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Review of New Publications. might have been as properly ranked ces are touched on in the paper, tho' among the Literary as the Physiologi- but lightly, which tend much to concal papers, being valuable mostly as firm our fcepticism in regard to this

an investigation of the extent and an- extraordinary antiguity; the one is tiquity of the Indian astronomy, and the filence of the ancients with renot on account of the scientific re- gard to the Indian astronomy, tho' fearches it contains. This, however, had it so early attained its supposed is of no consequence, the paper itself perfection, it could scarce have escapcertainly merits attention. The mate. ed their notice. The other is, that Tials of it are chiefly taken from M. the Brahmins at present have no Bailly's “ Traité de l'ironomie In- knowledge of the principles on which dienne et Orientale ;" but Mr Playfair their rules of calculation are founded, has verified the calculations himself, -a cirtain proof at least that their and gone over the reasonings with the science, if rcally the work of a remote moft scrupulous accuracy. it is im- antiquity, has been very imperfectly possible to give a proper abftract of and-workilfully transmitted to them; the paper, it is sufficient to say, that it a çircumstance that must greatly dicontains strong argumenis in favour of 'minish the authority of their testimothe antiquity of the Indian astronomy, ny as to its origin and ancient state. which is here carried back to the year Mr Playfair concludes with obsery. 3102 before Chrift; and by an inge. ing, " that the whole evidence on this nious deduction from the table of the subject is not yet before the public, celeftialmotionsin nie among the Brah- and that the repositories of Bepares mios, compared with the real motion may contain what is to confirm or to as ascertained by European astrono- invalidate these observations." Till my, Mr Playfair attempts to thew, these are laid open, and their contents with much force of reasoning, that the made known, we apprehend it will be places and motions of the heavenly fafcft to suspend our judgment on this bodies must have been a&ually obferu- obscure though curious subject. ed by the Brahmins at that early peri- XIV.“ On the Resolutionof lodeod, and could not have been calcula- terminate

Problems," by John Leslie, ted in an after-age, while, at the same A. M. The object of this paper is to time the construction of the tablesim. resolve the compicated expresiops 06 pline a great knowledge of geometry, a. tained in the folution of indeterminate rithmetic, and even the theoretical part problems into {imple equations, by of astronomy. The arguments con- help of a single principle admitting of tained in this peper, we admit, are a very extenswe application. Atrong, and yet doubts, strong doubts, Ax B be any compound quantity ftill remain. We could have wished qual to another CXD, and let m be shat the material facts and documents any rational number affumied at pleaon which the reafonings are founded, sure, it is manifest that, taking equihad come through the channel of an multiples AxmB=CXmD; if there. author less an enthusiast for Indian fore we suppose A = mD, it must folåttronomy than Mr Bailly. Great as

C his abilities confeffedly are, he may low, that mB=C,or B=- Thus have been led, by his system, to find a perfection in these Brahminical tables, two equations of a lower dimension which they do not really possess, and are obtained. By repeated applicawhich they owe more to his ingeni- tion of this principle, an higher equapus interpretation than their own in- tion, if it admit of divisors, will be re. ìrinfic excellency. Two circumstan- folved into those of the firkt order."

The

* Let

The mode of applying this principle Such are the physical papers.conin some of the more general problems tained in the present volume ; our. is given by Mr Leslic.

readers will ealily perceive they are , XV. “Dissertation on the Climate not all of equal value, but we may of Rulia by Matthew Guthrie.M. D.” Safely affirm, that they are all of them, Dr Guthrie some years ago formed a at least in some degree, respectable, defigo of endeavorring to trace the ' and several of them will do real boinfluence of a cold climate on the hu- nour to the Society, man body; in parfuance of this plan,

[To be continued.] he has here given a curious and accurate detail of the phenomena of the Rufhan climate. It is scarce polible Short Sketches of the ancient Northern to do justice to this paper by any 2- Mythology. By F. Sayers, M. D. bridgemeat, we can only mention a 40 112 pages. Price 3s. 6d, few leadiag particulars. The Rulian

johnfon, 1790. winter lafts from the end of September to the begianing of May, the The object of the ingenious author mean period of the continuance of of these pieces, is beft explained by frost and snow about 230 days in the a part of his preface : year. Hail and tempests are very us • Mr Gray is the only one among common in that season, and the prevail our ctlebrated poets, who has chosen ing wind is the West; the air, tho' to notice the mythology of the Goils; cold

