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The History of Madanie Tiquet. resolved to stand my ground; and so • James Moura, porter to the faid far from hav..g any mind to fly, • lady, have been duly estaind and I would have followed you though • convicted of having plotted, mediyou had been all alone. Then the 'tated, and concerted together, the begged him to leal up her house, for • assassination of the said Sieur Tic the security of her effe&s; and turn- ,' quet, and for char effect, furnished ing to her son, a boy of about eight Augustus Cattelain, a servant to or nine years old, who was greatly af- ' ftrangers, with sums of money at frighted, cheared him up, by giving different times; the faid Carlier is þi:u money to divert him, and look. s hereby condemned to have her head ing upon him with her usual air of chopped off, upoo a scaffold to be cheerfulness and serenity. This done, erected for the purpose in the Place The tookįleave of Madam de Senonville, . de Grave; and the said Moura to be and stepped into the coach with the • hanged and strangled upon a galJudge. As she passed into the little lows, &c. Their goods, all, and market-place, the observed a lady of every one, to be confiscated to the her acquaintance, and courteously fa- ¢ king, or to whom the right fhall beluted her. Amidst the Archers who

and in case the confiication guarded her, the preserved the same • does not place, the sum of one mien and air which the used to have hundred thousand livres to be apo in the ordinary affairs of life ; so that propriated out of the said effects to the looked more like one going upon

the king's use; and one hundred a party of pleasure than to a prilon.

• thousaru livres to be given, by way However, as the approached the Pe- ! of civil eparations and damages, to tit Chatelet, where she was to be con- • the fard Sieur Tiquet, whereof he fined, the changed colour ; but in a ! shall have the use during his catumoment after, the recovered all the oral life, and everfion fhall belong po command of herself she had before. ! the two children of the marriage, From thence slae was brought before . And before the execution, the said she Grand Chatelet, or Provost's Carlier and Moura thall be put ia Court, where Augustus Cartelain came • the torture crdinary and extraordiof himself, moyed by the instigation Dary, for discovery of the accomof his conscience, to declare, in the plices. Given the 17th of June face of justice, that three years before, 1699. ? she had given him money to affafiaate Auguftus Catielain was afterward her husband, and that the porter was condensned to the galleys for life. in the plot. Both he and Cattelain As for the other persons accused, were arrested. There was not fufli- some of them were referred to a more cient evidence to convict Madam Ti- ample information, and the rest dil, quet of the last affaflination ; but mited. there was enough to prove her guilty M. Tiquet, being cured of his of contriving the first, and to condemn wounds, went to Verlailles, acccorpaher to capital punishment, according died with bis two children, and threw to the laws of the land. Upon this bimtelf at the king's feet; Sire, fays foundation, the Judç escondenind

be to bim, I implore your clemency this unfortunate wreich, on the third

6 towards Madam Tiquel; be not of June 1699, to be beheaded, and, more levere thạo God himself, who the porter to be hanged.

! is disposed to pardon her. Is the The court confirmed the sentence, cffence done to your justice greater which in substance was as follows: • than to me? I, her husband, forgive

• Whereas Dame Angelica Carlic her, my children lift up to you es; spouse to the Sieur Tiquet, and their pure and innocent hands in be

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behalf of their mother. The crime to see her, aad endeavoured to inspire * is expiated by the qualms and hor. her with sentiments of religion the • rors that the unfortunate lady, as a most suitable to the state she was in. ' • victim ready to be facrificed to But the resisted all these impressions, * justice, has already felt. In pu- and seemed to be hardened against

nishing guilt let not innocence be every sentiment of a fincere penipuniihed.' The king was inflexible. Then M. Tiquet confined himself to When she was before the Lieu.. alk his wife's confiscated fortune, tenant-Criminal, the seatence was which he obtained, and thereby de- read to her ; during which time she Atroyed the whole merit of his inter- was narrowly observed, to see what ceshon, because he preferred his last impression such a terrible judgment petition in the same breath with the would make upon her. She heard it firit.

without once moving an eye-brow, or Madam Tiquet's brother, who was changing colour. The judge then a captain in the guards, as well as addressing her, fad: Madam, you the Sieur de Mongeorge, did all have been hearing a sentence which that lay in their power to procure

puts you into a' itate

very

different her pardon ; the former employed from what you have been in ; you people of the firft rank'to solicit for " was in an honourable station ; the his lifter ; and the king would have pleasures to which you have aban. yielded to their entreaties, but the doned yourself, made life very Archbishop of Paris, M. de Noailles, charming to you and agrecable. who was afterwards Cardinal, repre- • Lo! you are now in the bosom of sented to him ; that the security of • ignominy, and on the brink of suf" husband's lives depended upon the “fering extreme punishment; what a punishment of this offender; for vast difference, then, is between that the pardoning of her, would those days of mirth and jollity, and embolden others to commit a crime, " this cruel, this doleful day of hor

which was already but too com- ror you now see! You will need, 'mon, the Grand Penitentiary having · Madam, to fummon all your refo• his ears beaten over and over with 'lution to swallow down this bitter, confessions of women, who accused' but falutary cup, and to be able to

themselves of having attempted the • say, with the royal prophet, I will • lives of their husbands.' This re- take this cup of falvation. You monstrance determined the king to ought to throw yourself upon the foffer justice to take its course on somercy of God, calling upon him, notorious an example.

