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were confined as his accomplices. not how long. We have never been Amongst these there is not one who able to discover who he was. For can possibly be supposed to be the some time his head has been derang. fame perfon with lord Maffarene, ex- ed, and he has every day a new story. cept De Whyte. But of him 'they He was obliged to be conveyed to fay; “ This is the person who was Charenton a few days after the taking for several days carried about Paris, of the Bastille. He speaks Englitá and fhown at all the public places. very well, whence he is supposed to He came with count de Sclages, and be an Irishman : We have been inthe marquis de Sade, from Vincennes, formed, that he is related to Mr. de There he had been confined we know Sartine.”

Account of the Private Life of Lewis XIV.*

A T eight o'clock, the first valet toilet, a glass only was held before A de chambre in waiting, who a. him; he always dressed in dark colours, lone slept in the king's chamber, wak- often in black velvet lightly embroied him. The principal physician, the dered, with a waistcoat of cloth or principal surgeon, and his nurse, who fattin, either red or white, with a lived to a very advanced age, enter- night border of embroidery. He ne. .ed; the latter embraced him, and the ver wore any rings, nor even jewels, others enquired concerning his health. excepting the buckles of his Thoes : At a quarter past eight the grand but his hat was laced with gold, with chamberlain was called, or if he was a white plume of feathers. He always abfent, the first gentleman in waiting, wore his cordon bleu beneath his wailt. and at the same time the grandees en- coat, excepting on gala days, when tered. One of them drew back the he wore it above, decorated with curtains, which had been closed again, eight or ten millions of jewels; he and after presenting the holy water, was the only person who habitually and the book of the service of Saint- concealed it, none of the court imi. Esprit, they all retired into the cabi- tated him. net. After this service which was As soon as he was dressed, he pror. very short, the king called them back trated himself at the foot of his bed again, and the same person who had to pray to God. All the clergy, as presented him with the holy water, well as the cardinal, kneeled, the laity gave him his morning gown. Then continued standing, and the captain the officers of state, &x. entered with of the guard stood by the bedpost. their dispatches, afterwards the peo- Afrer prayers he went into his cabiple of consequence, and every one net, where all those were affembled who had been introduced.

whose place it was to attend him The king put on his own stockings there : and there were a great numand shoes, and did almost every thing ber. There he gave the order for the for himself with much grace and ad- day, so that people knew in less than dress. From an idea of decency he half a quarter of an hour, what the never appeared even in bed, or when king intended to do, and what they he was indisposed, without a little were to do themselves. Every one Sort wig. He never fat before a then went out, excepting his chil. Hh 2


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dren, their tutors, and his most fami- tween the time of the king's rising, liar friends, and soon after entered by and the mass, very much diminished the back door, the architects, gar- the business of this council. At this deners, &c. This was the time for council all the ministers were seated these people to ask a favour, some- according to their rank, but at the times also this interval was filled up council of dispatches every one food with secret audiences which were thus whilft it lasted, except Monsieur, Moncalled to distinguish then from those seigneur, and the duke of Bourgoyne given in the bed chamber, which were when they came, which indeed felcalled particular audiences.

dom happened, and then only on acDuring these conversations, or au- count of affairs that had been already diences, all the court at Versailles, before the counsellors of state. waited in the gallery, till the king Thursday morning was generally gave them notice that he was going disengaged, it was the day approprito mass, then the captain of the guard ated for secret audiences, for family entered and accompanied them to the conversations, and domestic affairs. chapel. The king never went below, Do Friday, after mass, was the time but on great festivals, or on account fixed on for confession, which time of some ceremony, He behaved vc- was never shortened for any other sy respectfully at church, and to business, and often lasted almoft till wards the latter eod of his life, he the hour of dinner. At Trianon, read a little and counted his beads. and Marly, the king commonly went Every one was obliged 10 kneel at from mass to Madame Maintenon's the Sandíus, and to continue so till apartment, if she was not gone to after the communion of the priest. Saint-Cyr ; no one was permitted to The least noise excited his attention, interrupt this tete-a-tete, the king and he always expressed his displea- bolted the door when he entered, and fure at it. In going to and from mass, if it was absolutely neceffary for any any body spoke to him, provided they one to speak to him, he always openhad first spoken to the captain of the ed it himself. At Fontainblean he guard, if they were not men of dis. continued with her till dinner, for tinguished rank. The ministers af hunting or walking commonly shor. sembled themselves during the mass tened the morning. The hour of in the chamber of council, where they dinner was one o'clock. If the counmight be seen and spoken to ; but cil was prolonged, the dinner waited, only for a short time, because the and the king was not informed of it, king feldom stopped as he returned for he disliked being hurried when he from the chapel. Then the ceremo; was engaged in business. pies of the morning ended.

