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ton. Upon his reception in the French racy of definition which he had acAcademy, d'Alembert welcomed him quired from mathematical study. with that well-known line which re- Speaking of the late Comte de Vervived the boldness and the sublimity gennes, the French minifter, and haof Lucan:
ving accidentally said that he was a
man of honour, he immediately ad• Eripuit cælo fulmen, sceptramque tyran
ded, “ I call him a man of honour,
because he never made me a promise, Dubourg, the first Frenchman who nor even gave me a hope, that he did openly espoused the cause of Ameri
dot amply fulfill.” In society he was ca, has inscribed under the head of
sententious, but not fuent; a listener Fraoklin this inscription :
rather than a talker ; an informing, • Il a ravi le feu des Cieux;
rather than a pleasing companion : Il fait feurir les arts en des climats sau, impatient of interruption, he often vages :
mentioned the cuitom of the Indians, L'Amerique le place a la tete des sages;
who always remain filent some time La Grece l'auroit mis au nombre des ses Dieux.'
before they give an answer to a ques
tion, which they have heard attenIn February 1777, he had the re tively; unlike some of the politest sogular appointment of plenipotentiary cieties in Europe, where a sentence from the Congress to the French can scarcely be finished without inCourt, but obtained leave of dismis- terruption. Sion in 1780. In 1783 he caused å The stone, with which Dr Frankmedal to be ftruck to commemorate lin had been amicted for several years, the independence of America. July had for the last 12 months confined 24. 178, he embarked at Havre, him chiefly to his bed; and during and on the same day landed at South. the extreme painful paroxysms he was ampton; whence, after a flight re- obliged to take laudanum, to mitigate frelhment, he failed for Cowes, where his tortures; ftill, in the intervals of 2 vefsel was ready to convey him to pain, he not only amused himself with Philadelphia. He was received there reading, and conversing chearfully September 15. with universal accla- with his family, and a few friends mation.
. who visited him, but was often emThe memories of the aged are not ployed in doing business of a public supposed to be retentive. The truth, as weil as private nature ; and in evehowever, seems to be, that the tablet sy instance displayed, not only a of the memory becomes callous at a readiness and disposition of doing certain period; nor is it susceptible of good, but the fullest and clearest pole new impreslions, and particularly of fession of his mental abilities; and Ferbal knowledge. Franklin was an not unfrequently indulged in jeux d'exception to this rule; he acquired esprit and entertaining anecdotes. A. French after seventy; he spoke fluent- bout sixteen days before his death, he ly, and even scientifically, in that was seized with a feverish indispofilanguage. In his French embassy tion, without any particular sympD. Franklin became the ton, the fa- toms attending it till the third or Bionable topic of modish conversa. fourth day, when he complained of tion; the ladies had hats a la Frank- a pain in his left breast, which increalin; and crowds of belles and beaux fed until it became extremely acute, often fluttered after him in the gar- with a cough, and laborious breath den of the Thuilleries. His conversa. ing. During this state, when the setion was rendered valuable, not only verity of his pain sometimes drew by a love of truth, but by an accu. forth a groan of complaint, he would VOL. XIL, No. 67.
observe, that he was afraid he did not lic bodies, and individuals; and has bear them as he ought : acknowledged requested that the following epitaph, his grateful sense of the many bles. which he composed for himself some fings he had received from that Su- years ago, may be inscribed on his preme Being who had raised him, tombstone: from small and low beginnings, to
“The body of such high rank and consideration a- BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, Printer, mong men ; and made no doubt his (like the cover of an old book, present afflictions were kindly intendo
its contents torn out, ed to wean him from a world in and stript of its lettering and gilding,) which he was no longer fit to act the lies here food for worms: part asigned him." In this frame of yet the work itself shall not be loft, body and mind he continued till five but will (as he believed,) appear days before his death, when his pain
once more, in a new and difficulty of breathing entirely and more beautiful edition, left him, and his family were flatter. corrected and amended ing themselves with the hopes of his
by recovery, but an imposthumation,
THE AUTHOR." which had formed itselt in his lungs, Philadelphia never displayed a scene suddenly burlt, and discharged a great of greater grandeur than was exhibiquantity of matter, which he conti. ted at his funeral. His remains were nued to throw up while he had suffi- interred on the 2017; and the concient strength to do it, but as that course of people assembled on the oc. failed, the organs of respiration be- casion was immense. The body was came gradually oppressed, a calm le- attended to the grave by thirty clerthargic state succeeded, and on the, gymen, and men of all ranks and pro17th of April,' about eleven o'clock fessions, arranged in the greatest orat night, he quietly closed a long and der. All the bells in the city were useful life. Three days before he tolled muffled, and there was a dif. died, he begged that his bed might charge of artillery. Nothing was 0be mad., that he might die in a de- mitted that could shew the respect cent manner. His daughter told him, and veneration of his fellow-citizens she hoped he would recover, and live for so exalted a character. The Con. many years longer ; he replied, “ I gress have ordered a general mournhope oot.”. He has left issue one fon, ing for one month throughout the Governor William Franklin, who was United States; and the National Al a zealous and active Loyalist during sembly of France have also decreed the late Revolu:ion, and now refides a general mourning of three days, in London ; and a daughter, married « The avgust (pectacle of the repre. to Mr Richard Bache, a merchant in fentatives of the first free people on Philadelphia. To the two latter he earth in mourning for the father of has bequeathed the chief part of ihis the liberty of two worlds (lays a cor. estate, during their respective lives, respondent at Paris, June 14,) added and afterwards to be divided equally peculiar interest and folemnity to the among their children. To bis grand. fefion of this day. So memorable a son, William Temple Franklio, Esq; victory of philosophy over prejudice he leaves a graot of some lands in the is not recorded in the aonals of the state of Geory a, the greatest part of human race." his library, and all his papers, besides Science shall hereafter record the something additional in cale of his name of Franklin in the truelt regismarriage. He has also made various ters of fame; that tame which is ever bequests and donations to cities, pub- just to the dead, however unjuft is
may be to the living, from caprice, he did not comment, none which he from the malevolence of party, or did not improve and illustrate ; of from the fulsome adulations of servi- which, his Advice to Servants-o lity.
