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below. He quickly descended the stood, seemed to have been stained. ftairs, and came to the door through with blood. From considering this which he fuppofed the figure had gone. object, his attention was withdrawer The latchet of the door had been Lifz- by a figh from the oppolite corner : ed up, but the opening was not lo and he discovered in a closet, the large as to admit him : he applied his door of which was open, an old man fhoulder to it, as from the rust it had reclining with his elbow on a coffin, contracted, it unfolded with difficul- and having his eyes steadily fixed on ty By the light of his lamp he saw Sir Arthur. By this complication of a long gallery, the walls of which supernatural appearances he was alwere gradually mouldering away. It most overpowered. His blood grew appeared to contain several chambers. cold; a Thivering glided along his The thought that in one of these some nerves; his heart beat thick agaiott fatal discovery was to be made appalled his ribs ; and his eyes with eagerness him. He stopt irrefolute, willing, yet seemed bursting from their fockets. afraid to proceed. As he thus stood, The figure was tall and majestic, and having the door in his hand, he heard was cloathed in long black robes. a noise behind him like the clanking He advanced into the middle of the of armour. Turning suddenly round room, his hand laid foftly on his left to discover whence the found proceed. breast, and heaved a deep figh. Sir ed, he let the door go, which was in- Arthur's powers were suspended : he ftantly lut : at the same time, in de. uttered with difficulty, in sounds low scending one of the few mouldering and hallow, “ Angels of God! my steps which led into the gallery, his gracious father !"and fell at his foot flept, and the lamp fell from his feet. “ Be not alarmed," said the hand and was extinguithed. Sir Ar- phantom ; " I died most ignobly :: thur was now in total darkness. The but Merton will tell thee all. 'Never horror of his situation struck him : he çan my weary spirit find repose, till went on, however, some steps, and in- vengeance overtake the guilty." Sir voked the protection of the Spirit on Arthur heard no more ; a fwoon for high. A long heavy figh which pro- a time bound up all his powers. ceeded from a considerable distance When he awoke, he found himself directed his search : and he observed, in his own chamber, and discovered by a beam of the moon-which gleam- that the sun had made confiderable ed thro' a cranny in the wall, the fi- progress. The transactions of the gure he had formerly feen, entering a night ftill remained impressed on his chamber at the further end of the gal- mind. He remembered the injuncı lery. He went on, and found a dour tions of the spectre, and hastened to opening into a chamber which he ene fulfil them. When he came to the tered. All was dark. The footfteps, friar, and had made himself known to appareatly from a neighbouring apart. him, " father," said he, “if thou ea ment, again alarmed him. It com. ver didst love thy late lord, answer municated with that in which he then the demands of his son. By wbar was. Its door flew open, and a pale means came Richard Lord Davillan trembling radiance ftreamed upon him. to his end ? Merton seemed confuf. As no new phantom of terror appear. ed; but it was the confusion rather ed, he resolved to proceed, The of surprise than of guilt. “He died firit object he faw, by the light of fuddenly-of an apoplexy, I believe," 1 small lamp, which was placed on returned the friar. * Merton,” said a table in the middle of the room, was Sir Arthus, “I must know the trutha a couch; its covering, now in tatters, By means which I tremble but to and that part of the door on which it think on, I know that my father felt



Account of Blue Monday.' by the hand of an affalin. Of the ch! that the green sod had covered selt thou must inform me.” “ Saints my bones, c'er the dreadful secret of heaven !" the triar exclaimed: "it had pasied my reluctant lips. Listen was this the visions of the night por- then, thou fun of the man whom I tended. I am innocent of the facri- revered, listen to the tale of the exe. legious crime. But since fate will crable deed. have it so, it shall be unfolded : and


Account of Blue Monday, oferved in Germany as a Holiday.

