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Editor-Advocate, “ one would not If we do not thoroughly understand grudge a trifle to know exactly what him, no wonder : for it is extremely that fellow is feeling just now. Hang evident, that he is very far from unit! I should almost like to be in the derstanding himself, or indeed from undock myself for once and away.” Ipse derstanding what his own mind is as dirit!
to almost any one subject his book in Nobody but “ a literary character” any way touches upon. He is horribly can estimate the feelings of distrust shocked with the profanity of the with which our intimate knowledge oaths he hears on board the good ship of the prevalence of this paragraph. Washington, which conveys him part spirit makes us turn over the leaves of of tbe way to America : and yet we anything in the shape of a new book have since seen him figuring in the of travels. It is in that department, character of an “ admiring and con. perhaps, that its influence is at this stant reader," in by far the most immoment the most predominant and the pious newspaper now suffered to exist most disgusting. We used to have peo- in England. His whole descriptions of ple that saw things, and described the American polity, &c. are tinged them because they had seen them with a most republican colouring, and the modern race go to see things, be yet, the first thing he does on coming cause they are resolved to describe back to England, is to send a present Men (0.06 vuv Bpoto BiGiv) take the nattiest of a fine walking-cane, be had cut in note-books with them into the densest one of the Transatlantic forests, to our spray of Niagara - Boxes of Brah- gracious Sovereign King George.” Inmas are worn to the stumps upon the consistent Mr Faux ! Had you gone highest ridges of the Blue Mountains out an admirer of republicanism and - Pounce and steel-gratings pollute infidel journals, and come back with a the breezes of Chimboraco—and lead- horror for profane swearing, and a ing articles” are littered by the score walking-cane for the King, we should upon the very sarcophagus of Cheops. have understood and applauded you; “ The wild beasts of the desert," said but you have split the difference, and the Prophet of old," shall also meet we fairly give you up as a Great Owl. with the wild beasts of the island, and From a person of this sort, our the Satyr shall cry to his fellow. readers do not of course expect anyThere also shall The Great Owl make thing like what is really wanted in her nest, and lay and hatch, and ga. England, in the shape of a book of ther under her shadow !”-A most ex- Travels in the United States of Amecellent text for “ my Pocket-book," rica. We have no work which gives Miladi Morgan, and Hadgi Rae Wil us any tolerable notion of the state of son.
manners in that country, as compared Whether the present « wild beast with the state of manners with which of the Island” has more of the Satyr we are acquainted at home and we or of the Great Owl in his composi do not, to confess the truth, see any tion, our readers shall by and by be great probability of our being soon in in a condition to form their own opin possession of any such work. In point nion. In the mean time, this much of fact, very few persons who are at is certain, that he has very highly all qualified to speak as to the state of amused us. He is, as we hinted al- manners here, ever dream of going ready, a real member of The Fine across the Atlantic Ocean; and the Body School of Prose Writers. He few who might be able to do anything is a simpleton of the first water. He worth while in this way, have other thinks himself a wonderfully shrewd, matters to think of when engaged in noticing, observing, canny fellow, and, such peregrinations. They are merin point of fact, he has no more nous chants: they transact some business than a hedge-sparrow. In spite of which they did not choose to entrust himself, however, he is a satyrical their agents with, and make the best writer ; because the things he dea of their way home again. Or they are scribes are not capable of being de- persons, who have, by some accident scribed at all, without producing or other, been cbucked out of their somewhat of the effect of satirical line of life here: they settle in Amewriting: and, Minervâ minime invitâ, rica; and it is by no means their inhe is also a bit of an Owl.
