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generally implicated in the misfor- -Yes, rejoined Napoleon, “ Madam tunes of Regnier, Bernadotte, and sub- Barilli, the singer, is dead.'” sequently of Josephine. But his gal

Hemystified indiscretion, says Rapp, lantry at Austerlitz and Essling, with

but repulsed neither pleasantry nor twenty and odd wounds, out-balanced

frankness. his want of flexibility with Napoleon.

After some chapters devoted to the Ney and Rapp were the only generals,

character of Napoleon, and to anecsaid Napoleon, that preserved the

dotes concerning him, the Memoirs hearts of stout soldiers in the retreat from Moscow. Rapp certainly paid Austria," when,

all hopes of invading

proceed with the “ Third War of his court at the Tuilleries in 1814, and in 1815 commanded the army of succeeded in shutting up Mack with

our island being at an end, the French the Rhine for his old master. We

the remains of his army in Ulm. Se shall see, whether the curious inter

gur's account of the surrender is exview, in which Napoleon won him

ceedingly interesting; the getting posover, can excuse the desertion. He be

session of the bridge over the Danube came afterwards chamberlain, or some at Vienna is one of the best morceaus such officer about Louis the Eigh

of Rapp's books, and shews how ef. teenth's person, and was on duty at

fectually Buonaparte was seconded by St Cloud the very day that the news of Napoleon's death arrived in Paris; nerals:

the dexterity and courage of his gethe veteran, summoned suddenly before the King, made his appearance in

“ We were marching on the traces of undissembled tears ::-“ Go, Rapp,"

the enemy's rear-guard. It would have

been easy for us to have routed it, but we said the Monarch, I honour you


knew better. The object was to deceive this tribute to your old master." them into an abatement of vigilance: we

These memoirs, seemingly excited never pushed them, but, on the contrary, by the ultra calumnies against the Ex- spread about reports of approaching peace. Emperor, which they commence with We permitted troops and baggage to esanswering, are sketched by the bold cape; a few men were of little importance and hurried hand of an old soldier. in comparison with the preservation of the He represents Napoleon as mild, ten. bridges. Once broken, we would have had der, and scarcely ever inexorable in

the whole campaign to fight over again. matters of life and death. He relates

Austria was assembling fresh forces, Prus

sia was throwing off the mask; and Russia many instances of suceessful interfe

presented herself prepared for action with rence in such cases, but allows that

all the resources of these two powers. The he was often driven into excesses by possession of the bridges was a victory, the servile adulations of the court. and one only to be obtained by surprise. He represents him as open to advice, We took our measures in consequence. even to remonstrance, though intole- The troops stationed on the route were forrant of the common-place arguments, bidden to give the least demonstration that which his relations especially some

might create alarm ; no one was permitted times pestered him with.

to enter Vienna. When everything haul 4 Fesch was about to remonstrate with

been seen, and examined, the Grand Duke him one day on the war in Spain. He had

took possession of that capital, charging not uttered two words, when Napoleon,

Lannes and Bertrand to make a strong drawing towards the window, asked, "Do

reconnoissance on the river. These two you see that star ??-It was broad day. officers were followed by the Tenth Hus. No,' replied the archbishop.-- Well,

sars. They found at the gates of the Fanas long as I alone can perceive it, I follow

bourg a post of Austrian cavalry. There my plan, and suffer no observations.'" had been no fighting for three days; there The following anecdote, though no

was a kind of suspension of arms on both thing in itself, may account for the sides. Lannes and Bertrand address the contradictions and contrary reports

commandant, enter into conversation with

him, attach themselves to his steps, nor about the Einperor's apathy of feel- leave him for a moment. Arrived at the ing, on which point the author of borders of the river, they deteranine to fol. Child Harold, and the Quarterly Re, low him farther : the Austrian grows an. view, are at issue:

