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melt the heart with the softness of blow cut off, and the heart of Lear paflion, or hake the soul with grate. rent by filial ingratitude; we find no ful terrors,
declamation, no idle pomp of words. To those conversant with dramatic The man is brought before our view; criticism, it is needless to say, that intolerable agony mocks the power of this effect can only be gained by imi- utterance, and freezes up the springs tating mental emotion, never by de- of specch, till at last the incoherence föribing it, The French writers who, of high-wrought emotion, the finple as Voltaire has confessed, are afraid of 'strokes of nature, “ He has no child. being too tragic, have almost uniform. ren;"-" I gave you all," burst forth ly adopted the description of passion, amidst the storm and conflict of pala in those situations on which they reft fions. The poet vanishes, it is Mac. the pathos of their scene. Our own duff or Lear himself that has made an Shakespeare has ever fought for effect interest in our breasts, him alone, we in the strong and bold imitation of fee, we hear, and our heartfelt tears the pasiion itself. In this, as in many declare the conviction of reality. other respects, the German and Ęng- This interest can alone support the lish poets are related. They both illusion of tragedy, which in itself is aim at this high excellence, though weak and impotent. Without this both with too little regard for fusor: the attention is every moment called dinate and allant beauties.
to improbability and incongruity. · In the trady of the Germans lit. The vivid vigure of character and ile or no declaration mods a place. paflion arrests the soul, nor suffers the
The genius of the people is iniinical minuteness of cool examination to be to it, and the pathetic effect of their active. pieces has gained in consequence. The leap of Glocefter from the fico The eloquence in which the charac- titious cliff of Dover, or the ludicrods ters, groaning beneath the stroke of battles of imaginary armies, would calamity, pićture their feelings, and fhock credulity, or move contemptuOrnament their scrrow, imprelles a ous laughter ; but the attention is fpecies of languid admiration ; bu: we borne down in the mighty torrent of hear with our curiosity little awaken- emotion, and the mind, dazzled by ed, our armer emotions and interest the blaze of genius, loses fight of imnearly dorinant. To what cause is propriety in sympathy and wonder. this apathy to be referred? The fen- • As highly finished dramatic poems, timents are lofty, the di&tion poetical, the French tragedies have, in the the piece exa&ly modelled according hands of Crebillon, Voltaire, Racine, to rule. Art indeed has done its and Corneille, attained to no fmall. part, but the cause will easily be found degree of excellence. Uniting high in the violation of nature. At all propriety and exact decorum to poperiods Nature is the same; Shake- hnhed versification and cloquence, Ipeare and Sophocles have in similar they claim no small portion of our apSituations employed a language, short, probation. But the appeal is to the fimple, and abrupt, or filence more e head and not to the heart. Poerical, joquent than words, to paint the work: elevated, and regular, they do all but ings of the luvan heait, opprest and affect ; they produce pra fe without Troken by misery. When Othello Sympathy, and while they gratify the at last receives the damping proof of judgment on cold examination, they perfidy where he had garnered up his arc little adequate to arreft attention, foul; or Romeo is thunderstruck by or roure that itrong emotion which is the death of julier; when the wife the soul of ihe drania. In them the and children of Macduff ars at one scenes which should be most intercit.
ing, suggest the elegance, the softness, only a happy turn of expression, and the delicacy, of the poet, of whom the fullness of passion evaporating in we are unable to lose fight, while we the laboured artifice of eloquence. are little or not at all involved in that The German tragedy, as it particidelusion on which the force and spi- rates, at present, but little in the pe. rit of the scene depends. The mind culiar excellences of the French drarevolus in disgust and incredulity when ma, is also not liable to the reproach it fiads the pang of distress suggesting of its defects.