terest to be too busy in the drawing of comparisons between what they tious. At the same time, it can do have been obliged to leave, and what no harm to say, that the manners of they have had the fortune to find these young men are for the most
By far the greater part of those edu- part characterized by a ineasure of cated Europeans, who have chanced to free-and-easiness, which would have make any remarks upon American no chance of being altogether pardonmanners, it is but justice to say, do ed in Europeans of the same condinot appear to have penetrated beyond tion, merely on the score of youth. the region of taverns and lodging- What the cause may be, we know not: houses, steam-boats and stage-coaches. but it is impossible to deny the fact, The little sketches given by our friend that nineteen out of every twenty John Howison, and others of this class, young Americans, (even of the best are too ridiculous. We have all seen class,) are intolerably cool fellows. It in Americans travelling in this coun- is not boyish coxcombry: they in getry, sufficient evidence, that these are neral dress very ill, and are slovenly cither not faithful portraitures, or the in their exterior. It is a sort of preportraitures of what nobody cares much cocious garrulity, and worse even than for having painted. No English gentle that calin harilened affectation of havman thoroughly acquainted with the ing outlived the feelings of youth. modes of society here, and in possession The doctrine of absolute political of the means of access to the best socie- equality, may be at the root of this ty of America, has as yet come before somewhat unpleasing style of manners; the public in the character of an Ame- but that is no excuse. One man is not rican traveller. Indeed, so very few necessarily entitled to treat another as such persons go to America, that any his equal, merely because he bas the one individual of the class would be same right to vote for a member-but sure to attract to himself, by descri- these people appear to act exactly as if bing what he saw there, such a'de- this were the case. This sentiment seems gree of scrutiny and animadversion, to overrun every corner of their minds. and probably of ill-will, that it is no They have no respect of persons; they wonder there should be so much re- assume a certain loftiness, as if they luctance. Besides, the chances are, were giants to us, because their rithat every gentleman so qualified, who vers are seas to ours. They have setmakes such a tour, has personal con- tled the whole matter ere they startnections on the other side of the wa- ed. And yet-it is not quite so neiter-friends and relatives, in all like ther. They feel unhappy in the lihood, whose feelings he would be knowledge that there may be a lord very sorry to run the least risk of in the room ; and one of them actually wounding, merely for the sake of af- published a book not long ago, the fording entertainment or even instruc- object of which was to prove that an tion (of this sort) to his friends at American gentleman has no reason to home.
walk behind an English baronet ! Almost our only means of judging, This is the sort of thing that lets the then, consists in our own observation cat out of the poke. They cannot get of Americans sojourning occasionally entirely rid of the old prejudices, and among ourselves : and such (we speak they live in a feverish anxiety to shew for ourselves) we can never be per- themselves in the minutest particular suaded to regard otherwise than with under the influence of the new. They exceeding distrust. The Americans are not at home, and in endeavouring whom we see, are for the most part to appear so, they overact their part. very young; and it would be extreme They stare from an excessive dread ly unfair to take them in their un- of being caught in the unfreemanlike fledged condition, for proper specimens sin of blushing--and chatter a'l'outof the same animal in maturity of rance, because they would not have years and experience. No doubt, they anybody to suppose that Shakespeare's inust improve very much after they rule leave us: the cares and occupations,
-Pe checked for silence, as well as the ties and affections, of But never taxed for specchmanly life, must exert their usual in- could be intended for A President in fluences in chastising the exuberance posse. of self-love, or at least in softening Of all this, as we have said, there can the glare of its outward manifesta- be no doubt the experience of atter VOL. XIV.
years must render the better spirits the description of American manners, thoroughly ashamed. Indeed, the few either for our behoof, or for the beAmericans who do visit us at a more hoof of the Americans themselves ? mature period of life, are comparative- Who would not have preferred a Pennly quite free of such impertinences; sylvanian farm house, to an English and it need scarcely be added, that hall from him? Who would not give the most accomplished of them are fifty such English generals as he can entirely so.' We must not name names fashion, for one distinct portrait of a -but how can we avoid mentioning genuine old Washingtonian? Why the one delightful name of Washing- should he dabble among English ton Irving-a man whose genius must poachers, when we have our own have been at all times too fine to live Crabbe, and the hunters of a thousand elsewhere than in the companionship Savannahs carent vate sacro ? We of most perfect modesty ?
