« ForrigeFortsæt »
of them. The frer and general cur- shores of the river serve also as a rea rent of the river is at least two leagues treat for a vast number of water, fowl, an: a halfin an hour. This great ra- of every denomination, which are so pidity caufes the water to swell at the fat, that the industry of the inhabi. lides, and makes it, in many places, tants of New Orleans has been roused take a direction different from that of to extract an oil from them, which the middle. We profited by this re- forms a small branch of commerce. flux, notwithstanding which, we went Fifteen leagues from the mouth, up very Nowly, the wind being weak, we came to the strait of the Plaqueand the current exceedingly rapid, in mines, so called from a wild fruit of fome places.
that name, which is very good. Here . Our impatience was augmented by the land begins to rise above the wa. a prodigious quantity of gnats and ter, the river is fkirted with high, flies, whose sting was insupportable. large, and majestic trees, which, be. the shores of the river are formed of ing intermixed with shrubs, form a funken and marshy lands, covered.on- very thick wood. On entering these ly with reeds wbich are well adapted woods, the soil, covered with decayed for breeding these insects. It seems leaves, presents some agreeable walks, as if nature took a pleasure in multi. when they are not interrupted by plying their species, and in rendering trees fallen by age, or by ftagnant their stings sharp ; they give pain in waters. The thickness of the trees a variety of shapes, differing according forms a fhade impenetrable to the fon, to their form, their size, or colour. The swans and the birds called cardi. The fight of an immense extent of nals please the eye by the beauty of these reeds, always verdant, Tery lofty, their colours : the plumage of the litand undulating in the wind, would ter is equal to that of any bird in Eur form a very pleasing view, were we rope. The river has plenty of wild not aware that they harboured such ducks, and other birds fit for food, in venomous inhabitants. During the places adapted to harbour them. Ma. heat of the day, the most trcublesome ny forts of large fifth may be caught of these insects was a species of fly, here by the line; among others dabs called “ strike quick,” which never and thornbacks; the sharp weapons fails to fting the moment it seriles, these fish are furnilhed with make the and that so severely that the blood in fishermen sometimes repent their too Hantly follows ; from which circum. great alertness; the wounds they make stance it has received its name ; the is followed by a swelling of the incoolness on the approach of night, jured parts. makes these flies retire, and clouds of In this reach we encountered so gnats, nuskeroes, and other insects, violent a storm, that the hawser with fucceed them. Nothing but a very which we were made fast to a tree thi moke wijl drive them away, a parted, and we were driven towards remedy to which the inhabitants of the opposite Gde of tho river. Our Louisiana have recourse.
topmast, which was only about two About ten leagues from the en- inches and a half diameter, brokc, it trance of the Mililippi, is the separa- was very short, but had indeed açitrer tion of that branch of the river which shrouds nor itay to support it, as our forms the south-east mouth. A little vessel was only about fixty tons burhigher up, on the same hore, we saw then. In this river they make the the oyster cove; these fish are of a veffels fast to trees on the shore, beprod gious lize,and their shells are used caufe if they came to anchor, they to make lime, there being no lime, would probably leave their anchors ņ me in this country. These marshy among funken trees.
We soon began to find inhabitants, but the barveft is not in any place so and plantations of rice and Indian fine and so abuodant as in this. The corn. Rice is generally sowed in houses of the inhabitants are agreeaplaces where the land is only about ble enough, they are built some few two feet above the level of the water, feet above the earth, to guard them ip order to cut channels for such a sup. from the damp, from serpents and ply of that commodity as is necessary other venomous animals, which are for its cultivation. Indian corn is still however very dangerous. cultivated in all parts of Louifana,
[Ta be continued.]
