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melt the heart with the softness of blow cut off, and the heart of Lear paflion, or shake the soul with grate- rent by filial ingratitude; we find no ful terrors.

declamation, no idle pomp of words. To those conversant with dramatic The man is brought before our view; criticism, it is needless to say, that involerable agony mocks the power of this effe&t can only be gained by imi- utrerance, and freezes up the springs tating mental emotion, never by de- of speech, till at laft she incoherence fcribing it, The French writers who, of high-wrought emotion, the fimple as Voltaire has confessed, are afraid of 'ftrokes of nature, “ He has no childbeing too tragic, have almost uniform. ren;"—“I gave you all,” burst forth ly adopted the description of passion, amidst the storm and conflict of palin those situations on which they rest fions. The poet vanishes, it is Macthe pathos of their scene. Our own duff or Leår himself that has made an Shakespeare has ever fought for effect interest in our breasts, him alone, we in the strong and bold imitation of fee, we hear, and our heartfelt tears the pasiion itself

. In this, as in many declare the convi&tion of reality. other respects, the German and Eng- This interest can alone fupport the }sh poets are related. They both illusion of tragedy, which in itself is aim at this high excellence, though weak and impotent. Without this both with too little regard for favor the attention is every moment called dinate and allitant beauties.

to improbability and incongruity. In the tr::: dy of the Germans lit. The vivid piqure of character and tle or no declaration finds a place. pallion arrests the foul, nor suffers the The genius of the people is inimical minuteness of cool examination to be to it, and the pathetic effect of their active. pieces has gained in consequence. The leap of Glocefter from the ficThe eloquence in which the charac. titious diffof Dover, or the ludicrods ters, groaning beneath the stroke of battles of imaginary armies, would calamity, pićture their feelings, and thock credulity, or move contemptuornament their surrows, imprelles a ous laughter; but the attention is 1pecies of languid admiration ; but we borne down in the mighty torrent of hear with our curiosity little awaken- emotion, and the mind, dazzled by ed, our armer emotions and interest the blaze of genius, loses fight of innearly dorinant. To what cause is propriety in sympathy and wonder. this apathy to be referred? The sen- As highly finished dramatic poems, timents are lofty, the diétion poetical, the French tragedies have, in the the piece exactly modelled according hands of Crebillon, Voltaire, Racine, to rule. Art indeed has done its and Corneille, attained to no small. part, but the cause will easily be found degree of excellence. Uniting high in the violation of nature, At all propriety and exact decorum to poperiods Nature is the fame; Shake hihed versification and eloquence, fpeare and Sophocles have in similar they claim no small portion of our apfituations employed a language, short, probation. But the appeal is to the fimple, and abrupt, or filence more e- head and not to the heart. Poerical, loquent than words, to paint the work- elevated, and regular, they do all but ings of the budan heait, opprest and affect ; they produce pra fe without Iroken by milery. When Othello fympathy, and while they gratify the at last receives the damping proof of judgment on cold examination, they perfidy where he had garnered up his are little adequate to arrest attention, foul; or Romeo is thunde:itruck by or rouse that itrong emotion which is the death of julier; when the wife the foul of the drana. In them the and children of Macduff are at one {cenes which should be most intercito

ing, suggest the elegance, the softness, only a happy turn of expression, and the delicacy, of the poet, of whom the fullness of passion evaporating in we are unable to lose sight, while we the laboured artifice of 'eloquence. are little or not at all involved in that The German tragedy, as it particidelusion on which the force and spi- rates, at present, but little in the pe. rit of the scene depends.' The mind culiar excellences of the French drasevolts in disgust and incredulity when ma, is also not liable to the reproach it finds the pang of diftress fuggesting of its defects.

With rough majestic force they move the heart,
And strength and nature make amends for art.

The influence of the manners of a considered as well attained by the nation on their poetry, has pervaded sacrifice of lesser and softer beauties. the French tragedy, and softened Hence the German tragedy is little down the firength and discrimination marked by the refined and subtle of character to the refoed itandard of reasonings, which, spun cut into diamodern gallantry. The rough un- logue, supply so often the place of acbending hero of th earlier ages of tion on the French theaire. A disGreece or Rome, disguits us but too quisition on the application of verse often on their stage, with the artificial to tragedy would be here misplaced : manners of the most polished times, some remarks of Voltaire point out and the verbiage of a petit maitre in that he coufidered versification and love. The comparative roughnels of rhyme as nearly effential to that of the German manners, is not without the French. Thele ornaments have its advantages in prelerving the ener- little heightened the labour or dimigetic distinctions of character, and nished the strength of the modern tracommunicating a certain prominence gedies of the Germans. There are of feature, which, though sometimes almost all in proie, but of a species liable to degenerate into barshness, which neisher neglects the elegance of contributes highly to dramatic effect structure or ihe harmony of cadence. and interest. The stronger de inea- Some of the more interesting features tions of passion are on the French of comparison, between the French itage, either cautiously avoided or art- and German Mule of tragedy, have fally foftened down, and shaded. The

now been traced.

