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fällen the vessels, or that they are equal distances, and of the height of Joit. If ihis be the case, science will twelve or thirteen feet. This ruftic undoubtedly suffer by the miscarriage colonnade supports a platform, comof an enterprise undertaken by muni- posed of bcams covered with clay, ficence, supported by liberality, and and the platform serves as a floor to entrusted to the management of men the whole edifice, which consists of every way qualified, by their talents a ridge of conical form, covered with and experience, to bring it to a hap- a kind of thatch, or dried grass, laid py conclusion. But no human pra- over long poles that meet at the top. d'ence can guard against the dangers This ridge forms the whole apartment; of the ocean, the conspiring elements, that is to say, a single room, with a or deftructive rocks ; and unforeseen: hole in the roof to give passage to the accidents often render the best con- smoke, when the fire is lighted to certed voyages abortive.
diefs their victuals. Their kitchen M. de Lesseps being charged by is in the middle of their chamber, tħe Conte de la Peyrouse to carry where they eat and sleep all together, his dispa:ches over land to France, without the least appearance of disbade farewell to die illustrious navic gust or scruple. In these apartments gators of the Boussole and Astrolabe iñere is no such thing as a window; in the port of St Peter and St Paul, nothing, in thort, but a door, so low at the southern extremity of the pe- and narrow as bardly to afford en ninsula of Kamischatta, on the 29th trance to the daylight. The staircase of September, 1787. The prepara- is worthy of the house ; it is a beam, tions for his departure occasioning, or rather a tree, very rudely notched, fome delay, he employs the mean time one end of which reits upon the in a description of the harbour and ground, and the o:her is raised to the environs, and in the mention of a height of the floor. This tree preproject to convert the few houses on serves its original round form, though the sea-side to a considerable fortified it is cut on one side into what I cantown. On the 7th of October he fets not wellcall iteps, as they are so inconoff for Okatzk, in company with M. venient that I have been several times Kaloff, commandant of that place, very near breaking my neck in walk with several other Rufian officers, ing up them. And indeed whenever and several attendants, and takes ad- this cursed' taiscafe happens to turn vantage of a short stay at Paratóunka, under the feet of thofe who are not acon the opposite side of the bay, to customed to it, it is imposible for them describe the balagans and isbas, the to preserve their equilibrium. They, miserable places of abode of the must come to the ground, and run Kamifchatkadales.
more or less risk in proportion to the “ The Karntschatkadales reside in height. When they will to give nothe summer in the former, and in the tice that nobody is at home, they only winter retire to the latter. As the turn the staircase with the steps downgovernment wishes to bring them, ward. by insensible degrees, to conform to “ Reasons of convenience may perthe manner of ehe Russian peasantry, haps have furnished the idea of conand to lodge in a more wholesome structing these curious dwelling. manners, it is forbid in the southern places; they are necessary and suit. part of Kamschatka to construct in able to their kind of life. Their prinfuture any yourts, or subterraneous cipal food being dried fish, which is dwellings.
allo that of their dogs, they have oc“ The balagans are raised above calon for a shade, where the wind she ground on several posts fixed at enters on eyery side to dry it, as well as 'their other provisions for the win. promise we are candid encugh to beter. The rustic colonnade or porri- lieve he had some good reason; but co that composes the lower part of as we have not made a limilar one, we. their bolajans answers this purpose ; fhall only add that he arived fate at there they hang up their fish at a fuf- Bolcheretzk, where he had an oporficient height to keep it out of the tunity of observing how much the limway of the dogs, which are constant- plicity of the Kanticha:kada es is im. ly half-starved that they may be in the pofed upon by the Collacks and Rura better order for running. These dogs fians, and by the passion for fpirituous draw the carriages of the Kamtschat- liquors, which seems even more irrekadales. The best, that is to say, the fiftable in them than in the other fiercelt, have no other kennel than the northern nations. kind of portico I have just mentioned, A ftay of three months at Bolche. and are tied to the columns or pofts reizk enables our traveller to acquire that support the building.
a confiderable knowledge of the cha" Their isoas, or winter abodes, if racter and manners of the Aborigenes. larger, would perfe&lly refemble the Their dress, their music, their dancing, houses of the Rullian peasants, which their manner of hunting and filhing, have been many times described. In their diseases and remedies, lanthe larger room there is sometimes a guage, government and climate, every miserable couch, made of planks and thing, in short, by turns engages his covered with bear's-skin : it is the attention, and furnillos details, both bed of the matter of the family; and curious and interesting; fome short happy are the women, who in these fa- extracts from which will not, we fanvage countries are the flaves of their cy, be disagreeable to our reader. husbands, and do the most laborious “ The principal nourishment of work, when they can take a little re- these people consists, as I have alreapose upon it."
