Billeder på siden

Article 1. Å direct tax upon the pro- the sun appeared. I really believe it nes duce of the country to the extent of 198 ver shone on a more folemn cere. millions.

mony; the funeral honours paid to 2. A house tax of so millions to be to the citizens who fell on the walls of paid by the proprietors.

Nanci, will long be remembered in Pa. 3. A tax of 20 millions on corpora- ris: an immenie multitude of every age tions of trades.

and condition, of both sexes, crowdedi n. 4. A voluntary capitation tax, to enti: to the Champ de Mars; at leaft eight tle every man to be enro:led and enjoy hundred thousand ! the service bore the the rights of a citizensnip.--This he esti. Itamp of true grandeur ; the altar, the mated at two millions. "

triumphal arch, which remain, as well as s. A cax on fervants no: employed in the seats, fince the confederation, and huibandry; for one fervani, of whatever the gallery of the military school, were fex, 30 livres ; for two, 4, livres each; all hung in black; the ceremony began for three, 6.7 livres. This to produce 20 at one, and was ovet at three o'clock; millions.

every polille precaution was taken to 6. Horses kept for pleasure, for one prevent accidents ; the dirge was accomhorse, 20 livres; two 25 livres each ; panied by warlike instruments. I send three 30 livres each ; and four 35 livres. you the inscriptions that were round the 'To produce three millions.

tomb, as they appeared to me to pofsefe 7. A tax on carriages. To produce a dignificd fimplicity, characteristic of the two millions

rites that were performed. First infcrip. . 8. The tax on public spectacles to be ţion,-" To the manes of the wariors

augmented one tiird, and the directors who fell at Nanci in defence of Liberty to pay into the public treasury, one third and the Laws."'--Second Infcription, of their receipt—This to produce three Enemies of France tremble ! they bave millions.

bequeathed to us an example, which sball 9. A reduction of one tenth of the in- for ever be imprinted on our memory."tereft payable in the public creditors Third inícription, Marble and brats This to yield fifteeen millions.

will decay, but their remembrance will 10. A posting duty, and a duty on the last for ever." - Fourth infcription, manufacture of gun.powder and falt-pe. It was here they swore to continue faitbtre-Fifteen millions.

ful to tbe Nation, to the Law, and to ibe 11. A stamp duty on newspapers, mu- King; to die in order to cement witb fic, and prints, with some other articles their blood, the basis of our Constitucion." Seven millions.

- -Although all was conducted with 12. The cultoins shall be continued on adı irable regularity and order, there the frontiers, and organized in such a were a few zealous Parriots who found manner as not to prejudice the com- fault with some of M. de la Fayeite's merce of France with foreign nations- Aides-de-Camp, that were imprudent To produce twenty millions.

enough to appear abroad on such an de13. A duty on all liquors, nct the com- cation, without a crape on their arm; mon drink of the people, a duty upon they exclained in their warmth, If meat as heretofore, and a tax on tobacco the service of a crowned tyrant was the To prod.ce 30 millions.

cause of this Assembly, if it was to ren14. There thall be received, at the en- der poithumous honours to a Meftalina, france, a duty on cloathing--To amount a titled knave, a foolish King, or a lewd to 40 milions.

and sanguinary Queen, no military mad Total, five hundred and fixty-eigut would dare appear, here without some milions.

token of mourning." On the eve of the Great praise was bestowed on this above ceremony, a Knight of the Comb plan, and it was ordered to be print. was taken in the act of ferring fire to · td.

the black cloth of the triumphal arch;

had he perpetrated his design, the AriParis, Sept. 23.

stocratic party, to whom the Confedera. On Monday morning the rain fell tion was an eye-fore, would have amply here abundanty; the Parifians trembled rewarded him; it is certain that it was left it should continue the whole day, as not for his amusement that the barber on the memorable 14th of July ; but went to work, and as such was the opitheir apprehension was groundless, for, nion of the Magistrate, before whom he Do sooner did she troops begin their was carried, he lay that night in prison: march than the weather cleared up and alas poor Figaro!



