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well-dined orator, into the proof of this when, weary with the toils and the journey very difficult proposition, and shews, of life, he shall yet return, and lay his as we think, to the satisfaction of fat bones with those of his kindred. But we and lean, the man of strong digestion, love, and are proud of our country, because and the martyr to constipated bowels, it is the land of patriotism, learning, and " that it is the incumbent duty of piety. Can a Caledonian hear the names of every man, while in the possession of glow with the love of liberty, or thrill with health and strength, to provide, as far hatred of tyranny ? Can he cease to be as human capacity enables him, a- proud that he is a descendant of those brave gainst the ills of life.” Having gained Caledonians who for ages hurled defiance vantage-ground, he then launches from their hills upon the legions of Rome, forth into one of the noblest strains to and the armies of mighty monarchs, and be found in the whole range of our preserved their liberty and independence gormandizing eloquence.

in the midst of an enslaved world? The “ Highly conducive to the attainment learned men which our country has proof these heart-delighted purposes, are an.

duced, is also another source of the love nual dinners similar to the present. Their which we bear to the land of our nativity. effects are to enliven and invigorate the ge. A host of historians, poets, philosophers, nerous and patriotic sentiments with which legislators, &c., might here be mentioned, we are animated. Engaged in the right, but with the names of these, every gentleeous cause of benevolence, in fulfilling the man present is familiar. Above all, the new commandment given by the Divine piety and good conduct of our countrymen Anthor of Christianity, “That you love is calculated, in an eminent degree, to renone another, the pleasures of the festive. der us proud of the land of our birth, and board are refined and consecrated; it sheds to make us in love with the place where an almost sanctifying influence over the the establishment of parochial teachers, jog-inspiring bowl, and imparts to our con

and the zealous and faithful labours of vivial intercourse a charm more than hu- our ministers, have, under God, produced man."

such happy and pleasant effects." This is the ne plus ultra-the Land's- Mr D. Abercromby has now been end—the John-o'-Groat's House--the hard at it, tooth and nail, snuff and Ultima Thule - the Back-o'-Beyond snifter, bubble and squeak, for about of the oratory of the Haggis-Bag. a quarter of an hour, or twenty miTo Mr D. Abercromby, indeed, be- nutes, and yet he is fresh as a twolongs the “ Os magna sonaturum." year-old, and without a syınptom of If he eats as he spouts, (and it should closing his potato-trap. It is now, we be so,) his jawbones must be more shall suppose, about ten o'clock in the destructive than any recorded in his- evening, and each member has finishtory, sacred or profane; and, to use ed his mutchkin of barley-broo. Symphis own words, with a slight and par- toms of yawning are exhibited, and an donable alteration, he must « exhibit occasional snore calls from the chairin convivial intercourse a power more man the mandate of “Silence! Sithan human."

lence!" when our Gormandizer exMr D. Abercromby proceeds to the claims second head of his address, and holds “ Pardon me, gentlemen, for occupying forth on the amor patriæ of Scotch- so much of your time, and allow me for a men. The promotion of this principle moment to glance at the third object which is the second great object of the Liver- the Scottish Club may be said to have had pool Scottish Club, although it seems in view at its establishment, namely, To to us that is somewhat like carrying preserve from extinction, amidst the evercoals to Newcastle. “ It is,” says our day invention, the peculiar and national

varying and fantastical fashions of everyGormandizer,“ inherent in every man, dress of Scotland, the bonnet blue, the but peculiarly characteristic of Scotch- belted plaid, and kilt and trews o' tartan men." If so, why club to promote it? bonnie. A considerable period has elapHear the Haggis !

sed since the government of the timethought “ Never can a Scotchman cease to love it necessary to treat the Highland characthe land of his fathers. Wandering on the ter with peculiar harshness. A law was desert sands of Africa, immersed in the passed, and rigidly enforced, to deprive the wilds of Canada, or trudging beneath the Highlanders of their arms; and not conburning sun of India, his imagination lin- tent with extracting the lion's fangs, they gers on the hills of his native land, where must also take his skin. It was declared blooms the red heather and thistle sae penal for the Highlander to appear in his green ;' and, musing on the scenery and native dress. Gentlemen, what would an Friendships of youth, he thinks of the time Englishman think if a law were promulga

VOL. XIV.

ted, and put in force at the point of the petticoats ? The Highlanders were forbayonet, that he should not presume to ap- bid wearing kilts, and forced to put on pear, except in the stays and petticoats of breeches. Why the devil should that a woman? Would he not feel degraded be likened to forcing Englishmen, at and insulted ? And so did our fathers. Is it not then astonishing, that, thus debased

the point of the bayonet, to wear stays and despised, their fine spirit should hag ?

