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ideas which did not originally occur Nemeitz, in the course of his de to himself.

fence, adds in a note leveral particuThus far from d'Uffenbach. The lars with regard to Leibnitz, some of following particulars are taken from a which are known. At the age of 50 curious enough collection which Ne- he intended to mariy, but the person meitz, a counsellor to the Prince of he had fixed on having desired time Waldec, published in 1739 under a to confiiier of his pionosais Leibnitz very Singular title, a literal translation also took time to consider, and altered of which is in the nore below*. Leib his mind. Some have a:tributed to pitz did too much honour to Ger- him a natural fon called William Dinrany to be omirred in the literary ad- ninger whom he employed as his clerk verfaria of a German. In the first according to the author of the Jewish Theers of his collection Nemeitz dedi- lerers, and as a servant according to cates a chapter to this great man, in others. Nemeitz doubts of this cir. . which he defends him on the score cumstance, and his reason is, that he oi religion, as Dom of Vienna, the never heard it mentioned at Hanover, Benedictine, did Montaigne on the where Leibnitz did not want cenfur. fams fubied, and as a matter of arts ers and even enemies. in Greifswald made the apology for On the evening in which this great Descartes in a short dissertation main. man died, Dr Seip, one of the phy. tained in the University of that city sicians of the Prince of Waldeck, who in the year 1705+.

had become acquainted with Leibnitz Nemeiiz informs us, among other the preceding summer at the waters things, that th: unhappy play on the of Pyrmont, was called to him rather words Leibnitz glaubt nichts, (Leib. as a friend than in the capacity of a nitz believes nothing which had such physician ; for though Leibniz bad a disadvantageous influence on the some confidence in physic, yet be made opinion fornied with regard to that yery little use of it himse!f. The

philosopher's faith, proceeded from a doctor felt that his pulle was very - minister of Hanover, called Heine- weak, his hands cold like lead, and mann, with whom Leibnitz had been that there were all the symptoms of To imprudent as to dispute, without an approaching cold sweat: he there. being convinced or pretending to be fore informed him of his dange: ; but convinced. The Chevalier Jaucourt, Leibnitz replied, that his hands were who also relates the above words, which 'feldom warmer, and tha: if any thing afterwards became a sort of proverb, extraordinary should happen, he would feems to attribute them to the Jesuits apply to his coromon remedy which

of Vienna, who had long flattered would set him to rights. The physi· themselves with the hopes of gaining cian however, having persuaded him

Leibnitz over to the Church of Rome, to make use of a niore instant and from which however at bottom he was more efficacious medicine, went away not very far removed,

to have his prescription made up. But

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• Rational Thoughts of J. C. N. (Joachim Christopher Nemeitz) on all sorts of subje&s historical, critical, and moral, with various remarks: Francfort 1739,40.

in this apology we are informed that one Revius, author of a book called Cartefiomania, and who had known Dcfcartes at Deventer, affures us that he never saw any other

books on his table but a French translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses, and a work of · Kepler's. The fame Revius exhorting Descartes to think seriously on the Protestant Re

ligion, was answered by the Philofopher, “ I am of the saine religion with the king :" but this not satisfying Revius, “ I am, added bc, of the same religion with my nuríc;" ad this was all he could get from him

he had scarcely got the length of the meftics; his receipts always exceeded apothecary's shop when a person came his expenditure. He had pencions to inform him that Leibnitz was no from five different sovereigns, and con. more, Death surprised him at the siderable pensions they were. That moment when he was preparing to set which he had from the Czar amount. about his usual occupations. There ed to a thousand ducars, according to were found upon his bed, and upon the literary, hiitorical Dictionary, comthe chairs that surrounded it, several posed in German by M. Joecher, a.. letters and some books ; among others professor at Leipzig. In wort we Barclay's Argenis, an allegorical ro- may judge of the revenue of Leibmance, so highly eft mated formerly. nitz by the incredible sums he laid out This performance Leibnitz used fre- on the execution of bis arithmetical quently to read for the sake of its la- machine, which he never finished. It tinity.

cost him, acco ding to the same DicThe discovery of this romance at tionary, niore than four and twenty Such a time made a great noise among thousand rix-dollars, no doubt on ac.. the clergy of those days. The partie count of the great number of work. cular opinions that Leibnitz had en- men he daily employed on thar fingle, tertained on certain poiațs of theology objed, about which he was buried might perhaps have been pardoned the greareft part of forty years. It is had he died with a crucifix at his bed. Dow preserved at Gottingen in the obfide. But all that he had ever writ- 'servatory of the University, and is ten in favour of religion was forgot. much nearer perfection, according to ten when it was known that he had Professor Putter, than is commonly died reading a romance. Nemeitz imagined. iakes pains to remove the bad impref But to return to Nemeitz. After fion that this circumstance is produc- having told us that the library of the tive of, and observes that, after all, the philosopher, went wholly to increase Argenis is not a dangerous book that of the Elector, " I might here,"