" The National Asembly, after ha

ving heard the account which has been Paris, Sept. 30.

laid before it, in the name of its ComAt length the great question concern- mittee of reports, of the proceedings ining the expediency of paying that part stituted, at the request of the King's 10of the National Debt which is imine- licitor for the Chatelet of Paris, on the diately due, or daily becoming so, is de- rith of December 1789, and following termined. This debt to be discharged days, against Mell. de Mirabeau senior, by issuing a certain quantity of Assignats,

and Louis-Phillippe d'Orleans, is of opi. or Paper money. Our readers are to nion, that in their co

pion, that in their conduct there were no understand that ibis part of the National grounds for censure.” Debt confifts chiefly in the necessary re

The Allembly gave orders that this imbursement of the different Officers of report should be printed. Justice, Magiftrates, and Placemen, who,

The greatest troubles reign at Brest; according to the ancient system, depo

M. Albert de Riom is known to be a refated in the Royal Treasury confiderable solute officer, and the last letters from fums of money, by way of security for

that seat of fedition fay, he told the their fidelity : many, 'indeed most of failors, “If in two hours they did not thefe places, being suppressed by the Af- fubmit without a murmur, that he would sembly, all thofe different deposits are to let them see whom they had to deal be returned. This debt in itself amounts with.”. A fecond edition of the affair at to near Eight Hundred Millions. The Nanci is looked for! two Commissioners general opinion was, that this fum, great are dispatched to Breft, to inquire into as it is, should in justice be paid: others

the causes of the mutiny, and to deliver would have added another Thousand over the authors and fomentors of it to Millions for the payment of the whole condign punishment; a spark lights up National Debt. The matter has been the conflagration; the sailors refused to almoft the whole object of discussion let one of their comrades be punished; fince Friday, on which day the debates

that exasperated the commanders, and were closed, and yesterday the question

from thence the mutiny had its rise. was put to the vote. The Houfe fat from nine in the morning till eight at

Protest of the Marechal Duc de Broglio, night, when it was determined by a ma

a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, jority not very confiderable, that Allig. nats' to the amount of eight 'hundred

against the Decree of the Representatives millions, should be issued as soon as they

of the French Nation, passed the 19th can be prepared : this, with four hun

of June laff, for the Abolition of Hedred millions already given out, will

reditary Nobility. make one thousand two hundred mil. " At the time of my being promoted lions, French, or fifty millions sterling, to the first inilitary rank, I took a folemn of paper money.

oath before the King, that I would ad. It is endless to mention the arguments vise him of every ihing which hould employed on the different points of the have a tendency to endanger his crown, question. Some, we are convinced, have or shake the foundations of the monaracted from principle; but most of the chy. orators have been guided by their own " The aboli'ion of hereditary nobitiperfonal intereft. In short, there is rea. ty, will certainly produce those fatal ef. son to believe, that the prefent decision fects, and, eventually ruin and annihi

is wholly formed on the influence of lare both; for the existence of royalty · Sock.jobbers; and that whenever this and monarchy is impossible, without the

paper money comes into circulation, it fupport of hereditary nobility, which will be attended with effects mcre bene- has, for ages, b-en thrornament of the ficial to private speculators than to the nation and the glory of the Monarch. public.

o I should think myself highly culpaO&tober 1.

ble, if I did not exdicts, in the Itrongest M. Chabroad continued the report re- terms, my difapprobation of this degradlative to the affair of the 6th of October, ing and ruinous mesure. of which yesterday he was unable to get Born of roble parents, I was early through more than the first part. He educat d among the young nobility of concluded, in name of tie Committee France :---I have since gradually obtainof Reports, with the following plan of a ed the first rank in the army, and have decree :

had the honour to lead them,-zealously VOL. XII. No. 70,


devoted to the service of their King and could scarce have been surpassed by the country, against the enemies of hoth. best disciplined artillery men of Europe.