gry : they demand to speak with

the officer 6. On his return from the Russian cam- commanding the troops on the left side of paign, he was deploring with deep emo- the river. He suffers them to proceed, but tion, the death of so many gallant soldiers, without any of their hussars; the Tenth mowed down, not by the Cossacks, but by are obliged to take up a position. In the cold and hunger. A courtier seeking to meantime our troops arrived, conducted by put in his word, added, with a pitiful tone the Grand Duke (Murat) and Lannes. - We have indeed suffered a great loss.' The bridge was yet untouched, but the

trains were laid, the cannoneers held the and loses time in a vain discussion. Our matches the least appearance of endea- troops profit by the time, they arrive, exvouring to pass by force had ruined the pand, and the bridge is ours," &c. enterprize. It was necessary to trick them, The Memoirs sketch livelily and raand the bonhomnie of the Austrians gave pidly the victories of Austerlitz and us the means. The two marshals alighted, Jena, and livelily describe the disgust halted the column, and ordered but a very of the French soldier in Poland :small detachment to advance and establish themselves on the bridge. General Bel.

“ Quatre mots constituaient, pour eux,

tout l'idiome Polonais : Kleba? Niema; liard then advanced, walking with his hands behind his back, accompanied by two of.

VOTA? SARA:-Bread 2 There's none. ficers of his staff. Lannes joined him with

Water 2 You shall have it. C'était là others ; they went, and came, talked, and

toute la Pologne." even ventured into the middle of the Aus- The dislike and horror of the French trians. The commander of the post at at passing the Vistula, amounted, infirst refused to receive them, but he yield. deed, almost to a presentiment, a proed at last, and conversation was establishe phetic feeling of their sufferings in ed between them. They repeated to him Russia. Meantime, peace was conwhat Bertrand had already said, that the

cluded at Tilsit. Napoleon went to negotiations advanced, that the war was finished. • Why," said the Marshal, Spain, but was soon compelled to rehold your cannons pointed against us ?

turn by the wavering faith of the Haven't we had enough of blood, of com

North. But the fame of Wellington's bats ? Do you wish to attack us, to pro

victories soon followed him—the In. long the evils of war, severer for you than

vincibles retreated-were mowed down for us. Come, no more provocation ; turn by our forces—and English example your pieces.' Half convinced, half over- wrought as much against Napoleon in borne, the commandant obeyed, the artil- the North, as their arms in the South. lery was turned on the Austrians, and the “ The reports, the disasters of Baylen arms piled up.

gave Napoleon fresh doubts on the conduct “ During these arguments, the small bo. of Prussia. He charged me to redouble dy of the vanguard advanced slowly, mask. my vigilance. “Spare nothing to the Prusing sappers and artillerymen, who threw

sians,' he wrote me, they must not raise the combustible matters into the stream, their heads more.' poured water on the powder, and cut the 66 The news of the ill success which we trains. The Austrian, too ignorant of our met with in the Peninsula, spread itself language to take much interest in the con- immediately over Germany: they awakenversation, soon perceived that the troopsed new hopes, every breast was in fermen. gained ground, and endeavoured to make tation. I forwarded accounts to Napoleon: us comprehend that this was wrong, that but he did not like to be reminded of un. he would not suffer it. Lannes and Bel. pleasant occurrences, much less when they liard tried to reassure him ; they told him, foretold a more disastrous future.

· The it was but the cold that made the soldiers Germans are not Spaniards,' replied he; mark step, in order to warm their feet.

• the phlegmatic character of the German The column, however, still approached, it has nothing in common with that of the had passed three-fourths of the bridge—che ferocious Catalonians." officer lost patience, and ordered his troops to fire. The troop ran to arms the pieces his counsellors, military or civilian,

In opposition to the opinion of all were pointed—the position was terrible ;

Buonaparte entered Russia. We all with a little less presence of mind, the bridge was in the air, our soldiers in the know the consequences. Rapp receiwaves, and the whole campaign compro

ved four wounds in the battle of the mised. But the Austrian had to do with Moskwa, and lay sick when the flames men not so easily disconcerted. Marshal of Moscow began ; five or six times he Lannes took hold of him on one side, Ge- dislodged to escape the flames. He Deral Belliard seized him on the other gives a lively picture of the scene.they shake him, menace, shout, prevented The noise, the hurry, the conflagrahis being heard. In the meantime Prince

tion, the sane even affrighted, and the d'Aversperg arrives, accompanied by Ge- litters of the wounded generals meetneral Bertrand. An officer runs to ac.