' who alone can enable you to bear The altars set up in the streets for ' the weight of your cross, and minthe folemnity of the Corpus Chrifti 'gle sweets with the baleful ingreproceffion, on the eve of which festival dients of your cup.

If so, you Madame Tiquet had been condemned, may be teconciled to the thoughts occasioned the execution to be deter. • of that death you are condemned red till Friday. She was conducted to suffer, fince you may consider it on that day to the torture-room, • only as a passage that leads into a While she was going thither, she ak- • better life.' ed if her cause was not yet determin- Madame Tiquet answered the ed. They answered, it would be de- judge, that mortifying circumstances termined very foon; for they had made her perceive the difference benot bitherto given notice of the sen- tween thole happy days she had pasience. The Sieur de la Chetardie, led, and the present. "I am, says the Curate of S. Sulpitius, had come ' fhe to him, before you in the posA a 2

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Tóe History of Madame Tiquet: 'ture of a supplicant ; you, Sir, may for their curiosity. She was dreffed • well remember the time, when I in white, which colour heightened 'made quite another figure in your the luftre of her beauty. She was • presence ;' (alluding to his having drawo in a cart, accompanied with been one of her admirers.) . For the porter, and their two confeffors. • what remains, continued the, I am When she saw that prodigious multi

not much dismayed at my suffering; tude of people, all whose eyes were • the day that terminates my life, fixed upon her, as if they would bave • will terminate my mnisfortunes ; penetrated into the inmost receffes of « without daring death I will sup- her soul, the figured to herself the

port it with firmness of mind. I most terrible idea of her ignominy,

answered at the bar, without giving and was ready to fiok under the 'myfelf any trouble; I have heard thought of being thus set up for a

my sentence without shrinking ; I spectacle of horror and reproach to

will still endeavour to be con- all the world. Then her confeffor • fiftent with myself upon the scaf. said to her, Madam, turn your ' fold, and to my last expiring thoughts on heaven, where you groan.'

• hope to find admittance; drink The Lieutenant-Criminal, advised this cup with the same courage as her to acknowledge ber crime, which • Jesus Christ drank his, who was as she had hitherto denied; and to re- 'innocent as you are criminal. So veal her accomplices, that the might " great a model, and fo glorious a reavoid the punishment of the rack. "ward of refignation to the will of She declared at first, that the God, should enable you to support would make no confession ; but when all this load of ignominy ; let the she had the first pot of water given objects which are visible to the eye® her, she reflected that her obstinacy of faith, hide froth you those which would be of no avail to her ; where

you fee with your bodily eyes. Corupon the confessed all. She was al.' • lider these temporary sufferings as a ed whether the Sieur de Moogeorge ! resource which God had preserved had any participation in her crime, in the treasures of his Providence, She answered with fome warmth, 'to save you from eternal death. • Ah! I took care not to let him in- • Admire the riches of his goodness to the secret, elfe I had loft his ef• through the severity of his justice; teem for ever.'

Candacknowledge bit moft merciful, Then the Curate of S. Sulpitius even in this his fatherly correction.' approached, and put her in a difpo. These words, pronounced with a sition for meeting death. After he mafterly tone, recalled her former had answered some fcruples which courage; the listed up her hood, fhe proposed to him, the prayed him which he had let down to cover very earnestly to ask pardon for her her face, and viewed the fpe&tators of her husband, and to assure him, with a modell ege, but firm and see that she died with the return of that folute. tender affection which the had for She entered into a very moving him at the beginning of their maro' conversation with her porter, who riage.

asked her pardon for 'having conuiThere never was perhaps a great buted to her death, by acknowledgter confluence of people, than what ing his crime. She answered, That crouded all the streets through which his asking pardon was preposterous, Madame Tiquet was to pass to the fiöce it was she was guilty towards place of execution. Several persons, him, by engaging him in lo horrida who were stifted to death, paid dear crime, and consequently procuringhim

so fad a recompense of his services. death. The executioner was in such They exborted each other to die like disorder, that he missed bis aita Christians, with an eloquence that thrice; and her head was no sooner flowed from the heart, and that was severed from her body, than an uni not the less frong in the porter, fột verfäl fhriek was raised on all fides. being the production of pure nature, Thus died Madame Tiquet, more without the help of education, like a Christian heroine than a 20