and petticoats ? Mr Abercromby must It was reserved for the illustrious Chatham

have been getting into a state of civito convert, as it were by magic, these very

lation. But hear the finale. men, who scarce dared to own themselves

“ If it had not been for the distinction the subjects of their sovereign, into the

of the Highland dress, the name of Scotloyal and intrepid defenders of their king

land would not have been heard of as the and country. And how did he accomplish

nurse of warriors who fought and triumphthis? How did he rouse the slumbering

ed at Maida, and Egypt, and Waterloo ; spirit of the Gael ? By associating them

and it is the wish of the Scottish Club to in kindred bands ; by arining them with

fan those sacred fires which shall hereafter their national weapons ; by clothing them

glow in the hearts of the brave, and the in their native garb, and by giving them

free, and the loyal sons of the North, at a name to be proud of and to fight for.

the recollection of Scotland's heroic deeds, And well was he rewarded for this libera

and Scotland's domestic virtues. Such, lity in the loyalty and patriotism of a body gentlemen, is an imperfect sketch of the of men who valued life only as conduciye objects which the Scottish Club have in to their country's fame. Cold is the heart

view." that does not warm at the sight of the

If it had not been for the distinction Highland tartan. It is your desire to pre- of the Highland dress ! - O Paddy serve this dress indeed; but it is to pre- from Cork, with your coat buttoned serve also along with it the sentiments and behind, what do you think of that? recollections of a generous patriotism_to When Mr D. Abercromby comes to cherish the love of country, and to perpe. Edinburgh, he must favour us with tuate to future ages a remembrance of the

his company at Ambrose's. We, too, glories of the Scottish name.” Never was the case of Kilt versus

belong to the Gormandizing School of Breeches so powerfully pleadled before.

Eloquence, and will speak or eat him

for a trifle, giving him five minutes But, pray, sir, do you call breeches the dress of a woman, as well as stays and

start, and seven to four.

THE TORY.

LETTER I.

The name of Tory was once ob- duct of ministers, its sincere revenoxious, from its connexion with the rence for the Constitution in Church dangerous and exploded doctrines of and State, Toryism now stands on the Stuarts. But time changes the the same lofty ground with the spirit spirit of titles as well as of men. of our glorious Revolution. Toryism, in 1823, is the representa- It will be the purpose of this, and tive of Whiggism in 1688. The tre- succeeding letters, to place those truths mendous lesson of the French Revo. in a clear point of view. The evidence lution, has perhaps impressed it with shall be taken, not from surmises, nor a deeper fear of popular licentious from the suspicious statements of parness, and a more solemn deference for ty, but from the lips of the individuals the wisdom of our ancient institu- themselves, on those most important tions; it may feel an inferior jealousy questions which compel a declaration of the throne, from a fuller experience of opinion. The Peninsular war of of the checks on its power; and a 1808 has been the principal test of keener alarm at innovation in politics our day. and religion, from the knowledge that In some previous observations unit is only preparative to the betrayal der another head, I have detailed the of both. But in all that made the language of the Leader of Opposition, great national service of Whiggism in Lord Grey, and proved him, out of 1688, its manly adherence to the na- his own mouth, to have been altogetional privileges, its honest love of li- ther incompetent to guide the public berty, its homage to the supremacy mind on that momentous question. I of the laws, its vigilance over the con- have shewn this chief of Whiggism to have adopted views, not merely tinged perhaps, were not to be expected unwith the ordinary weakness of human der the pressure of such formidable judgment, but degraded by utter igno- difficulties. Such a scene every man rance of the subject, by a weak preju- in the House, every man in the coundice against all that belonged to a try, must hail with the liveliest satismanly policy, by an absurd homage faction; and what every generous heart for the enemy, and by a miserable must wish should be done in support powerlessness of feeling with the feel- of so glorious a cause, his Majesty's ings of England. With Whiggism at Ministers would feel it their duty to do. the head of affairs, the great Spanish With regard to what information they Insurrection would have been extin- had received of the designs or the hopes guished in its own blood, the Contis of those brave and resolute men, who, nent in chains to this hour, and France, in defence of their country's independunder the Napoleon dynasty, the terror ence, were exposing themselves to and the tyrant of Europe. "If we had everything which a powerful and sanpeace, it would have been purchased guinary tyrant could devise or inflict, by some wretched humiliation, and it it could not be expected that he should would have been only a hollow truce now unfold it. His Majesty's Minis preparatory to a war of extermina- sters were fully sensible of the extion. If we had war, it would have treme importance of this event, and been a lingering and hopeless struggle he trusted they would be found to act against power accumulating day by accordingly.”Debate of January 30, day; war without energy and with 1808. out end ; reluctant, fearful, success- I give this fragment as an evidence less, and desperate. Or, if we are to of the early decisiveness of Adminibelieve that no man born on the soil stration. While those who had insoof England could thus abuse her lently and exclusively assumed the cause, what is the alternative? We name of friends of freedom, were feemust decide that the Whigs, in their bly retracting, or culpably resisting, bitter reprobation of our Peninsular the English Cabinet, with a boldness and policy, were totally insincere; that sagacity that do them matchless honour, they inwardly honoured what they took up the cause of liberty, bond publicly abjured ; and that their lane themselves at once to the Spanish cause, guage was only one of the miser- and, on the strength of their fidelity able artifices of party, eager to attract to that cause, demanded to be tried partizans, and, for the sake of a few before the nation. The trials of this contemptible votes, to vilify the name, fidelity must not be forgotten. The and hazard the fates of their country. Spanish cause was, after the first burst

