« ForrigeFortsæt »
-oor can they, wheo thus confined, been little adverted to by the public be kept with equal profit as the ani- at large till the present time; but the mals of a more sluggish caft: Each of remarkable purity and unequalled brilthese breeds have their peculiar ex- liancy of its pative white was not, L cellencies, and are adapted to particu- believe, known even to any one. This lar purposes, and the man who thwarts discovery has been brought to light nature, and wishes to make them by means of Mr Coulter, an ingenious change places, may be considered as hofier in Edinburgh, who has brought a fool, and be obliged forely to re. this branch of manufacture to a degree pent it. The running horse will ne- of perfection it never had attained in ver draw the wagcon kindly-far less this country, and has invented some will the dray horse fucceed in the improvements known. no where else, course.
which it is to be hoped, will redound But the climax of this beautiful to his emolument. A little of this compoGtion is the clenching anecdote wool was lately put into his hands to of the man who undertook to drive be dressed and manufactured by him. some of these sheep to Lord Pigot, A small piece of stocking was made who said, he would as soon undertake of part of it, which was carried thro' to drive a "flock of hares into Staf. every step in the process of this mafordshire." This is an argument, if nufacture along with some stockings argument it may be called, exactly fie made of the best English combed milar in import to that of a man who wool. But when it came to be comShould have brought hal .a-dozen of pared with them, when entirely finishfine colts from the forest, which had ed, the difference in the colour was never been in haod, and agreed with most astonishing. The piece made of a coachman vnacquainted with the art Shetland wool was of a pure ciear of breaking horses, to yoke them in a white, more resembling bleached cotcarriage and drive them to London. ton than woollen goods, while the oIn this last case it would be well if the ther appeared of a yellowish hue. The rash coachman lived, to tell that he difference was as the finest writing had got a set of the most hellith brutes paper, when compared with the brownthat ever lived, and that he might as eft fort that is ever applied to that foon undertake to drive the dev:] him- use. self as them. Such is the logic that It is needless to dwell upon the adembellishes this profound perform- vantages that would result to many ance.
manufactures on account of this unI presume the reader will thank me blemished white for these are obvifor declining to take any notice of his ous. Io respect to dying light and other remarks. Indeed I should not delicate colours, this would be pecuhave taken up your time, or that of liarly beneficial. Everyone knows your readers with any remarks at all the difference in the brilliancy of coupon this production, had it not been lour of dyed linen, if it has been with a view to state to your readers, bleached, when compared with the and the public in general, a fact re- fan,e linen dyed by the same process fpecting the wool of Shetland sheep, in its unbleached flate. In the same that I did not know at the time manner, scarlet and other delicate cothe pamphlet which gave rise to lours, when dyed on this kind of these remarks was written.
Wool, will acquire a lustre and bril. The fineness and peculiar softness liancy it can in no other way be made of Shetland wool has been long known to attain. It was, no doubt, to this to a few individuals who had access peculiarity that Ubaldini alludes in the to see and handle it, though it has pasiage quoted from him in the pam
phlet phlet p. 49, where he says, “ But it and will be worked into small fample is not so generally known that it con. pieces of stocking, part of each famitains a great proportion of that deii- ple being made of English wool, part "cate fort (of woollen) of which is of Shetland, and part of Spanish wool dyed scarlet, and crimson, and other These will all be worked by the same delicate colours, made into stockings, hand, and must all alike go througe vests, gloves, fit ornaments, &c." every ftep of the same process in
It is not a little strarige that this cleansing and preparing for the mar. fingularly valuable peculiarity of this ker, so that the qualities of each fort of kind of wool should have been so wool will be brought at once forward long lost in this nation, after its ra- upon a fair comparative trial. Thele lae had been ascertained. It would pieces will probably be finithed before be an unaccountable degree of negli. the publication of this Magazine, and gence in us, now that it is discovered will be seen for some time in the shop a-new, to neglect the improvement of of Mr Coulter, hofier in Edinburgh, this wool, or suffer it to be entirely where, among others, the Critic, loft, which was upon the very verge of whose remarks gave rise to these ob happening. That the qualities of this servations, is invited to examine them, wool may be seen on a fair compari. and to publish to the world all the son with others, without a pollibility blemishes and defects he can possibly of allowing any one to be misled by pick up. It is not the obje& of the misrepresentation of facts of any sort, gentlemen who bring forward this bo. I take this opportunity of announcing finess, to impose upon any one. to the public, that there is now pre. they be deceived themselves, they will paring a small quantity of worsted be much obliged to any one who can fet yarn to be made of Shetland wool, them right. Truth is the object of fome yarn is also to be made of the their enquiries, and the advancement best combed English wool that can be of the manufactures and general prof. had here, which cost three fhillings perity of this country will be their per pound, and some more will be highest ambition. made of the best Spanish wool. These Cotfield, near Edin.2
J. ANDERSON are to be all spun by the same haod, 22d 021. 1790. S
THE Spaniards acquire more ly than the the word bourse. He a.
