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or can they, wheo thus confined, been little adverted to by the public be kept with equal profit as the ani- at large till the present time; but the mals of a more iluggish caft: Each of remarkable purity and unequalled brilthese breeds have their peculiar ex- liancy of its native white was not, I cellencies, and are adapted to particu- believe, known even to any one. This. lar purposes, and the man who thwarts discovery has been brought to light nature, and wishes to make them by means of Mr Coulter, an ingenious change places, may be considered as hofier in Edinburgh, who has brought a fool, and be obliged forely to re- this branch of manufacture to a degree pent it. The running horse will ne- of perfection it never had attained in ver draw the wagson kindly-far less this country, and has invented some will the dray horse succeed in the improvements known. no where else, course.

which it is to be hoped, will redound But the climax of this beautiful to his emolument. A little of this compofition is the clenching anecdote wool was lately put into his hands to of the man who undertook to drive be dreffed and manufactured by him. some of these sheep to Lord Pigot, A small piece of stocking was made who said, he would as soon uodertake of part of it, which was carried thro' to drive a " Aock of hares into Staf. every step in the process of this mafordshire. This is an argument, if nufa&ture along with some stockings argument it may be called, exactly fi- made of the best English combed milar in import to that of a man who wool. But when it came to be comshould have brought hal -a-dozen of pared with them, when entirely finishfine colts from the forest, which had ed, the difference in the colour was never been in hand, and agreed with most astonishing. The piece made of a coachman vnacquainted with the art Shetland wool was of a pure ciear of breaking horfes, to yoke them in a white, more resembling bleached cotcarriage and drive them to London. ton than woullen goods, while the oIn this last case it would be well if the ther appeared of a yellowish hue. The rash coachman lived, to tell that he difference was as the finest writing had got a set of the most hellish brutes paper, when compared with the brownthat ever lived, and that he might as eft fort that is ever applied to that soon undertake to drive the devil him- use. self as them. Such is the logic that It is needless to dwell upon the adembellishes this profound perform- vantages that would result to many ance.

manufactures on acccunt of this unI presume the reader will thank me blemished white for these are obvifor declining to take any notice of his ous. Io respect to dying light and other remarks. Indeed I should not delicate colours, this would be pecuhave taken up your time, or that of liarly beneficial. Everyone knows your readers with any remarks at all the difference in the brilliancy of co- , opon this production, had it not been lour of dyed linen, if it has been with a view to state to your readers, bleached, when compared with the and the public in general, a fact re- fane linen dyed by the same process specting the wool of Shetland sheep, in its unbleached state. In the same that I did not know at the time manner, scarlet and other delicate cothe pamphlet which gave rise to lours, when dyed on this kind of these remarks was written.

wool, will acquire a luftre and brilThe fineness and peculiar softness liancy it can in no other way be made of Shetland wool has been long known to attain. It was, no doubt, to this to a few individuals who had access peculiarity that Ubaldini alludes in the to see and handle it, though it has pasiage quoted from him in the pam



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Anecdote of Cardinal Mazarine. phlet p. 49, where he says, “ But it and will be worked into small samples is not so generally known that it con- pieces of ftocking, part of each famtains a great proportion of that deli- ple being made of English wool

, part cate fort (of woollen) of which is of Shetland, and part of Spanish wool dyed fcarlet, and crimson, and other These will all be worked by the same delicate colours, made into stockings, hand, and must all alike go through vefts, gloves, fit ornaments, &c.every ftep of the same process in

It is not a little strange that this cleansing and preparing for the marfingularly valuable peculiarity of this ket, so that the qualities of each fort of kind of wool should have been so wool will be brought at once forward long lost in this nation, after its ra- upon a fair comparative trial. These lue had been ascertained. It would pieces will probably be finished before be an unaccountable degree of negli- the publication of this Magazine, and gence in us, now that it is discovered will be seen for fome time in the thop 2-new, to neglect the improvement of of Mr Coulter, hofier in Edinburgh, this wool, or suffer it to be entirely where, among others, the Critic loft, which was upon the very verge of whose remarks gave rise to these ob happening. That the qualities of this servations, is invited to examine then, wool may be seen on a fair comparic and to publish to the world all the son with others, without a posibility blemishes and defects he can pollibly of allowing any one to be milled by pick up. It is not the obje& of the misieprefentation of facts of any fort, gentlemen who bring forward this bu I take this opportunity of announcing liness

, to impose upon any oneto the public, that there is now pre. they be deceived themselves, they will paring a small quantity of worsted be much obliged to any one who can fet yarn to be made of Shetland wool, them righe. Truth is the object of fome yarn is also to be made of the their enquiries, and the advancement best combed English wool that can be of the manufactures and general prof

. had here, which cost three shillings perity of this country will be their per pound, and some more will be highest ambition. made of the best Spanish wool. These Cotfield, near Edin. are to be all spun by, the fame hand,

22d 08. 1796."".}J. ANDERSON

Anecdote of Cardinal Mazarine

HE Spaniards acquire more ly than the the word borrfe. He al

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French language than the Italians. of complaisance to him the same proCardinal Mazarine never could at. nunciation became for a short while 'tain the sound of the French u, but fashionable at court. Socijfe, faid he preserved the Italian pronunciation one day, in order to get rid of a of oo till the day of his death ; and importunate fellow who was reazing it was faid, that there was no word him for a benefice, Sooiffé, prend to in the French language that he pro- arqueboose, et va tooer con Abe, pour que Bonoced more easily or more willing. je donne con Aberye a cet humine.



