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State of the BAROMETER in inches and decimals, and of Farenheit's THER

MOMETER in the open air, taken in the morning before suo-rise, and at noon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, froni the 31st August 1790, to the 29th of September, near the foot of Arthur's Seat.

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August 31
Sept. 1

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· 29.475




Cloudy, small rain.
Rain and hail.
Rain. -


0.93 0.07

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Quantity of Rain, 2.67
Dass. .



De 12. 62 greatest heat at noon. 26. 30.125 greatest elevation. 29. 34 Icast ditto, morning. 20. 28.9 Icaft dicto.

To the Publisher. SIR, IT is curious to see what strange ma. « of the Emperors dogs, and this in

terials are sometimes used in the “ deed is certain, that our dogs bare Tearing of a system.

“ been preferable to all others in Eu. Dr Anderson, in a late publication, " rope." undertakes to prove “ the superior Had it not been for the spirit of value and fineness of British wool in emendation, which, till of late, was former times :" the first evidence confined to commentators, Cynegium which he produces is Cambden's might have kept its place in the Nam Britannia, translated by Gibson, p. titia Imperii as being perfectly intel118. He says “the fineness of British ligible, and implying just thus, that " wool was such as to induce the the Emperors had a dcg-kennel at " Romans, while they were in poffef- Winchester “ fion of this isand, to establish a Since, however, it has pleased com“ cloth manufacture at Winchester, mentators of great name to couvert " for the use of the Emperors : it Cyregium, a dog-kennel, into Gyne" appears from the fact above ftated, cium, a work-house for women, I am " that it was here that the Roman willing that the fair sex shall have the " Emperors, during their moft luxu- preference, and take the place of the " rious æra, chose to supply them- dogs. " selves with their most lumptuous But this will not aid the hypothee robes."

fis of Dr Anderson in the least. As Di Anderson has quoted Gib. One ought not to meddle with matfon's translation of the Britannia, in- ters of antiqu. iy without a confidcrItead of the original, that translation able degree of previous study of a'. shall be set down at full length. cient authors. " This city (Winchefter) no doubt The Roman Emperors had large " was very famous in the Roman families of Naves dispersed over the “ times; for it is here the Roman Empire, and employel in various bu. “ Emperors seem to have had their sinels. This practice which took " imperial weaving hops; this city place under the Heathen, was con" being the chief of all the Britii inued under the Christian Emperors, " V'entæ, and lying nearest Italy, for and I observe by the way, chat not “s in the Notitia, there is mention only Christian Emperors, but Chrifa “ made of a procurator or governor tian Bishops of approved fanctity, ne" of the Cynegrum Ventense, or Ben-, ver entertained a thought of the un" tense, in Britain; which Jacobus lawfulness of Havery. He who fuuld " Cujacius, tha: moft eminent civili- affert the contrary would disccver his "an, reads Gynæcium, and interprets ignorance of history. " it the Royal weavery, in his Para. I fall admit on the authority of " titles to the Codes. Guidus Panci- Cujacius, that ihe Roman Emperors "rellus is of the same opinion, and had a work-house for their remale “ wri:es that these Gynecia were ap- slaves at Winchester, as in Sitty other " pointed for weaving the cloaths of places of the Roman Empire : butis " the Emperor and army, for making there any cvidence that those Naves " of fails, linen Ihrouds, [tragula] spun or wove fine worsted yarn, ra. " and other neceffaries for the furni- ther than coarse linen yarn ? Dr " ture of their mansions or quarters. Anderson's quotation from the tran. " Yet Wolphangus Lazius thinks slator of Camden does not prove the

that the procurator here took care_ one more than the other : what is there



In Camden's narrative which relates to billy country, far from the sea, 19 mult sumptuous robes ? the sum of his breed sheep without a sufficiency of authority, twist it how you will, juft winter provision for them; an expe comes to this, that “ there was at riment already proved to be fatal. " Winchester a work-house for the . He forgets that the part of the grass “ 'female Naves of the Emperor, and uncovered, will lose the benefit of " that they were enployed in weave the winter snow, and be good for noŚ ing woolen cloth from worsted, thing in the spring; he also forgets, “ or linen cloth from hemp or flax," that the surface, thus uncovered, will and the reader will com paie this re- become a plate of ice. sult with Dr Anderson's narrative. The most fingular difficulty feems