Description of Monte Rosa, by Monf. Saussure. W OUNT Rofe (Monte Rosa,) is and covered its banks with a large IV the principal hill of the south- quantity of yellowish earth. All this ern boundary of the chain of the had been done the day before, and it Alps, as Mount Blanc rises over the was already almost dry. A quarter of northern boundary of the same chain. a league beyond it, if the iraveller This mountain may be seen from all turns to the right, he sees a kind of the plains of Piedmont and Lombar- fuonel, composed of high mountains, dy, from Turin, from Padua, from whose bare sides are furrowed by the Milan, and eren far beyond it. Yet streams which supply the torrent, and it has never been described : by ma. are covered with earth of the same ny travellers it has not been men- colour. tioned ; and from those in whose . M. Saussure then describes the works it occurs, no very exact in- passage over the Simpione, in French formation can be obtained : Monf. the Simplon, which fome authors have Saussure was eager to examine it, and raised to the rank of a saint, styling began his journey with his son in Ju- it Saintomb: its greatest elevation is ly of laft year: his tour contains some 1029 toises. This part our country: singular circumstances. In his way tryman, Mr. Coxe, scarcely faw, and he visited the noble collection of baron we shall transcribe M. Saussure's bold Erlach, at Lausanne, where he found and animated description of the pasnot only a beautiful collection of the fage. ores of Saxony and other coun- « On the side of Switzerland the tries, but the most compleat collec- traveller passes through beautiful tion, which exists, of the minerals forests, under the most magoificent of Switzerland, and particularly the shades, watered, not by torrents, but cryftallized feld spathis and schorls, by rills, as gentle as they are limpid. and the tourmalines of St. Gothard. The side of Italy presents, on the From Lausanne they proceeded to contrary, rocks the most abrupt and Vevay, to Martigny, to Sierre, and the most terrible; like enormous to Viege. In the last stage they crof. walls, sharpened to a point, and so sed the torrent of Millgrabe, one of near, that a single block of granite those rapid and transitory streams rolled fron the mountain is suspended which fall from the Alps with incon. between the walls of the valley, and ceivable violence, and pass away with serves as a bridge from one bank to the storm which contributes to their the other. At some distance the torfury. The stream of Millgrabe had rent precipitates itself into abysses, with hollowed the ground to a great depth, fuch violence, that the drops broken
and raised by the air, which separates confusedly crystallized, and conle. the particles, mount with impetuoli- quently a marble of the kind called ty as the steam of an enormous caul. Saline. It is six feet chick, Daturally dron ; they are coloured by the rays dividing in laminæ, of from feven to of the fun, and appear a mixture of eight lines, and is bounded on each flame and smoke. But it requires a fide by a foliated vitrescent rock of good head to receive from such scenes quartz and mica. If this last is a pria pleasure unalloyed by fear, for the mitive rock, our author thinks the road, or rather the path, often pro- calcareous must be also primitive, as jects over a dreadful precipice, and is the vitrescent rock rests on it. The scarcely four feet wide, without any distinction, however, added in the parapet. In many parts it is worked note, appears of importance, and is out of the rock; and there is one truly now. We shall transcribe it. place where the rock is pierced at the “The calcareous, fecondary rocks, edge of a projecting part, and appears or those which have been formed like a ring suspended in the air. The subsequent to the revolution, at the traveller who sees it at a distance, conclufion of wbich the sea was in. for the first time, can scarcely believe habited by fish, and abounded with that he must pass on horseback through shells, are almost always covered with this ring. The route terminates at grits, with brecciæ, and puddingLake Major, and is the moft frequent. itones; in other words, with the reed pass for transporting corn and mains of the rocks, broken to pieces wine, which is done on mules. As in the revolution. These