In memorable contrast to those dis- of triumph, uniformly disastrous. In astrous expositions, I shall give some two years from the French Invasion, extracts from the sentiments of the the whole military force of Spain was present head of the administration; a annihilated; her armies and generals man whose integrity, public spirit, had been trampled like dust under the and knowledge of government, are heels of France, her civil government honoured beyond panegyric, in the re' was in the hands of Napoleon, her spect and confidence of the nation. revenue was gone, her colonies were In the year 1808, on the first break- in revolt ; a French army, greater than ing out of the Spanish Insurrection, the greatest that had broken down when the prospects and power of martial Germany, had flooded indoSpain were yet all uncertainty, and lent, unwarlike Spain. The roots of France was sitting on the height of a regular resistance had been burnt up. dominion which seemed to defy all re- The powers of popular resistance were sistance and all casualty, Lord Liver- unknown. But the honourable decipool tbus threw down the pledge which sion of England had been taken ; and he and his fellow-ministers have since while Opposition hung their ominous so splendidly redeemed.

heads over the ruin, and almost tri“With respect to Spain, the people umphed in it as a proof of their proof that country had manifested a spirit phecy, Ministers renewed their pledge and determination to resist the at- to Spain, and manfully foresaw her tempts of their invaders, which would victory. have done honour to the most glorious In Lord Liverpool's speech, in the period of their history, and which, commencement of 1809, this sentiment is expressed with the feeling the value of which the Spanish hisand dignity of a leader of national tory ought to teach us duly to apprecouncil.

ciate. “All that they were now called upon to do, was to record a public “ The cause, in itself, was most inayowal of their determination not to teresting to the best feelings of the hydesert that cause, which the govern. man mind; it offered the last chance ment and the country had espoused, of salvation to the continent of Euand that they would not be so far dis. rope ; and, taken in a more contracted mayed by those reverses which had point of view, our own immediate sebeen experienced, and which were curity was in some measure involved from the beginning to be expected, as in its fate. He asked, then, if nothing to renounce that system of support to was to be risked in support of a genewhich both his Majesty and the na- rous ally? if nothing was to be risked tion were mosť solemnly pledged, and for the re-establishment of the general in which it was, in consequence of these tranquillity? In fine, if nothing was reverses, even become a more sacred to be risked for our own safety and induty to persevere."

dependence ?"-Debate of June 19, His Lordship’s reasoning upon those 1809. disheartening results of the first Spa- On the moving of the address in the nish campaigns, is eminently British. chief debate that took place in 1809, Where Opposition found the ruin of Lord Grey had inveighed against adthe Peninsular cause, he finds its ministration, on the ground that they strength, and invigorates his principle had not sufficient reason, in the spirit by an appeal to the recollections of of Spain, for involving England in its alall those glorious struggles, in which liance. His Lordship wentover the beatthe spirit of nations persevered and en track of“husbanding and preserving triumphed against oppression. our resources," till some great uuex

