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The capital of the national debt, exclusive of annuities for lives and years, is about
£240,000,000 00 Upon the notion that the land is ultimately charged to pay the national debt, every square mile is mortgaged for
3,010 16 91 or every square acre is mortgaged for
4 12 3 The interest of the funded debt, including the annuities and charges of management, is
9,260,000 00 Towards this, every square mile,
on an average con-
36 or every individual
0 19 6 Supposing the average rent of lands to be ton shillings || an acre, and that they now fell for about 30 years purchase, every acre is mortgaged for almok one-third of its intrinfic value, and pays more than that proportion of its annual rent to the interest of the national debt.
I have not made these calculations to create discontents or despondency; for I believe that the same sort of enquiries, with regard to other kingdoms, would shew that, notwithstanding our burthens appear heavy, we are not in a worle condition than our neighbours. By this view of our affairs. I niean only to stimulate our Ministers and Senators to pursae the wiseft measures for strengthening this country, by thrift in the public treafure, by care of the people's trade, and by all the other honest and useful arts of peace.
It is not extent of territory ckat makes a country powerful, but numbers of men well employed, convenient ports, a good navy, and a soil producing all sorts of commodities. The materials for all these we have: and, to improve them to the greatest advantage, we only want the complement of men, whom our land can maintain and nJurish, with as much trade as our eational stock and our knowledge of sea affairs is capable of embracing. A trade so extended will naturally produce a powerful naval strength; while a large and pell-directed traffick, by its balance in our favour, will furnish such stores and wealth as will enable us to bear our prefent load of debt until the plan for the reduction of it shall have taken good root; and then the progress of that plan will proceed more rapidly than can easily be conceived by those who have not been used to contemplate the powers of wompound interest.
Character of a Pradent Husband *.
you see to the right and left," below us, is a man of a certain turn said the Devil upon Two Sticks, as of humour, but who possesses a thouthey passed down St James's Street, fand good qualitics. He has lately " have been erected by different fo. lost his wife ; nay, it was but lait cieties of people of falhion, for the sole week that he consigned hier, with all purpose of gaming with convenience ; that philosophy which marks a wise but as they are not generally frequent- man, to the tomb of her ancestors.” ed in the day-time, I must contrive to “ For my part," said the Count, “I afford you a peep into them during should rather have conceived, from our nocturnal excursions. And that the cheerfulness of his aspect, and the old building," continued he," which fmartness of his apparel, that he had we are now approaching, is the been a bridegroom, rather than a wientrance of the palace, whose back- dower; and that, inftead of having
have already seen from the just loft a wife, he had just got one. park." " And the nation,” said Don On what whimsical principle can he Cleofas," ought to be ashamed of it.” reconcile his difpenfing with the usual " They are so," replied the demon; solemnity of Cables on the mournful " and there the matter ends."
occasion ?" VOL. XII. No. 69.
Character of a Prudent Husband. “ To tell you the truth,” aniwered is the jovial companion. When he Alimodeus, " which, by the bye, he is in the country, he will follow ilie does not scruple to tell all the world, pleasures of the chace with ardous, his late spouse was such a termagant and join in the mirth of the evening devil, and, of course, led him fuch a that succeeds it. In short, he has the I fe, that he absolutely wishes to pub- power of associating himself to every lith the satisfaction he feels at being kind of allowable character, and the rid of her, by thus adapting his ex- ready inclination to do it: but he is terior appearance to the joy of his married. Very soon after his return heart.-He has, however, ordered a from his foreign tour, he demanded large bunch of black crape to be tied in marriage the daughter of his faround the neck of the dog which fol. ther's most intimate friend : his prolows him, “who was occasionally fa- posals were accepted with unfeigned voured by a kind word from his late satisfaction, and he was soon united mistress,--and is, therefore, the only to the object of his wishes. Matilda one of the family who has any
cause was a beautiful girl, highly accomwhatever to regret her.”
plished, and supposed to possess a very “I must desire you,” said Asmo- good understanding, when the was deus, “ to regard, with a very parti- married to a man who was formed to cular attention, the gentleman now make a sensible woman the happiest crossing the street towards us, who of her sex. But from a foolish, way. wears such an easy smile on this coun- ward vanity, which was encouraged tenance, and mutters his thoughts to by his lavish indulgence, she funk, in himself, as he walks along. He is a a very short time, into all the supercis person of great worth, and a dupe, lious habits of a fine lady, and became but of a very different kind from the a perfect mass of fickleness, nonsense, laft, for he confesses himself to be so. and affcctation. She even fancied Indeed, bis dupery deserves a better herself above the general nature of pame, as it confifts in an accommoda- her lex; was superior to all those aition to circumstances which he knows tentions and employments which af. not how to remedy. He himself, I ford so much real delight in the nupthink, without any perversion of the tial state, and religned the whole bu term, denominatos it prudence; and liness of domestic concerns, and all in speaking of him, I shall give you the cares of parental duty, to her the portrait of what I calla prudent huf- husband. To dress, to attend public band.
