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been sent to the camp at Bouvignes. A ine, and the Duke Albert of Saxe Tefchen, whole coropany of the enemy have been dated at Bonn, the 2d March last, has made entirely defeated, fixty-five of them killed, known your Majesty's good intentions toand one piece of cannon taken.

wards the inhabitants of the Low Coun“I have the honour to be, with pro

tries. You there disapprove the arbitrary found respect,

conduet of the late Emperor and King, Jo

seph Il, with refped to us, in a manner so « P. S. VAN EU

decided, as to encourage us to lay before Bruxelles, Sept. 1. 1790.”

you our past sufferings, and the injustice

which we have invariably experienced, F. BRUSSELS,- Sear, 3.

which constrained us to shake off a yoke beThe General de Schoenfeldt set off come insupportable, by a Revloution but from Andoy the day before yesterday, at too well justified in the eyes of all Eu. seven o'clock in the evening, for Andon- rope. nes, and remained all the night before if, on this occasion, the States of the Pro the battery, which the Austrians had ta- vinces had done their duty, by inviting the ken from us by surprise the same day. As people to make a free choice of proper Re. soon as it was day-break, he ordered the prefentatives to direct the public affairs, and Weft Flanders regiment to attack the determine on any subject that could contri. camp and entrenchiments, which the Auf- bute to the welfare of the nation, it is pofli, trians had at Courris, which they did ble they might have been able to reconcile with the utmost ardour, and destroyed

ed the interests of the country with those of all their works,

your Majesty, in ackvowledging your love, The regiinent of Antwerp, under the

reignty, subject to the conditions requisite command of Colonel Tinne, marched

to eitablish liberty upon laiting founda

tions, from Huy the same night to furround this

The States have been acluated by other poft. The Austrians, on being driven

motives ; they were themselves delirous of from thence; retreated into four other

supplying the place of the Sovereign, with. camps, which our people took, and burnt

out having been chosen by the penple, the every thing. Out of two hundred of the only source of all sovereignty; and, in the enemies huslars, who endeavoured to co hopes of transmitting to their descendants ver their retreat, 50 were killed on the and succeflors the authority which they had spot, befides a great number wounded. arrogated to themselves, they have directed We have taken from them three pieces their endeavours towards feparating for ever of cannon, one pair of colours, about a the nation from its ancient Sovereigns, . dozen of their husar hories, and a great Under these circumstances, it was impor number of prisoners in short, their right fible that the overtures made on the part wing is entirely defeated, and the enemy of your Majesty Mould produce the effect are retired towards Gewes and Alefle, which you expected from them; but the without having made any attempts to re: · time approaches when the Belgic people cover the posts we had taken from them. are finally to determine their fate : there Major-General Kof hler's report of the

, are but two courses to adopt; they must ei. ad of this month, confirms the account of

ther risk every thing to maintain their indethe Austrians having lost 500 men, with

pendance, as a free State, in replacing, by

a better choice, those who have seized on the Baron de Blechem, Major Murray,

the Government; or they must resolve atwo Captains, and five fubalterns.

gain to entrust the exercise of sovereignty H. C. N. VANDERNOOT. to the House of Austria. This last expediThe above is the account published by

ent pronuses us external peace; but to ren. order of Congress ;-but other letters re

der the nation happy, it is necessary that

the should have secured to her at the same ceived here from the army, assert, that

time the most entire liberty, eftablished a. we have loft a great many inen, as well

pon foundations capable of protecting us as cannon.

for ever against all attempts which our fo.

vereigns may be induced to make against Representation of the inbabitants of the BELGIC PROVINCES, to bis Majesty the King of

pur rights. HUNGARY, August 1790.