This is not faid'10 depreciate Dr. to be that of ascertaining what Shet. Anderson's tract, but only to caution laod sheep are ? he says there are two him againt venturing too far into forts; perhaps there may be twenty; historical researches.

but the only one he has to enquire *This tract contains many valuable after is the native or kindly theep. marcers, and well deserving the ai. Surely they are no phenomenon in Md tention of the public, but there is 100 Lothian ; the Duke of Buccleugh had much of enterprize and speculation them long; they are the most uogoin it.' '

verpable of our country animals ; they For example, he says, that wool, to are so small and so nimble, that they the value of 600,000l. Sterling, is im- will force their way through every ported yearly from Spain, and he hedge, and over walls too, if not very talks, in an easy way, of prohibiting high. The late Lord Pigot procu. the importation of wool from Spain. red a score of them in this country, Supposing the value of wool impor:ed an experienced person was engaged to be just, he propoles the utter de to drive them into Staffordshie, and ftruation of the fine cloth manufac- received a sum of money to account; tures of England :. let him find wool in a few hours he returned back with in England or in the Highlands of them, returned the money, and said Scotland, if he will, fit to supply the “ I would as soon undertake to drive demand for foreign wool, and then he “ a Hock of hares into Staffordshire." may allure himself that no foreign I believe that they must be confined wool will be imported. .

as heretofore, to iflands. The sea is His plan of a snow plough will the only fit fence to keep them ia. serve to encourage the people in the

Account of Barjac, Valet de Chambre to Cardinal Fleury *.

A T the same time that the Abbé chambre, had formerly been the coas A Polet lorded it over the con- fident of his pleasures and of his vexa fcience of Cardinal Fleury, a valet, ations. The public knew this, arc named Barjac, ruled him in temporal people in place did not bluth to yitit. matters. Luckily both Polet and Barjac, or to treat him like a man of Barjac were men of sense, of honour, quality: and even of virtue.

He lived in a splendid Nile, and " Barjac had been long attached to the Cardinal, 'who stood upon little Fleury, and in quality of valet dę çeremony with certain couriers, used

Memoirs du Marechal Duc de Richlicu,

to say when his own table was too Barjac expected to be visited, nay full, Well, do you go and dine with Bar- to be consulted, and he had a band jac. This valet was so accustomed in the distribution of all favours. Hé to be courted and caressed, that with was just in the patronage he bestow. out growing insolent or forgetting ed, insisting on being made acquainthimself, he affumed the tone of a great ed with the candidates for his proman, and interfered ia ftate affairs, in tection, and excluding from employmatters of finances, and in the dil ment thole who did not personally posal of offices, like one of the Mini. wait on him. He used to say, with iters, and in the same ftile, speaking great indifference, and in very laconic of the proceedings of the Cardinal in terms, I do not know him, when he was the first person, and never failing to applied to on behalf of any person who fay, I have given the Duc d' Antin such did not visit him, a commission : the Marechal de Villar's The Cardinal in his youth lad gave me a call this morning : veli rdry had wants known to few, and the va, I had a deal of company with me at let had been attached to him with a dinner: and in many other such in: fidelity and a secrecy not to be shaken, itances imitating the Cardinal.