amusements, and to invent a fashion, “ He is a man of rare qualifica- are the active parts of her character : tions and great fortune. His natural to languith in her drefling-room, to be abilities received every advantage that incapable of the least exercise, and to the most polite education could be be alarmed at those exertions which ftow on them; and he pofleffes all the are neceffary to the common offices of experience that extensive travels, and life, compote the necessary part of it. the habits of public life, can afford Without being guilty of any actual him. With the most finished accom- yice, she never practises any actual plishments, he is blessed with a difpo- virtue ; and though she does not ab. Sition to make them acceptable to eve- solutely wish to give offence, is very ry kind of people, and all who know far from discovering any desire to him, love him. Among men of lite communicate plealure. rature, he is the polished scholar and “ He is unhappy ; for how can any chaste critic; in polite societies, he is man of sensibility be otherwise, when the easy, well-bred man of fashion; he finds his expectations of matrimon and, in the more convivial parties, he nial comfort fo completely disappointed? His fond attentions poffeffing all not being in a situation to realize them the uniformity of affection, are not by a practical obedience. I know, always received, and very feldom re- as well as you, that I have been turned, with that kindness which wrong from the beginning; an unlithey deserve ; and the manner of life mited indulgence to my wife, has molt suited to his character and wishes been attended with very unplealant is continually interrupted by the cap- etfeets : but what can be done? An ricious fancies of this unreflecting alteration in my conduct would now beauty. She will determine, on a be followed by the most unhappy ladden, to go into the country; and consequences. There are, my friends, as ihe is never contradicted, the certain circumstances, and I feel myimmediate arrangements take place felf at this moment to be surrounded por complying with her delire. In a by them, when it is an act of prudence. vrtnight, perhaps, her spirits demanda to let a woman play the fool, for four wange of air,and some diftant baihing- the should play the devil.” ice is thoughtneceffaryto relieve their “ You may, my good friend,” said Liguor. Her jewels are new set e- Don Cleofas, “ call this prudence, if very winter, the plate is frequently you please, and it may be considered relied dowo to take a new form, and as such by this very wise nation ; but her ccach is known to have been the unenlightened Spanish husbands painted twice in six months. Thus would vote, without a diflinting buis amusements are obfiructed, his voice, that the Inquisition would be agreeable societies are troubled, and the fittest place for any one who should sie fruits of his stuuious enquiries endeavour to promulgare such heretibhuited, by the elegant folly and un- cal doctrines. For my part, I am corected vanity of a fantaltic wo- clearly of opinion, that a woman who
is permitted to play the fool, is in an "A sele& party of real friends, actual state of preparation for the fu. lut he has many of them, finding that ture game, and will never be satisfied he distant jeer or plealant farcasm, will the has played the devil.” toever varied and repeated, do not “ You are in luck," observed Ar svaken him from that supine state of modeus, “ Fır here is one who would siniffion which separates him from be very ready to support your argubeteru, and keeps him a Nave, where ment, Be to good as to observe the
dery is moit unmanly and dif, race- lady who is palling in a phaeton, 14., waited upon him so la:ely as drawn by four grey ponies, which the Seray morning, to remonstrate on drives with all the dexterity of a stageine tolly of his conduct, and ro urge coachman. She is a woman of fatill, in the strongest manner, to save mily, and was married to a mian of
11 elf and the object of his affection, fortune, from wiom the has been some by lpirited and timely exertions, from time teparated. She played the devil incoming the joke or the pity of all with her husband, she now plays the who kaow them. He received them devil with the man who keeps her, Min his usual kindness, pleaded and she will, one of these days, play O'...y, wichout the least reserve or the devil with herself.” “ I presume,” hesitation, to all their accusations, said the Count, “ that she played the . end concluded his grateful answer to fool fi. it.” “ By no meais," answerthem in the following manner :
r :-“I ed the Demon; "that part of the acknowledge the good sense of your piece was performed by the gentleman Tealonings, and the propriety of your who married her." wafels, and I feel my misfortune in Cca
Review of New Publications.
Sermons, by Hugh Blair, D. D. F. are an accurate and natural arranger
R. S. Edin. One of the Ministers ment ; a talent for elegant and perfpiof the High Church, and Profeffor cuous illustration ; and a fiogular fe. of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres in licity in seizing those views of a subthe University of Edinburgh. 3d. ject which come home to the under. vol. 8vo. pp. 434. 6s. boards. standing and heart; and, which is
more valuable than all, a spirit of rão
tional and manly piety. HE number of sermons in this In some of the fermons, however, volume is twenty.
1. On the
we have more peculiarly admired a true honour of man. 2. On fenfibi- bolder or more pathetic tone of elolity. 3. On the improvement of time. quence, than we generally meet with, 4. On the duties belonging to middle even in the compositions of Dr Blair. age. 5. On death. 6. Oa the pro- To these, we think that even a highgress of vice. 7. Oo fortitude. 8. On er tribute of praise is due, than that envy. 9. On idleness.