The king always dined alone in There was a council of state on his chamber; he ordered the dinner Sundays, and often on Monday, Tues- himself, three courses without fruit. day the council of finances, on Wed. The table being carried into the chamnesday the council of state, and on ber, the principal courtiers entered, Saturday the council of finances a- and the rest of the court. The first gain. Two very rarely occurred on gentleman in waiting lerved the king, the same day, nor were any held on when the grand chamberlain was not Thursday or Friday, excepting on there. M. de Gèvres, duke of Trêparticular occasions, · Once or twice mes, afferts, that one day the grand in the month, there was a council of chamberlain arriving after the dinner dispatches on Monday morning. The began, could not take away the course, orders which the secretary of state and was openly cor.denned by the look fometime in the morning, be king. The first gentlen.aa commanded

.. in the chamber, and did nothing, the dinner the king left the table, and 3. grand chamberlain served without went immediately to his cabinet.

commanding. I have seen M. de This was the moment for people of Bouillon, grand chamberlain, arrive diitinction to speak to him, and he in the midst of dinner ; the duke de stopped at the door to listen to them. Beauvilliers first gentleman, wilhed' He was rarely followed by any one

to relign his place to him, but he re- into his closet, and when he permit. --- fused it, under pre:ence of a cold. ted it, he always drew the person to

I have seen also, but very rarely, wards the window nearest the door, Monseigneur, and Meffeigneurs his which was immediately smut. The fons, at the private dinner standing, first physician, who had asisted at the

without the king offering them a seat, dinner, only had a right to attend him, -- any more than the princes of the blood. 'in the cabinet, where his familiar

I have seen, in short, very oftea friends were permitted to follow. . Monsieur going out from the council The king amused himself a few mi

of dispatches, the only one he allisted nutes feeding his greyhound, and at, give the napkin and remain itand- chatting carelessly, as people do whilst

ing. The king seeing that he did their dinner is digesting. When he, - not leave the room, asked him if hunted, he changed his dreis, and

he would not be seated; he bow. descended by the back stairs into the ed, and the king ordered a seat to marble court. From the stairs to his · be brought. A stool was then placed carriage, any one might speak to hiin, behind him, and the king said, bro- : and the fame when he returned. ther; sit down, he then bowed, and Lewis XIV. was extremely fond sat down till the end of the dinner, of the open air, for when he was dewhen he presented the papkin. At prived of it, his health suffered, other times, when he came from Saint and he was troubled with head-aches Cloud, the king would ask him to and vapours: consequently he was dine with him ; if he accepted of this little sensible of the effects of heat, invitation, a knife and fork were laid, cold, or rain, and it was only very not oppófite his brother, but at the bad weather which could prevent bottom of the table, which was square. his going out.. On suodays and hoThe first gentleman, or grand cham- lidays, and when he did not chuse a berlain, who served the king, also grand hunt, he went a thooting in served Monsieur, and he received his the park, and no man in France had service with marked politeness. When a beiter aim, or did it more graceful he was ac dinner, he enlivened the ly. Once a week, at least, and freconversation, for the king commonly quently at Marly and Fontainbleau, ipoke very little, unless he found there he hunted the stag; the uniform was some of the nobles whom he was pari- blue, lined with red and trimmed cularly intimate with, to whom he with gold. The king withed to see a chatted. He seldom had music at certain number of people, but not dinner, unless on some great holiday, too many ; because a croud disturbed or at Fontainbleau. No lady ever the chace. He thought it very rididined with him, excepting the Ma. culous in any one, to go without liking rechale de la Motte, whom I have it, and he was never displeated with fometimes feen dine with him : she those who did not attend. At the continued this habit from the time chace, and indeed every where else, when she was governess of his chil. he would not permit the people to be dren, and used to bring them to him. driven away rudely. He looked at the As soon as the appeared, a feat was mob with great kindness and conbrought, and the lat down. After defcenfion, bowed to the ladies, and , never did any thing which could dif- cause he could not endure fouff, or please or hurt them. He frequently suffer those who used it to approach went to see his men at work, and him. In his youth he had been very walked in his gardens. He carried fond of perfumes, but a liking for sometimes ladies into the forest, and orange-flower-water was the only one had a collation brought there for that he retained. All that Madame them. At Fontainbleau, his airings de Maintenon gained at those lot. round the canal were a magnificent teries, she gave to him immediately. sight, especially to those who were on In summer the king was engaged the other side, who saw it reflected with his minifters, even at Marly, imin the water. He was accompanied mediately after dinner, as we have by all his court, either on foot or just said. During the Tort days, be on horseback, or in a caleche. In was also employed with the minifters, his other excursions, he was only at Madame de M.'s but before he followed by those who were in wait- went to her, when he returned from ing. When he only rode to Trianon, walking or the chace, after having or to Marly, and did not sleep there, changed his dress, he entered again no one put on their hats, but when into his cabinet to hear important disa he Nept there, and passed some days patches, to write the letters or notes in going out of the castle, he always which he wished to write himself, or said aloud, Mefieurs, le chapeal, and to read memorials : he seldom read inftantly courtiers, officers, &c. put any thing else. He went from thence on their hats, and he would have to Madame de Maintenon's, where been displeased if any one hąd not he found the minister whom he had done so.