, is remarkably pure and elastic, ' he has touched it indeed with a malo giving a surpriling tone to the human terly, though sparing hand ; yet even : frame, and seeins to be strongly im; the little which he has chosen to in

pregnated with the electric fluid.- troduce, has repaid his attention, by.. From the mode of living in Peters- adding a fplendor, as well as novelty, burg, to guard agaioft the weather in to some of his popular performances. winter, Dr Guthrie fays he is con. It is certain, however, that the most vinced less cold is felt there than in sublime features of Scandinavian fuLondon or Edinburgh during the cold perstition have hitherto been concealmoitt weather that often takes place ed in the Sagas of Iceland, or have in these two cities. The Russian sum- appeared only in the tragedies of mer is nearly as hot as the winter is Klopstock, and a few other pieces cold ; two British travellers from Ben- little known, except among the Ger. gal complained much of the hear of a mans and Danes, to whom they owe Petersburg fummer; the atmosphere their existence. This being the case, during that period is in general serene I am tempted to publish these short and clear, but the hygrometer in a fine poems, with a view of giving some fummer evening indicated a greater Ilight idea at least, of the negle&cd degree of humidity thao during the beauties of the Gothic religion, and most continued rainy weather. Spring of recommending a freer introduction and ainumn are unknown in Rullia, of its imagery into the poetry of the summer and winter running into one English nation." another, almost without any sensible intermediate period. To this paper. are annexed iwo letters from M. Æ pinas, Counsellor of State, to Dr Adriado; or, the First of June, * Guthrie, containing fome remarks on Peen. By the Author of the Village several electrical meteorological phe- Curate, 8vo. pp. 105. . 6d. fewed gomena peculiar to the climate of Johnson, 1790. Rullia

180

Review of Nerv Publicationis. IN this poem, as in the Village Cu- first as a Fellow of the Linnkan SocieTate, we see the famie actual obser- ty of London, and, in the nex: place, vance of nature ; while; by attending as a zealous disciple of his great muda to the emotions of his own mind, and ter. The doctor writes very ilirewd. by defcribing what he himself fees, ly; and evinces that he has viewed the author irresistibly calls forth simi- the subject with accurate attention, Jar feelings in his readers. The poem His language is every where free from is not, however, without numerous personal reficction, and it is such as deíects.

a liberal opponent cannot dislike to reConsidered as a whole, Adriano por ceive. Sesses an advantage which the Village This subje&t has been fo ofien dira Curute wanted; it has a regular fable, cussed, that it is needless to make without which the best poetry, after any particular quotation. The botaa time; becomes infipid, and even fa- nift may be pleased to read the partitiguing. Independently, however, of culars of Mr Sinellie's obje&tions, and this, the present work. Toses its fupe- to observe the adroit manner in which riority ; its beauties are fewer, and Dr Rotheram turns many of them to its blemishes are more conspicuous. the confirination of the doctrine which

The fable is fiinple; it is, as the" they were intended to subvert. title implies, an bistory of the occur- * The migration of swallows has been rences of the summer's day: the ad maintained by Mr Smellie : Dr Ro

rentures, indeed, are numerous, and therain disputes the point, and is sa. · might, perhaps, never happen; but ther inclined to think that they pass

still they are not so far removed from the winter in a torpid state ; not ihat the limits of probability as to create any fuils are, or, perhaps, can be, yct disgust.

brought, fufficiently satisfactory to

ascertain the truth. The Sexes of Plants vindicated; in a

Letter to Mr William Smellir, Menn-
ber of the Antiquariar. and Royal Poenis, consisting of Miscellaneous Pico
Societies of Edinburgh; containing ces; and two Tragedies. By the late
4 Refutation of his Arguments :-* James Mylne, of Lochill, 8vo. 6.
gainst the Sexes of Plunts; and Re- boards. Creech, Edinburgh; Cao
marks on certain Pallages of his dell, London, 1790.
Philosopiy of Natural History. By
John Rotherain, M. D. Fillony of THE author, we are informed in
the Linnean Society, London, Svo. a short but well-written preface to the
pp. 43. 1s. 6d. Cadell, 1790. book, was a man of great worth, and

of amiable manners in private life. THE doctrine of the Sexes of Plants He had enjoyed the benefit of a libeseems so well established, and the ex. ral education; and found a pleasing re. perimenrs adduced by Lindé himself, lief, from professional occupations of and by his disciples, have wrought an active and laborious nature, in culsuch conviction on the minds of the tivaring the muse. He died, however, generality of men, that a persuasion without having prepared thefe pieces to the contrary will not readily pre- for the eye of the public. Io chele cirvail. However, we do not discoun. cuniftances his friends are responsible tenance the questioning any theory, for the publication now before us; and for every attack produces fome fresh we muit do them the justice to say, proof of the tru:h.

that we think they have no cenfure to Dr Rotheram enters the lifts on dread on the score of an imprudent this cccafion with great propriety, partiality to the merits of the author.