With rough majestic force they move the heart,
The influence of the manners of a considered as well attained by the nation on their poetry, has pervaded sacrifice of lesser and foster beauties. the French tragedy, and softened Hence the German tragedy is little down the ftrength and discrimination marked by the refined and subtle of character to the refioed itandard of reasonings, which, spun cut into diamodern gallantry. The rough un- logue, supply so often the place of acbending hero of the earlier ages of tion on the French theaire. A disGreece or Rome, disgusts us but too quisition on the application of verse often on their stage, with the artificial to tragedy would be here misplaced : manners of the most polished times, fome remarks of Voltaire point out and the verbiage of a petit maiire in that he coufidered versification and love. The comparative roughness of rhyme as nearly effential to that of the German manners, is not without the French. Thele ornaments have its advantages in prelerving the ener- little heightened ihe Jabour or dimigetic distinctions of character, and nihed the strength of the modern tracommunicating a certain prominence gedies of the Germans. There are of feature, which, though sometimes almost all in proie, but of a species liable to degenerate into barshness, which neil her neglects the elegance of contributes highly to dramatic effect structure or ihe harmony of cadence. and interest. The stronger de inea- Some of the more interesting features tions of passion are on the French of comparison, between the French itage, either cautiously avoided or art- and German Muse of tragedy, have fully foftened down, and ihaded. The now been traced. Taken as a more terrible struggles which Jay whole, the French tragic drama is waste and defolate the human breast the perfection of elaborate süfinement; are kept back, and the more romantic all is foft and regular, every harshness difficulties of love, the animaung fpi- fmoorhed, and even the minuielt parts rit of so many of their preces, often brilliant with the exquisite polish of art fupport the interest, and create the and labour. In the German, refined whole distress of the scenes meant to nicely and the praile of regularity is be the most pathetic. The German little fought for ; but a picture, strong. drama, more daring, aims common- though iometimes harsh, of the powe ly at the expreilion and imitation of ers, of unfertered genius, artlessly and the higher, fiercer emotions. Never vigorously exerted in the boldelt fearful, like the French, of being too strokes of passion atá feeling, is ever tragic, the strongest delineations of relenied. pallion, the most daring images, and The French may be compared to unosual combinations are hazardcd. one of their own regular parterres, Energy in conception, and force in shining with flowers artifcially difpoexpresion, are the objećis which are sed by the hand of elegant industry,
where labour has exhausted his pow: without constraint her powers and ers to repress luxuriant exuberance, energy in rude but affecting late; · and fubdue the whole to one standard sometimes perhaps exciting lensations of symmetry and uniformity. . more forcible than pleasant, or liable
The German has a resemblance to to degenerate into savageness too unthose romantic landscapes in which cultivated, but always moving the the spirit of Rosa delighted, where passions, always exciting the it rong nature, shooting wild and strong, wan- interest of the heart. tons in terrible graces, and displays
Description of a Tyger Hunt on Schaapen Island, in the neighbour hood of Sal
danha Bay *.
T URING Monsieur Vaillant's of the sheep; this assured us that
V residence on Schaapen island, the animal was not far off, and could at the hat of an honest Hottentot not escape. Some few moments afnamed Slaber, he was informed by ter, our dogs, who till that time bad one of the inhabitants, whose name been beating confusedly about, prelwas Smit, that a Tyger had for fonie sed together, and rufhed within two time infedted his division, and car- hundred paces of us into a large ried away regularly every night fome thicket, barking and howling as loud of his cattle. The animal was doom- as possible. ed to die,
“ I leaped from my horse, gave .“ We therefore got together,” says him to my Hottentot, and ruoning Mr Vaillani, “ all the dogs we could to the side of the thicket, got on a find, and provided ourselves with rising ground within fifty paces ; caftarms. Thus every thing ready for ing my eyes back, I perceived my the assault, we separated until morn- companions were alarmed. Howa ning. * I then went to bed, but could ever John Slaber (son of my hoft) not close my eyes from impatience, came up, saying he would not abanAr break of day I gained the plain don me, ihough in danger of bis life. with my escort (Smit, and some of By the agitation of his appearance, his friends) ; we were in all eigh- and the fear which was marked on teen; about the fame number of his countenance, I judged the poor dogs. Smit informed us the tyger ad gave himself up for loft. I well had that night robled him of a Mcer. knew that the apparent firmness of One of my guns was loaded with another would encourage him; and large pieces of lead, another with indeed, though his terror was exfhot, and a carbine with balls, two treme, I believe he thought himtelf of which my Hottentot carried as he in greater security when fiear me, followed me. The country was to: than in the midit of his poltroon lerably open, except here and there a companions, who were gazing upon few divided thickets, which we were us at a respectful distance. I had obliged to beat with great precau. been told, that in case I fould be
near enough to the animal to be “ After an hour's fruitless fearch, heard, I must not say (aa, saa, for we found the half devoured carcase that word would render the beast fu.
sious, * From Travels to the Cape. By Monsieur Vaillant,
rious, and that he would rush on the on the opposite side of the dogs. I person that uttered it. As I had como imagined that, employed in defendpany, I was not afraid of being sure ing himself against them, it would prifed, therefore repeated the word a be easy to get behind him. I was hundred times together, by way of not mistikca ; I saw bim squatting, encouraging the dogs, and likewise and ftriking with his paws to keep at to drive the beast from the thicket; bay my dog that ran barking within but all in vain ; the animal and dogs the reach of his fangs. When I had were equally fearful of each other, taken the necesary íteps to catch him the former not daring to quit his re- in a good situation, I fired my cartreat, nor the latter to enter it ; yet bine; this I immediaiely dropped to among the mattiifs there were some caich up my gun, which I carried that must have succeeded, had their at the bow of my faddle; this precourage equalled their Itrength; my caution was useless ; the aniinal did dog, the smallest of the pack, was not appear, nor could I see him afe always at their head, he alone ad. ter firing my carbine. Though I was vanced a little into the thicket. It sure I had hit him, it would have beca is true, he knew me, and was ani- imprudent to have rushed immediate- · mated by my voice. The hideously into the thicket. As he made no beait roared terribly; every moment [ nois, I fufpected he was dead, or expected it to rush out; the dogs, on mortally wounded, " Friends," cried its smallest motion, drew hastily back, I to the hunters that approached, and ran as fast as posible ; at length “ let us go in a firm line ftrait up to a fex random thot dislodged him, him ; if he is yet alive, all our pieces 2nd he ruined out suddenly : his ap- fired together will overcome him, and pearance seemed the signal for every we can be in no danzer.” One perone to decamp ; even John Slaber fon only anfwered, and that was in
Formed with the strength of a Her- the negative; in short, none liked cules, able to wrestle with the ani-. the proposal. Enraged, I said to mal, and strangle him in his arms, my Hottentot (who was not less aniabandoned me, and ran to the others mated than his master), “ Comrade, - remained alone with my Hotten. the animal is either dead, or near it; tot. The panther, in endeavouring get on horseback, approach as I igain another thicket, passed within did, and try to discover in what state, fity paces of us, with all the dogs at we have put bim : I vill guard the bis beels; we faluted him by firing entrance, and, if he attempts to cí: iree shot as he palled us.