" I have frequently witnessed their Thus, a war has actually commenced characteristic valoui, which was the ad- between Spain and Morocco. miration even of those whom they had vanquished. : «I seize with eagerness this present

ENGLAND. opportunity, to acknowledge with sincere gratitude, and heartfelt pleasure, my During this month the preparations for personal obligations to thote noble and war have been carried on with unremit. heroic officers, and to those brave and ting activity. Additional hips have been well-disciplined i gions-to whom I am put into commiffion, the Guards have indebted for the victories which I have been drafted, and regiments embarked obiained, and for the honours to which with secret instructions. Nothing, how, I have been promoted.

ever, has appeared on the part of Spain " It is imposible, that I should, on to give matters a more hoftile determinathe profeni occafion, refuse to unite with tion, if we except the insult offered by them in protesting against a decree which the Captain of a Spanish frigate, to the invads and annihilates the dearest and commander of the Trelawney Planter, moit sacred rights.

a homeward bound Welt-Indiaman. " I should be highly criminal, were I Whether it is meant to make this a to remain filent, and tamely suffer the subject of complaint does not as yet apinterefts of the crown and of the nobili. pear; but as the Ministry have thought ty to be wantonly invaded with impu, proper to make a particular inveftigation nity.

of the case, it is incumbent on us to give is Resolved, therefore, to observe the our readers the result. folemn oath which. I have taken, and to discharge the several duties of Marechal de France, -of a nobleman and father of Narrative of the Case of Captain M.Do. a numerous family, to whom it is in.

nald of the Trelawney Planter. cumbent on me to transmit the honours which have descended to me from my Captain James M.Donald, Command, ancestors, I protest again it the decree er of the thip Trelawney Planter, failed of the 19th of June last, which abolishes from Martha Brae, Jamaica, on the zift the hereditary nobility; and I will cause of July lait, bound for London with ore this proteft, properly attested, to be ders from his owners to join the convoy lodged in the public Depois,-25 a tefti- to windward at Port Anthony, if prac. mony, which shall evince to France, to ticable, by the 23d of thar month. After Europe, and to pofterity,-my firm at beating to windward for 24 hours, and tachment to a body of nobles so truly re- the ship gaining no ground, the wind at spectable, and my affection for my chilthe saine time blowing very strong, and dren. (Signed)

the current adveríc, Capt. M Donald, Le Marechal Duc de BROGLIO. with the advice of his officers, thought Treves, nug.1. 1790.

it prudent to bear away for the pallage

through the Guph of Florida, which is WAR BE TWIXT SPAIN AND MOROCCO. the usual passage of loaded ships from Ja

maica, particularly from the lecward MALAGA, Sept. 9.

paris of the island In confequence of the hostile inclina. Nothing material happened till the sth tions tesiilied by the Emperor of Moroc- August, at 4 P. M. when the man at co to the Spanish nation, and the cruel, the mal-liead discovered a ficet a-fiern, ties excerciled upon such of his ministers the ship then fteering N. E. by N. latias were favourable to our nation, our tude at noon, 25, 28. Capr. M.Donald court have ordered eight thips of the line, discovered with his glass, that one of the and three frigates to cruise off Cape St leading thips was a man of war, and, by Spartel,

her signals, supposed them to be part of A merchantman, who arrived here the English convoy from Jamiaca, which yesterday reports, that he has seen fix of might not have been able to make the there ships who were cannonading the windward paffage, and had borne away town of Tangier, and were answered by for the Gulph, as the Trelawney Planter the forts with a very spirited fire, kept had done. up with ardour and judgment, which All that night they had light winds