Tradesmen—to Settlers in America The principles and qualities of e -on the Cure of Smoky Chimnies, lectricity were scarcely known in the Rules for Clubs and for Conversation Jaft age. The electric Auid was bare -Maxims to convert a great into a ly mentioned at the end of Newton's smail Empire, written with the caufOptics. It was reserved for Frank- tic spirit of Swift, abundantly prove, lin to investigate its properties; and To be generally useful, that he might of that branch of science he may be be universally celebrated, seemed to . considered as the father. Theory be his ruling principle. was advanced to practice and utility A portrait of him is engraved by by the invention of the conductor. Heath, from a medallion in the poi. Nor were his observations confined to fellion of Dr Lettsom, in his Memoirs this science. There were few sub- of Fothergill, p. 164. jects of common utility upon which
A remarkable and extraordinary Narrative of the revivification of young Joseph
Taylor, who was supposed to have been hanged to death, (in company with that notorious Highwayman, Pickpocket, and Hous-breaker, Archibald Taylor) on Boston Neck, on Thursday the 8th of May, 1788, for a violent Àfsault and Robbery on the Highavay, committed on the Person and Property of Mr Nathaniel Cunningham, Butcher, in October, 1787-In a Letter froni faid Joseph Taylor, to his Friend and Countryman, Mr Phelim Donance, in Boston*.
Egg-Harbour, Mouth of the Delaware, May 12. 1788. My Dear Friend, V OU will, no doubt, be greatly into my lungs, and O'Donnell and
I astonished at receiving a letter Tector had been told of it before I from one whom you so lately saw, io saw you ; and they, with the doctor, all appearance numbered with the his young man, and a person he dead, with all the ignominy of a pub- brought with him, made the five. I lic and shameful execution. But therefore take this early opportunity though strange as it may appear, it is to let you know of my being alive, Do less strange than true, that, blefl- and in health, blessed be God! as I ed be God for his infinite goodness, hope these lines will find you; as also I am now among the living to praise the circumstances which attended my him. It was my fervent desire that execution and recovery to life; as alyou should have been made acquaint- fo my present frame of mind and re"ted with the steps which were taken folution, through the grace of God, to recover me to life immediately af- to fin no more, but endeavour after ter my being hanged. But the doc- new obedience. tor who managed the affair would You remember that you, among not admit of more than five persons other friends, had great hopes of my in the secret, as he feared a discovery, being pardoned on account of my and said a crowd around me would youth ; but when their Honours fat, be fatal, and prevent the air getting 1 soon found I must be made an ex
ample * From the Vermont Journal, Ad American Paper,
ample of, as they were determined found utterance and poured out my never to pardon highwaymen. I then heart to him. He seemed affected began to prepare for death; but must with my distress, especially as my needs say, though I had many affect- conduct was so different from that of ing conferences with the reverend A. Taylor's; and after pausing, be parsons who visited me in goal, I ne-, left me without mentioning the sale ver, even after my condemnation, of my body, and said he would call realized that I was fuddenly to die in again the next day. He came and fo awful a manner, until a gentle asked me privately whether I had man, who I afterwards found was a two or three friends I could depend doctor, came and talked privately upon to aflift in any thing for my bewith the late unhappy sufferer, and nefit. He communicated his deliga my fellow conviet, Archihald Tay of attempting to recover me to life, lor, who, when the gentleman was if my body could be carried, immegone, came to ime with money in his diately after I was cut down, to some hand, and so smiling a countenance, convenient place, out of the reach of that I thought he "had received it in the people; assuring me by all that charity. But he soon undeceived me, was sacred, that if he failed in his telling me with an air of gaiety, that attempt, he would give my body a it was the price of his body; and Christian burial. I closed with it then added a shocking speech which without hesitating. The doctor then I fincerely hope is blotted out of the left me, and soon after Tector and book of God's remembrance against O'Donnel came to see me, to whom his poor foul.