Conclufon

Conclusion of Ned Drowsy :--A Story*.

TH

THE reader will perhaps recollea that

cannot teach, and only nature in her haped the 'worthy Hebrew, who affumes the piest moments can beitow. name of Abrahams, had just concluded the

The next morning proluced a letter froin narrative of his adventures, and that the

honeit Abrahanıs, full of joy for the happy next morning was appointed for a concilia- reconciliation now eitablithed, and inviting tory interview between Mrs Goodison and

us to celebrate the duy with Mis Somerville

and the iadies at his house. This was an her fazer. Ned, whose natural indolence

anxious crisis for my friend Ned; and I pera had now began to give place to the mott

ceived his mind in such a state of agitution, active of all pallions, lud been so much agitated by the events of the day, that we had

that I thought fit to stay with him for the ņo sooner, parted from honest Abraham., rest of the forenoon; he began to fırın a than he began to continent upon the lucky likely to mect from the old gentlenian, with

variety of conjecturesastothe reception he was tlenuan at the comedy; he seemed strongly haviour, and even of speeches with which inclined to deal with deftiny for some cer

he was to usher in his first addresley; fome-' tain impulses, which he reinembered to have felt, when he was so earneit to go to the

times he funk into melancholy and despair,

at other times he would snatch a gleam of play; and declared with much gravity, that he went thither fully prepottefied fome good hope, and talk hintelf into transports ; he fortune would trrn up: “ Well, to be sure,''

was now, for the firit time in his life, tufaid he, “I ought to rejoice in the happy diously contriving how to let off ins person * turn aftairs have now taken, and I do

to the beit advantage; his hair was famion“ rejoice; but it would have given me in ably dreft, and a handsome new fuit vas « finite delight to have fulfilled the plan I

tried 0.1, during which he surveyed himself st had in delign for Mrs Goodifon's accom

in the glass with some attention, and; 23 I « modation; the will now want no allitt

thought, not entirely without a secret sa isa c. ance from me ; my litle cottage will

faction, which, indeed, I have seen oth or * never have the honour of receiving her; gentlemen bestow upon their persons in a " all thofe sehenes are at an end; Con

much greater degree, with much less reason

for their excule, « ftantia too will be a grcat fortune, she will « have higher views in life, and think no

When he was compleatly equipt, and the 6 more of me; or, is the did, it is not to

time approached for our young, “ Alas !" si be supposed her grandfather, who fo bite

he cried, “ what does all this fignify ? I am ki terly resented his daughter's match, will

“ but a clown in better clothes. Why was * suffer lier to fall into the faine ofience."

my father so neglectful of my education, I must confess I thought so èntirely with

« or rather why was I so negligent to bili mny friend Ned in the concluding part of

“ myself of the little he allowed me? What these remarks, that I could only advile him

6. would I not give to redeem the time I to wait the event of time, and recommend

“ have thrown away! But 'tis in vain : I himself in the mean while as well as he

“ have neither wit to recommend myself, .could to Mr Somerville, the grandfather of

" nor addrets to dif uile my want of it; I Conítantia. Art and education, it is true,

“ have nothing to picad in my favour, but had not contributed much to Ned's accom

“ common honour and honety; and what plishments, but nature had done great

“ cares that old hard-hearted fellow for qua

« lities which could not reconcile him to things in his favour; to a person admirably, though not sinically, formed, he had given

“ his own son-in-law ? he will certainly a molt interesting set of features, with such

“ look upon me with contempt. Assor Cona Itriking character of benevolence and o.

“ itantia, gratitude, perhaps, might in anne pen honesty, that he might be said to carry

« have diipoizd her heart towards me', and his heart in his countenance : though there

my zealous fervices might have induced was a kind of laflitude in his deportment,

« her mother to overlook my deicircies, the effect of habits long indulged, yet his

“ but there is an end of that only chance ferfibility was ever ready to start forth upon

“ I had for happiness, and I am a fool to the first call, and on those occafions no one

w thrust myself into a fociety, where I am would have regretted that he had not been

“ sure to heap fresh fuel on my paflion, and trained in the school of the graces; there

« fresh mistertunes on my head.” was something then displayed, which they ly footh but not dupel, Ncd proceeded'

With these impreilions, which i could ond VOL. XII. No. 70. Nn

place See Edin, Mig. Vol. VII. p. 386.

