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and her arrival in Macao roads—Mr. Mariner's reception

by Captain Ross and by Captain Welbank-His arrival in

England - Concluding observations.

Page 38

CHAP. XVII.-Preliminary observations-Rank in society

-Tooitonga --Veachi - Inspired priests -The king-

Nobles-Order of succession to rank-Mataboolesa

Mooas-Tooas--Professional classes of society, hereditary

and otherwise Table of the order of professions-Suc-

cession to property—Old age-Female sex-Wives of

chiefs-Adopted mothers-Concubines of chiefs Arts

practised by women-Children.


Chap. XVIII.-Enumeration of the principal notions on

which the religion of Tonga is founded - Traditionary ac.
count of the island of Bolotoo-Division of the gods into
six classes-Names and attributes of the principal original
gods-Souls of Chiefs—Souls of Matabooles—Other Ho-
tooas or inhabitants of Bolotoo-Hotooa Pow, or mis-
chievous gods—The god that supports the earth-Ob-
servations upon death-Origin of the habitable earth, or
rather of the islands of Tonga-Popular tradition respect-
ing the original inhabitants of Tonga--Remarks-An-
other tradition respecting the same subject-Fiji story
respecting an island of immortal women-Popular ac-
count of the origin of turtles General notion of the
earth, sky, and heavenly bodies-Notions respecting the
human soul and animal life-Ideas concerning the liver

- The soul's immortality-Notions of the Fiji people in

regard to the soul.


CHAP. XIX.-Farther particulars respecting the divine chiefs

Tooitonga and Veachi : respecting the priests—General
remarks on the moral notions and habits of the people

The first principles which in them constitute the foundation of virtue-References to Toobo Neuha, Hala A'pi A'pi, and others-Farther habits of practical liberalityThe principle of respect and veneration to the gods, chiefs, parents, and aged persons-Defence of hereditary rights, and love of country-Instances of the principle of honour: instances of the contrary: remarks: conclusions -Their liberal opinions of one another, and of European nations, with references-Humanity-General observations on the virtue of chastity--Investigation of the proportion of married women-Conduct of the married women-Conduct of the unmarried women: of the married men: of the unmarried men-General view of society, as far as their notions respecting chastity are concerned

Conclusions upon this subject-Remarks. Page 140 CHAP. XX.–Preliminary observations Cava root : cere

mony of preparing the infusion, and order of serving it out, either as a chief, a priest, or a god may presideThe ceremony of Ina'chi ; of Fuccala'hi ; of Cava fuccu é'gi; of Tow-tow; of Nawgi'a ; of Tootooni'ma ; of Boo'too and its minor ceremonies, viz. Fdla, Too'too, Lafa, Too'gi, Fo'a, Oo'loo; with a quotation from Leviticus ; of Langi, and the very singular mode of shewing respect to the remains of Tooitonga-of Taboo and the ceremonies of molë-moë and fota; of Toogoo cava; of Lostoommm Omeng-Charms.

182 CHAP. XXI.-Introductory observations on the state of the

healing art in these islands—Their surgical knowledge borrowed from the Fiji islands Medical skill of a Sandwich islander--The operation of cawso, with a case described; regimen; precautions against tetanus--Two cases of tetanus cured by the operation of tocolosi-Operation of boca, or castration: a man castrates himselfFractures and luxations-Topical blood-letting-Opening abscesses-Burning and blistering-Friction-Scarification of the tunica adnata-Gun-shot wounds-Amputation-Circumcision-Ta tutto'w at the Tonga islands; at the Fiji islands-The diseases called cahi and palla-Gonorrhea-Observations respecting the existence of syphilis at these islands—Gonorrhea cured by fright in three individuals—Tona, a disease similar to the yaws-An eruption on the feet called gno'woon-Foou, or elephantiasisMomoco, or general wasting of the flesh-Feke-feke, a species of irregular intermittent.

Page 240 Chap. XXII.-General observations on the principal arts and manufactures—Canoe-building-Inlaying with ivory

- Preparing graves-Constructing stone vaults--Netmaking-Fishing--House-building--Striking the tattow -Carving the handles of clubs-Shaving with shellsCooking food-Enumeration of the principal made dishes

Making ropes; bows and arrows; clubs and spearsManufacture of gnatoo, and mode of printing it-Making mats, baskets, combs, thread, &c.

274 CHAP. XXIII. -General habits of chiefs, matabooles,

mooas, women, and children-Quotation from Cook's Voyages, affording a very correct view of their public festivals and rejoicings in honour of illustrious visitors, and describing very accurately their boxing and wrestling matches, and sundry dances: the whole including a point of time when Captain Cook and his companions were to have been assassinated by the natives—An account of their different dances and songs ---Specimen of their

songs in rhyme-Specimen of their music-An account of their various sports and games-The pastimes of a day - Conclusion.

Page 296 A Grammar of the Tonga Language.

353 A Vocabulary, Tonga and English. A Vocabulary, English and Tonga.

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