Taken as more terrible struggles which Jay whole, the French tragic drama is wafte and defolate the human breast the perfection of elaborate refinement; are kept back, and the more romantic all is soft and regular, every harshness difficulties of love, the animating fpi- fmoothed, and even the minutelt parts rit of so many of their pieces, often brilliant with the exquisite polish of art support the interest, and create the and labour. In the German, refined whole distress of the scenes meant to nicely and the praise of regularity is be the most pathetic. The German little fought for ; but a picture, strong, , drama, more daring, aims common- though lometimes barsh, of the pow's ly at the expreífion and imitation of ers, of unfettered genius, artlessly and the higher, fiercer emotions. Never vigorously exerted in the boldest fearful, like the French, of being too ftrokes of passion avá feeling, is ever tragic, the strongest deineations of resented. paflion, the most daring images, and The French may be compared to unosual combinations are bazardcd. one of their own regular parterres, Energy in conception, and force in thining with flowers artifcially difpoexpresion, are the objects which are fed by the hand of elegant industry,

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Description of a Tyger Hunt. where labour has exhausted his pow. without constraint her powers and ers to repress luxuriant exuberance, energy in rude but affecting tate; and fubdue the whole to one standard sometimes perhaps exciting sensations of fymmetry and uniformity.

more forcible than pleasant, or liable The German has a resemblance to to degenerate into savageness too unthose romantic landscapes in which cultivated, but always moving the the spirit of Rosa delighted, where passions, always exciting the itrong nature, shooting wild and strong, wan- interest of the beari, tons in terrible graces, and displays

Description of a Tyger Hunt on Schaapen Inand, in the neighbourhood of Sal

danha Bay *.

; residence on Schaapen iiland, the animal was not far off, and could at the hat of an honest Hottentot not escape. Some few moments afnamed Slaber, he was informed by ter, our dogs, who till that time had one of the inhabitants, whose name been beating confusedly about, prerwas Smit, that a Tyger had for fonie fed together, and rushed within two time infested his division, and car- hundred paces of us into a large ried away regularly every night fome thicket, barking and howling as loud of his cattle. The animal was doom- as possible. ed to die.

• I leaped from my horse, gare “ We therefore got together,” says him to my Hottentot, and ruoning Mr Vaillani, all the dogs we could to the side of the thicket, got on 3 find, and provided ourselves with rising ground within fifty paces ; caft

Thus every thing ready for ing my eyes back, I perceived my the assault, we feparated until morn- companions were alarmed. Howe ning. * I then went to bed, but could ever John Slaber (son of my hoft) not close my eyes from impatience. came up, saying he would not abanAt break of day I gained the plain don me, though in danger of his life. with my escort (Smit, and some of By the agitation of his appearance, his friends); we were in all eigh- and the fear which was marked on teen; about the same number of his countenance, I judged the poor dogs. Smit informed us the tyger lad gave himself up for loft. I well had that night robled him of a Meep. knew that the apparent firmness of One of my guns was loaded with another would encourage him; and large pieces of lead, another with indeed, though his terror was exfhot, and a carbine with balls, two treme, I believe he thought himself of which my Hottentot carried as he in greater security when ear me, followed me. The country was to. than in the midit of his poltroon lerably open, except here and there a companions, who were gazing upon few divided thickets, which we were us at a respectful distance. I bad obliged to beat with great precau.. been told, that in case I should be tion.

arms.

near enough to the animal to be “ After an hour's fruitless search, heard, I must not say saa, saa, for we found the half devoured carcase that word would render the beast fu.

rious, * From Travels to the Cape. By Monsieur Vaillant,

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rious, and that he would rush on the on the oppolite side of the dogs. I perion that urtered it. As I had como imagined that, employed in defendpany, I was not afraid of being fur- ing himself againit them, it would prifed, therefore repeated the word a be easy to get behind him. I was hundred times together, by way of not mistihea ; I saw him squatting, eacouraging the dogs, and likewife and Itriking with his paws to keep at to drive the beast from the thicket; bay my dog that ran barking within but all in vain ; the animal and dogs the reach of his fangs. When I had were equally fearful of each other, taken the necesary steps to catch him the former not daring to quit his re- in a good situation, I fired my cartreai, nor the latter to enter it ; yet bine ; this I immediaiely dropped to among the multiffs there were come caich up my gun, which I carried that must have succeeded, had their at the bow of my faddle; this precourage equalled their Itrength; my caution was useless ;. the animal did dog, the smallest of the park, was not appear, nor could I see him af always at their head, he alone ad.