· If your Majesty has reason to complain of

our States, you are to consider that they are SIRE

not of the choice of the people, who, in rero The Declaration made by your Majeft pect to themselves, have much more serious ty, and transmitted to the States of the Bel cause of complaint against them; but as we gic Provinces, by the letter of their Roval here pass over in filenec a detail of the arbia Highnesses the Archdutchels Marie Christ- trary and despotic acts of our late Sove. stign, it is equally proper that we should be mies of religion, sovereignty, and public ülent upon thofe of our States.


tranquillity, have induced the inhabitants of • Your Majesty cannot treat effe&ually the town of Avignon to commit the most

but with the whole pcople, since they have enormous outrages, and tr debise themselves · not yet chosen Reprefentatives; and it is by the most execrable perf'. This people,

only after such a free choice that these re- who have lived so many agi-s under the mild prcsentatives could, in the name of the peo- and haupy dominion of the Holy See, have ple, ratify and confirm the Convention to been imprudently led away by the boid and be entered into between your Majesty and artful practices of fome deligning perfons, the nation.

who amidst tumults and anarchy, have at · But in the mean while, as the public length produced an open rebellion. " voice has sufficiently made known the fen- « To prevent all cause of complaint, the timents of the great majority of the people, Holy See has in vain displayed its benevowe haiten to lay before your Majesty a lence towards those subjects, of whose difSummary of those conditions, the comply- affection it complains, by occasionally fur. ing with which will induce the nation to nishing them from its own fources, with acknowledge you as its Sovereign :

plenty of grain, by lightening their expences, 1. As the Government of the Belgic Pro by facilitating the administration of jultice, vinces has hitherto been a limited monar- and by inviting them paternally to make chy, that form of Government shall be pre- known the defects and abuses which might served, as well as that of the ancient consti- have crept into the legislation, in order to tutions of the Provinces, inasmuch as they their being reformed can be adapted to actual circumstances, ad « All these cases, all these acts of condemitting, nevertheless, such change and ame. fcension of a generous Pontiff, far from csliorations as are become necessary for the citing any gratitude, have only served to redwelfare of the nation in general.

der these unhappy men more rebellious and 2. All the inhabitants of the Belgic Pro- more infolent. Every day has produced new vinces have, and will have, the right of crimes and new excelles. being represented by perfons of their own “After having overturned from the foun: choice, freely elected by a majority of vioces, dations the anciant system of the municipafor a limited time, as well in the cities and lity and the tribunals, seduced the milita, towns as in the country.

usurped the rights of the throne and the al2. The Executive Power shall be entrust tar, insulted the Holy Father and his Minied exclusively to the Sovereign personally, ters, published writings injurious to the saor to the Governor General, his representa preme power, and violated even with contive..

tempt every thing facred and profane, they 4. The Legislative Power shall be exer have at length actained the acme of their cised by the representatives of the nation, infamous deligns, by imbruing their hands in States General assembled, in conjunction on the 12th and 13th of June last, in the with the Sovereign in person, or his repre blood of their fellow citizens, by enforcing sentative, the Governor General, forming M. Gasloni Vice-Legate, to leave the city together the Supreme Legislature, as will and territory of Avignon, by pulling down be hereafter stated.

the arms of the reigning Pontiff, their only • 5. The Judiciary Power shall continue to Sovereign, and tumultuoully fubstituting for be exercised by the councils and Tribunals then those of his Moft Christian Majelty, established, or to be eftablished, by the Su- whose known equity, religion, and respect preme Legislature.

for the Holy See, fully convince that Court, : 6. The Legislative, Executive, and Judi- that, far from favouring so criminal a prociary Powers, fhall eyer remain separate; cedure, he would not fuffer it to pass with and neither the fame person nor the same impunity. body shall excercise them all together, or i Such, in few words, is the account of two out of three, in any cafe, or upon any the insurrection of the revolters of Avignon, occasion whatever; reserving, nevertheless, of which the Cardinal Secretary of State, by to the Sovereign or Chief of the Executive order of the Holy Father, has the honour to Power, the right of pardoning crimes, and inform you, to the end that you would be mitigating sentences of the law, in cases pleased to communicate the same to the wherein no injury can refult to indivi- Court where you relide; and it is in the full duals.

persuasion that it will take a part suitable to

the importance of an event, which is the ROME.

common cause of all Sovereigns, and to the Brief of bis Holiness the Pope to the Cordinal de particular friendship which it has ever proBernis, bis Nuncio at Paris.

fessed towards the lacred person of his Hou « THE maxims of independence, and an unrefrained liberty, propagated by the ene

Given at Rome, tbe 1716 of July, 1790.