ing here and there, as they were quaint Murat with the state of things, and to pass the order to the troops to hasten dragged in search of a secure spot. der step. The Marshal advances to Aver

Rapp, however, survived, and in the sperg, complains of the commander of the retreat was dispatched by Napoleon to post, demands that he be replaced, and sent

take the command of Dantzic. Here off from the rear-guard, where he might he supported a long siege, but at trouble the negotiations. Aversperg is de length surrendered, and was carried ceived. He argues, approves, contradicts, prisoner into Russia. He returned to



the Tuilleries in 1814, and found, as Rapp. You say so; but your anti-chamhe says, that the enemy had invaded bers are full of those complaisants, who everything. He meets many of his have always flattered your inclination for subalterns in favour, who regard the veteran de haut en bas. Of one of these

Nap. Bah! Bah! experience will

but went you often to the Tuilleries ? gentry, he gives an anecdote, curious

Rapp. Sometimes, sire. ly descriptive of French life:

Nap. How did those folks treat you ? “ J'en rencontrais un troisième, que ma Rapp. I could not complain. presence ne mit pas à l'aise. Attache

Nap. Did the king receive you well on autrefois à Joséphine, il avait fait preuve

your return from Russia ? d'une prévoyance véritablement exquise : afin d'être en mesure contre les cas ini

Rapp. Certainly, sire.

Nap. Doubtless. First cajoled, then prévus qui pouvaient survenir dans les pro- sent adrift. 'Twas what awaited you all ; menades et les voyages, il s'était muni d'un

for, in fine, you were not their men. vase de vermeil, qu'il portait constamment Rapp. The King at least cleared France sur lui. Quand la circonstance l'exigeait,

of the Allies. il le tirait de sa poche, le présentait, le re- Nap. At what price ? And his engageprenait, le vidait, l'essuyait, et le serrait merrts, has he kept them? Why did he avec soin. C'etait avoir l'instinct de la do

not hang Ferrand for his speech on namesticité.” “ But all these preur," says Rapp,

tional properties ? It is that it is the in

solence of the priests and nobles that has eager for money, decoration, and com

made me leave Elba. I could have arrived mandments, soon gave sample of their

with three millions of peasantry, who ran courage. Napoleon appeared, they were

to offer me their services. But I was sure eclipsed. They besieged Louis XVIII., of not finding resistance before Paris. The the dispenser of favours; they had not a match to burn for Louis XVIII. unfor- without me affairs had finished by a terri

Bourbons are lucky that I have returned ; tunate."

ble revolution. Have you seen the pamWe shall not trouble our readers phlet of Chateaubriand,

which does not even with more of General Rapp, with the grant me courage on the field of battle? exception of the following dialogue, Have you ever seen me amidst the fire ? which took place between him and Am I a coward ? Napoleon. When the latter returned Rapp. I have partaken of the same inin 1815, he sent for Rapp, who made dignation with all honourable men, at an his appearance.

accusation as unjust as it is base. Napoleon. There you are, General

Nap. Saw you ever the Duke of Or. Rapp ; you have been wanting. Whence

leans ? came you ?

