Medicine and Hygiene in the Works of Flavius Josephus
BRILL, 31. dec. 1993 - 217 sider
This volume deals with the medical and paramedical topics, compiled from the works of Flavius Josephus, the Jewish historian who lived in the first century C.E. in Judea, and later in Rome. The study of medicine from ancient Jewish sources has focused on the Bible and the Talmud, the content of which is primarily theological and cultural. The present work reveals two main trends. Josephus' paraphrase of the Biblical narrative introduced a number of additions and/or discrepancies which bear on medicine. Moreover, his account of the Jewish War and of contemporary political events includes many details related to medicine and hygiene.
This book deals with physicians and healers, diseases and epidemics, with surgery, psychiatry and psychology, and with therapeutics. The work concludes with a discussion of medical metaphors and with a sequence of detailed treatments of topics including suicide, the Essenes and King Herod. It throws light on an aspect of Josephus studies which has rarely been considered till now.
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According adds ancient Antiquities Apion appears army baths Bible biblical biblical text body Book brought called caused chapter close considered cure David death described detail died disease Egyptian episode Essenes eyes fact famine fell followed give Greek hand head healing Hebrew Hebrew Bible Herod historian History Ibid interpreted Jerusalem Jewish Jews Josephus killed kind King later laws lived Lord madness means medicine mentioned Midrash mind Moses narrative nature pain parallel passage period person physicians plague Preuss probably prophet readers reason recorded reference Regarding remains remarks Roman Saul says Scriptures seems sent Septuagint showed soul sources stone story stresses suffered suicide Talmud Temple term Thucydides tion took translation whereas wife women wounded writes