· ROME, Aug. 7.

have not been more numeroas, is the won

der of every politician. Our hopes are, that Xothing can exceed the vigour with

your example will be universaily followed; which the ordinances of the Holy Sce are and that the flame you have kindled, will erecuted, respecting foreigners, and particulo. confume the remains of defpotism and bigota larly Frenchmen. This rigour has been ry in Europe. augmented since a certain Cardinal wrote to We not only hope, but are confident, that the Pope that there were many French emil

the National Assembly of France, and the saries in his jurisdiction, who, under differ Parliament of Great Britain, willfrom henceent pretexts, endeavoured to propagate the forth be inseparably united in promoting the great Revolution of their country. Num

peace and prosperity of the two kingdoms, bers are daily arrested and banished. Even and in diffuling those blessings through the the French soldiers in the garrison of the whole extent of the globe. Castle of St Angelo have been dismissed.

We congratulate you on having an army

of citizens, and a wife Monarch, who, by SCOTLAND.

lending himfelf graciously to the views of

his people, has adied lufcre to the House of The Whig Club of Dundee transmitted Bourbon, and rivente i the crown of France

to the French Ambassador at London, on the heads of his poiterity. an Address to the National Assembly of Deign, Sir, to make this address acceptable France, which he forwarded : and, by from the obscure Members of a Club, in tithe same channel, they were honoured tuted for the purposes of commemorating with an Aniwer, subscribed by the Pre- the recovery of our own liberty, and of prefident of that Affenibly under the Na serving and improving our political constitional Seal, and directed for Mr Demp- tution. We are inhabitants of a country to fer.

which nature has not been bountiful : Oue The following are copies:

climate is cold, and our country mountain

ous : Yet, since public liberty has been reTO THE PRESIDENT OF THE NA

itored to us by the revolution, our cities be

come daily more populous, our inhabitants TIONAL ASSEMBLY OF FRANCE. more industrious, our mountains les barren,

and our whole country more wealthy and Sir,

happy. Nor have we any reason to believe WE, the Members of the Whig Club of, virtue and good order to be on the decline. the Royal Borough of Dundee, in North Our Sovereign, the guardian of our constiBritain, moft earnestly beg you will lay this tation and the father of his people, is almost our unanimous and humble Address at the an object of our adoration, and our nobility the feet of the National Assembly

and ciergy form ulaini and illuftrious mein· The triumph of liberty and reason, over bers of a state, where all are subject to the despotism, ignorance, and fuperftition, is an laws. intereiting event to the most diftant specta- . We incant to have been more concise, 1075. But the regeneration of your kingdo'n but we could not suppress our feelinys of is rendered doubly interesting to us inhabi- admiration and delight in contemplating to tants of Great Britain : For the example of joyful an event, as the restoration of public your former abusive government, proved in liberty in France. the last century extremely prejudicial to , We conclude with our prayers, that the ours. It excited in otr Princes and their Almighty Ruler of kingdoms inay direct Ministers, an inordinate desire for power, the tforts of your patriotism, and guard it which was often hurtful, and fornctimes fa- from corruption. tal, to themselves, but always injurious to With the most profound relpect, we buvo the State.

the honour to be, Accept, Sir, our sincere congratulations on the recovery of your ancient and free con

SIR, ftitution, and our warmeft wihes, that liberty may be permanently efablished in France.