T was formerly, and in many coun- gree, that the day was soon diftio-

tries it is still the custom in Ger- guished by debaucheries of every kind, many, for the journeymen, &c. em- by tumulis, and frequently by murployed in the lower kinds of tradle, to ders. The perpetrators of such acts consider every Monday as a day fee were threatened with the fevereft pue apart for idleness, and no inducement nishment; but all the territorial ediets, can prevail upon them to apply them- were fruitless, till the matter was leselves to work. Perhaps the custom rioully çaken up by the diet. This was derived from the portfelum men- was occasioned by the company of tioned in the canon law; and the ex- shoe-makers at Augsburg, in 1726, pression “ Blue Monday" is fupposed who excited their fellow-tradesmen at by some to have its origin in the bruis- Wurtlburg, by letters, to be riotous. es occafioned by the fit and cudgel, The magiftrates at first prohibited the which were in frequent use among the correspondence: this prohibition they drunken and disorderly; but, as we conGdered as an infringement of their meet with a Blue Tuesday likewise, rights. The rioters were foon joined, the derivation seems more probable as usual, by a number of ill-disposed which occurs in a manuscrip: Thurin- persons, who ill treated all who opposgian Chronicle.

ed them, and made the affair of a ftill In the fixteenth century, it was the more serious nature, by encouraging custom in Germany to ornament the the same conduct in other towns. At churches on fast-days with blue; and last, upwards of a hundred menibers at this period the tradesmen began to of this unconftitutional society left keep their faits by neglecting their the town, and fent information, to work. This was not only usual among Leiplic, Dresden, Berlin, &c. of their the master tradesmen, but they indulg- proceedings in the following terms; ed their servants likewise in the same “ We have been under the gecellity privilege. For want of employment, of adopting this measure to preserve the common people had recourse to our rights; and inform you that na drinking; and, instead of fafting, it man who is an honest fellow (braver foon became a common proverb, Heu. kerl) will ever go again to work at ke blauer Fraffmontag, " To-day is Augsburg : if he does, he may expect feasting Monday.” This national the consequences, and that soon." custom, which was originally confin. This caused a general alarm through ed to innocent amusements on the e- out the country. The abuses which venings of the fast-days, foon extende prevailed among the tradesmen were ed itself to every Monday in the year. of too much consequence to the towns Blue Monday was now established ; of Germany, and trade in general pot and the abuse prevailed to such a de- to be noticed at the diet. An edie

was published in 1731, by virtue of tria, not only laws have been enfor. which, not only every abuse was to ced, but various other means have been be remedied, but the custom of keep- adopted, for this falutary purpose. ing Blue Monday abolished entirely. Even in the University of Gottingen, The edict was but little attended to, in the Flanoverian dominions, where except in Brandenburg. In many there is more Aufklaring, as the places it was not even promulgated. Germans admirably express them. The emperor Francis renewed it in felves, or a higher state of refine1764, and a decree of the empire was ment, this custom is still so prevapaffed to abolish Blue Monday in lent, that I believe I may venture to 1771-2 ; but notwithstanding this, the affirm, that no journeyman tailor can oid custom prevails, and every Mon- be prevailed upon to work on Monday day throughout the year, in most of by any prospect of reward, but gene, the German territories, is still Blue. rally devotes that day to the joys of In the hereditary dominions of Au Bacchus.

Anecdotes by Dr Jortin*.


in con

ARDINAL RETZ, as I re- Somebody said to the learned Big

member, says, that going once non, “ Rome is the seat of faith.”. with the Pope to view a very fine “ It is true," replied he; “ bat this ftatue, bis Holiness fixed his atten- faith is like those people who are neuion entirely upon the fringe at the ver to be found at home.” bottom of the robe : From this the Ambrose Philips, the pastoral writCardinal concluded, that the Pope er, was solemn and pompous was a poor creature. The remark verfation. At a coffee-house he was was shrewd. When you see an ec- discoursing upon pictures, and pitying clesialtic in an high station, very zeal- the painters, who in their historical ous, and very troublesome about trif- pieces always draw the same sort of les, exped from him nothing great, iky. “They should travel,” faid he, and nothing good.