I communicated the plan in confi. This was the first time fince my dence. The doctor came back to condemnation that I thought what it charge me not to trust more persons was to die. The lock was territle, thair were suficient to carry my body and Taylor increased it, saying that from the gallows to the place provithe doctor had desired him to bargain ded. I told him who iħe pirfons with me for my body also. The with me were; and upon O'Donnell's thoughts of my bones not being per- engaging to procure a number of his mitted to remain in the grave in countrymen to remove my body to a peace, and my body, which my poor private place, who were not to be let mother. had so often caressed and into the secret, but fuppose it was to dandled on her knee, and which had secure my body from the doctors, he been fo pampered by my friends in seemed pleased with the plan, and my better days, being flashed and made us promise to admit no more mangled by the doctors, was too much persons into the secret, upon pain of for me. I had been deaf to the pious his not having to do in the aflair fo exhortations of the priests ; but now soon as it leaked out. He gave them my conscience was awakened, and money to hire a small boat to be in hell seemed indeed to yawn for readiness at the wharf neare it to the
· place of execution, which was accordWhat a night of horror was the ingly done. The two-maft boat, in next night! When the doctor came which was the doctor, his friend, and in the morning to bargain for my apprentice, with their doctor's inbody, I was in a cold sweat ; my ftruments, was moored up the knees fmote together, and my tongue bay, near the gallows, the morning of feemed to cleave to the roof of niy the execution day, but fell down mouth. He perceived the agony of with the tide, about two hours before my soul, and asked me fome ques. the execution, towards Dorchestertions of the fate of my mind. I point, for fear of being grounded.
The state of my mind after my of hanging as I should any other boconversation with the doctor, until dily pain equally severe ; but the far the day of execution, it is impossible greater distress of meeting an offend. for me to describe. This glimpse of ed, inexorable Judge, and being conhope, this mere chance of escaping signed to endless mifery, was done athe jaws of death, and of avoiding the way: for the nearer the time of exeeyes of an offended Judge, at whose cution approached, the more my rebar I was no ways prepared to appear, liance on the doctor increafed. seemed to render my mipd but more you was present at the folemn diftracted. I sometimes indulged my- parting with, and warning which was felf with the thoughts of being reco. given to the people--at the excellent Tered to life ; and as I had fortunate- prayer of the Reverend Mr Stillman, ly concealed my real name, that I and the dropping of the traps, which might return, like the Prodigal, to my to all appearance launched me and parents, and live a life devoted to my poor unhappy fellow prisoner, God and their comfort. But I oft- Archibald Taylor, into a boundless ener feared the means might fail to eternity. bring me to life: and then I wished I cannot take a better opportunity that this scheme had never been men- than to declare here, solemnly (as a tioned, as the hopes of life seemed to man who, though he has once proviprevent my conversion; and then, to dentially escaped death, knows he be surprised into another world, to- must soon die, and come to judgment) tally unprepared, how terrible! Thus that neither his honour the High distracted, the time ftew and the aw. Sheriff, whose tenderness and humaful day arrived. In the morning the nicy otherwise I shall ever acknowReverend Parsons visited me. I was ledge, nor Mr Otis, nor Mr Millish, much softened by their conversation: the Deputy Sheriff, who were the and really, at that time, wished I had' three officers with us on the stage, or Dever seen the doctor, but by the near any other officer of justice, had any and certain approach of death, had knowledge of my escape from death. been prepared to live in those bliss. But to returo to my particular feel ful manfions which are prepared in ings--I preserved my prefence of the world of glory for the truly pe- mind; and when the halter was fastaitent,
ened, remembered the doctor's direc. Soon after they left us, the doc- tions, and while the prayer was ma. tor's young man came (under pre- king I kept gentiy turning my head tence of a meffage from Mrs Ranger, so as to bring the knot on the back who had fhowo me much kindness in of my neck, nearly, as O Donnel af goal, the Lord reward her for it) to terwards informed, and as you and on renew the doctor's directions how to thers observed. When the trap fell condoet my body fo as not to suffer I had all my senses about me; and the least shock, and bid me keep up though I have no remembrance of nog (pirits.
hearing aay sounds among the peoMy hopes were now raised, and my ple, yet I believe I did not lose my former terror did not return upon jenses until some minutes after. My me ; which I doubt not was observed first feelings after the shock of falling by the reverend Parson who attend was a violent strangling and oppresed me, by the officers of justice, and fion for want of breath : this soon the maltitude, who doubtless compa. gave way to a pain in my eyes, which ied my behaviour with that of my feemed to be burned by two balls of fellow sufferer. It is true, when I fire which appearedbefore them, whick. mounted the stage, I dreaded the pain seemed to dart on and off like light