1 easily the pronunciation of the ways said Sooisse, Arquebooft, &c. Out French language than the Italians. of complaisance to him the fame proCardinal Mazarine never could at. nunciation became for a short while tain the sound of the French u, but fashionable at court. Socije, said he preserved the Italian pronunciation one day, in order to get rid of an of oo till the day of his death; and importunate fellow who was reaziog it was faid, that there was no word him for a benefice, Scoiffe, prend 1 in the French language that he pro- arqueboofe, et va tooer oon Abe, pour qui Bonnced more easily or more willing. je donne con Abaye « cet burime.
A Voyage from St. Domingo 10 New Orleans; Part of a Tour round the
World, by Pages, Captain in the French Navy, Knight of the Order of · St. Louis, and Correspondent of the Royal Academy of Sciences.
IFFERENT circumstances re- privation of the comforts of life to
lative to my private affairs and which men are accustomed, who, by to the service of the French navy, to their rank and knowledge, are alone which I have the honour to belong, proper to be employed in such eniodúced me to form a plan to gain a terprizes, were the principal obstacles knowledge of the Indian seas, and to that often rendered them unsucceilproceed thither by a western course : ful: I thought that a hard and laboI proposed afterwards to cross China, rious way of life, supported by con. and penetrate, by way of Tartary, to stancy and courage, would insure sucthe fea of Kamschatka. My intention cess; I was, belides, impressed with was to search for a northern passage, an opinion that the more simple and br pursuing the north coaft: the mode uncultivated, the less wicked mankind I intended to adopt in the prosecution is; and that, with an easy disposition of my deligno appeared to me very eae" and a fimplicity of manners, in living, Sor; I designed to accuftom myself to acting, and thinking, a man is betier the manners and customs of the north- received among unpolished people, ern people, to adopt their mode of than in the most polite cities, where living, join them in their huoring par. ostentation necessarily excites defire, ries, and by that method convey my- the parent of aparice and suspicion. felf from village to village along the These opinions set my project in a fasea-shore: by these means, I could vourable light, caused every difficulty not fail either to discover the passage to disappear, and served to confirm to the north of Siberia, or to be af. me in my design. fured of its non-existence, if the con- Such was the situation of my mind, tinuation of the coast should conduct when my duty called me from Rochme to North America. This second ford to the Island of St. Domingo ; part of my project I was obliged to of this island I shall not speak, as both Telinquih, as I found it impradicable the course thither, and the country it to procure the means necessary to cross self, are well known. China.
In consequence of the obftacles to Whenever I have read the history which I attributed the bad success of of a traveller, wandering over un- former adventurers, I accustomed my known countries, I fel a sensible en self to what was to me a new and motion. The conquests of the Euro- plain mode of living: I had not then peans in the two Indies, the attempts discovered whether it was really the and discoveries of the Russians to the best, but adopted it from receility, north-eait of their empire, an ambi- not being possessed either of fortune tion to atchieve some great enterprize, or credit fufficient to enable me combut, above all, ao invincible desire for modiously to make so long a journey whatever could bring me acquainted among favage nations, or such as were with the primitive simplicity of uncul. but little advanced in çivilization; and tivated oature, beautiful in its origi. among others, who permit the ap. dal state, such as I imagine it to be proach of itrangers with impatience, when it came first from the hands of but whose country it was neceffary to the Creator, absorbed every faculty of cross. I haftened ihe execution of my toy foul. I judged that a wapt of plan, taking, however, every necelpatience and perseverance, and a de. sary precaution to insure its success : . Vol. XII. No. 70:
and and as some favourable circumstances have a good pilot to come near it. occurred which could feldom have The Palumas are on the larboard, and happened together, at any other time, the Inand of Sable on the ftarboard of at any other place, than at Cape side of this channel : in this part it Francois, where I then was, I fixed is about 15 leagues broad, and does my resolution, without more delay. not widen confiderably upril about
I embarked in a French vessel for 60 leagues farther. New Orleans, hoping for success This channel, on the side towards from Providence, from my resolution the fea, is formed of rocks, banks, and patience, and from the nios fim- and small islands, which extends as ple and labctious niode of life, the far as the Straits of Bahama, and on habituating myseif to which would the side towards the island of Cuba, render the fatigues of the journey and by many banks and rocks, which run Such bodily labour as I might be com- our so far that the land is not in fight. pelled to, by circumstances, more sup. The wind continued earterly, light, portable. I looked for every cbitacle, and coming only in breezes; but as ihat I might not be surprized by any. the current ran to the westward, we
New Orleans having been just ced- happily got through in four days. I ed to Spain, I hoped I should be able was surprized that most of the ships to find means there to cross the coun- bound to the weltward should expose try between the river Mililippi and themselves to a long passage and calms, the Kin-bravo or Grande, which last which often prevail to the S. W. of river divides New Spain from Louili- the Island of Cuba, by taking that ara: this tiact of country is inhabit. course to avoid the passage of the old ed only by savages. The distance, channel, which is by no means dan
hough very considerable, did not ap- gerous, with proper attention. We pear sufficient to impede the execu. after wards steered our course for the tion of my defign, and I laitered my- Matanza, a mountain lying within falf I dould be able to penetrate into Jand, westward of a bay of the same New Spain by the frontiers of New name : its summit rises above the oMexico.