" and then they would fee, that there Joannes Scotus Erigena was a man is a different sky in every countryof considerable parts and learning in in England, France, Italy, and so the ninth century.

The emperor forth.” -"* Your remark is just,” Charles the Bald had a great esteem said a grave gentleman, who fat by : for him, and used to invite him to “ I have been a traveller, and can tefs dinner. As they sat together at table, lify that what you observe is true : one on each side, the emperor said to But the greatert variety of skies that him, Quid interest inter Scotum et so. I found was in Poland.”—“ In Potum ? In English,- Between à Scotland, Sir?” said Philips.~"Yes, in and a fool? Scotus bold replied, Poland : for there is Sobiesky, and Menfa tantum : and Charles took it Sarbieulky, and Jablonsky, and Podenor amiss.

bralky, and many more skies, Sir.” A man seeing a king's horse mak- Pope Urban VIII. having received iog water in a river, “This creature," ill treatment, as he thought, from said he," is like his master : he gives some considerable persons at Rome, where it is not wanted.”

said, “How ungrateful is this famiVOL. XII. No. 70. L1


From “ Tracts Philological, Critical, and Miscellanedus.".


Anecdotes by Dr Jortin. ly! To 'oblige them I canonized an hm. He approached, and addre Ted ancellor of thers, who did not deserve himself to him in Latin. The abbot, it.” -- Questa gente e mott, ingrata : who knew no Latin, could not anJo ho beatificato uno de loro parenti, swer; bui, without thewing any cooche non lo meritava.

cern, he turned to his own chaplain, I was told many years ago by a and said, “ What shall I do? - Can friend, that a certain divine of quar. you not recolleet,” said the chaplain, relsome memory, being charged with the names of the towns and villages fomewhat in the Convocation, rose up in your neighbourhood ? Name them id jullify himself, and laying his hand to him, and he will think that you talk upon his breast, began thus : " I call Greek, and he will leave you." ImGod to witness, &c." A brother dig, medíarely the abbot answered the Cardinitary faid to his next neighbour, nal,“ Starwolt, Hafe, Gifen, Boersebe“ Now do I know that this man is Ravenstede, Driffenstede, Itzem.The going to tell a lie ; for this is his u- Cardinal asked if he was a Greek, and Tual preface on all such occafions." the chaplain answered, “ Yes;"—and Aschines (contra Ctefiph.) said ihe thea the Italian prelate withdrew. very same thing of Demofthenes, who An old woman, who had sore eyesa was perperually embellishing his ora. purchased an amulet, or charm, writtions with oaths. " This man,” said ten upon a bit of parchment, and wore h', “never calls the gods to witness it about her neck,—and was cured. with more confidence and effrontery, A female neighbour, labouring under than when he is affirming what is no. the same disorder, came to beg the tcrioully false."

charm of her. She would by no means One of Pere Simon's favourite pa- part with it, but permitted her to get radoxes, was his hypothesis of the it copied out. A poor school-boy was Rouleaux. He supposed that the hired to do it for a few pence. He Hebrew's wrote their facred books looked it over very attentively, and upon small sheets of paper, or some- found it to consist of characters which thing that ferved for paper ; and rol- he could not make out : but, not beled them up one over another, upon a ing willing to lose his pay, he wrote stick ; and that these sheets, not be. thus : “ The devil pick out this old ing fastened together, it came to pass, woman's eyes, and stuff up the holes.” in process of time, that some of them — The patient wore it about her neck, were loft, and others difplaced. We and was cured also. might as well fuppofe, that the artit, Ligniere was a wit, and apt to be who invented a pair of breeches, had rather rough and blunt in converfanot the wit to find fome method to tion. One day a nobleman boasted faften them up; and that men walk. before him, that he could tofs up chered for several centuries, with their ries in the air, and catch them, as breeches about their heels ; till, at they came down, in his mouth; and length, a genius arose, who contrived accordingly, he began to Thew his butions and button-holes.

skill. Ligniere had not the patience About the year 1414, Brikman, to ftay for the second cherry; but abbot of St. Michael, being at the faid to him “What dog taught you council of Constance, was pitched up- that trick ?" on by the prelates to say mass, be- The Lacedæmonians were remark. Haufe he was a man of quality. He able for concise speeches : but after performed it so well, that an Italian their defeat at Leuctra, their deputies, Cardinal fancied that he must be a in an assembly of the Greeks, made a Doctor of Divinity, or of Canon Law, very long and warm invective against and acfired to get acquainted with Epaminondas, who had beaten them.



