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he was morally certain that himself and the
cooper* were the only persons living of all
who were on board at the time this most
bloody massacre was perpetrated : and as to
those, who, from bad or injudicious motives,
had left the ship the day before, they were
probably, by this time at least, secured, and
waiting, like himself, with anxious desire to
know whether speedy death or degrading ser.
vitude was to be their portion.
: In a little while he was landed, and led to
the most northern part of the island, called
Co-oolo, where he saw, without being much
affected at the sight, the cause of all that day's
disasters, Mr. Brown, the whaling master,
lying dead upon the beach: the body was
naked, and much bruised about the head and
chest. They asked Mr. Mariner, by words
and signs, if they had done right in killing
him ;—as he returned them no answer, one of
them lifted up his club to knock out his
brains, but was prevented by a superior chief,
who ordered them to take their prisoner on


* There were two others, the boatswain, and one of the crew, who were on board at the time, and also escaped ; but they were taken on shore before Mr. Mariner and the cooper made their appearance upon deck. This circumstance he did not know till some time afterwards.

board a large sailing canoe. Whilst here, he observed upon the beach an old man, whose countenance did not speak much in his favour, parading up and down with a large club in his hand. At this time a boy, who had just come into the canoe, pointed to a fire at a little distance, and addressing himself to Mr. Mariner, pronounced the word máte* (meaning to kill), and made such signs that could give him to understand nothing less than that he was to be killed and roasted : this idea roused him from his state of mental torpor, and gave him some alarm, which was not lessened by the sight of the old man just mentioned, who appeared in no other light than that of an executioner waiting for his victim. About half an hour afterwards a number of people came to the canoe, landed him, and led him towards the fire, near which he saw, lying dead, James Kelly, William Baker, and James Hoay, three of those who had first mutinied. Some hogs were now brought to be cooked; and Mr. Mariner was pretty well undeceived respecting what he had understood from the gestures of the boy in the

c noe word máte (pronounced something like mártay) is the common word throughout the South Sea Islands for “ to kill;" and Me, M. had learnt it at the Sandwich Islands.

canoe, who, it was now sufficiently evident, merely meant to imply that some of Mr. Mariner's countrymen lay dead where he pointed, and that they were going to roast or bake some hogs there.

From this place he was led towards the island of Foa. On the way they stopped at a hut, where they stripped him of his trowsers, notwithstanding his earnest solicitations to retain them; for he already felt the effect of the sun upon his back, and dreaded a total exposure to its heat. He was now led about bare-footed, and without any thing to cover him, the heat blistering his skin in a most shocking manner. Every now and then some or other of the natives came up to him from motives of curiosity, felt his skin to compare it with their own, or likened it rather (as he afterwards understood) to the skin of a scraped hog, from its whiteness : from malice or wantonness they spat upon him, pushed him about, and threw sticks and cocoa-nut shells at him, so that his head was cut in several places. After having thus tantalized him, and led him about for a considerable length of time, as fast as the soreness of his feet would permit him to walk, a woman happening to pass near at hand, from motives of compassion gave him

an apron made of the leaves of the chee-tree, with which he was permitted to cover himself. Coming at length to a hut, they entered and sat down to drink cava*, putting him in a corner, and desiring him by signs to sit down, it being considered very disrespectful to stand up before a superior; the principle of which point of etiquette will be explained in another place. Whilst his persecutors were thus regaling themselves, a man entered the hut in great haste; and having said something to the company, took Mr. Mariner away with him. As they were going along they met one of the Sandwich islanders, whom the Port au Prince had brought from Anahooro Bay, who gave Mr. Mariner to understand that Finow, the king of the islands, had sent for him. When he arrived in the king's presence, the 'king beckoned to him, and made signs that he should sit near him. As he entered the place, the king's women, who sat at the other end of the room, at the sight of him in the deplorable condition in which he was, with one voice uttered a cry of pity, beating their breasts, and exclaiming, Oyaoo! chiodofa! Alas! poor

* An infusion of the root of a species of the pepper plant, the mode of preparing which, and ceremony of drinking it, will be described hereafter in a more proper place.

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young man! Fortunately for Mr. Mariner,
Finow had 'taken an extraordinary liking to
him from the first moment he had seen him
on board: he thought he was the captain's
son, or at least a young chief of some conse-
quence in his own country; and he accordingly
had given orders, that if they found it neces-
sary to kill the white men, they should, at any
rate, preserve Mr. Mariner's life. The king
put his nose to his forehead (a mark of friendly
salutation ;) and soon after observing that he
was very dirty, and much wounded, he desired
one of his women attendants to take him to a
pond within the fencing of the house, where
he might wash himself. Here he made him-
self as clean as mere water could make him ;
but finding the dirt did not come readily off
his feet, she brought some sand, and began to
scrub them with it: when he complained that
this hurt him, she said something, which, at
that time, he did not clearly understand, im-
plying, that such was the Tonga mode of
washing. Being now pretty well washed, he
again came in presence of the king, and was
sent to the other end of the house, where he
was oiled all over with sandal-wood oil, which
felt very agreeable, alleviating the smart of his
wounds, and greatly refreshing him. He now

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