Rapp. But once. Rapp. From Ecouen, where I have left Nap. It is he that has tact and conduct. my troops at the disposition of the minister

The others are ill-surrounded, ill-coun.

selled. They hate me. They are about to Nap. Do you really intend fighting be more furious than ever. They have against me?

wherewith, I am arrived without striking Rapp. Yes, sire.

a blow. It is now they'll cry out upon my Nap. The devil! Dare you draw upon

ambition ; it is the eternal reproach ; they

know nothing else to say. Rapp. Without doubt-My duty- Rapp. They are not alone in charging

Nap. 'Tis too much But your soldiers you with ambition. would not have obeyed you. I tell you,

Nap. How ? Am I ambitious, I ? Estthe peasants of your native Alsace would on gros comme moi quand on a de l'ambi. have stoned you, were you guilty of such a

tion? Are men fat, like me, when they treachery.

are ambitious ? (and he struck his two Rapp. Allow, sire, that the position is hands with violence upon his belly.”) painful; you abdicate, you depart, you en

Beyond this argumentum ad stogage us to serve the King; you return All the force even of old remembrances

machum, we cannot quote another line.

It is too good, and so staggered poor cannot even deceive us

Nap. How? What would you say ? Rapp, that he took the command of
Think you I return without alliance, with.

the army of the Rhine from Napoleon, out agreement ? And, besides, my system

and scarce had joined it, when the is changed no more of wars or conquests news of Waterloo and its consequences --I wish to reign in peace, and bring hap- shattered his new hopes, and set hiss piness to my subjects.

army in mutiny against him.

of war.

me ?



No. IV.


Of the Hoar of Hoares, practised by Lorenzo de Medici upon Master Manente the Physician, and of the many rare and diverting Occurrences which proceeded from it.

The following Tale possesses, on many accounts, very peculiar merit-first, as exhibiting a picture, or rather a series of pictures, of national manners and customs, not exceeded in liveliness and fidelity by those which are presented to us in that invaluable repository of Oriental portraiture, the Arabian Nights' Entertainments, to which it will also strike the reader as bearing no little affinity in the resemblance between its hero, Lorenzo de Medici (commonly called the Magnificent,) and the Caliph Haroun Alraschid, a name so familiarly interwoven with all our recollections of childhood, by its frequent occurrence in that delightful store-house of fiction. Secondly, It is no less worthy of notice on account of the new light which it casts on the character of that hero, whom his illustrious English biographer has certainly omitted to represent to us in this view of his features. And lastly, it affords a very wide field for reflection, when it leads us to consider to what an extent, even under the forms of a popular and democratic government, the middling and lower classes of society were held as lawful subjects for the jest and diversion of the great, when so popular a chief as Lorenzo made no scruple of playing his favourite physician a trick, which cost him his liberty and his honour, and exposed his life and reason to the utmost peril, for no cause more just than that he was apt to make too free use of his bottle, especially when he could contrive to do so at a friend's expense. The treatment sustained by the worthy knight of La Mancha, at the hands of the unfeeling grandees of Spain, to whom he had the misfortune of becoming a laughing-stock, bears some analogy, (in that respect at least) to the present story; but I will not conclude these prefatory remarks without repeating, that it seeins impossible to regard the tale as a mere fiction, or otherwise than as a narrative (perhaps highly coloured) of some real occurrences, the account of which was in general circulation at the time when the author composed it, that is, not more than fifty years after the death of the most distinguished personage whose name is mentioned in it.

The distinction of “ Lorenzo il Vecchio," or The Elder, by which the hero of the jest is identified, led me once to imagine that another Lorenzo (the brother of Cosmo, surnamed Parens Patriæ,) was here intended ; and the epithet “ Il Magnifico” assigned to him, would not alone have disproved the supposition, but have only confirmed the truth of an undeniable assertion, made by Sismondi, and somewhat petulantly called in question by Roscoe, that the appellation itself was no other than an honorary mark of distinction, conferred indiscriminately on persons illustrious by birth or office. However, the mention of the " Selve d'Amore,” (an undoubted work of the Lorenzo whom we usually distinguish by the name of the Magnificent,) seems to prove that no other than he was the person here meant to be referred to; and the phrase of “Il Vecchio” applied to him, must therefore be taken in contradistinction to a third Lorenzo, (commonly called Lorenzino,) the assassin of the first Duke Alexander.