don't want him to describe the lapWe wish from our hearts he would dogs of our maiden aunts—what are turn, or rather return, to the portrai the pets of his ? As for “ Students of ture of Transatlantic manners. His Salamanca,"“Serenades,” and “ DonSketch-book was admirable ; but how na Isabellas," we had certainly ininfinitely superior the American part dulged the hope that they were all of it to the English ! His Bracebridge- entombed for ever in the same grave hall was admirable too; but what did with Hassan the son of Albumazar, it contain that could bear a moment's the Dervis of Mount Libanus, and comparison with Rip van Winkle, or the Vision of Osmyn Benomar. the Legend of Sleepy Hollow? But to Meantime, such as we can get, we speak the plain truth, Diedrick Knic must make the best of- and certainly, kerbocker is, after all, our favourite. in spite of all that was said a page or There is more richness of humour, two ago, this Mr William Faux is and there is more strength of language not the least amusing of those who too, in those carlier efforts—and why? have written travels in America. There -why, simply because the humour is is no pretension about the man, and, thoroughly Transatlantic, and thelan- to be candid, though the days are not guage that of a man describing what very memorable, they seem to be, on he knows in all the secure knowledge the whole, very honestly described. of native experience. We have plenty We wish very much the good man of people who can describe English had had vanity enough to put his face manor-houses more from the life than opposite his title-page; but even as he, and there is no want of people, it is, we think we have been able to who can describe German Schlosses ; form a tolerably exact notion of him. but who, except Washington Irving, We guess him nearer fifty than forty can portray the manners of America, a plain stout-looking yeoman-proin a style fitted for the thorough com- bably knowing enough about Swedish prehension of European readers? If turnips-a sober man, yet entertainhe takes to it now, he will describe ing no mortal antipathy to a can of them infinitely the better for the ex brown-stout-one that won't take it perience he has had of other men and very sweetly if the rasher be overmodes of life. He may, in neglecting broiled.--He seems to have been this walk, be a most elegant English brought up in a christian manner, and author, but, by adhering to it, he must to have sound religious feelings, notbe the first man in a walk of his own. withstanding a few little circumstan
Never were more abundant mate ces, one of which has already been alrials in the (almost) exclusive of any luded to. He has an old father-a one man of genius—and we cannot wife-and an only child-whether but regret to see him neglecting them male or female, he does not say, and
so much as he seems to do now-a-days. appears to be an exemplary family· He can never be a Fielding, a Smol. man ; politics not well defined--aplet, or even a Goldsmith here; but parently whiggish at the end of the there, what might he not be? Even book-republican about the middle of his countrymen will prefer English it-and radical at the beginning: but pictures of English manners, and we do not speak confidently as to any German descriptions of German man of those points. Delicacy he has no ners, to the best he can ever produce more idea of, than Hogg has of a mi-But who is there to fill his place in nuet. He accepts, or rather, indeed, seizes upon, the hospitality of a family, This is from the conversation in the and then tells all the world (if all the cabin. world pleases) in a printed book, that “ At a recent anniversary in Boston of their beef was badly dressed, and that Free Blacks, met to celebrate the abolition, he detected the young ladies of the or as they terin it, the Boblition, of the house in assisting personally about the
slave-trade ; the chairman rose after din. apple dumpling. He gives these sorts
ner, and said, “Mr Wilberforce be the of details in every page with name and
blacky-man's friend, and may he never surname, as calmly as if he were eat
want polish to his boots.'”
“ Sunday, 21st.—How merciful is the ing his breakfast. In short, he is a
God on whom I called ! For instead of capital specimen of a village John
drowning, starving, or cating each other, Bull, for the first time roaming far I am living on the new and interesting away from his native valley-staring luxuries of the east, and surrounded with at everything, and grumbling at most many rare curiosities of unseen lands ; a things.-If there be a puddle near his bleating goat of Owhyhee supplies me with way, he is pretty sure to have a foot milk; and in the morning, the shrill clain it-but this is what he cannot help. rion of Canton cocks, the cackling of geese, We should strongly suspect him of and the grunting of swine, early rouse me being somewhat whimsical in some
from my warm and downy bed ; and, all part of his stomach economy-at least
together, make me fancy I am in my farm, we see no other way of accounting
yard, although 4000 miles distant.”