from the eastward, the. Thip laying up At 3 P. M. having all the finall fails N. N. E. with the lead constantly going set, and a light breeze from the S. E. At 4 A. M. got foundings in 34 fathoms, Capt. M.Donald hauled up to the Eastand foon after in 25 fathoms water. At ward in order to keep clear of Cape Cafive, they discovered Florida fhore, stretch- naveral Moal and the Spanish convoy. ing from North to East, diftant four or At 4 P. M. the Trelawney Planter five miles, with breakers between the failed faster than any of the Spanish merfhip and the shore, which Capt. M‘Do- chant ships, got to the windward of the nald found he could not weather on that fore-mentioned shoal, and palied on a- , tack. The Louisa, Capt. Steele (who head and to the windward of the whole was in company, but to windward,) be- Spanish convoy, ing a sharper built vessel, and laying up At six, being about a quarter of a mile nearer the wind than the Trelawneya-head and on the weather and starboard Planter, weathered the breakers which bow of the leading frigate, Capt. M.Donare called the Carysfort Reef; and pro- ald observed her making more fail, and ceeded on her voyage without molefta: feeing no ship a-bead, conceived the tion from the Spanish convoy.

might wish to speak hiin. Capt. M'Donald being now clofe in It being needless to run with a loaded with these rocks, was obliged to make ship from a frigate which was nearly two tacks to the Southward to check his within gun-shot, Capt. M'Donald thought Thips off shore, in order to weather the it prudent to back his mizen-topfail to reef.

allow her to come easily up with him, This brought his ship into the current as it was not in his power to get aof the stream again, and nearly abrealt of way. the leading thips they saw the evening It is the custom; even in time of war, before, at about three or four miles dif- when one ship chales another, and withtance, and to windward, which were now es to bring her to, to fire a gun to leediscovered to be a Spanish convoy, con war; if that has not the desired effects fisting of about 12 fiil. Capt. M.Do- to fire a shot athwart her fore-foot (a. nald then hoisted his colours at the mi- head of the chased thip; )when if the docs zen top maft-head, and kept them fiying not thew shorter fail, the other consider near two hours, but was never answered themselves at liberty to fire a broadside by the Spanish men of war, or any of the into her, ot take any other steps in their merchant fhips, which is the usual com- power to bring her to. pliment expected on such occasions. In the preient case, when Capt. Maco At this time the wind was at East, the Donald was laying with his mizen topTrelawney Planter laying up N. N. E. fail to the mait, and not running from on the same tack with the Spanih fleet. the frigate, she came close under his IceCapt. M.Donald was now failing in a quarter (within half a ship's length), and, peculiar ficuation, from which he could without hailing, wantonly fired two not then poffibly extricate himself, viz. fhot athwart the Trelawney Planter's with the Spanish fleet about four miles ftern, so close that it made all her ca. right to windward of him, and the Flori. bin windows rattle, and very nearly ftruck da fhore, being a lee-thrre, clofe on board. her. In this pofition he was neceffitated to con: As soon as Captain M'Donald had tinue failing on the fame tack with the brought his Thip to, they hailed (in SpaSpanish convoy, which remained in light nish) ordering him to hoilt oui his boat all day.

immediately and come on board; afrer On the 6th of August, they were in Captain M.Donald had consulted his car: latitude 26, 14, with light winds frorn penter respecting the state of his boa's, the Eastwird, the Trelawney Planter he answered (by means of a Curracoa failor, drifting to the Northward, close on and his second mate, who underlloud board the Florida shore, the Spanish con Spanish), that his ship was leaky, and his voy still continuing in light about three boat not in order. or four miles to windward and to the Whereupon the Spanish commander caftward.

ordered him to hoist out his long boat, On the 5th of August, they had light if his small one was leaky, to waich variable winds from the $. E. quarter, Captain M‘Donald replied, it was impora the Spanish convoy ftill in fight, about a dle to hoist out his long boat, as it would league to windward, drifting together take every hand on board to effect it, and with the Gulph Atreann along the Florida as the pump required constant attendthore.

ance, that dep was impracticable, he.