cape, will loot him; we shall be able « The thicket in which he had to finish him withou: the atliktance of rken refuge was neither so high, thcle cowards.” No looper had be Lige, or bully, as the one he had entered, than he called to me that quared ; a track of blood made me the tyger was extendid, without moprefume I had wounded him, and the tion, and he believed him dead; but, fury of the dogs was a proof I was to be assured he fired his carbine. I not mistaken; a number of my peo- ran, transported with pleasure: my ple now drew near, but the greater brave Hottentot partook my exula part had entirely disappeared. tation. Triumph redoubled our force;
" The animal was baited more wedragged the animal from the thick: than an hour, we firing into the et; he seemed enormous; l examined thicket more than forty random shot. him particularly, turning him from At length (tired and impatient with Gide to side. This was my first essay, this tedious business), I remounted and by chance the tyger was monmy horse, and turned with precaution. Atrous; it was a male.. From the extremity of the tail to the nose, he than the ryzer, though it is only the measured seven feet ten inches, loa prevalence of cultura, for in this part circumference of two feet ten inches. of Africa, there are no tygers, the I found that he exactiy answered the difference between that animal and description of the Panther given by the panther being very great. The Buffon; but through all this cou'. Hottentots call it gurou gina, or the uy he is known by no other name fpotted lion.”
The State of the Nation accurately Calculated.
ITPON the recent election of a Parliament, you mar, perhaps, deeni it useful informia
U tion to lay before the public in yeneral, and the new senators in particular, the following STATE OF THE NATION :
Population of Great Britain, viz. England and Wales* 8,000,000?
9.500,000 Number of the House of Commons Number of persons to each member of parliament; or, in other words, each member of parliament represents
17,025 Number of a tive citizens, or fightingemien, between 16 and 60 years of age, one-fourth of the whole
2,375,000 Number of active citizens to ea h member of parliament
4,256) England & Wales contain square miles, according to th: Statistical Tables
34,112 Number of persons to each square mile Scotland contains square mil:
-25,600 Number of pcrfons to each square mile
583 Great Britain contains square miles
79,713 or square acres
51,015,680 Number of persons to each Iquire mile, or sacres per heads
IIÓ The neat produce of the taxes on the average of three years,
from the sth April, 1787, to the 5th April, 1790 4. 15,346,000 Add 8 per cent for charges of collection
1,267,630 The gross revenue of Great Britain, besides tythes, parish and country rates, &c. &c.
17,113,580 0 0 So that each individual pays to the itate, on an average out of
his income, or the produce of his labour But, if paid by the active citizens, it is a head by the year
: 7 4 14
Mr Howlei, in the year 1781, computed the per lent inhabitants of England and Wales to be very little less cran nine millions. Sir William Petty and Dr Davenant sta ted them at liven millions abuut luo years ago, and Mr King calculated that the increase on that number in 100 years ought to be 930,000; this gives 8,000,000 nearly at this time.
+ In France, the future number of the National Assembly has been lately fixed at 747 persons; so that each member wil represent 32,128 fouls, or 8,032 active citizens.
54,112 square miles give only 34,031,680 square acres This does not greatly differ from Templeman; but Dr IIalley, Dr Davenant, and Mr King, climated that England and Wales contained 39,000,000 geographical square acres, or at least 60,937 square miles. If their eftimates are correct, it will make some alteration in such of the above calculations as depend upon the number of acres or miles. Dr Grew has demonstrated that South Britain contains 72,000 statute miles, or 46,080,000 itatute acres.
$ in the United Provinces there are about three acres per head; so that the population of Great Britain must increase to 17,000,000 fouls to equal that of Holland; which will require 700 years, according to Mr King's calculation, of about one million increase in every hundred years, unless it thouid be accelerated by a gencral naturalization.