thould belong to sembly, the anticipated homage of us equally. their gratitude, and the solemn testi. This is the consequence, my mony of their patriotic devotedness. Lords, so cheering to us, which re
Abased until now in the opinion of sults from the fundamental principles the world, distressed on all sides, per- which you have just established. Thus fecuted on account of our name, with are we certain from henceforward which they seemed to reproach is; to have a new existence, and differoutcasts from society, and Sharing none ent from that to which we have until of its advantages, although the com- now been doomed. In this Empire, mon taxes have been levied on us: which is our native country, the title such has been our destiny in this Eni- of Man secures us that of Citizen andpire, and such is that of all our bre- the title of Citizen will give us all the thren in almost all the countries of rights of the City, and all the aivil fathe Universe, over which they are culties which weiee arcenjoyed around dispersed.. That terrible and incess about us, by the Members of that Sant perfecution to which we hare Society of which we form a part. been given up, has never made us for But in order to prevent any equi. get that submillion was the chief of vocal construction being put on it, our duties. We have borne all with- and that the long oppression to which out a murmur, we have groaned with- we have been victions may not serve as out complaining, and the kingdom has a pretext(in the eyes of fome individunever been disturbed by our cries for als) to oppress us till; and that the redress; and this loog relignation on people (the course of whose ideas it our part, is, perhaps, my Lords, the is ofien difficult to change) may, by most authentic proof that we are at the confidence they have in your Delength deserving of a better fate. crees, relinquish at once the, habit Without doubt, and we delight which they have contracted, of re
garding us, as we may say, like stran. patriotism. We so much desire to gers to the French Nation, and un- render ourselves worthy of that title worthy to have any other existence, with which we are to be invested, and we are come, my Lords, to intreat we are so well convinced of the ne. you to make a particular mention of cesfity which all the inhabitants of a the Jewish Nation in your Decrees, great Empire are under of submitting and also to render facred our title and themselves to an uniform fyftem of onr rights as Citizens.
police and jurisprudence ; that we alla That submision to the laws, of to submit ourselves in coramon with which we have given so invariable an other Frenchmen to the same jurisexample, our ardent love for the Mo- prudence, the fame police, and the narch, the pacifick character of our fame tribunals ; and that we, thereNation, the solemn oath which we fore, in confideration of the public have taken to sacrifice always our good, and our own advantage, always lives and fortunes for the public good, - fubfervient to the general interest, all ailure us that our prayers will not do, in consequence, renounce the be in vain, and that our desires will privilege which had been granted be heard with attention,
us of having particular rulers chofen We have a Religion different from from amongst us, and approved of by that established in France we are the Goveroment. attached to that Religion but that Deign, my Lords, to accept this fame attachment speaks in our favour. formal renunciation, which we make It is our bond this day; it is a secu. into your hands. rity that we shall be faithful to our Deign to remember the oath which oath ; for an attachment to a worship, we have taken to facrifice, in every whatever it be, has far more falutary instance, our lives and fortunes for effects than indifference. Our Relic the glory of the Nation and of the gion shall be our guide in all the ac. King. tions of our life---it will be as a curb Deign, lastly, to intereft yourselves in the midst of pallions which might in our fare, and explain folemnly lead us astray---and if in our hands what it ought to be, and rescue us, Religion is not the cause of discord for ever, from the persecution to and dissention to Society, it will be have which we been too long condemftill more profitable for that Sociery ned. to leave us in potefsion of our Reli. Such, my Lords, are the objects gion, than to see us indifferent in ob. we have to Ter before the eyes of the serving its ceremonies.
National Assembly. Perhiaps they But the past ought to be an earnest require to be treated of more fully, of the future-we never have, nor do but we thought that a plain statement we disturb Society in the least by the was sufficient. Your zeal and nopeaceable exercise of our Religion. manity assure us, that you will weigh We shall be from henceforward, our demands and rights with an ata' what we have always been, and still tention worthy of those duties which are.
you have imposed on yourselves. Our fole object rules and animates. To raise os to the rank of Citizens, all our fouls, the good of our coun- and to give us un Etat civil, is only try, and a desire of dedicating to it an act of justice ; nevertheless we wish all our strength. In that respect, we to consider it as a favour. We will will not yield on any inhabitant of publish it every where with gratitude, Frauce ; v'e will dispute the plan with our brethren dispersed over the face of ail the Citizens for zeal, courage, and the earth shall partake of that gratitude
with us. Soon, like us, they will be · (Signed) called to another fate ; for it is gran- J. GOLDSCHMIL, President, i ed to your wisdon), my Lords, to AB. LOPES LAGOUNA, V. P. have an influence not only over this M. Weil, Elector. Empire, but over the surrounding J. BENJAMIN, Ele&tor. nations, who contemplate and adınire J. FERNANDES, Elector. you at this inftant. What blessings MARDOChe Levi, Deputy. are reserved to those just aad hu- LAZARD JACOB, Deputy. mane men, who through the whole TRENELLE, Senior, Deputy. world, shall have preserved the Jews MARDOCHE Elie, Deputy. from perfecution, and made them Jos. PEREYRA BRANDON, Deputy. Citizens.