Fontenelle, in the beautiful eulo. says he, “ communicate to my readgium which he dedicates to the memo- eis many circumstances of his life, ry of Leibnitz, fays, that after his death such, for instance, as the privaie meat. an immense sum of money was found irgs that were held at the house of in his coffers, the fight of which so the Electress Dowager, with that affected his sole heir, the wife of a princess, the Duke Antony Ul. elergyman at Probstheida, a parish pear rich of Wolfenbutel, the celebrated Leipzig, that she died soon after. If Abbé Molanus, and Leibnitz ; as this last circumstance has not been io- likewise of the feasts, that were there sented to embellish the recital, it proves given in the manner of the ancient a great degree of avidity, especially in Romans, and several other curious the wife of a curate. Nemeitz does particulars; but the respect that indi. not mention this accident, but he in- yiduals owe to Princes restrains forms us that M. Læder (this won me.” man's husband, and nephew to Leb. This excesive delicacy in M. Nenitz) carried away from Hanover from meitz is certainly very much to be 14 to 16,000 crowns, including me- regretied, and I think be mig ht have dals of gold and silver.

been pardoned, though he had not Th s was the heritage of a man of carried his respect to very far. Neiletters who had, according to the in. ther the suppen in the manner of the genious expression of Fontenelle, spent ancients, nor the conferences with so much by negligence. It was in the Abbé of Lockum, (Molanus) yain that he was pillaged by his do- who, by the by, did not die poor


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more than Leibnitz, could have given made them divert themselves before
offence to the illustrious house of him, at the plays and games accommo-
Brunswick, had the account of them dated to their age; while he, indo-
been published. We know, on the lently funk in his easy chair, was at-
contrary, that Dake Ulrich (the same tentive to their little sports, tistesed
who endeavoured at the peace of to their innocent prattle, and traced the
Ryswick, to preserve a protestant ca. dawnings of reason and the workings
nonry in the Cathedral of Strasburg, of nature in their young minds; and
and who turned Catholic in 1710,) when he had sufficiently enjoyed this
engaged Molanus and Leibnitz to amusing spectacle, he would give them
open an epiftolary correspondence a few sweetmeats and fend them a-
with some of the moft celebrated theo. way.
logians of the Roman Catholic We shall finish these anecdotes,
Church, in order to bring about, if by a passage from the Otium Hunng-
possible, a union with the Protestants. veranur, of Foller, a man who was
The materials of this grand negocia well acquainted with Leibnitz, in or-
tion, which unfortunately did not der to justify the portrait drawn of
succeed, are in the possession of Mr him above by d'Uffenbach. “ This

great man," says he," was too much To supply the defect of those anec- in love with fame, and too much endores, which the excessive discrétion gaged in other occupations, to perof M. Nemeitz has deprived us of, form the duty of a historian. He we shall here relate one that he has did not willingly allow any one to preserved in the sixth part of his mif- enter the room in which he kept his cellanies, as it delineates a characterif- books, left the sources whence he tic feature in the portrait of Leibnitz. drew his materials Mould be discoverThis philosopher took great delighted; for he himself once said to me, to see young children at particular that the studies of learned men mighe times; he used frequently to fend for, be judged of by a light of their a number of them of both sexes, and books."

On several Natural Phenomena explained in a new Manner *.

THE chemists have found all the who confidently support doctrines

1 influence of the modern discover- which their authors would blush to ies in the explanation of meteors : acknowledge, if they could be witbui, more occupied to further the nesses of the progress of chemistry. progress of chemistry, than to apply This paper is intended to apply the the'n to philosophy, they have hazard- lights of modern chemistry to the pheed conjectures, only, and left to philo- nomena of nature ; and particularly sophers the care of applying them. to those the atmosphere presents durNo philofopher has hitherto been ing a storm. known to attempt converting these er- 1. The composition and decomposors into proofs fupported by facts fition of 'water is no longer a proand experiments. We even see, in our blem. The fine experiments of Mefown days, a number of philofophers fieurs Cavendish and Lavoisier have who are attached to their old srrors, fatisfied the greater part of chemists

02 By the Abbe Libes, Professor of Philofophy in the Royal College of Thoulouse.

on that article ; and if any one has celebra ed Priefley afferts that the doub, on that inr: 151 trith, in: central heat will alone, ia fome cases, experiments of 1 frs. Van Troitig produce that effect. and Deman, published in November 3. The summer season is the most 1786, are well calculated to dispel subiet to storms. They are always the 1; we mnay, therefyre, establish it preceded by exceflive heat; from as an incintestible fact, that water is whence it follows that those dars composed of gaz oxiginé, or vital air, which are incommodei by forms are and of gaz hydroren, or in laminable marked by the composition of a conait ; that by a mixture of these two fiderable quantity of vital air and inairs, in the pr); Ort.on of Gx to one, flammable air, arising from the decomthere results witer whenever this mix. position of water. ture is in fained by electric matter, 4. It is well known that vita! air and that conlequent'y we may bok forms one fourth of the atmosphere, on viral air, inilamınable air, and elec- that thai alone is proper for rdoirawic inaiter, as thirée elements which lion, and that confequently the atmoconcur in the formation of wa. fphere would soon love all its falabrity ter,

if it was not furnihed wth some 2. That solar heat, united with means to repair its loiles. The most central heat, wiil, in certain circum- fertile of these means, probably, stances, operate to the decomposition during the hears of the summer, is, of water, and the quantity of water the decompofition of water. lo this décomposed must always augment in decomposition the atmosphere finds direct proportion to the intentity of wherewithal to indemnify itself for the solar reat. No chemist regards the facrifices it makes in favour of this affertion as problematical. The animals.