remaios, it is the route also of the courier of interposed between the strata of pro Milan, it is kept up with the greatest mitive rocks and those of the seconcare. Yet it is not easy to traverse dary stones, form the transitions which on a mule, “ corrices” fo ftrait, so I have often observed, and particular. high, and paved with granite polithed ly at the bottom of Buet (Voyages, by travel'ing: it is indeed better to feét. 594.) The calcareous primitives, walk, peruicularly down the hill. ; on the contrary, or thole which have but, whatever taste the traveller may exited previous to this revolution, have for these savage beauties, be are not distinguished by such traotifeels a real satisfaction on coming out tions, or they are tranfitions of anoof these defiles, and seeing the coun- ther kind. try open near Dovedro. There the Domo d'Oftola is the next princi. mountains separate on the eaft, and pal town which they mercion, and form an ample girdle, which incicics they foon arrive at Lake Major, and an amphitheaire of vines and chItnut- then fcllow the right bank of the Toctrees; a delicious nix'mie of a beau- cia, to go three fourths of a league ful verdure and hardtome buildings." farther 10 lié de Mulera, where phey
On the side of Switzerland the find the first effecis of the gold mides rock is calcareous, mixed wiih more of Nlacugnaga ; the great church and or less of glimner: the strata verti- the Palazzo Teftoni being built by cal, or nearly vertical. On:he o her means of the gold drawn from the fide are either the common felia:ed mines. From the middle of the bridge rocks, composed of quartz ard mica, leading to Vinzon, a village in the or veined granites : they are general- road to the mines, they see Mount ly horizontal, or inclined at most from Rote, which arises as majestically as thirty to forry degrees. On the Mount Blanc, seen froni Salenche. northern side of the road, about a This mountain has the advantage of league and a quarter from Simplon, appearing surrounded by the beau:i. is a block of white calcareous stone, ful verdure of ihe narrow and deep valley of Anzasca, which, like the are those where the crystallization apframe of a picture, sets off the white pears to have been rapid, so that lite ness of the snow and the ice. This ile of the metal has escaped, and there exquisitely beautiful valley, where the pyrites appear in the form of large verdure and the trees are equally lux. scales. The threads are often uriant, is bounded by the approaching vertical, but the threads affect no hills, which meet, except in one point, particular direction. They sometimes where the river Lanza passes out. The cross each other, and the groups of nature of the rocks resembles that of auriferous pyrites, in the intersection, the valley of Martigny (Voyages, are large and rich. The expence is sect. 1047, &c.) The situation of the estimated at 46800 livres per annum, strata is nearly vertical, the direction and the income at 598oolivres. M.Telof their planes nearly that of the val- toni, whose mines are the subject of ley.
this estimate, clears therefore about At a little diftance from Vanson 13000 livres, about 5401. per annum. is a transverse rock, which incloses as It is supposed, however, that on acit were the mines. Near the bridge count of the proportion paid to the of Vando is a magnificent block of lord of the soil and to the king, the granite, in the middle of which was profits are diminished; and, on the a group of large hexagonal crystals of other hand, it is said that the richer black schorl, set in a mixture of white veins, which appeared to be the more feld spath and silver mica. The fitu- superficial ones, are exhausted. In ation of the village of Macugnaga is all gold mines the profit has been said to be very beautiful; but the in- generally exaggerated. The mode of habitants were not hospitable. Habi- extracting the metal is not peculiar, tations were only wanting ; for the nor very scientific; but it seems suffin inhabitants, and even the curate, live cieotly exact. on milk and rye-bread, made lix The high pics of Mount Rose are months in advance, and which can inaccessible, it seems, from the side of be cut only by a hatchet., Our tra- Macugnaga ; but one of these of a vellers provisions were brought from leffer height is acceslible on this lide. Vanzon.
