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Account of the Voyage of M. de Losseps, active he may be, it is impossible for Notwithstanding this indolence, and him to avoid the fate that threatens their other natural defects, one cannot him; and he very feldom can escape help regretting that their number is from the combat without a severe whip- not more considerable; for after all ping.
I have seen, and the teftimony of • The true Kamtchatkadales are several other persons, it is certain that in gereral below the middle size, to be sure of meeting with sentiments their faces are broad and round, their of honour and humanity in ihis couseyes small and sunk in their heads, try, it is necessary to seek them among their cheek-bones high, their noses the true Kamtschatkadales: they have fat, and their hair black; they have not yet bartered their homely vinues scarcely any beard, and a complexion for the polished vices brought them Father of a tawny hue. That of most by the Europeans, with an intention of their women, and their features are to promote their civilization. nearly the fame ; confequently they is I thcir dances they are particu
very charming objects. larly fond of imitating the animals they “ The disposition of the Kamtschat- hunt, especially the bear; they reprekadales is pild and hospitable; they feet its heavy, awkward gait, and all are neither knaves nor robbers , they ițs different sensations or situations ; have indeed so little cunning, that no- that is to say, the actions of the young thing is more easy than to impose up. ones about their mother, the amoon then, especially, as has been said rous sport of the males with the before, by taking advantage of their females, and their agitation when dtfire to drink. They live in the they bappen to be disturbed. They greateft amnity among themselves; it must
, no doubf, bave a molt perfeems as if they were more affectionate fećt knowledge of this animal; they to one another on account of their have indeed frequent opportyoities of small number: this union induces observing it, and no doubt make it a them to alhft each other in their la- particular Atudy, for they imitate al bours, which is pp small proof of its motions as well I believe as is poltheir inclination to obrige, when we Gble. I asked the Russians, who are confider their excelliye disposition to better judges than I, because in their idleness. They would find an active hunţs they see more of these animals, life insupportable. Supreme happiness, whether these pantomime ballers were in their opinion, after that of drinking well executed. They all affured me to intoxication, consists in having no it was difficult to find more kilful thing to do, and in leading a life of dancers in the country, and that the indolence. This desire is so great gait, and all the attitudes of the beat, among these people, that it makes were so well imitated as to deceive the them neglect the means of providing eye. I must, however, observe, with for the first neceflities of life, so that the permission of the amateurs, that whole families have been frequently these dances are as tiresome to the seen in the winter reduced to extreme spectator as fariguirg to the actor. want, because they have not chosen One cannot belp suffering af secing in the summer to lay in a stock of them disiocate their members, and fish, though with them it is the "fio ft break their wind, and all to express and most necessary article of food. If the exceffive pleasure they feel in these they thus overlook the very means of grotesque dances, which resemble the existence, it is natural to suppose that ridiculous diversions of favages: in they are ftill more negligent in regard many respects, indeed, the Kantto cleanliness, which is neither re. schatkadales may be placed in this markable in their persons nor abode. rank.”
At length, when the snow storms which they Aruck in cadence with their began to abate, M. de Lesseps fut off pretended spells, or to announce their from Bolcheretzk in company with coming ; in a word, they have abanM. Kafloff, with a caravan of thirty-five doned all their magical instruNeds, drawn by about three hundred ments. The cereniunies in their doys. The necesity of taking pro- affemblies, which, though held fevisions for both men and dogs on a cretly, are not lefs frequented, are long journey through this frozen, fa- now confined with narrower limits. mished country, was the principal Let the reader figure to himself a circaule of their being so numerous. cle of spectators itupidly attentive and These dogs are much of the kind of ranged around the forcerer or forceour shepherd's dog, are wonderfully ress; for the women are also intiatfleet, and so full of spirit, that they ed in the mysteries of the Chamans. frequently attack each other to obtain On a sudden the Chaman begins to the honour of precedency, and over- sing, or rather to utter shrill sounds, turn the fleds, which are fometimes without either measure or signification; broken to pieces in the fury of the the docile assembly answer in the fanić conflict. This is the more remarka- tone, which forms the moft difcorble as they only make one meal a-day, dant and most insupportable concert. conhitting of a dried salmon. After By degrees the Chaman acquires palling through a great number of greater animation, and begins to towns and villages, whence the au- dance to the confused sounds of the thor takes occafion to descant ftill company, who exhaust their breath more largely on the miserable dwel- and their voices in the excess of their lings and filih of the Kamtschatka- fervour and admiration ; the dance daies, and after meeting at Milkoff a grows quicker as the minister of the colony of Russian peasants, whose in- god Koutka feels the inspira:ion of dustry and the comfortable way of the prophetic spirit. Like the prieitlife that is its consequence, form a ess of Apollo upon the tripod, he complete contrast with the indolence rolls his haggard and furious eyes; and mifery of the Aborigines, he at, all his motions are convulfive ; his rives at Machoure, a village almoft mouth is distorted, and all his mementirely inhabited by Chamans, a fpe: bers grow ftiff: in a word, there is cies of pretended magicians. no kind of grimace or distorsion which