Å Voyage from St. Domingo to New Orleans; Part of a Tour round the

World, by Pages, Captain in the French Navy, Knight of the Order of
St. Louis, and Correspondent of the Royal Academy of Sciences.
IFFERENT circumstances re- privation of the comforts of life to

lative to my private affairs and which men are accustomed, who, by to the service of the French navy, to their rank and knowledge, are alone which I have the honour to belong, proper to be employed in such eninduced me to form a plan to gain a terprizes, were the principal obstacles knowledge of the Indian seas, and to that often rendered them unsucceilproceed thither by a western course : ful : I thought that a hard and JaboI proposed afterwards to cross China, rious way of life, supported by con. and penetrate, by way of Tartary, to stancy and courage, would insure sucche sea of Kamschatka. My intention cess; I was, belides, impressed with was to search for a northern passage, an opinion that the more simple and by pursuing the north coaft: the mode uncultivated, the less wicked mankind I intended to adopt in the prosecution is; and that, with an easy disposition of my delign appeared to me very ea-" and a simplicity of manners, in living, "7; I designed to accuftom myself to a&ting, and thinking, a man is better the manners and customs of the north. received among unpolished people, ern people, to adopt their mode of than in the most polite cities, where living, join them in their hunting par- ostentation neceffarily excites defire, ties, and by that method convey my- the parent of avarice and suspicion. felf from village to village along the These opinions set my project in a fasea-shore: by these means, I could vourable light, caused every difficulty not fail either to discover the passage to disappear, and served to confirm to the north of Siberia, or to be af. me in my design. fored of its oon-existence, if the con- Such was the situation of my mind, tinuation of the coast should conduct when my duty called me from Rochme to North America. This second ford to the Island of St. Domingo ; part of my project I was obliged to of this island I shall not speak, as both Telinquish, as I found it impradicable the course thither, and the country itto procure the means necessary to cross self, are well known. China.

In consequence of the obftacles to Whenever I have read the history which I attributed the bad success of of a traveller, wandering over un- former adventurers, I accustomed mya known countries, I fel a sensible e- felf to what was to me a new and motion. The conquests of the Euro- plain mode of living: I had not then peans in the two Indies, the attempts discovered whether it was really the and discoveries of the Rullians to the best, but adopted it from receility, north-east of their empire, an ambi- not being possessed either of fortune tion to achieve some great enterprize, or credit fufficient to enable me combat, above all, an invincible delire for modiously to make so long a journey whatever could bring me acquainted among favage nations, or such as were with the primitive simplicity of uncul. but little advanced in civilization; and tivared dature, beautiful in its origi. among others, who permit the apDal state, such as I imagine it to be proach of itrangers with impatience, when it came first from the hands of but whose country it was neceffary to the Creator, absorbed every faculty of cross. I haftened the execution of my tny foul. I judged that a want of plan, taking, however, every necel. patience and perseverance, and a de. Šary precaution to insure its success : VOL. XII. No. 70.


216. A l'oyage from Sí. Domingo to New Orleans. and as some favourable circumstances have a good pilot to come near it. occurred which could feldom bave The Palumas are on the larboard, and happened together, at any other time, the Illand of Sable on the starboard of at any other place, than at Cape side of this channel : in this part it Francois, where I then was, I fixed is about 15 leagues broad, and does my resolution, without more delay. not widen confiderably until about

I embarked in a French vessel for 60 leagues farther. New Orleans, hoping for succes This channel, on the side towards from Providence, from my resolution the sea, is formed of rocks, banks, and patience, and from the nos fim- and {mail islands, which extends as ple and labcrious mode of life, the far as the Straits of Bahama, and on habituating myseif to which would the side towards the island of Cuba, render the fatigues of the journey and by many banks and rocks, which run such beslily labour as I might be com- our so far that the land is not in fight. pelled to, by circumstances, more supe The wind continued cafterly, light, portable. I looked for every obitacle, and coming only in breezes; but as that I might not be surprized by any. the current ran to the westward, we