“ Monday, 22d March. I now sleep satisfactorily for the inequality of his
in high style every night, having under my spirits, and the mutability of his opi
pillow a bottle of Madeira, and a basket of nions. Mr Dryden always took phy- China sweetmeats; at my side nine muskets sic ere he began a tragedy-and per- and a huge broad-sword; and underneath haps Mr Faux would do well to carry me a magazine of gunpowder and balls." a box of aloetics with him when he “ 30th.-At five this evening, the af. sets out on his next travels.-Well for fectionate mother of one dear and only himself, we mean-for as to us and
child was, by the violent rolling of the the world at large, it is perhaps more
ship, impelled overboard, and sunk to rise amusing to have him in the old state. *
no more, being buried instantly in a huge Altogether, the man appears to
billow. She was a native of Owhyhee, and have read his Bible, his Cobbett, and
is deeply lamented by all on board, who had his Tull's Husbandry, to considerable
shared in her kindness, for she was milk
and honey TO ALL during a long passage.” advantage ; and there is often a nai- « 31st.-Saw several pieces of wreck. vete about his descriptions, that would This is the last day of Murch, and was make an apostle laugh. The profun- cxpected to be the last of our lives." dity of his reflections—the variety of " April 1st.–The captain, during yesterhis views—the sagacity of his judge day's gale, sulked, and would eat nothing, ment-and the brilliancy of his ima nor suffer anything eatable to be cooked ; ginative organ, shall all be sufficient- I was therefore pining 24 hours on tea, ly illustrated in the specimens we are
coffee, wine, China sweetmeats, and dry, about to quote.
hard biscuit.” The following are some of the Me
16 April 2d.-At ten a. m. blessed with
the heart-cheering sound of Land, O! and morabilia of the voyage itself.
saw the island of Nantucket from our top" Jan. 1st, 1819.-The ship has yet no mast, distant 15 miles, and marked by three motion, nor is there any sickness, except windinills and a few high white houses. among the poultry, and first mate, who My heart now rebounded with gratitudi, seems sick and ready to die.”
at being made so signal a monument of “ Continued thirty-six hours in bed with providential mercy.” but little sleep, drinking neat Hollands, " From two passengers, (shoemakers), and eating biscuit only, so avoiding sea. I learn that first-rate hands will turn out sickness, though morally sick at heart.” from five to six pairs of ladies' shoes per
• We mention aloetics, as he seems, in vain, to have tried salts. Nevertheless, we shall quote from page second, his American vade-mecum.-“ Received from my phy. sician a prescription, costing, and really worth, three guineas, and fit for both land and sea. Take two-thirds of Celtenham salts, and one-third of Epsom salts, mixed ; a quarter of an ounce, dissolved in a pint of hot spring water, and drunk an hour before rising, is a dose which may be often repeated, if necessary, by patients disposed to indigestion."