On account of the snow with which The mineral of gold is found in the it was constantly covered, it is styled continua:ion of the base of Mount Pizze Blanco-the White Pic : our Role: it is composed of a veined gra. travellers set out on the 30th of July, nite or a foliated rock of feld spar, and encamped on the Alp of Pidriomica, and quartz. The strata are lo, for the Alps" retain their origingenerally horizontal, or a little in- al Celtic signification in this country,
clined, and the gold is found in all as well as the German part of Swit: the varieties of this granite, but ge- zerland : it signifies the pasturage of
nerally in the softer kinds and those the mountain.” After encamping on of the finest grain. The matrix of these meadows,they began to measure gold is a yellow sulphureous pyrites. the highest pics of Mount Rose, and Gold also occurs in the carious hol. found the highest24 30toises above the lows cf the quartz, mixed with a rust level of the sea, and the lowest 2398; of iron, which appears to be the re- the highest is, therefore, within twen. liduum of decomposed pyrites. The ty toises of the height of Mount aariferous pyrites are often crystallized . Blanc. “ We passed the night (fays in cubes ; but these are the poorest : M. Saussure) under our tent, in 2 those whose grain is fiocr are not situation truly delicious. We were much sicher; and the most ;uluable encamped in a meadow, covered with
the close turf of the higheft Alps, ena- ranged in trait lines like Mount melled with the moft beautiful flowers. Blanc and its collateral pics. Mount . These meadows were 'terminated by Rose, on the contrary, is composed
the Glaciers and the pics of Mount of uninterrupted series of gigantic Rofe, the magnificent out-lines of points, nearly equal, forming a valt whose highest cliffs were seen to advan- circle, which includes the village of tage, against the azure vault of hea. Macugnaga, its hamlets, its pastures, vey. Near to our tents flowed a rill the glaciers which bound them, and of the freshest and clearest water. On the steep cliffs which reach almost to the the other side was a cavern, under tops of these majestic Coloffufes. In whose shelter we burned the rhodo. Mount Rofe the strata are horizontal, dendron, the only wood which grows at or nearly so; in Mount Blanc they are this height, and whose fire served to vertical: in the former it is the veinwarm our soup,and to defend us against ed granite and foliated rocks of difthe fharp freshness of the evening. ferent kinds, which constitute the The night was magnificent; and I bulk ; in the latter, granite in mass. was too fond of contemplating it, The latter only occurs occasionally, for from the cold I felt some incon- and to appearance accidentally, in renience, which delayed my journey Mount Rose. It has been supposed, that a little the next morning. This jour. the veined granites, gneiss, aod other ney was indeed very painful; we paf- rocks of this kind, are only the ruinis sed with some difficulty over the hang- of the massy granites, but here they ing precipices of broken rocks, which conftitute immense masses: and tho? were very steep: we occasionally too we for a moment soppose it possible met with an avalanche of snow, solid that these pics are the accumulated and very rapid, which it was dange- ruins of a ftill higher mountain, we rous to pass; then the snow in our should at least expect to find the base way, though recent, was bard, frozen of such a mountain. Even the inte. on the surface, and dangerous from rior walls of the circus are not com. the declivity; and to finish the list of posed of vertical ftrata, and the foun. dangers, cliffs of rocks, which crumb- dation is of the same nature with the led under the feet, and remained in extremities. Our author finds allo the hand when we trusted to their that the mountains which form the fupport, were to be surmounted.” summit of Mount Rose are extended
After five hours travelling, they · Outwards to a very great distance, 10 reached a point, which was a part that together they form a mass incom. of the white pic, though about forty parably more vaft than that which toises below the highest precipice; would have filled the whole of the but they were separated from this high- interior part of the circle, and this er region by a steep ravine, which they must consequently have been the place must have descended over a very dana of this fupposed original mountain. gerous precipice of snow, to afcend Yet the horizontal direction of the again over another not more practica. ftrata, fo different from that of high ble. Our author, whose spirits were mountains, is a strong argument in perhaps repressed by the cold of the favour of this mountain being the former night, resisted the inclinations result of a decompofition of malfy of his fon to go farther; and on this granite. fyot they refted, about 2400 toises a. The different pics of which this bove the level of the sea.
group is composed, are of differect All the former mountains which heights, and from their situation they our author had ascended, he tells us, may be likened to a racket, of which were either insulated like Ætna, of the mountains that terminate the rale