There were round the place of torious criminal; according tò the execution several scaffolds, ranged in teftimony ber Confeffor gives of here the form of an amphitheatre. The Her head was suffered to lie for whole court and city were convened fome time upon the scaffold, that to this mournful spectacle, the win- this affecting spectacle might krike dows, the balconies, the battlements a deeper impression into the minds and tops of houses, all were extreme- of all, especially of the married woly crouded.

men witnessing the execution; who When the arrived at the place, might possibly be tempted to commit there fell such a deluge of rain, that the same horrid crime. It was turne they were obliged to put a stop to ed towards the Town-honfe ; and a the execution till the storm was O lady who has given a relation of verblown. All the while she had this tragical death, whereof lae was before her eyes the implements of her an eye-witness, says, there never execution, and a mourning coach, in was any thing finer than this beady which her horses were yoked, wait- and that she was dazzled with its ing to receive her body; yet all beauty. these horrid images of death did not Though this illuftrious criminal ftagger her refolution. She saw the

was then forty-two years old, the porter executed before her, and bit- had preserved all the luftre of her terly lamented his deftiný, without beauty; and as she died in her appearing to make any reflection full strength and vigour, death, ia earthly upon her own. When the those first moments, seemed to have was going to mount the scaffold, the extinguished none of the charnas of teached forth her hand to the execu, her face. tioner, that he might lend her his af- During the time of the execution, fistance; first putting it to her mouth; the Sieur de Mongeorge was at Verand accompanying it with a civil in. failles, walking in a penfive mood adination of the head. which shewed long the park. The King told him that she was very far from having any in the evening, he was overjoyed to abborrence towards him.

hear that Madame Tiquet had juftiWhen die was upon the scaffold fied him; in public, and assured him she kissed the block, and acted with that he never fufpected him. The as much presence of mind as if the Sieur thanked his Majesty, and began had been a player trained to act that

ged a licence for eight months to part in a tragedy: she adjusted her travel out of the kingdom, to be at a hair, her head-dress, and in a mo- distance from all objects that might ment put herself in the most proper recal his grief. attitude for receiving the stroke of

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Oration delivered by Edward Livingston, Eja; to the German Society at

New York.

WHILE

Mr President, and Gentlemen of the German Society :*
7HILE I offer you my warmest produce, never to disgrace the me:

acknowledgments for this re- mory of your ancestors, and how peated proof of your favour and ef- the world that virtue is inherent in teem, permit me to add, that al- the German race. though a distinction so honourable From the earliest agés, a love of merits my gratitude and thanks, it independence, and an ardent zeal in would yet never have met my accep- its defence, have been the great cha. tance, did I not feel an obligation to racteristics of your country; and to sacrifice my own apprehensions to have preserved its freedom from the your wishes, and by prompt obedi- all-grasping power of Rome, is its ence atone for former neglect. peculiar boait. When her victorious

However inadequate then I may Eagles spread their wings in triumph be to the talk-however conscious over the fields of Gaul, and soared of that inability, I will yet obey your disdainful from the Ocean to the commands ; and shall proceed with Rhine ; when even distant Britaja less reluctance in the duiy assigned beat beneath her yoke, then Germame, as its performance requires no ny alone was free. She dared opsacrifice of truth to the servility of pose the victors of the world; and panegyric. In drawing the charac- the candid appals of Tacitus have ter of your ancestors, gentlemen, I preserved the fad confeffion of his can ascribe to it all the attributes of country, That neither from the war, without falsehood; without a- Samnites nor the Carthaginians, not dulation I can adoro it with all the from both the Spains, nor from all gentler symbols of peace.

the nations of Gaul, had the received Lei us then view the Germans in such frequent check and alarms, por their native forests, and pursue them even from the Parthians; for that in their progress to refinement-Let more powerful was the liberty of the us trace the dazzling course of their Germans, than the potent monarchs victorious arms--Ler us follow the of the East," and five Roman armies more diffusive light of their progref- loft, five copfuls flain, confirm the five science. Nor will the pursuit just complaint, and raise the glory of be useless or unentertaining ; it will the German name. amuse, by raising scenes on which the This conflict with the mistress of mind must dwell with high delight; the world, forms one of the most in. scenes of patriotism, magnanimity, teresting pictures in history. With and virtue, embellished with views what disdain do they reje&t every of religious reformation, useful dif- offer of submiffon? how bravely do covery, and the elegant attainments they reliít the arms? how nobly of genius and fancy; rendered pe- fcorn the arts of Rome? Once, iaculiarly interesting to you from that deed, her arms prevailed ; a part of Datural propensity which transfers to Germany received the yoke ; the lethe individual the glory of his coun- gionary camp was seen beyond the try. It will improve by the general Rhine, and freedom trembled for her force of example; from the generous laft retreat. Arminius, then the fac emulation it will excite to equal the viour of his country, rose; he led noble deeds of your countrymen; your warlike ancestors against the inand from the firm resolve it must paders of his paure land. The cloud

of

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