New Crleans having been just ced- happily got through in four days. I ed to Spain, I hoped I should be able was surprized that most of the ships to find means there to cross the coun- bound to the weltward Mould expose try between the river Mililippi and themselves to a long passage and calms, the Kin-bravo or Grande, which last which often prevail to the S. W. of river divides New Spain from Louili- the Island of Cuba, by taking that ara: this tract of country is inhabis- course to avoid the passage of the old ed only by savages. The diltance, channel, which is by no means daathough very conliderable, did not ap- gerous, with proper attention. We pcar sufficient to impedo the execu- afterwards steered our course for the tion of my design, and I flaitered my- Maranza, a mountain lying, within felf I would be able to penetrate into land, weftward of a bay of the same New Spain by the frontiers of New name: its summit rises above the oMesico.

ther mountains, in the form of a cap, We failed from Cape Francois the from whence it is called the Cap of last day of June, 1767, intending to Maranza, and serves for a fand-mark. pass through the Old Straits. The Soon after, we had fight of the Hawind being easterly, we stood to the vannah, in the same land of Cuba: W. N. W. we afterwards kept a little steering from thence, N. W. and keepfarther from land, by steering N. W. ing farther from there, we stood for and passed about eight leagues to the the found of the Turtle lilands. These northward of St. Nicholas Mole. i Nands bear S. W. from Cape Flori.

Continuing the fame course, ard da, and the found S. of them. We with the same wind, we soon after saw founded and found fifty-two fathom the Island of Cuba, and running along with a bottom of sand and grey grait, had tight of Cape des Malas, de- vel; but S. S. W. of them, at the figning to steer for the small islands of distance of five leagues, when they Palumas and Sable, which form the are nearly out of sight, being very entrance of the Old Siraits, iowards low, we found tisty fathom, bottom of the tea. To be certain of making fand and white gravel. This bottom those islards, which are very low, we is a certain indication of the found. were particularly attentive to get a We haled up a little to the westward, fight of Cape des Mulas, for the con- to avoid being embayed in the gulph tiuuation of the coaft of Cuba is not of Florida, and were soon out of eafiiy perceived, and it is necessary to sounding. We had some calms, and faw many dolphins, which were a- of the great mouth, and also of being bout five feet long, and very thick ; driven to the S. W. past the western they are curious, from the variety of channel, of the fame mouth where the their fine colours, which change every curreot sets down into the bay of St, moment.

Bernard, which is little known, and We were somewhat fearful of the very dangerous, on account of the current from the Strait of Bahama : fand banks and sunken coasts. The it appeared fingular to me that the great mouth of the river which is to currents of this strait, from south to the south, divides into several channorth, (which is clearly only the ef- nels, formed by some small, low fe&t of the trade winds and the bear- islands, which, in times of flood, ale ings of the coast) are the most rapid often overflowed. One of these. when the northerly winds blow strong- illands, situated west of the south enest. I can explain this phenomenon trance, had been occupied by the only by fuppeling that the northerly French, who had there erected alapú winds, when they are the most vio- mark, for security of thips coming in lent, drive the waves with great force with that part of the coast which is over the range of rocks and shoals overflowed. Tbe Spaniards have takwhich extend towards the E. S. E. en possession of anocher island, east of The waves, thus driven over the the south-eastern entrance, where they rocks, raise the water of the strait a- bave raised a battery, erected a land. bove the height of the ocean, which mark, and established pilots for this endeavouring to recover its level, new passage, which appeared to me causes a more rapid current than when more convenient than the old one : the sea is calm and smooth.

in fact, ships arriving almost always The wind freshened, and we steer- from the east ward, and the wind geed, for founding, between the river nerally blowing from that quarter, a Mobille and the S. E. mouth of the N. W. is more convenient than a river Millilippi; these we made in 40 northerly course; they are also less fathom water, a bottom of black mud, in dinger of being driven to the welland continued standing on in these ward, towards ile Bay of St. Berfoundings. We steered this courle nard. Both the passages are difficult, because, being then N. E. of the south- and even in the latter, there is at the eastern and southern entrances, we had utmost but eighteen feet water, and we the benefit of the current from the fore were obliged 10 steer very carefully mer, which drove us within light of in a very rapid stream. the land mark. We had a view of We entered with a pilot. this beacon at the distance of five I was surprised at the beauty of leagues, and anchored two leagues this river; its waters running into the N. E. of it, to avoid the force of the sea, do not lofe either their whiteness stream, and any danger from the drift or frihness, for two or three leagues : wood. The bottom of the river Mo- the strength of the current is also felt bille is a black mud, that of the S. E. at that distance, which frequently mouth of the M happi is a white roots up, and brings down with it flime, mixed with fome grains of fine large trees, that are very dangerous fand; that of the land mark, of mul to riavigators. equally wbite, but without find. If, These trecs being often flopped ta on falling in with the land, the navi- the bed of the river, accumulate, in gator does not take the precautions a- time, and form dykes against the curbove mentioned, he runs a risk of be- rent; but the noise this obstruction ing driven past the fouth-ealt mouth occasions is heard at a considerable and the eastern and fouihern channels diliance, and gives notice to be aware Ff2


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