Anecdotes TT is surprising that the French hif. the horrid Tragedy was acted by his T rorians have caken fo little notice orders, the immediately threw herself of Queen E isabeth of Austria, wife at the foot of a crucifix to implore the of Charl. s IX. one of the most virtu- mercy of God upon the crud king ous Princesses that ever reigned in and his guil: y subjects. France, one of the handsomelt women After the death of Charles IX. fhe. of her time, whose virtues furpalied retired to Vienna, where he died in her beauty, and the more to b: ad. 1592 at the age of 38. During her mired, as these qualities rarely met reigo she was the love and the admi. jo one person at the court in which the raion of the Fa:ilians, and the king lived. Speaking but little, and that her husband, who had all the confiderlittle in the Spanish congue, she was at ation for her of which she was worno pains to im rove herfclf in the thy, used to call her his Saint. French, as if the had foresceo that she One day as some people were rela. had but a thort while to live in that ting to Henry IV. the high opinico kingdom. Devout from principle and that Charles entertained of his wife : without of viation the ofien spent “ Veitrc Saint Gris! cried the king; whole nights in prayer. The fatal “ if I were Pope I would never renight of St Bartholomew having ex. “ quire better evidence for the canoniccedingly diftreiled her, it was her firit " fation of a woman, than the opinion care to ask if the king knew what was " of her hulband." duin. And when the was told that

Account of the Journal Historique Du Voyage de M. de Lesseps, &c. lately

Publiihed in France.

TN 1785, the French Ministry fit. tions of gravitation in severel parts of 1 ted out two frigates, well equip- the globe; on the difference it may ped, under the command of the Count have in the two hemispheres, and on de la Peyrouse and M. de Langle,both the exact figure of the earth. For able officers, in order to make re- this purpose Mr Dagelet carried with , Searches respecting geography, aftro. him the invariable pendulum of M.' 3 nomy, natural history, and other de la Condamine, which had been 15 branches of knowledge. Two aftro. before used in America, Africa, and's nomers, M. de Dagelet, of the Aca. Lapland. demy of Sciences, and M. Menge. After making some observations at a junior, profeffor at the Military Teneriffe, M- de la Peyrouse pursued School, embarked in these veffels; his voyage, about the end of Auguft, but as the latter could not endure the and proceeded thence to Brazil, the nausea of a fea voyage, he was obliged coast of Chili, the Easter and Sandto return fome time after. Count de wich illes, California, &c. and arrive la Peyroufe was attended also by the ed at China in the beginning of the Chevalier de Lamanon and M. Mon- year 1787. After this he proceeded ge, junior, canon of Sainte Genea to the Manillas, and the harbour of vieve, two gentlemen welll acquaint- St Peter and St Paul in Kamtschatka, ed with experimental philosophy; by where M. de Lesseps quitted the vessels three naturalists, M. Martiuiere, Fa- in order to return to Europe. ther Recours, a cordelier, and M. da In the month of June last year leto pre Frefue ; by M. Moneron, an engi- ters were received from these naviga.' neer, and by several painters and ors, dated March 1788, at which draughtfmen. These learned men time they were at Botany Bay, on were presented to the king on the 18th he coast of New Holland ; and it apof June, ample instructions were given pears that M. de Langle, who comthem, and no expence was fpared to manded the Astrolabe, and who was ; provide them with such instruments one of the ableft officers in the French I as they might have occasion for. A service, was killed at the isle of Mo. 1 medal was ftruck to preserve the re- hona, with thirteen of the crew, a. . membrance of this enterprise, under-mong whom were the Chevalier de taken in the tenth year of the reigo Lamanon and Father Recours, a cor. of Louis XVI.

delier, both well versed in natural, These vessels, one of which history. This island lies in the Arwas called La Bouoffule and the chipelago, called by Bougainvilleother L'Aftrolabe, failed from Breft Navigator's Illes, in long. 208° and, on the id of August, 1785. The lat 14° fouth. After the death of former had on board one hundred and M. de Langle, M. de Clopard took thirteen men, and the officers were the command of the Astrolabe, and selected from the most resolute and the two vessels failed from Botany skilful in the French Navy. Very Bay about the middle of May 1988. sanguine hopes were formed of the Though above a year has now elapsed infor:nation that would be procured since that period, no accounts have by this voyage; and Mr Dagelet was been yet received of the future proparticularly ordered to make observa- gress of the Count de la Peyrouse; } cions on the tides, and on the pendus and there is too much reason to apo lum, in order to ascertain the varia: prehend that fome misfortune has be. 3 B Vol. XII. No. 72.


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