dy said, of dried fish. The men thcmAfter a few words concerning the selves make their provision of this alipolice of the Kamtschatkadales, and ment, while the women atiend to a description of the environs of Para- household affairs, and employ thentaounka, our traveller proceeds on his selves in gatbering the fruits and journey, and stops at Natchikin, at no vegetables, which, after fish, are the great distance, to notice a hot spring favourite nourishment ef the Kamilthat issues boiling out of the side of a charkadales, and of the Russians of hill. After an exact analysis he finds this country. The days when they this water to contain a small quantity go abroad to collect their stock for of sulpirur, a greater abundance of winter consumption, are so many fervitriolic acid, and still more calcare. rivals; they celebrate them. with transous earth, joined to some particles of ports of the most noisy and licentious a nierous falt.
mirthi, which gives occasion to curious In the continuation of his journey fcenes, that not unfrequently are very we shall not follow M. de Leffeps in indecent also. They wander in bands the description of many circumstances about the country singing, and giving of no great moment: the hills he af- a loole to all the follies their imaginacends, the hills he descends, the rion can suggest; all fear and shame Itreams he crosses, the villages of is banished ; nor can I better describe which he makes mention, &c. because their extravagant phrenzy than by not worthy of mention, M. de Lef- comparing it to that of the female seps apologises for these minute details Bacchanalians of paganism. Woe to by a promise he had made to his rea- the man whoin accident brings in der of scrupulous exactness, for which their way! However determined or
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active he may be, it is imposible for Notwithstanding this indolence, and him to avoid the fate that threatens their other natural defects, one cannot him; and he very seldom can escape help regretting that their number is from the combat without a severe whipa not more considerable; for after all ping.
I have seen, and the teftimony of • The true Kamtchatkadales are several other persons, it is certain that in general below the middle size, to be sure of meeting with sentiments their faces are broad and round, their of honour and humanity in this coun. eyes small and sunk in their heads, try, it is necessary to seek them among their cheek-bones high, their noses the true Kamischatkadales : they have flat, and their hair black; they have not yer bartered their homely virtues scarcely any beard, and a complexion for the polished vices brought them rather of a tawny hue. That of most by the Europeans, with an intentioa of their women, and their features are to promote thcir civilization. nearly the same ; consequently they “ In their dances they are particoare not very charming objects. ' larly food of imitating the animals they
“ The disposition of the Kamtschat- bunt, especially the bear; they reprekadales is mild and hospitable; they ferr its heavy, awkward gait, and all are neither knaves nor robbers ; they its different sensations or fituations; have indeed fo litile cunning, that po- that is to say, the a&ions of the young thing is more easy than to impose up. ones about their mother, the amoon then, especially, as has been said rous sport of the males with the before, by taking advantage of their females, and their agitation when desire for drink. They live in the they bappen to be disturbed. They greateft ainity among themselves; it must, no doubs, have a most per: feenis as if they were more affectionate fect knowledge of this animal; they to one another on account of their have indeed frequent opportunities of small number: this union induces observing it, and no doubt make it a them to ashft each ather in their la- particular audy, for they imitate all bours, which is no small proof of its motions as well I believe as is pos. their inclination to oblige, when we fible, I asked the Russians, who are consider their excelive disposition to better judges than I, because in their idleness. They would find an active hunts they see more of these animals, life insupportable. Supreme happiness, whether these pantomime ballets were in their opinion, after that of drinking well executed. They all afsured me to intoxication, consists in having no it was difficult to find more kifu! thing to do, and in leading a life of dancers in the country, and that the indolence. This de fire is so great gait, and all the attitudes of the bear, among these people, that it makes were so well imitated as to deceive the them neglect the means of providing eye. I must, however, observe, with for the first necessities of life, so that the permission of the amateurs, that whole families have been frequently these dances are as tiresome to the seen in the winter reduced to extreme spectator as fariguing to the actor. want, because they have no chosen One cannot belp suffering at seeing in the summer to lay in a stock of them disocate their members, and fish, though with them it is ihe first break their wind, and all to express and most necessary article of food. If the excessive pleasure they feel in these they thus overlook the very means of grotesque dances, which resemble the existence, it is natural to suppose that ridiculous diversions of favages : in they are still more negligent in regard many respects, indeed, the Kamito cleanliness, which is neither re. schatkadales may be placed in this markable in their persons nor abode. çank.”