INTRODUCTION. Giacinto had arrived at the conclusion of his novel, with which he had not a little rejoiced and enlivened his auditory, when Amarantha, to whom alone now remained the task of paying the expected tribute, thus, sweetly smiling, began—" I design, most fair ladies, and gentle sirs, to relate to you an anec dote of mystification, which, albeit not brought to perfection under the guidance of Ścheggia, or Zoroastro, or any other

of the great masters of the art already noticed, I humbly opine that you will think no len worthy ration, nor less artificially contrived and executed,

Vol. XIV.

had already recounted to you. It is one which was practised by the Magnifico, Lorenzo the Elder, upon a certain physician, one of the most arrogant and assuming that the world ever witnessed. In the which so many strange accidents intervened, and such various chances were given birth to, that, if you ever in your lives were moved to surprise or laughter, you will now find matter for both, to your hearts' content.

Lorenzo, the elder de' Medici (as it caused two of his most faithful grooms behoves you to know,) was (if ever to be sent for to his chamber, and gave there was in this world) a man, not them instructions how they were to only endowed with all manner of vir- proceed; who, accordingly, well hoodtue and excellence, but a lover and re- ed and disguised, sallied forth from warder of virtue in others, and that in the palace, and went (by Lorenzo's the highest degree imaginable. In his commission) to the place of St Mardays there dwelt at Florence a certain tin, where they found the sleeper still physician, by name Master Manente snoring most musically, whom they della Piève, who practised both physic first placed on his legs, then muffled and surgery, but was more of a prace him, and, laying him like a wallet titioner than a man of science ; one, across their shoulders, took bim away in truth, of much humour and plea- with them. santry, but so impertinent and assu- The poor physician, finding himself ming, that there was no bearing him. thus treated, full surely imagined that Amongst his other qualifications, he he was in the hands of some of his was a great lover of the bottle, a hard own companions, and so quietly sufdrinker, and one who made it his boast fered himself to be ushered, by a back that he was a consummate judge of door of the palace of the Medici, into good wine; and frequently, without the presence of the Magnifico, who being invited, would he go of his own was alone, waiting with incredible imaccord to dine or sup with the Mag- patience the return of his messengers, nifico, who at length conceived such a and who now directed them to carry dislike of him by reason of his perpe- their load into a remote upper aparttual intrusiveness and impertinence, ment, where, having deposited him on that he could not endure his sight, and a feather-bed, they stripped him to deliberated within himself in what his shirt, (he knowing no more of the manner he might play such a trick matter than if he had been a dead upon him as might effectually prevent man,) and, taking away with them him from repeating his usual annoy- all his habiliments, left him securely ances. It happened that, one after. locked up in his new lodgings. noon among others, the aforesaid Mas- Lorenzo's next concern was to send ter Manente, having been drinking at for the buffoon Monaco——a personage the tavern, called Delle Bertucce, remarkably well skilled in counterfeit(which was his favourite haunt,) had ing voices—whom, having first made inade himself so intoxicated, that he him exchange his own clothes for those could scarcely stand ; and mine host, of the physician, and given him the when it came to shutting-up time, necessary directions, he dispatched, caused him to be carried on boys just as the bells were ringing for mashoulders out into the street, and laid tins, to Master Manente's house in along on one of the benches in St the street de' Fossi. It was in the Martin's market-place, where he felle month of September, and the physiso sound asleep that a discharge of cian's family (consisting of a wife, an cannon would not have awakened him. infant son, and a servant-maid,) were By some chance Lorenzo was made residing at his country-house in the acquainted with this accident, and, Mugello, while he himself remained thinking it a most favourable oppor- at Florence, but was never to be found tunity for the accomplishment of his at home except at night when he teproject, he pretended to pay no atten- turned to sleep, making it his constant tion to the person who was his infor- practice to dine either at a tavern, mant, but feigning a desire to go to with his boon companions, or else at sleep, (it being already far advanced his friends' houses ; insomuch, that towards midnight, and he at all times Monaco, having found the house key a little sleeper, making it his constant in the owner's pocket, easily let hima labit to stay up till about that hour,) selfin, and, in greatglee at the thought

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