Your mo? obedient We observe, for the honour of the age and dation, that your renovation has been effect.

and most humble Servant, ed without a civil war, and that neither the fuperfluous domains of the Prince, nor the (Signed, in name and by appointment of poilethons of the Church, have been divided the Club,) among rapacious subjects, but both convert

GEORGE DEMPSTER, ed to the use of the State to which they be

Of Dunichen, Prelident. long: That fome disturbances, and even acts of violence, should have attended this great DUNDEE, North-Britain, 2 Revolution, is no way surprifing: That there June 4. 1790. S


Anfover of the National Affembly. How signal is the honour that a na: Paris le 31 Juillet, 1790.

tion reflects upon itielf, when it feels as PARMI le grand nombre d'adresses, great joy from the re-stablishment of liMessieurs, que recoit de toute part l'Arberty in a neighbouring country, as it femblée Nationale, elle a du remarquer could feel froin having made some valua: celle d'une Societé, formée au sein d'un ble acquisition to itself! This confequence Royaume que l'amour de la liberté, et

seems now certain, that in a short time; l'espirit philosophique ont toujours diftin

the diffentions which, as barriers, separa. gué. Elle me charge de vous temoigner

ted England and France will ceale to combien elle s'applaudit de votre estime;

have existence ;- and this noble example qui plus que vous peut en effet avoir le will uther in the day when all mankind droit de juger la Revolution de France,

Mall consider one another as brethren. et quels suffrages peuvent etre plus fiat

It is with reason you congratulate us on curs que les votres?

the advantage of having a Prince who Mais combien s'bonore un peuple quand

knors no fairer title than that of King il se rejouit du retablissement de la liberte

uit de retablillement de la liberte over a free people ; he well deserves from chez une nation voisine, comme il se re- us the tentiments which you express is jouiroit d'une conquete personnelle ! Il cft Tuch an affecting anamner for the King donc vrai qu'il n'existera blentot plus de of Great Britain : We might also lavi barricres entre l'Angleterre et la France; adopting your own words, that the King et ce grand exemple doit preparer le jour of the French is almot tbe objeft of our ou tous les hommes vont le regarder com adoration. me freres.

May both the nations always enjoy the C'est avec 'raison que vous nous felici.

VOUS nous felicis happiness of finding in their Kings the tez sur l'avantage de poffeder un Prince, furelt frien is and firmest supports of their qui ne connoit pas de plus b:au titre que contitution. celui de Roi d'un peuple libre; il merite

I have the honour to be, Gentlemen, bien de notre part les sentiments que vous your moft obedient and most humble ferexprimez d'une maniere si touchante pour Vant. le Roi de la Grand Bretagne; nous pour.'

TREILHARD, President of rions dire aussi, pour nous servir devos

the National Assembly. propres expreffions, que le Roi des Fran To the Gentlemen, the Members of cais est presque l'objet de notre adoration.' the Whig Ciub of Dundee.

Puissent nos deux nations jouir toujours du bonheur de trouver dans leurs The above answer was communicated Rois les amis les plus vrais et les plus fer to a numerous and respectable meeting mes appuis de leur confitution.

of the Club on the 27th August, who J'ai l'honneur d'etre, Messieurs, votre palled the evening together in feftiviss. tres humble et tres obe issant serviteur.. and among a number of coafts expreffive

TREILHARD, Prelident de of their principles, the followiag were

l'Afitmblee Nationale. ; given: M. M. Les Membres du

1. Great Britain, and its happy con Club W big de Drindee.

ftitution. )

2. The King, Queen, Prince of Wales, [TRANSLATION.]

and all the Royal Family.. Paris, July 31/, 1790.

3. The glorious and iminortal memo - Among the numerous addresles, gentle

ry of William the III. men, presented from all quarters to the 4. May all mankind foon enjoy their National Affembly, none is more entitled

birth-right of civil liberty. to their attention than the address trar.f . May civil liberty be always accom. mitted from your Society ; a Society

panied with religious toleration. reared in the bofom of a country always 6. May the conduct of Princes merit diftinguished for its love of liberty, and from their fuhjects that love which the genuine fpirit of philosophy.

approaches to adoration. I have the command of the Assembly 7. May the French nation terminate to lignity to you, the great fatisfaction their undertaking in a happy conthey feel in this teftimony of your esteem: stitution. Who indeed can have a better right than 8. Mons. Treilhard, and the members you to give judgment on the Revolution

composing the National Affembly of France, and whai approbation can be on the 3iit July, 1790. d.ore flattering to us than yours?