10. On the which we have already paid; and it sense of the divine prescience. 11. is pleafing to us to observe, that the On patience. 12. On moderation. talents of the author seem to rise in 13. On the joy and bitterness of the proportion to his fame, and that his heart. 14. On characters of imperfect last production gives evidence of pow. goodness. 15. On the facrament of ers, which, perhaps, in his earlier the Lord's supper, as a preparation works, he feared to exert. Of this for death. 16. On the use and am kind, the fermons that appear to 13. buse of the world. 17. Oir extremes the mort remarkable, are those on in eligious and moral conduct, 18. death, on the creation, and on the On scoffing at religion. 19. On the dissolution of the world. creation of the world. 20. On the If, in the general tenor of his ferdissolution of the world.
mons, the author has exhibited a moSuch are the important and inter- del of sound and elegant instruction ; esting subjects, which Dr Blair has if in fome, of the mott-Simple and perchosen for the discourses now publiffi fuafive eloquence; in these laft lered; and they, who are acquainicu mons he has attained a height of subwith the former volames, wilt natu- limity which he seems not before ia rally anticipate the masterly manner have attempred, and which, in our o. in which they are treated. To say, pinion, is almost without a precedent indeed, that these sermons are equal in the History of this species of conito those that preceded them, is per- pofition in our country. haps, the highest praise that we can In the enjoyment of lettered fame. beltow ; and while we willingly afford there are other men who participato them this commendation, we likewise with Dr Blair: tu in the application of congratulate the literary world on the talents and of learning, io render ranacquisition of these elegant models of kind wifer or better, there are few li. compofition ; at the same time, ftill terary characters who can claim an more warmly congratulating the world equal share ; and however we may be in general, on so important an addi. disposed to consider his sermons 25 tion to the common stock of moral the productions of genius and of taste, and religious instruction,
'when we regard them in this more The qualities which peculiarly di- important light, we feel them indit! -d ftinguish the compositions of De Blair, to that it li more honourable fame which is the portion of the wife and written language uniformly to corregood alone, and before which all li- spond. Were this scheme really terary splendor disappears.
practicable, which we very much, doubt, it would so entirely obscure the analogy of the language, an object
by no means so trifling as De H. seems. Transactions of the Royal Society of to suppose) that it would merit con
Edinburgh, vol. 2. 4to. il. 5 s. lideration whether the besefits would Dickson.
overbalance the disadvantages of the
plan. WHEN focieties for the cultiva- In the History of the Society, we tion of literature and science were have also a letter from the Telhoo springing up in many places, both of Lama, to Governor Hastings, commuour filter kingdom and the Continent,, nicated by Mr Maconochie. This it was for some time a kind of re- letter is interesting, as Mr Maconochie, llection on Scotland, that its capital, justly observes, or two accounts, though abounding in men capable of « First, that it establishes beyond ali giving luftre to any society, could“ question, that the Telhoo Lama, ,' . boast of no public inftitution of that " though a Pontiff of inferior rank to nature ; none at least that seemed dif. « the Dalai Lama, is onderstood to posed to add to the celebrity of their “ possess the souls of Saints or divine country, by regularly imparting to the “ personages that flourished in formworld the result of their labours. We “ er times, and to retain the rememare happy, however, to find, that this “ brance of what happened to them, reflection will now be taken off, while “ in those past periods of existence. the Royal Society of Edinburgh con- “ 2dly, That the same plaees which , tinue to publih their Tranfa&tions. “ are regarded in Bengal as peculic A second volume of these is now be- arly sacred, are likewife regarded fore the public, and will not, we be- * by the religion of Fo, as holy; lieve, diminith the reputation the So- " that the Tehoo Lama, in some of ciery deservedly acqnired from the « his former states of existence, is first. We shall endeavour to present “ supposed to have resided in those our readers with some light view of “ places; that the Ganges, fo rever- , the contents of the work.
ed among the Brahmins; is also This volume begins with the Hif “ revered by the worshippers of Fo; tory of the Society from December " and that the reference by the fol1785 to December 1788. The first “ lowers of that religion in Japan, to thing that frikes us here, is a pretty “ some region in India, as the origina copious abitract of a discourse, by Dr 6 and holy land of their faith, is Huitor, on the Elements of Speech. « here ascertained to belong to BenIn-it the Dr analyses, with confider. “ gali These circumstances fuggest able acuteness, the various organical u very important relections with re- .. inflections, by which the letters are « gard to the history of the religions formed, from which he gives a fort“ of Eastern Afia.” of systematic. arrangement of the Nothing further of consequence ap.. Alphabet
. The attempt is not new, pears in the History of the Society, but is followed out with confiderable except an account of an attempt to ingenuity. Dr H. concludes with a distil spirits from carrots; which does proposal for the improvement of Al. not appear to promise great utility, phabetical writing, by affixing to eve- The History is followed by an Apa ry letter a certain determinate and in- pendix, giving a list of new members, Variable found, and making oral and and a biograpbical account of three