" The veneration the inhabitants he does not exhibit to the great astoof this village have for these forcerers nishment of his spectators. After is inconceiveable ; it approaches to having performed his pantomime for madness, and excites compefiion ; for some time, he suddenly Atops, and his the extravagance with which the lat- delirium becomes as calm as it was ter keep up the credulity of their coun- before agitated : he no longer hews trymen is fo strange and so ridiculous, either fary or transport, but the fa. that we are not more excited to laugh- cred recollection of a man full of inier than provoked to indignation, spiration, who is going to speak by In these latter times, it is true, they his mouth. The trembling afsembly do not profess their arų openly, or becomes immediately filent, and waits make fo great a display of their incan. the wonders about to be revealed. tations; their dress is no longer or- At length the incoherent accents fall Damented with mysterious rings, or from the lips of the impostor, who a variety of fymbolical piates of metal thus utters every thing that eaters his jingling together upon the smallest imagination, which is always attrimotion of their bodies; they have buted to the inspiration of the god
relinquished a kind of kettle Koutka, The orator generally ac,
Account of the Voyage of M. de Lesseps. companies his discourse either by a allowance, several died of hunger torrent of tears or loud bursis of and fatigue. In proportion as the laughter, according to the good or ill famine continued their deaths became he furetells; and his expreflive gel. more frequent, so that after a few days xures are varied according to the led- more, out of thirty-feven dogs that fation he feels.
drew the fled of M. de Lesteps, only We are convinced that there is twenty-three remaioed. At length, hardly a man from China to Stock- when every thing catable was confumhólm who, on reading these details ed, he arrived at a place called Poswould not deplore the miserable cré- ftaresk, which unfciiunately was fo dülity of the Kamtschatkadales ; and wretched a village that no freth supply yet there is scarcely a country from was to be cbtained from it. Meffen. Stockholm 10 China that lias not its gers had been dispatched for proviChumans.
lions in several directions; but while In the neighbourhood of a place be waited the event of their endea. called Tolbaichina M. de Lefieps obvours, death made the most terrible Served two volcanos, neither of which havock among the dogs. eniued fire, but constant volunies of " In the nean time," savs he, (moke. There is a third adjacent to our dogs had been unlarn: fied for the village Klufchefkaia ; but the in- the purpose of rying them up by tervention of a considerable moun- couples as usuad. As soon as they taip hid it cotirely fron his view. were faftened to the post, they fell From thence he makes a digression to upon the cords and harness, and in a visit Njenci-Kan schatka, tl.e capi. moment the whole was dercured. In tal of the peninsula, and in his Way
were attemp:s made to stop has an opportunity of observing the them; the greater part made their third volcano. It contantly emits escape into the country, where they - Names, which seem to burst forth wardered about, cating everything from the midst of the foow that co- their teeth could tear. Every moment vers the mountain to its very fum- some died, and immediately became mit. At Nijenei he niet wit! fere al prey to the others, who ruhed taJapanese, of whose adventures, dre's, venously upon the dead carcaffes, and and inaoners, he gives a detail that is tore them to pieces: every joint was both curicus and interesting. In prose- contended for by a band of rivak, cuting his journey through this inhopi- who attacked the first perfeffor with table climate our traveller was fome. fury. If he fell overpowered by numtimes stopped by violent storms, and bers, he became in his turn the obje&t
sometimes delayed by the dread of of a new combat. To the horror of witothers; but at length he reached Ka- pelling this scene, succeeded the fad ragui, the lait village of the peniniula fpectacle of all those that befieged the of Kamascharka. After his departure jourt in which we lived. They were zhence, and his entering the country all moft lamentably lean, and could of the Koriaks, his dificulies grew scarcely stir. Their plaintive and congreater ; the want of villages obliged 'tinual howling seemed to beg us to him to pass the nights in the open alift them, and to reproach us with country, and in the midit of the friox, our want of ability to do so. Several his stock of provisions being at the that suffered as much from cold as Same time fo fender as only to afford hunger, approached the external openone meala-day,while that of his canine ing in the roof of the yourt, that gives cattle was so much reduced, that, re- passage to the smoke; the more they ceiving only a fourth of their usual telt the heat the nearer they drew, till at length, either through weakness or seps took the few dogs that remained hunger, they fell into the fire before alive to profecute his journey; and he our eyes."
concludes his first volume by taking At last one of the messengers re- leave of his companion M. de Kafturned with an ample supply of loff. whale's flesh and oil. M. de Lef
[To be continued.]