fides it was then dark, and he did not M‘Donald's asking the reason of his de think it safe or proper to leave his ship attention, &c. the only answer he could obnight, particularly as she was but weak. tain was something fimilar to the above, ly marned ; to satisfy them, he would, with a great deal of ill language. Caphowever, keep close under the frigate's tain M‘Donald very juftly replied that stern till next morning, and then hoift those seas were as free to him, a British out his boat, and come on board if prac subject, as to the Spaniards for they ticable.

were then out of foundings, and one fide The Commander of the Spanish fri- (the Bahama Inands) belonged to the gate replied, that unless he hointed out King of Great Britain, the other (the his boat and came on board instantly, Florida shore) to the King of Spain. he would pour in a broadside and fink Captain M‘Donald was now ordered his ship.

on the quarter-deck, where he was conCaptain M‘Donald then ordered his fined all night between two guns, exmate and his men who could be spared posed to the wind and weather, and not from the pump, to clear the small-boat suffered to exercise himself by walking on of her lumber, in order to hoift her out; the deck, as a centinel was placed over but while they were about this bufiness, him to watch his motions, and keep him the mate discovered a boat coming from in that fituation till morning. Towards the frigate, upon which Capiain M.Don- the morning it was very iqually, and ald ordered a rope to be got to heave to there was danger of the thip and frigate's the boat, alto lights and nice!Tary attend- parting; had a gale of wind come on ants, and upon the boat coming along they must inevitably have parted compafide, Caotain M•Donald went himself to ny, which might have been attended with the gang-way, to receive the officer; but the worst of consequences to the Trelawhe refuied to come on board the thip. ncy Planter, as she left Jamaica at a time

Captain M‘Donald then repeated to when the expectation of war rendered him (by n.eans of his Curracoa failor) good seamen very difficult to be procured. the reasons for his not having complied She was therefore originally but weak. with the request of the Spaniin Command ly manned, and Vie lots of her Captain

er, as fuily stated above, but that he and one seaman was a matter of conte- would stay' by the frigate, and come on quence: the Captain also having all the board in the morning-o this the Officer Kip's papers in his pocket, made her liapaid no respect, and, without a king for ble to seizure by any nation whatever, the ship's papers, peremptorily, and had she been met with at fea without eiseemingly in a menacing manner, order- ther Captain or ed Captain M.Donald into the boat to go About six o'clock in the morning, the on board the frigate, with which Capt. frigate's boat was manned with two offM‘Donald thought proper to comply, cers, and feventeen men, and fent or rather than create any further alterca- board the Trelawney Planter, taking a tion-having first taken his ship's pa- Spanih negro with them, who fpoke rers with him and ordered his Curra. English, as an interpreter. On their arcoa failor into the boat, to serve as an in- rival on board the thip, the Spanish offiterpreter.

cers took the charge of her from the mate, Before the boat left the Trelawney who, together with the seamen, now conPianter, the Spanish Officer ordered the Gdered themselves as certainly captured. Maie to keep under the frigate's stern, The Sparish officers and teamen then and at his peril to part company. This rummaged the quip, searching every place happened between leven and eighto'clock they could get at, opening the bags of in the evening.

pimento, water and provision calks, &c. When Captain M‘Donald arrived on &c. They also wanted to hoift out the board the frigate, he was ordered into the rum from between decks, to search her, cabin,wherehe found hercommander,who lower deck for guns and fores; which began immediately to abuse him in Spa- they fufpected her to be loaded with. Afnith, for not boifting out his boat and co- ter having done this, and making partiming on board agreeably to his orders, cular enquiries concerning what naval telling Captain M Donald that he had no force was left at Jamaica, abuut eight right to navigate in those fcas, as they o'clock A. M. they hoilled out the Trebelonged to the King of Spain, his mal. lawney Planter's boat, and towed her after. This was explained to Captain ter them to the frigate, taking nothing M'Donald by his Curracoa Cailor, who from the ship but four more of her crew, was present in the cabin. Upon Captain whom they detained scar an hour on


« ForrigeFortsæt »