defired to attend, and whom he gene. At Marly he would have high rally kept till supper-time. Ai ten playing continually at lansquenet, and o'clock the maitre d'hotel in waiting many tables for other games. He informed the captain of the guards pessed from one table to another to who was in Madame de Maintenon's look on, and played little himself, aotichamber; he instantly made his excepting during the long winter appearance at the door of the chamevenings, with some lady, or a simple ber, and told the king that supper game of commerce, towards the end. was served. The king still remained He had formerly been an excellent a quarter of an hour with Madame player at billiards, and he made good de Maintenon, drew her curtains, and players play before him, and at the went to fup in public with music. Ar tennis ball, which he had also excel. Versailles he had only his fons and led in.

daughters to fup with him. Elsewhere On the days which were not fat he admitted ladies; but never any days, and when there was no coun- gentlemen, excepting princes the day cil, he went to dine at Marly with of their nuptials, when he made a Madame de Maintenon and other point of inviting them. The circle ladies. After dinner, the minister, was always nụmerous and well dreswho wished to converse with him sed, particularly on the evening before arrived, and when his business was the excursions to Marly. The women finished, if they did not walk, he who wished to go there, laboured to conversed, listened to music, played be observed by the magnificence of at cards, or helped to draw lotteries, their dress, which was called prethe tickets of which cost nothing, but senting themselves for Marly. The were all prizes. They were composed gentlemen asked it, in two words in the of triakets, jewels, and liiks, but morning, Sire, Marly? However short there were never any snuff boxes, be- this ceremony was, it, at laft, ime

port aned

portuned the king, and he appointed But none of the gentlemen were feat

one of his domestics to inform those ed excepting the princes. The con ** who were fixed on.

versation in general turoed on indiffeAfter supper, the king entered rent things. The king, before he re*** into his chamber; stood fone mo. tired, fed his dogs, and when he rebaie ments with his back against the bed. turned into his chamber; and after 2% port, and then bowing to the ladies, saying his prayers, rose, and wilhed Let Itepped into his closet.

the company good nig lát, with an iar 12. He remained there about an hour clination of the head. Whilst they

with his family; he fitting in one were going out, he stood by the fire Ir arm-chair, and Monsieur in another, and gave orders. Then began the teck for io private they lived like brothers; private audience, and the courtiers in but the messeigneurs were left stand- might speak to him of their own.affairs, bi ing or fitting on a stool like the rest. provided they were important and did

es Ladies of honour, the princeffes, &c, not take up much time. He undref = and the gentlemen, waited in an ad. sed himself, and went to bed between Ble joining room. At Fontainbleau, the twelve and one o'clock. Ten or a die princesses and ladies of honour entered dozen years before the king's death, est and formed the circle, standing or the court finished when he arose from are fitting as far as the seats went, or supper. herten i sitting on the floor wichout cushions.

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of Account of a Book intitled Suite dos Confessions de J. J. Rousseau formant lo

fecond Supplement a la Collection de ses Oeuvres." sto?

THE publication of confessions only after his death ; but this is no utd" 1 is not a 'new design: many excuse, when we reflect that the re.

celebrated men of the gth, 11th, and membrance of a perfor: survives him, Jest 15th centuries have written fimiliar and his character influences the cre. 105 testaments, and we still remember dit of his descendants. But let us

the advice of the uncle of Bayard, attend to our author's own apology. 33 the testament of Pithon, and that of “ These Memoirs were not in. Bir de l’Hopital. The confessions of teresting on account of the facts; Į HD. Rousseau give us a pleasure probably thought that they might be so 'in con

lefs pure and unadulterated than those sequence of the frankness displayed in the other works : we view, with great them: and I resolved to compose a - biste satisfaction, the faithful picture of a work which should be Gogular in its 1. L heart endued with the most exquisite kind, by a veracity without example, * sensibility, of a soul refined so deli- that, for once, man might be seen * cately, as to feel the highest pain or without disguise. I always smiled at

pleasure from circumstances which the pretended ingenuousness of Mon.

others would have scarcely noticed, taigne, who affecting to own his faults, call or foon forgotten; but we do not per- has aimed only at rendering himself:

poceive the necessity there was, at amiable; while I felt, though I To the time he drew his own picture, thought and still think myself, on the

e for expoling the foibles and weak- whole, the best of men, that the pur. on the nesses of his friends. These me est mind must conceal some odious moirs, it may be said, were to appear rice." In anuther place he adds, “ I


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