עין

232

Conclusion of Ned Drowsy :- A Story. ! place of meeting with an aching hcart and less passion, than as a modern fine gentledeiected countenance. We found the whole man with the assuming airs of a conqueror. party affembled to receive us, and though The charms of the beautiful Conftantia, my friend's embarrasiment difabled him which had drawn her indolent admirer fo from uttering any one of the ready-made much out of his character and so far from speeches he had digested for the purpose, his home, now heightened by the happy ree yet I saw nothing in Mr Somerville's coun- verse of her situation, and set off with all tenance or address. chat could augur other- the aids of dress, dazzled him with their wise than well for honeft Ned; Mri Goodi- Instre; and though her change of fortune fon was as gracious as posible, and Conflan- and appearance was not calculated to dimitia'. fmile was benignity itflf. Honest nith his palliou, it seemed to forbid his Abrahams, who has all the hospitality, as hopes : in forrow, poverty and dependence, well as virtues of his forefathers the patri- she had inspired him with the generous amarchs, received us with open arms, and a bition of rescuing her from a situation so face in whieh wide-mouthed joy grinned ill proportioned to her merits, and, though moft delectably. It was with pleasure l ob- he had not actually made, he had very

fcserved Mr Somerville's gratelui attentions riovfly meditated a proposal of marriage ; towards him and his gooil dame; they had He saw her now in a fur different point of nothing of oftentation or artifice in them, view, and comparing her with hintelf, her hur seemed the genuine eff rions of his heauiy, fortune and accomplishments, with heart; they convinced me he was not a his own conscious deficiencies, he fuck into man innately morose, and that the resente despair. This was not unobserved by Conment, so long fottered in his bosom, was ftantia, neither did she want the penetration cff-dually extirpated. Mrs. Abrahams, in to discern the cause of it. When he had her province, had exerted herself to very dragged on this wretched existence for some good purpose, and spread her board, if not days, he found the pain of it no longer sur elegativ, yet abundantly : Abrahams, on portable, and ashamed of wearing a face of his part, kept his wine and his torgue go- woe in the house of happiness, he took the ing with incesant gaiety and good-humour, hardy resolution of bidding farewell to and whilft he took every opportunity of Constantia and his hopes for ever. drawing forth Ned's honeft heart and natu- Whilft he was melitating upon this painral manners to the best advantage, I was ful subject one evening during a solitary happy in discovering that they did not e- walis, he was surprised to hear himseli acfcap. the intuition of Somerville, and that coited by the very person, from whose chairs he me de faster progress towards his rood o- he had determined io break loose;. Coulianpinion, than if he had exhibited better breed- tia was unattended, the place was retired, ing and leis fincerity of character.

the hour was solemn, and her looks were In the course of the evening the old gen. soft and full of compastion, What cannot tleman told us he had determined upon tak- love eff

:? it inspired him with resolutica ing his daughter and Constantia into the to fpeak; it did more, it supplied him with country with him, where he flattered him. eloquence to express his feelings. self Mrs Goodison would recover her health Conftantia in few words gave him to upand spirits fooner than in town, and at the derliand, that the rightly guessed the fitvafamı time gave us all in turn a pretting ir- tion of his mind : this at once drew from vitation to his house. Abra'iams and his him a confeßion of his love and his despair wife excused themselves on the scove of of the former he spoke little and with 10 dif business; but Ned, who had no such plea to play : he neither fought to recommend his inake, por any difpofition to invent one, paflion, or excite her pity; of his own detha kfully accepted the proposal.

tec's he spoke more at large, and dwelt The day fucceding, and fome few others, much upon his want of education; he rewe'e panied by Mrs Goodison and Constan- proached himfelf for the habitual innlerce tia at Mr Sornerville's in the necestry rri- of his difpofition, and then, for the fir& ting parations and arrangements previous to their railing his eyes from the ground, he turned Scaring London; during this time Ned's them on Conftantia, and after a paufe exs diffidence and their occupations did not ad. claimed, “ Thank Heaven! you are refrormi: of any interview, and their departure “ ed to a cordition, which no lorger subwas only announced to him by a note from jee's you in the pofliblc facrifice I had the old gentleman, remindir:g him of his “ once the audacity to hint at. Conscious as engagment: his spirits were by this time “I am of my own unworthiness at all times fo much lowered from their late elevation, to aspire to such à proposal, let me do that he even doubted if he should accept “ myself the justice to declare that my heart the invitation : love however took care to open to you in the purest feple; that settle this poin' in his own favour, and Ned is to have tendered an ałylum to your bearrived at the place of his destination ra- “ loved mother, without ensnaring your ther as a vidim under the power of a hope- " heart by the obligation, would fill have

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