Translation of the Address presented to the National Assembly by the Jews refida
ing at Paris.
netrated with admiration and require to be solicited, nor anticipated respect at beholding the multiplied by our withes. In restoring to Man acts of Justice which proceed from his prinitive dignity, in re-establishthe National Af-mbly, are embol- ing him in the enjoyment of his dened to filter themselves that their rights, you did not mean to make fate would not escape your foresight, any distinction between one man and and that they also fou'd finally feel another; this title belongs to us, as the happy effects of your wisdom; and well as to the other Members of Soshey take the liberty to come and de- ciety, and the rights which are depolit, in the midst of this augutt Al- rived from thence thould belong to sembly, the anticipated homage of us equally. their gratitude, and the solemn testi
This is the consequence, my mony of their patriotic devotedness. Lords, so cheering to us, which re
Abased until now in the opinion of sults from the fundamental principles the world, distressed on all fides, per- which you have just established. Thus secured on account of our name, with are we certain from henceforward which they seemed to reproach us; to have a new existence, and differoutcasts from society, and tharing none ent from that to which we have until of its advantages, although the com- now been doomed. In this Empire, mon taxes have been levied on us : which is our native country, the title such has been our destiny in this En- of Man secures us that of Citizen andpire, and such is that of all our bre, the title of Citizen will give us all the ahren in almost all the countries of rights of the City, and all the a ivil fathe Universe, over which they are culties which weiee arcenjoyed around dispersed. That terrible and inces about us, by the Members of that fant persecution to which we baie Society of which we form a part. been given up, has never made us for- But in order to prevent any equiget that submission was the chief of vocal construction being put on it, our duties. We have borne all with- and that the long oppression to which out a murmur, we have groaned with- we have been victions may not serve as out complaining, and the kingdom has a pretext(in the eyes of fome individunever been disturbed by our cries for als) to oppress us stiil; and that the redress; and this loog resignation on people (the course of whose ideas it our part, is, perhaps, my Lords, the is often difficult to change) may,
by most authentic proof that we are at the confidence they have in your Delength deserving of a better fate. crees, relinquish at once the, habit Without doubt, and we delight which they have contracted, of re
garding .80 Address of the Parisian Jews to the National Assembly. garding us, as we may fay, like stran- patriotism. We fo much desire to gers to the French Nation, and un- render ourselves worthy of that title worthy to have any other existence, with which we are to be invested, and we are come, my Lords, to intreat we are so well convinced of the neyou to make a particular mention of cessity which all the inhabitants of a the Jewish Nation in your Decrees, great Empire are under of submitting and also to render sacred our title and themselves to an uniform fyftem of on rights as Citizens.
police and jurisprudence ; that we alk That submission to the laws, of to submit ourselves in coramon with which we have given fo invariable an other Frenchmen to the same jurilexample, our ardent love for the Mo- prudence, the fame police, and the narchi, the pacifick character of our fame tribunals ; and that we, thereNation, the folemn oaih which we fore, in consideration of the public have taken to sacrifice always our good, and our own advantage, always lives and fortunes for the public good, Subservient to the general interest
, all assure us that our prayers will not do, in consequence, renounce the be in vain, and that our desires will privilege which had been granted be heard with attention.
us of having particular rulers chosen We have a Religion different from from amongit us, and approved of by that established in France we are the Goveroment. attached to that Religios-but that Deign, my Lords, to accept this fame attachment speaks in our farour. formal renunciation, which we make It is our bond this day ; it is a secu- into your hands. sity that we shall be faithful to our Deign to remember the oath which oath ; for an attachment to a worship, we have taken to sacrifice, in every whatever it be, has far more falutary instance, our lives and fortunes for effects than indifference. Our Relic the glory of the Nation and of the gion shall be our guide in all the ac. King. tions of our life---it will be as a curb Deign, lastly, to interest yourselves in the midst of palions which might in our fare, and explain folemnly lead us astray--and if in our hands what it ought to be, and rescue us, Religion is not the cause of discord for ever, from the persecution to and diffention to Society, it will be bare which we been too long condemAtill more profitable for that Society ned. to leave us in possession of our Reli- Such, my Lords, are the obje&s gion; than to see us indifferent in ob. we have to ser before the eyes of the serving its ceremonies.
National Assembly. Perhaps they But the pait ought to be an earnest require to be treated of more fully, of the future-we never have, nor do but we thought that a plain statement we disturb Society in the least by the was sufficient. Your zeal and nopeaceable exercise of our Religion. manity assure us, that you will weigh. We shall be from benceforward, our demands and rights with an atwhat we have always been, and still tention worthy of those duties which are.
you have inposed on yourselves. Our fole obje& rules and animates To raise os to the rank of Citizens, all our fouls, the good of our coun- and to give us un. Etat civil, is only try, and a desire of dedicating to it an act of justice ; nevertheless we wish I our strength. In that respect, we to consider it as a favour. We will
not yield to any inhabitant of publish it every where with gratitude, "; ve will dispute the plan with our brethren dispersed over the face of Citizens for 2cal, courage, and the earth shall partake of that gratitude