“ Those who inferred that the cause pected success should excite our libewas desperate, from those disasters rality. It was “ no sudden ebullition," which had already happened, reasoned (such was this statesman's conception up: 1 a most contracted and imperfect of the rising of Spain,) “ that should view of the relative situation of the have led us to depart from our econoparties engaged in the contest. He enemy." His Majesty's Ministers should treated those who were inclined to de have waited to see a regular and vigorspond, to consult the records of histo- ous administration established in Spain, ry, and to review those instances of as well as a spirit of proper resistance nations, who had been compelled to in the people, before they assisted the struggle for their independence in cir- nation. Or, to give the simple interprecumstances similar to those in which tation of opposition wisdom, Ministers the Spaniards were now placed. There should have seen the Spaniards triumit would be found, that nations, often phant before they rendered them assistmaintaining the struggle for ten or ance ; France ought to have been retwenty years, in the course of which pelled before a British trigger was pullthey had been almost uniformly worst- ed; and the famous proclamation of ed in battle, had eventually succeeded, the 16th of December, 1807, by which in spite of the triumphs of their adver the nations made common cause, should saries, in securing the object for which have been postponed till it could have they contended. It was difficult to con- been published upon the Pyrenees. ceive any situation which would war- Yet, to do justice to Opposition, it rant better hopes of ultimate success should be remembered, that they althan that of Spain at this day. The lowed, “if there was a proper spirit in people were unanimous in their resist the people, assistance should not be ance to the invader ; and it was the wholly withheld.” I acknowledge the only instance since the French revolu- generosity of this allowance; but when tion, in which a whole people had ta. I come to ascertain its extent, and find ken up arms in their own defence. Lord Grey protesting against“ lavishThe territory of Spain was as large asing the national resources,” or “sendthat of France within its ancient li- ing an army,” as the very “ acmé of mits, and the country possessed many madness," i delight myself in imagilocal advantages which were extremely ning the mighty co-operation which favourable to its defence--advantages, withholds both men and money, and do homage to the liberality of Whigto expect that the first efforts of the gism. This speech worthily closed Spanish people, contending with such with a due bending of the knee before an enemy, would be crowned with Buonaparte. Commencing with con- unqualified success ; that no discomtempt of our ally, it suitably closed fitures, no disasters, nc reverses, would with panegyric of Napoleon. “He retard and embarrass the early and had all the opposite qualities of Fabius crude operations of undisciplined braand Marcellus ;" he rivalled “ Hanni- very, when brought down into the bal in the application of his means, open plain to contend with the supeand was exempt from his only fault, rior discipline, the superior strength, that of not improving by his past ex- and the superior generalship, of such a perience.” To this fervour of praise power as France. No! Weak as the what could lend an additional glow ? noble Earl might suppose ministers, Lord Grey finds it in the contrast- they were not yet guilty of calculating ed rashness, levity, and hazard, of Mi- with certainty upon impossibilities. nisters. Napoleon " never enters into They did not expect that such a cause an enterprize without a calculation of as the cause of Spain, to be fought for consequences; he never exposes his for- with such an enemy as the Ruler of tune to risk, on the desperate chance of France, could be determined in one a distant possibility of success." Such campaign.” is Lord Grey's penetration into cha- He then turns to the proof from racter ; so shallow, prejudiced, and history, that national resistance confeeble, was his estimate of that great tains the sure seeds of triumph. military gambler ; so little capable was “ I cannot feel lukewarm in my this Whig of seeing human fallibility hope, that the efforts of Spain will be in the bloodiest enemy of human free crowned with ultimate success. When dom. The Marquis Wellesley at once your lordships consider the great popronounced Napoleon to be " a man pular revolutions that have occurred, prone to great hazards, and sure to be have they ultimately succeeded with ruined by his rashness in the end.” out great vicissitudes ? Switzerland

Lord Liverpool's answer to Lord and Holland are instances of this ; Grey's singular speech was worthy of but, above all, America. In that fatal the man and of the cause.

contest with America, we had gained “ The noble Earl (Grey) had cen- every battle, we had taken every town sured his Majesty's government for which we had besieged, until the cap precipitation. He had declared it his ture of General Burgoyne, and yet the opinion, that they ought to have wait- Americans ultimately succeeded in the ed to ascertain the probability of the arduous contest. In the present imsuccess of patriotism in Spain, before portant struggle, do not the extent they offered the Spaniards assistance. and nature of the country afford a hope This was a most extraordinary opi- of success? Does not its population nion. What! when the feeling of re- forbid despair ?" sistance and oppression was so strong He then turns, with brief but vigo and so general in Spain, would it have rous sarcasm, to the pluckless policy been honourable to the British cha- of the Whig year. racter, had his Majesty's ministers “ The noble Earl (Grey) concluded told the gallant Spaniards, ' We will his speech with a censure on the connot give you aid, while you are most duct of his Majesty's ministers. The in want of it, while your efforts at noble Earl may not approve of our emancipation are in their infancy; measures ; so neither do I approve of but we will defer our assistance till his counsels. I do not approve of you are in full strength, and need it those sublime operations in Egypt, at not. Had such been the language of Buenos-Ayres, at Constantinople, and his Majesty's ministers, they would other places, that emanated from the have indeed deserved the reprobation wisdom of those with whom the noble of every man in the country:

Earl had been used to act.” Having thus cleared up the princi- He then closes with a lofty and ple of the co-operation, he rapidly re- feeling peroration on the motives of futes the charge of rash expectation. British sympathy and Spanish resiste

“ His Majesty's ministers, in embarking in that cause, were not so “Upon the whole, I have the satisweak, so improvident, so foolish, as faction, in common with the rest of

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ance.

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