his friend Wardour of Philadelphia, had doubt if ever the important English farmer called, and was at the stage-house. On his could be satisfied with such living and return home to dinner he soon came down farming. I feel great difficulty in advising to me and said I should accompany him to any friends on the subject of emigration. pot-luck. I did so. The sight of an Eng. I mean to wait two years longer before I lieh face was mutually refreshing, and a do it. Liberty and independence, of which sufficient introduction to each other. Mr you and I thought so much and so highly, Lidiard scarcely knows what induced him while on the other side of the Atlantic, to emigrate, having a fortune enabling him sink and fade in value on a nearer view. self and family to live in ease anywhere. Nobody here properly appreciates, but al. « One thing, however, which weighed with most all abuse, this boasted liberty. Li. me, was the probability of seeing my chil. berty here means, to do each as he pleases; dren well married in America. I'must, to care for nothing and nobody, and cheat however, complain much of American everybody. If I buy an estate, and ad. roguery. Hardly anybody cares about vance 'money before I get a title, it is ten poor honesty and punctuality. If a man to one but I lose it, and never get a title can, or is disposed to pay, he pays ; if that is worth having. My garden cost me, not so disposed, or not able, he smiles, this summer only, 50 dollars, and all the tells you to your face, he shall not pay. I produce was stolen by boys and young men, saw an execution defeated lately by that who professed to think they had the libertyto boasted spirit, which they call liberty, or in. do so. If you complain to their friends and dependence. The property, under execu- superiors, the answer is, “Oh, it is only a tion, was put up to the sale, when the eld. boyish trick, not worth notice.' And again, est son appeared with a huge Herculean I tell the gentlemen, that if I wished to club, and said, Gentlemen, you may bid be social and get drunk with them, I dare for and buy these bricks and things, which not ; for they would take the liberty to were my father's, but, by God, no man lic scratch me like a tiger, and gouge, and ving shall come on to this ground with horse dirk me. I cannot part with my nose and and cart to fetch them away. The land is eyes. The friendly equality and intermine, and if the buyer takes anything course, however, which can be had with 3way, it shall be on his back.” The father all ranks and grades, and the impossibilihad transferred the land, and all on it, to ty of coming to absolute poverty, are the the son, in order to cheat the law. Nobody finest features of this country. You are was, therefore, found to bid or buy. I, going to Birkbeck's settlement ?' - I am, therefore,' continues Mr L., * decline all sir.' - I visited both Birkbeck and Flower transactions with Americans, it being im. in June last. Birkbeck is a fine man, in a possible with safety to buy or sell anything bad cause. He was worth about 10,000L of importance under their present paper sterling, but has deceived himself and others. system. I keep my money in the funds. Both his and Flower's settlement (which Housekeeping is very cheap ; 100lbs. of are all one), is all a humbug. They are all fine flour costs only two dollars ; a fine fat in the mire, and cannot get out; and they, sheep, two dollars ; beef equally cheap, therefore, by all manner of means and arts, three or four cents, twopence per pound, endeavour to make the best of it. Birkbeck the hide and tallow being thought the most tells me, the reason why he does not culvaluable ; one dozen of fat fowls from tivate his land is, because he can buy pro. three quarters to one dollar. Land here duce cheaper at Harmony, much cheaper gives a man no importance ; store-keepers than he can raise it, although its price is and clerks rank much above farmers, who double what I am giving at Lexington are never seen in genteel parties and circles. market. The Harmonites all work, and Yet, here is the finest arable and pasture pay nothing for labour. Mr Birkbeck, in land in the known world, on which grass, June last, was the proprietor of 10,000 the most luxuriant, is seen rotting for want acres, and forfeited his first deposit, ten of cattle. Just kill a few of the large trees cents an acre, on 30,000 acres, which where there is no underwood, and you have prove to be, as is his settlement generally, a beautiful clover-field and other grass in the worst land in Illinois. Nobody now termixed, as ever art elsewhere produced. cares to buy of, or settle down, with either There is no laying down here; it is all done him or Flower. I like Flower the least ; I by nature as if by magic. The land is full would prefer Birkbeck for a neighbour, of all useful grass seeds, which only want dressed up, as he is, in a little menn chip sun and air to call them into a smothering hat, and coarse domestic clothes from superabundance. But what is land, however Harmony, living in a little log-house, rich, without population to cultivate it, or smoking segars, and drinking bad whisky. a market to consume its produce, which is just as I found him, rough as he was. Mr here bought much under what either I or G. Flower is inducing mechanics to come you could raise it for. Farmers are conse. from all parts to settle, although there is quently men of no importance. They live, no employment for them, nor any market it is true, and will always live, but I much now, nor in future, at New Orleans, or