9. May all the schemes against the li.


herties of France prove abortive. Jury were inclosed, and they return od to. The memory of the demolition of their verdict this day, unanimously finda the Baftile.

ing James Henderson guilty of the mura ir. May the members of this Club live der, and the libel not proven against nis

to address all the enslaved nations of wife, whereupon the was afllzied and Europe on fimilar occasions. .

difinissed from the bar; and Janes Hen12. The revival of ancient liberty in derson was sentenced to be hanged here Rome.

on the 29th of October nexi, to be fed 13. The abolition of all religious tests on bread and water till that ine, and 14. May the nations of Europe abandon his body to be delivered to Dr Living

the idea of conqueft, and cultivate the fton, to be by him publickly diflected biefings of peace.

and anatomized, in terms of the act of 13. May our dispute with Spain termi- Parliament: . nate in an honourable accommodation No other criminal business depending for Britain.

before the Court, they proceeded to 16. May the arms of Britain always pre- Perth.. vail, when she is forced into a war:

Perth, September 18. 19. May agriculture flourish in Scotland. This day the Circuit Court of Justi18. May the manufactures of Scotland ciary was opened here by the Right fourilh.

Honourable ihe Lords' Eikgrove and 19. Success to the British fisheries, &c.

Swinton, and proceeded to tne trial of

James Bruce in Kinghorn, accused of The members appeared with the Na

murder. Upon a proof being taken, cional cockade.

Bruce was found to be intane, and so

not capitally convicted. CIRCUIT INTELLIGENCE.

William Elliot, accused of stealing a

watch, clothes, &c. petitioned for banishINVERNESS, September 3. ment, which was agreed to. The Circuit Court of Justiciary was

September, 20. opened here this day by the Right Ho- The Court met at nine in the mornnourable Lord Elkgrove, when Charles ing, and proceeded to the trial of John Hope, Eig. Advocate, produced a com- Menzies, Officer of Excite, formerly iu million from the Lord Advocate for Scot Comrie, for the nurder of Peter Drumland, appointing him Advocatë depute mond, baker in Comrie in June 1788 for for the northern circuit ; and having tawhich the pannel had been susimoned to ken the oaths to Government, and the appear at the Circuit Court here in Septo atlizes called, he informed the Court, that year, and was fugitated for nonthat at this time there was no person to appearance. He was apprehended in be brought to trial in this diftridt; Edinburgh in January last, and brought whercupon Lord Ekkgrove, after expres- hither for trial in April. But the Adsing particular satisfaction at fo fingular vocate-depute deserted the diet, and he an event in the largest diftri& in Scot- was recommitted on a new warrant. Mr land, which he attributed to the vigi. Wight and Mr Hagart appeared as his lance of the Sheriffs and Magistrates of Counsel, and after the indictment was burghs, and the peaceable difpofition of read, and the pannel pleaded Not guilty, the inhabitants, dismissed the affizers, they stated in substance, that the deafter thanking them in a very polite cealed and he had lived as near neighmanner for their attendance

bours in perfect friendship, by many

good offices, up to the day of DrumABERDEEN, September 13.

mond's misfortune, and that the Ilroke The Circuit Court of Justiciary was which he had given himon the heart, with opened, here on Saturday laft, by the an oaken kebbir,was done in a sudden gust Right Honourable Lords Efkgrove and of paffion, without any previous intenSwinton, with the trial of James Hen- tion to kill ; and after the deed was done, derfon, late in Bainhole, in the parish of the pannel had repented of ityexpressed his Forgue, and county of Aberdeen, and forrow, and done what he could for his Llizabeth Stewart, alias Henderson, his relief. Therefore the fact was not mur. wife, accused of the murder of Alex. der, as charged, but culable h micide ander Gillefpie, flater; at or near their only. It was answered, Tha: the malici. houle, in the month of July laft. The ous intention would appear trom the cirtrial lasted from eleven o'clock forenoon cumstances of the case. Ther: »'24 no till about eight in the evening, when the fufficient provocation on the part of the Vou. Xif. No. 6g F


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