He had always served his master in In his letters he was not more re- the different Iteps of his elevation : fpe&tful; he always affected to put he had the same turn of mind, the himself on an equality even with the same principles, the fame address, the Marechals of France, whom he never fame good nature with his matter, 10. condescended to treat with those long gether with all his little subtleties finales which custom and respec de- and artifices, He exercised over hima mand, but merely set his name at the all the power which an old and faithend of his letters, like the Cardinal, ful servant has over his master ; but and without any greater ceremony. this power was always respectful and

Barjac had imitated fo successfully friendly, and such as a man who had the beautiful limplicity of his master, for so long a time managed his busithat his behaviour was not tbat of a ness and his gallantres, nicht be exvalet ; his manners were decent, and pected to atlume over a Cardinal now he knew the respect due to rank, to growo a Miniter and a devotee. Actitles, and to people in place; and he cordingly there were no affairs of did not fail to remind even courtiers, tate kept secret froin Barjac, and he when they forgot themselves, of what fpoke of them with an air of import, they were ; and repulsed, by affected ance, when he was with the Minillers, complaisance, whoever came to him or with perfons enti uíted with pub, to talk of business in the stile of a lic bulineis. He also spoke of incm great lord, or man of importance. ' in the plural number, or in the firit

But he would neither humble lim- perfon, as he did of the domestic ate Self before the great, nor would he suf- fairs of the Cardinal; and when he for the great to humble themselves had been in a more particular manner before him; behaving to thein always intrusted with the execution of any On a footing of equality, without af. business, or when he had made choice fecting superiority, or departing fiom of thufe who were to negociare i:, he the rank he bad assumed with them; expresied himself with a still greater never quilling it, except when others degree of egotism, for he would then quitred it with regard to him, and say, I have done it; I have concluded Becoming affectedly respectful, when it; I have finished the treaty: and in he was treated with haughtiness or this way he talked of the principal with too great humility. · affairs of state, which were all delibe.

Fatod rated upon in the closer of the Cardi- the person who abased himself before nal, before they were laid before the him. council ; the King in the mean time It happened one day, that a ceramusing himself with the famous Sist- tain nobleman went to ask a favour of ers, at Rambouillet, or in the chace, him. This favour he was partici

Thus Larjac governed a part of the Jarly anxious for, and in order to obaffairs of France, and filled up racant tain it he stept beyond the limits of places; he even exacted of the Supe- that delicacy which was necessary with rior officers in the army, of the mi- Barjac, still more than with the Carnisters and prelates whom he had ap- dioal. The courtier treated him with pointed, that they should give such so much ceremony, respect, and com. and such offices to the persons he re- plaisance, that Barjac was disgusted : commended to them; so that the pat. The nobleman went farther; he inrirorage of Barjac was more important ted himself to dinner, and sat down than that of the ministers, or of the familiarly at his right hand, though Cardinal himself. He often ordered it was the first time he had vifted the brevets that had been ligned by him, and descanting on the virtues the King and counter-ligned by a mic and intelligence of Barjac, was at. nister, to be brought to him, and had tributing to him the whole prosperity the places afterwards given away to of France. others; he was always lure of a delay Barjac being able to bear this no at least, if not of a total exclusion ; lor.ger, got up froni his sea:, took the and sometimes he accomplished the naikin from his button-hole and exclufon, though he did not get the whipt it under bis arm, seized a plate giving away of the place; but it must from his servant, and placing himself be owned, that he acted always with behind the Duke's chair, prepared to great just ce, and had a clearer insight do the office of a waiter at the table, into business, and was a bitter judge The other at this immediately got up, of mens genius and merits than the protesting that he would never suffer Cardinal, who being satisfied of his such a degradation ; but Bariac regood fense and integrity, allowed him plied, that though à Duke and Peer to govern.

of France inight forget himself, Bar. It was, therefore, neceffary to be jac ought not to forget what was due acquainted with Barjac before any io fo high a rank, adding, that the one could be promoted, especially at Duke would not obtain the favour he ihe beginning, for afterwards he was wanted, unless he allowed himself to fupplanted by Chaurelin : there was be served by Barjac. The whole likiwile a neceflity for paying him a Court, the King, and the Cardinal fort of court, but in a del.cate man- himself, were highly entertained with ncr, and with address : abject behavio the account of this facetious reproof, our in his prelence was sure to meet and the great were taught by it, that with a repulle, and he then pretended though there was a necessity for their to forget who he was, quitting the paying court 10 Barjac, it was neces. manners of an equal, and afuming sary to do so with delicacy and dily şhose of a feryani, in order to raite cernment,

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