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were confined as his accomplices. not how long. We have never been Amongst these there is not one who able to discover who he was. For can possibly be supposed to be the some time his head has been derang. same person with lord Massarene, ex- ed, and he has every day a new story. cept De Whyte. But of him they He was obliged to be conveyed to say;

“ This is the person who was Charenton a few days after the taking for several days carried about Paris, of the Bastille. He speaks Englith and fhown at all the public places. very well, whence he is supposed to He came with count de Sclages, and be an Irish man: We have been inthe marquis de Sade, from Vincennes, formed, that he is related to Mr. de There he had been confined we know Sartine."

Account of the Private Life of Lewis XIV.*

A

net.

T eight o'clock, the first valet toilet, a glass only was held before

de chambre in waiting, who a. him; he always dressed in dark colours, loae slept in the king's chamber, wak- often in black velvet lightly embroied him. The principal physician, the dered, with a waistcoat of cloth or principal surgeon, and his nurse, who fattin, either red or white, with a lived io a very advanced age, enter- light border of embroidery. He ne.ed; the latter embraced him, and the ver wore any rings, nor even jewels, others enquired concerning his health. excepting the buckles of his shoes ; At a quarter past eight the grand but his hat was laced with gold, with chamberlain was called, or if he was a white plume of feathers. He always absent, the first gentleman in waiting, wore his cordon bleu beneath his wailt. and at the same time the grandees en coat, excepting on gala days, when tered. One of them drew back the he wore it above, decorated with curtains, which had been closed again, eight or ten millions of jewels; he and after presenting the holy water, was the only person who habitually and the book of the service of Saint- concealed it, none of the court imi. Esprit, they all retired into the cabi- tated him.

After this service which was As soon as he was dressed, he pror. very short, the king called them back trated himself at the foot of his bed again, and the same perfon who had to pray to God. All the clergy, as presented him with the holy water, well as the cardinal, kneeled, the laity gave him his morning gown. Then continued standing, and the captain the officers of ftate, &... entered with of the guard stood by the bedpost. their dispatches, afterwards the pec- Afrer prayers he went into his cabiple of consequence, and every ope net, where all those were assembled who had been introduced.

whose place it was to attend him The king put on his own stockings there : and there were a great numand shoes, and did almost every thing ber. There he gave the order for the for himself with much grace and ad- day, so that people knew in less than dress. From an idea of decency he half a quarter of an hour, what the never appeared even in bed, or whea king intended to do, and what they he was indisposed, without a little were to do themselves. Every one Nort wig. He never fat before a then went out, excepting his chil. Hh 2

dremo Lewis XIV. La Cour & l Regent

244

Account of the Private Life of Lewis XIV. dren, their tutors, and his most fami- tween the time of the king's rising, liar friends, and soon after entered by and the mass, very much diminished the back door, the architects, gar- the business of this council. Ar this deners, &c. This was the time for council all the ministers were seated these people to ask a favour, some- according to their rank, but at the times also this interval was filled up council of dispatches every one food with secret audiences which were thus whilft it lasted, except Monsieur, Moncalled to distinguish them from those seigneur, and the duke of Bourgoyne given in the bed chamber, which were when they came, which indeed selcalled particular audiences.

dom happened, and then only on acDuring these conyersations, or au- count of affairs that had been already diences, all the court at Versailles, before the counsellors of state. waited in the gallery, till the king Thursday morning was generally gave them notice that he was going disengaged, it was the day approprito mass, then the captain of the guard ated for secret audiences, for family entered anii accompanied them to the convcriations, and domestic affairs. chapel. The king never went below, On Friday, after mass, was the time but on great festivals, or on account fixed on for confeslion, which time of some ceremony

He behaved ve- was never shortened for any other ry respectfully at church, and to business, and often lasted almoft till wards the larier end of his life, he the hour of dinner. At Trianon, read a little and counted his beads. and Marly, the king commoniy went Every one was obliged to kneel at from mais to Madame Maintenon's the Sarlius, and to continue so till apartment, if she was not gone to after the communion of the priest. Saint-Cyr; no one was permitied to The least noise excited his attention, interrupt this tete-a-tete, the king and he always expressed his disp'ea- bolted ihe door when he entered, and fure at it. In going to and from mass, if it was absolutely neceffary for any any body spoke to him, provided they one to speak to him, he always openhad first spoken to the captain of the ed it himself. At Fontainblean he guard, if they were not men of dif. continued with her till dinner, for tinguished rank. The ministers af- hunting or walking commonly shorfembled themselves during the mass tened the morning. The hour of in the chamber of council, where they dinner was one o'clock. If the counmight be seen and spoken to ; but cil was prolonged, the dinner waited, only for a short time, because the and the king was not informed of it, king feldom stopped as he returned for he disliked being hurried when he from the chapel. Then the ceremo, was engaged in business. pies of the morning ended.