He stood up, and only replied, “ Gen- bibles in the Vatican, if they ! ad tlemen, I am glad we have brought them to give, for a B thoprick. you to your speech.”

The Cappadocians refalid liberty, Charles II. faid one Grego- when offered to them by the Romans, rio Leti,_" When shall we have your and obliged the Senate to g've them history of the present times?"" [ a king; saying, a, the Israelies of old know not, Sir," said he," what to do did to Samuel, Niy, but we will have about it. A man would find it an a king over us. Such are the peasants bard matter to tell the truth without of Livonia; they are slaves to the cooffending kings and great men, tho' bility, who drub them without mercy. he were as wise as Solomon.”—“Why Stephen Batori, King of Poland, conthen, Signior Gregorio," said Charles, miferating their wretched fate, off“be as wise as Solomon, and write ed to deliver them from this cruel tyrproverbs.”

rany, and to change their baftinadoes In forrer days, a certain Bifhop into flight fines. The peasants could of Ely, heartily ha ed in his diocele, not bear a proposition tending to dehad a translation to Canterbury. Up- stroy so ancient and venerable a cufon which a Monk fuck up this dil. tom, and most humbly bclought the tich, on the doors of his cathedral of king, that he would please to make Ely, in Leonine verses, the best of no innovations." See Bibl. Univ. IV. the kind that I ever met with : 161. Exultant Cæli, tranfit quod Simon ab Eli :

Pylades, the comedian, being rice Cujus ob adventum fient in Kent millia cen- primanded by the Emperor Augiltus,

becauce sunults and factions were On the decease of a certain great railed in Rome upon his account, by man, noi much beloved, the follow- those who favoured him, in opposition ing was found, inscribed in chalk, up- to other actors, replied, " It is your on the valves of his coach-house door: intcreft, Cæfar, that the people malu " He that giveth unto the poor, lend. busythemselves and quabbleaboutus." eth unto the Lord. N. B. The Lord Fai her Murnus, as Simon tells us, oweth this man nothing."

had nisde a collection of all the rude Sixcus the Fourth, having a great and scurilous language to be found in esteem for John Wefiel, of Groenin- ancient and classical anthors, to ierve gen, one of the most learned men of him upon occasion. There is a ludithe

age, fent for him, and said to him, crous curse in Plautus : Tu iet oculos Sun, aik of us what you will; no. emungaris ex capite per nafunz tuos !!! thing thall be refused, that becomes

so I wish you inay blow your eyes our character to bestow, and your con- out at your nose.” dition to receive.”-“ Molt holy fa- That rhetoric, says Selden, is bek, ther," said he, “and my generous which is most seasonable and carcha patron, I shall not be troublesome to ing. We have an instance in that old your Holiness. You know that I never blunt commander at Cadiz, who wfought after great things. The only ta- ed himself a good orator. Being to vour I have to beg, is, that you would say fomething to his foldiers (which give me out of your Vatican library, he was not used to do) he made them a Greek and a Hebrew bible.” “You a speech to this purpose : “What a shall have them,” said Sixtus, “ but shame will it be to you, Englishmen, what a fimple man are you! Why do who feed upon good beef, to let those you not ask a bishoprick ?" Wessel re- Spaniards beat you, that live upon plied, “ Because I do not want one !oranges and lemons !The happier man was he : happier Dr. B. once waoted to sell a good. thao they, who would give all the for-nothing horse; and mounted him,

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