DELCAMPO, junior, Deputy.
Remarks on the behaviour of the populace to the King and Queen of France on
the 6th October 1789*. T IELDING to reafoos, at least to fly almoft naked, and through ways
L as forcible as those which were unknown to the murderers had efcapso delicately urged in the compliment. ed to seek refuge at the feet of a king on the new year, the king of and husband, not secure of his own France will probably endeavour to for- life for a moment. get these events, and that compliment. This king, 'to say no more of him, But history, who keeps a durable re- and this queen, and their infant childcord of all our acts, and exercises her ren (who once would have been the awful ceasure over the proceedings of pride and hope of a great and geneall sorts of sovereigns, will not for. rous people) were then forced to agei, either those events, or the æra of bandon the sanctuary of the most this liberal refinement in the inter. fplendid palace in the world, which course of mankind. History will re- they left swimming in blood, polluted cord, that on the morning of the 6th by massacre, and strewed with scatterof O&tober 1789, the king and queen ed limbs and mutilated carcases. of France, after a day of confusion, Thence they were conducted into the alarm, dismay, aud flaughter, lay capital of their kingdom. Two had down, under the pledged security of been selected from the uprovoked, public faith, to induige nature in a únresisted, promiscuous Taughter, few hours of refpite, and troubled which was was made of the gentlemelancholy repose. From this Deep men of birth and family who comthe queen was first startled by the voice posed the king's body guard. There of the centinel at her door, who cried two gentlemen, with all the parade out to her, to save herself by flight--- of an execution of justice, were cruel that this was the last proof of fideli- ly and publicly dragged to the block, ty he could give.--that they were up- and beheaded in the great court of on him, aud he was dead. Instant- the palace. Their heads were stuck ly he was cut down. A band of upon spears, and led the proceffion; cruel ruffians and assassins, reeking whilst the royal captives who followwith his blood, rushed into the cham- ed in the train were slowly moved a. ber of the queen, and pierced with tong, amidst the horrid yells, and an hundred strokes of bayonets and shrilling fcreams, and frantic dances, poniards the bed, from whence this and infamous contumelies, and all persecuted woman had but just time the unutterable abominations of the Vol. XII. No. 72.
furies * From Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France,
furies of hell, in the abused shape of quences of this happy day. I allow the vileft of women. After they had to so much enthusiasm fome little debeen made to taste, drop by drop, viation from prudence. I allow this more than the bitterness of death, in prophec to break forth into hymns of the now torture of a journey of twelve joy and thanksgiving on an event miles, protracted to fix bours, they which appears like the precursor of were, under a guard, composed of the Millenium, and the projected fifth those very soldiers who had thus con. monarchy, in the destruction of all ducted them through this famous church establishmenis. There was, triumph, lodged in one of the old however (as in all human affairs there palaces of Paris, now converted into is) in the midst of this joy something a Bastile for kings.
to exercise the patiepce of thele wor. • Is this a triumph to be consecrated thy gentlemen, and to try the lor. at alcars ? to be commemorated with suffering of their faith. The actual grateful thank!giving ? to be offered murder of the king and queen, and to the divine humanity with fervent their child, was wanting to the other praver and enthusiastick ejaculation ? auspicious circumstances of this “beaz-These Theban and Thracian Or- tiful day” The actual murder of the gies, a&d in France, and applauded bilhcps, though called for by so many only in the old Jewry, I assure you, holy ejaculations, was also wanting. kindle prophetic enthufiasın in the A groupe of regicide and sacrilegious minds but of very few people in this daughter, was indeed boldly sketchkingdom; although a faint and a posile, ed, but it was only ferched. It who pay have revelations of his own, unhappily was left unfinished. in this and who has so completely vanquished great history-piece of the massacre of all the mean superstitions of the heart, innocents. What hardy pencil of 2 may incline to think it pious and de: great maller, from the Ichool of the cotous to compare it with che entrance rights of men, will Goith it, is to be into the world of the Přince of Peace, seen hereafter. The age has not yer proclaimed in an holy temi le by a re she compleat benefit of that diffusion perable sage, and not long before not of knowledge that has uode mined worse announced by the voice of an- fuperftiúon and error; and the king gels to the quiet innoccnce of Hep of Frince wants another object or herds.