The king always dined alone in There was a council of state on his chamber; he ordered the dinner Sundays, and often on Monday, Tues- himself, three courses without fruit. day the council of finances, on Wed. The table being carried into the cham. nesday the council of state, and on ber, the principal courtiers eatered, Saturday the council of finances a- and the rest of the court. The first gain. I'wo very rarely occurred on gentleman in waiting served the king, the same day, nor were any held on when the grand chamberlain was not Thursday or Friday, excepting on there. M. de Gèvres, duke of Trêparticular occasions, "Once or twice mes, afferts, that one day the grand in the month, there was a council of chamberlain arriving after the dioner dispatches on Monday morning. The began, could not take away the course, orders which the secretary of state and was openly cor.demned by the ok sometime in the morning, be king: The first gentlen.au commanded in the chamber, and did nothing, the dinner the king left the table, and grand chamberlain served without went immediately to his cabinet. commanding. I have seen M. de This was the moment for people of Bouillon, grand chamberlain, arrive diitin&tion to speak to him, and he in the midst of dinner ; the duke de stopped at the door to listen to them. Beauvilliers firit gentleman, wilhed' He was rarely followed by any one to relign his place to him, but he re- into his closet, and when he permite fuled it, under pre:ence of a cold. ted it, he always drew the person to

I have seen also, but very rarely, wards the window neareit the door, Monseigneur, and Mefieigneurs his which was immediately fout. The sons, at the private dinner standing, first physician, who had alisted at the without the king offering them a seat, dinner, only had a right to attend him. any more than the princes of the blood. in the cabinet, where his familiar I have seen, in short, very often friends were permitted to follow. Monsieur going out from the council The king amused himself a few miof dispatches, the only one he adited nutes feeding his greyhound, and at, give the napkin and remain itand- chatting carelessly, as people do whilst ing. The king seeing that he did their dinner is digesting. When he , not leave the room, asked him if hunted, he changed his dreis, and he would not be seated; he bow. descended by the back stairs into the ed, and the king ordered a feat to niarble court. From the stairs to his be brought. A tool was then placed carriage, any one might speak to hiin, behind him, and the king said, bro-' and the fame when he returned. ther; fit down, he then bowed, and Lewis XIV. was extremely fond fat down till the end of the dinner, of the open air, for when he was de- , when he presented the papkin. At prived of it, his health suffered, other times, when he came from Saint and he was troubled with head-aches Cloud, the king would ask him to and vapours: consequently he was dioe with him ; if he accepted of this little sensible of the effects of heat, invitation, a knife and fork were laid, cold, or rain, and it was only very not oppófite his brother, but at the bad weather which could prevent bottom of the table, which was square. his going out. On sundays and hoThe first gentleman, or grand cham- lidays, and wben he did not chuse a berlain, who served the king, also grand hunt, he went a thooting in served Monsieur, and he received his the park, and no man in France had service with marked politeness. When a better aim, or did it more gracefulhe was at dinner, he enlivened the ly. Once a week, at least, and freconversation, for the king commonly quently at Marly and Fontainbleau, spoke very little, unless he found there he hunted the stág; the uniform was some of the nobls whom he was parii- blue, lined with red and trimmed cularly intimate with, to whom he with gold. The king wished to see a chatted. He seldom had music at certain number of people, but not dinner, unless on some great holiday, too many; because a croud disturbed os at Fontainbleau. No lady ever the chace. He thought it very rididined with him, excepting the Ma. culous in any one, to go without liking rechale de la Motte, whom I have it, and he was never displealed with fometimes seen dine with him : the those who did not attend. At the continued this habit from the time chace, and indeed every where else, when she was governess of his chil- he would not permit the people to be dren, and used to bring them to him. driven away rudely. He looked at the As soon as the appeared, a feat was mob with great kindness and con brought, and the lat down. After defcenfion, bowed to the ladies, and 245

never

Account of the Private Life of Lewis XIV. never did any thing which could dif- cause he could not endure souff, or please or hurt them. He frequently suffer those who used it to approach went to see his men at work, and him. In his youth he had been very walked in his gardens. He carried fond of perfumes, but a liking for sometimes ladies into the forest, and orange-flower-water was the only one had a collation brought there for that he retained. All that Madame them. At Fontainbleau, his airings de Maintenon gained at those lot. round the canal were a magnificent teries, she gave to him immediately. sight, especially to those who were on In' fummer the king was engaged the other side, who saw it reflected with his ministers, even at Marly, imin the water. He was accompanied mediately after dinner, as we have by all his court, either on foot or just said. During the short days, be on horseback, or in a caleche. In was also employed with the minifters, his other excursions, he was only at Madame de M.'s but before he followed by those who were in wait-, went to her, when he returned from ing. When he only rode to Trianon, walking or the chace, after having or to Marly, and did not sleep there, changed his dress, he entered again no one put on their hats, but when into his cabinet to hear important dis. he slept there, and passed some days patches, to write the letters or notes in going out of the castle, he always which he wished to write himself, or said aloud, Mefieurs, le chapeau, and to read memorials: he seldom read instantly courtiers, officers, &c. put any thing else. He went from thence on their hats, and he would have to Madame de Maintenon's, where been displeased if any one had not he found the minister whom he had done so.