ther mountains, in the form of a cap, We failed from Cape Francois the from whence it is called the Cap of last day of June, 1767, intending to Maianza, and serves for a land-mark. pals through the Old Straits. The Soon after, we had sight of the Hawind being easterly, we stood to the vanpah, in the same Inand of Cuba: W. N. W. we afterwards kept a little steering from thence, N. W. and keepfarther from land, by steering N. W. ing farther from there, we stood for and passed about eight leagues to the the sound of the Turtle lilands. These northward of St. Nicholas Mole. islands bear S. W. from Cape Flori.
Continuing the same course, and da, and the found S. of them. We with the same wind, we soon after saw founded and found fifty-two fathom the Island of Cuba, and running along wiih a bottom of sand and grey grait, had tight of Cape des Malas, de. vel; but S. S. W. of them, at the figning to steer for the small islands of distance of five leagues, when they Palumas and Sable, which form the are nearly out of sight, being very entrance of the Old Siraits, iowards low, we found fifty fathom, bottom of the fea. To be certain of making fand and white gravel. This bottom thofe illards, which are very lutr, we is a certain indication of the sound. were particularly attentive to get a We haled up a little to the weitward, light of Cape des Mulas, for the con- to avoid being embayed in the gulph rivuation of the coast of Cuba is not of Florida, and were soon out of cality perceived, and it is pecellary to sounding. We had some calms, and
Taw many dolphins, which were a- of the great mouth, and also of being bout five feet long, and very thick ; driven to the S. W. past the western they are curious, from the variety of channel, of the fame mouth where the their fine colours, which change every current sets down into the bay of Ste moment.
Bernard, which is little known, and We were somewhat fearful of the very dangerous, on account of the current from the Strait of Bahama : fand banks and funken coasts. The it appeared fingular to me that the great mouth of the river wbich is to currents of this strait, from south to the south, divides into several channorth, (which is clearly only the ef- nels, formed by some small, low feat of the trade winds and the bear- islands, which, in times of flood, are ings of the coalt) are the most rapid often overflowed. One of these when the northerly winds blow strong. islands, situated west of the south eneft. I can explain this phenomenon trance, had been occupied by the only by fuppofing that the northerly French, who had there erected a lapu winds, when they are the most vio- mark, for security of thips coming in lent, drive the waves with great force with that part of the coast which is over the range of rocks and shoals overflowed. Tbe Spaniards have takwhich extend towards the E. S. E. en poffeßion of anocher island, east of The waves, thus driven over the the louth-eastern entrance, where they rocks, raise the water of the strait a- have raised a battery, erceed a land. bove the height of the ocean, which mark, and establihed pilots for this endeavouring to recover its level, new passage, which appeared to me causes a more rapid current than when more convenient than the old one : the sea is calm and smooth.
in fact, thips arriving almost always The wind freshened, and we steer- from the eastward, and the wind ge. ed, for Tounding, between the river nerally blowing from that quarter, a Mobille and the S. E. mouth of the N. W. is more convenient than a river Millilippi; these we made in 40 northerly course ; they are also less fathom water, a bottom of black muid, in danger of being driven to the wellic and continued standing on in these ward, towards the Bay of St. Berfoundings. We steered this course Dard. Both the passages are difficult, because, being then N. E. of the south- and even in the latter, there is at the eastern and southern entrances, we had utmost but eighteen feet water, and we the benefit of the current from the for- were obliged io steer very carefully mer, which drove us within sight of in a very rapid Itream. the land mark. We had a view of We entered with a pilot. this beacon at the distance of live I was surprised at the beauty of leagues, and anchored two leagues this river ; its waters running into the N. E. of it, to avoid the force of the sea, do not lose either their whiteness stream, and any danger from the drift or fr:shness, for two or three leagues : wood. The bottoni of the river Mo- the strength of the current is also felt bille is a black mud, that of the S. E. at that distance, which frequently mouth of the M lilippi is a white roots up, and brings down with it flime, mixed with fume gruins of fine large trees, that are very dangerous land ; that of the land mark, of mud to liavigators. equally wbite, but without find. If, . These trees being often stopped ia on falling in with the land, the navi- the bed of the river, accumulate, in gator does not take the precautions a- time, and form dykes against the cur. ·bove mentioned, he runs a risk of be- rent ; but the noise this obstruction ing drivea past the south-east mouth occafons is heard at a considerable and.he eastern and southern channels distance, and gives notice to be aware