iro to consigo to oblivioo, in conf. A: first I was at a loss to accoupe deration of all the god which is to for this fit of uoguarded transport. I arise from bis oro füfferings, and the knew, indeed, that the sufferings of patriotic crimes of að erligbrened age. monarchs make a delicious repast 10 » Although this work of our new some sort of pilates. There were re. light and knowledge, did not go to flexions which mighe serve to keep the length, that in all protability is this appetite withio fome bounds of was intended it hould be carrito: temperance. But when I took one yet I must think, that such treatment circumstance into my confideration, I of any human creatures must be shock vas obliged to confess, that much ing to any but those who are made allowance ought to be made for the for accomplidhing Rerc ations. Bet Society, and that the t moration was I cannot ftop here. Influenced by too Itrong for common discretion ; ( the inborg felings of my nature, mean, the circumftance of the lo apd not being illuminated by a fingre Paan of the triumph, the animating ray of this new-fproog modern biginta ery which called for all the Bishops I confess to you, Sir, that the exalud to be hangad on the lamp-pefts," rank of the perfoss fuering, and par might well bare brought forth a burft ocularly the fes, we beauty, mutta
enthufialn on the foreseen confe- amiable qualities of the d ades
to many kings and emperors, with the dauphiness, at Versailles; and the tender age of royal infants, insen- surely never lighted on this orb, üble only through infancy and inno- which she hardly seemed to touch, a cence of the cruel outrages to which more delightful vision. I saw her their parents were exposed, instead of just above the horizon, decorating and being a subject of exultation, adds cheering the elevated sphere the just Dot a little to my sensibility on that began to move in, glittering like most melancholy occasion.
įhe motning-ftar, full of life, and I hear that the august person, who fplendor, and joy: Oh! what a rewas the principal object of our preach: rolution! and what an heart muft f er's triumph, though he supported have, to contemplate without emotion himself, felt much on that shameful that elevation and that fall! Little bccasion. As a man, it became himi did I drcam that, when he added to feel for his wife and his children, titles of veneration to those of enthu. and the faithful guards of his perfon, fiaftic, diftant, refpe&ful love, that the that were inafsacred in cold blood should ever be obliged to carry the about him; as a prince, it became sharp antidote against disgrace con. him to feel for the strange and fright- cealed in that bosom; little did I ful transformativo of his civilized sub- dream that I should have lived to see jects, and to be more grieved for them such difafters fallen apon her in a nathan folicitous for him£elf It dero- tion of gallant men, in a nation of gates little from his fortitude, while men of honour and of cavaliers.' it adds iofioitely to the honour of his thought ten thousand swords mult humanity. I am very forry to say it, have leaped from their fcabbards to very furry indeed, that such person- aveage eveo a look that threatened ages are in a situation in which it is her with insult. But the age of chi. not unbecoming in us to praise the valry is gone. Thät of fophifters, virtues of the great.
ceconomists, and calculators, has suća I hear, and I rejoice to hears that ceeded; and the glory of Europe is the great lady, the other object of the extinguished for ever. Never, never triumph, has borne that day (one is more, hall we behold that generous interelted that beings made for fuffer- loyalty to rank and sex, that proud ing should suffer well) and that the submiffion, that dignified obedience. bears all the succeeding days, that she that subordination of the heart, which bears the imprilonment of her husband, kept alive, even in servitude itfell, and her own captivity, and the exile the fpirit of an exalted freedom. The of her friends, and the inlulting adus unbought grace of life, the cheap des lation of addresses, and the whole fence of nations, the nurse of manly weight of her accumulated wrongs, fentiment and heroic enterprize is with a serene patience, in a manner gone! It is gone, that fenfibility of fuited to her rank and race, and be- principle, that chattity of honour, coming the offspring of a sovereiga which felt a stain like a wound, whicha distinguilhed for her piery and her inspired courage whilft it mitigated courage; that like her she has lofty ferucity, which ennobled whatever it fentiments; that the feels with the touched, and under which vice itself dignity of a Roman matrop; that in lost halt its evil, by losing all its grodi. the last extremity the wil save herself neís. from the last ditgrace, and that if the This mixed System of opinion and mult fall, he will fall by no ignoble sentiment had its origin in ene ancient haod.
. chivalry; and the principle, though It is now sixteen or seventeen years varied in it's appearance by the vary, dece I saw the queen of France, then ing State of buman affairs, fubited