At length, when the snow ftorms which they struck in cadence with their began to abate, M. de Lesseps fit off pretended spells, or to announce their from Bolcheretzk in company with coming; in a word, they have abanM. Kalloff, with a caravan of thirty-five doned all their magical inftruNeds, drawn by about three hundred ments. The cerenionies in their dogs. The necesary of taking pro- assemblies, which, though held fe. visions for both men and dogs on a cretly, are do: less frequented, are long journey through this frozen, fa- now confined with narrower limits, milhed country, was the principal Let the reader figure to himself a circause of their being so numerous. cle of spectator's itupidly attentive and These dogs are much of the kind of ranged around the forcerer or forceour shepherd's dog, are wonderfully refs ; for the women are also intiat. fleet, and so full of spirit, that they ed in the mysteries of the Chamans. frequently attack each other to obtain On a sudden the Chaman begins to the honour of precedency, and over- sing, or rather to utter shrill sounds, turn the reds, which are sometimes without either measure or signification; broken to pieces in the fury of the the docile assembly answer in the fame conflict. This is the more remarka- tone, which forms the most discorble as they only make one meal a-day, dant and most insupportable concert. consisting of a dried salmon. After By degrees the Chaman acquires palling through a great number of greater animation, and begins to towns and villages, whence the au- dance to the confused sounds of the thor takes occafion to descant still company, who exhaust their breath more largely on the miserable dwel- and their voices in the excefs of their lings and filih of the Kamtschatka- ' feryour and admiration ; the dance dales, and after meeting at Milkoff a grows quicker as the minister of the colony of Russian peasants, whose in god Koutka feels the inspiration of dustry and the comfortable way of the prophetic spirit. Like the priestlife that is its consequence, form a ess of Apollo upon the tripod, he complete contrast with the indolence rolls his haggard and furious eyes; and mifery of the Aborigines, he ar, all his motions are convulsive; his rives at Machoyre, a village almoft mouth is distorted, and all his meneotirely inhabited by Chamans, a fpe, bers grow ftiff: in a word, there is cies of pretended magicians. . no kind of grimace or distortion which
" The veneration the inhabitants he does not exhibit to the great astoof this village have for these forcerers nishment of his spectators. After is inconceiveable ; it approaches to having performed his pantomime fur madness, and excites compellion ; for some time, he suddenly stops, and his the extravagance with which the lat- delirium becomes as calm as it was ter keep up the credulity of their coun- before agitated : he no longer heis trynien is fo itrange and so ridiculous, either fary or transport, but the fa. that we are not more excited to laugh- cied recollection of a man full of inier than provoked to indignation. spiration, who is going to speak by In these latter times, it is true, they his mouth, The trembling assembly do not profess their art openly, or becomes immediately silent, and waits make so great a display of their incan, the wonders about to be revealed. tations; their dress is no longer or- At length the incoherent accents fall namented with mysterious rings, or from the lips of the impostor, who a variety of symbolical piates of metal thus utters every thing that enters his jingling together upon the smallest imagination, which is always attrimotion of their bodies; they have buted to the inspiration of the god also relinquished a kind of kesile Koutka. The orator generally ac
companies his discourse either by a allowance, several died of hunger torrent of tears or loud burlts of and fatigue. In proportion as the laughter, according to the good or ill famine continued their deaths became he furetells; and his expreslive gel. more frequent, so that after a few days zures are varied according to the led- more, out of thirty.feven dogs that sation he feciso
drew the fled of M. de Lesteps, only We are convinced that there is twenty-three remained. At length, hardly a man from China to Stock- when every thing catable was confum. holm who, on reading these details ed, he arrived at a place calied Poswould not deplore the iniserable cré- staresk, which unfortunately was fo dulity of the Kamtschatkadales ; and wretched a village that no fresh supply yet there is scarcely a country from was to be cbtained from it. Meilen. Stockholm to China that has not its gers had been difpatched for provi. Chamans.
fions in several directions; but while In the neighbourhood of a place he waited the event of their endeacalled Tolbaichina M. de Lefitps ob- vours, death made the moit terrible Jerred two rolcanos, neither of which havock amcıg the dogs. emiued fire, but constant volun.es of " In the nean time," savs he, smoke. There is a third adjacent to " our dogs had been unharn-fied for the village Klufchefkaia ; but the in- the purpose of rying them up by tervention of a considerable moun- couples as usual. As foon as they tain hid it cntirely from his view. were fastened to the post, they fell From thence he makes a digression to upon the cords and harness, and in a vift Njenei-Kanischatka, the capi. moment the whole was devoured. In tal of the peninsula, and in his way voin were attempts made to lop has an opportunity of obferving the them; the greater part made their third volcano. It continuly emits escape into the country, where they Hames, which seem to burit forth wardered aboui, eating every thing from the midst of the foow that co- their teeth could tear. Every moment vers the mountain to its very fun. some died, and immediately became mit. At Njenei be met with sere:al prey to the others, who ruthed Tâ
Japanese, of whose adventures, dre's, venously upon the dead carcasses, and and manners, he gives a detail that is core them to pieces: every jeint was both curicus and interesting. In prose- contended for by a band of rivaks, cuting his journey through this inhoipi. who attacked the first poteftor with table climate our traveller was scine- fury. If he fell overpowered by num. times stopped by violent storms, and bers, he became in his turn the object Lonctimes delayed by the dread of of a new combat. To the horror of witothers; but at length he reached Ka. pelling this scene, succeeded the fad ragui, the last village of the penipiula Spectacle of all those that besieged the of Kamaschaika. After his departure jourt in which we lived. They were thence, and his entering the country all moft lamentably lean, and could of the Koriaks, his d Hiculies grew scarcely ftir. Their plaintive and congreater ; he want of villages obliged tinual bowling seemed to beg us to him to pass the nights in the open alist them, and to reproach us with country, and in the midit of the foow, our want of ability to do so. Several his stock of provisions being at the that suffered as much from cold as Same time so flender as oply to afford hunger, approached the external openione meala-day, while that of his canine ing in the roof of the yourt, that gives cattle was so niuch reduced, that, re- paffage to the smoke; the more they oeiving only a fourth of their usual felt the heat the nearer they drew, til