defired to attend, and whom he geneAt Marly he would have high rally kept till fupper-time. At ten playing continually at lansquenet, and o'clock the maitre d'hotel in waiting many tables for other games. He informed the captain of the guards passed from one table to another to who was in Madame de Maintenon's look on, and played little bimself, aotichamber; he instantly made his excepting during the long winter appearance at the door of the chanevenings, with some lady, or a simple ber, and told

the king that supper game of commerce, towards the end. was served. The king still remained He had formerly been an excellent a quarter of an hour with Madame player at billiards, and he made good de Maintenon, drew her curtains, and players play before him, and at the went to fup in public with music. At tennis ball, which he had also excel. Versailles he had only his fons and led in.

daughters to sup with him. Elsewhere On the days which were not fast be admitted ladies; but never any days, and when there was no coun- gentlemen, excepting princes the day cil

, he went to dine at Marly with of their nuptials, when he made a Madame de Maintenon and other point of inviting them. The circle ladies. After dinner, the minifter, was always numerous and well drei who wished to converse with him sed, particularly on the evening before arrived, and when his business was the excursions to Marly. The women finished, if they did not walk, he who wished to go there, laboured to conversed, listened to music, played be observed by the magnificence of at cards, or helped to draw lotteries, their dress, which was called prethe tickets of which cost nothing, but senting themselves for Marly. The were all prizes. They were compoled gentlemen asked it, in two words in the of triakets, jewels, and fiks, but morning, Sire, Marly? However short there were never any snuff boxes, be this ceremony was, it, at laft, im,

port und

portuned the king, and he appointed But none of the gentlemen were featone of his domestics to inform those ed excepting the princes. The cons who were fixed on.

versation in general turned on indiffeAfter supper, the king entered rent things. The king, before he reinto his chamber ; , stood fome mo- tired, fed his dogs, and when he rements with his back against the bed. turned into his chamber; and after port, and then bowing to the ladies, saying his prayers, rose, and wished itepped into his closet.

the compaay good nigbt, with an iar He remained there about an hour clination of the head. Whilst they with his family; he fitting in one were going out, he stood by the fire arm-chair, and Monsieur in another, and gave orders. Then began the for in private they lived like brothers; private audience, and the courtiers but the messe:gneurs were left stand- might speak to him of their own-affairs, ing or fitting on a stool like the rest. provided they were important and did Ladies of honour, the princesses, &c. not take up much time. He undrefa and the gentlemen, waited in an ad- sed himself, and went to bed between joining room. At Fontainbleau, the twelve and one o'clock. Ten or a princesses and ladies of honour entered dozen years before the king's death, and formed the circle, standing or the court finished when he arose from fitting as far as the seats went, or supper. sitting on the floor without cushions.

Account of a Book intitled Suite dos Confeffios de J. J, Rousseau formant le

fecond Supplement a la collection de ses Oeuvres."

THE

HE publication of confeflions only after his death ; but this is no

is not a 'new design : many excuse, when we reflect that the recelebrated men of the 9th, 11th, and membrance of a perfor: survives him, 15th centuries have written fimiliar and his character influences the cre. testaments; and we still remember dit of bis descendants. But let us the advice of the uncle of Bayard, attend to our author's own apology: the testament of Pithon, and that of “ These Memoirs were not inde l'Hopital. The confessions of teresting on account of the facts; I Rousseau give us a pleasure probably thought that they might be fo in conlefs pure and unadulterated than those fequence of the frankness displayed in other works: we view, with great them: and I resolved to compose a satisfaction, the faithful picture of a work which should be fingular in its heart endued with the most exquisite kind, by a veracity without example, sensibility, of a soul refined so deli. that, for once, man might be seen cately, as to feel the highest pain or without disguise. I always smiled at pleasure from circumstances which the pretended ingenuousness of Mon others would have scarcely noticed, taigne, who affecting to own his faults, or foon forgotten ; but we do not per has aimed only at rendering himself ceive the necessity there was, at amiable; while I felt, though I the time he drew his own picture, thought and still think myself, on the for expoling the foibles and weak- whole, the best of men, that the pure Defles of his friends. These me- et mind must conceal fome odious moirs, it may be faid, were to appear rice.” In anuther place he adds, “ I

hare

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