ter firing my carbine. Though I was vanced a little into the thicket. It sure I had hit him, it would have beca is true, he knew m?, and was ani- imprudent to have rushed immediate-mated by my voice. The hideous ly into the thicket. As he made no bealt roared terribly; every moment [ noise, I fufpected he wa« dead, or expected it to rush out; the dogs, on mortally wounded, " Friends," cried its smallest motion, drew haftily back, I to the hunters that approached, and ran as fast as posible ; at length “ let us go in a firm line ftrait

up to a fex random thor difodged him, him ; if he is yet alive, all our pieces and he ruined out suddenly : his ap- fired together will overcome him, and pearance seemed the figoal for every we can be in no danger.” One perone to decanıp; even John Slaber son only answered, and that was in (formed with the strength of a Her- the negative; in short, none liked cules

, able to wrestle with the ani- the proposal. Enraged, I faid to mal, and firangle him in his arms, my Hottentot (who was not less aniabandone l me, and ran to the others mated than his master), “ Comrade, -I remained alone with my Hotten- the animal is either dead, or near it; tut. The panther, in endeavouring get on thorseback, approach as I to gain another thicket, passed within did, and try to dilcover in what state fity paces of us, with all the dogs at we have put bim: I will guard the his heels ; we faluted him by firing entrance, and, if he attempts to eftree thot as he passed us.

cape, will loot him ; we tha'l be able « The thicket in which he had to finish him without the ailistance of liken refuge was neither so high, ticle cowards.” Ne fooner had be lirge, or bulhy, as the one he had entered, than he called to me that quitred; a track of blood made me the ryger was extend d, without noprefume I had wounded him, and the tion, and he believed him dead; but, try of the dogs was a proof I was to be assured he fucd bis carbine. I not mistaken; a number of my peo- ran, transported with pleasure: my ple now drew near, but the greater brave Hottentot partook my exul part had entirely disappeared. tation. Triumph redoubled our force;

“ The animal was baited more we dragged the animal from the thickthan an hour, we firing into the et; he seemed enormous; lexamined thicket more than forty random shot. him particularly, turning him from At length (tired and impatient with fide to side. This was my first effay, this tedious business), I remounted and by chance the tyger was monmy horse, and turned with precaution strous; it was a male. From the

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State of the Nation. extremity of the tail to the nose, he than the typer, though it is only the measured seven feer ten inches, 10 a prevalence of cuatora, for in this part circumference of two feet ten inches. of Africa, there are no tygers, the I found that he exactly answered the difference between that animal and description of the Peather given by the panther being very great. The Buffon; but through all this cou'l

Hottentots call it gurou gima, or the ty he is known by no other name spotted lion."

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4,2567

UPON
PON the recent elcction of a Parliament, you mar, perhaps, deem it useful infornia-

tion to lay before the public in yeucral, and the new senators in particular, the following STATE OF THE NATION : Population of Great Britain, viz. England and Wales* 8,000,000? Scotlanu,

9.500,000

1,500,00, Number of the House of Commons Number of persons to each member of parliament; or, in other words, each member of parlianient represents

17,025 Number of a Live citizens, or fighting-men, between 16 and 60 years of age, one-fourth of the whole

2,375,000 Number of active citizens to each member of parliament England & Wales contain square miles, according to th: Statistical Tables # 54,112 Number of persons to each Iquare mile Scotland contains square miles

25,600 Number of perfons to each square mile

58 Great Britain contains square miles

72,713 or square acres

51,015,680 Number of persons to cach Iquare mile, or sacres per heads The neat produce of the taxes on the average of three years,

from the sth April, 1787, to the 5th April, 1790 L. 15,846,000 Add 8 per cent, for charges of collection

1,267,630 The gross revenue of Great Britain, besides tythes, parish and £ country.rates, &c. &c.

17,113,580 So that each individual pays to'the itate, on an average out of his income, or the produce of his labour

16 o! But, if paid by the active citizens, it is a head by the year

7

TL.

1167

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Mr Howlei, in the year 1781, computed the prefent inhabitants of England and Wales to be very little less dran nine millions. Sir William Petty and Dr Davenant stated them at siven millions abuut luo years ago, and Mr King calculated that the increase on that number in 100 years ought to be 930,000; this gives 8,300,000 nearly at this time.

+ In France, the future number of the National Assembly has been lately fixed at 747 perfons; so that cach member wil represent 32,128 fouls, or 8,032 active citizens.

#54,112 square miles vive only 34,031,680 square acres This does not greatly differ from Templeman; but Dr IIalley, Dr Davenant, and Mr King, climated that England and Wales contained 39,000,000 geographical square acres, or at least 60,937 square miles

. If their estimates are correct, it will make some alteration in such of the above calculations as depend upon the number of acres or miles. Dr Grew has demonstrated that South Britain contains 72,000 ftatute miles, or 46,080,000 itatute acres.

$ In the United Provinces there are about three acres per head; so that the population of Great Britain must increase to 17,000,000 fouls to equal that of Holland; which will require 700 years, according to Mr King's calculation, of about one million increase in every knadscd years, unless it louid be accelerated by a gencral naturalization.

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