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tive to all action. When one is thus possessed, one is willing to run with glad heart and willing feet on all Divine errands, counting it all honor to be reckoned worthy even to suffer for the Master. Duty is translated into privilege, into opportunity. Prohibitions and the need of them fall away. All hard reluctances are melted down in the crucible of love. All is positive, joyous, spontaneous, vital. This is the Christian idea of duty. It may be questioned whether in Heaven the word duty may not be dropped from the vocabulary as superfluous.
III. Christianity has an expanding power by virtue of the inspirations and hopes which it kindles. These are as wings to the soul on which it mounts up and flies.
1. The first of these I will name is faith. By faith here I mean that perfect confidence and trust in God which leads to docility and joy in doing the divine will. It is an immense power. The man who possesses it is not deterred from going on with his work by the clouds which gather dark above him. He believes that through the parting clouds God's face will yet shine down upon his path. If adversity and disappointment come to him, he remembers that whom God loveth he chasteneth. If obstacles are piled up in his path, he hurls himself upon them with the mighty power of a heart at peace with God and of a will in harmony with the divine will, and down they go with a crash, for after the divine will there is no such other power in the universe. The most trivial duties are work for God, and are exalted and sanctified into the beauty of an offering to Him.
2. The hope of immortal life revealed to us is another of these inspirations. We all know what a shadow rested on the earth in classic days because of the gloomy forebodings of the
future. But when Christ burst the bars of death, he poured a new light through the darkness of the grave and brought life and immortality to light. From that day, the man who could take to himself the blessed words that he is an heir of God and a joint heir with Christ to an inheritance incorruptible, undefiled, and that fadeth not away, goes to his work with melodies sounding in his heart which accord with those within the gates of Heaven. This hope glorifies all life.
3. The love of man which Christianity cherishes is another inspiration. I speak of it here as a working power. We all know that it is to Christianity that we owe the idea of the brotherhood of man in its fulness. In the ancient nations a foreigner was a barbarian. The stranger who set foot in the forum of Rome was a slave. It was not till Peter, himself instructed by the vision of the sheet, taught the Jews that the middle wall of partition between them and the Gentiles must go down, it was not until on Mars Hill Paul thundered in the ears of the Greeks the great truth that of one blood God has made all the nations of the earth, that the idea of human brotherhood gained a foothold in the race. But when men came to see that God loved all his children alike, that all are made in his image, that Christ has died for all, that we should never despair of bringing out the image of the Master even in the slave or the sot, then it was that men were invited to go to the ends of the earth to preach the gospel to all nations. Therefore it is that to-day when the cry of the child suffering from famine on the distant Ganges, the child we have never seen and never shall see, rises upon the air and pierces our ears here in Michigan, Michigan gold and Michigan wheat, if need be, go across the ocean to relieve the sufferer. Nay, even pagan nations have felt the power of this Christian idea, and
so the heavy gates of China and Japan, which from time immemorial were closed against the world, are now swinging slowly open on their hinges, creaking with the rust of so many centuries.
IV. What education then is there like this Christian truth stretching the mind to its utmost capacity, filling it till it runs over with all it can take of the knowledge of God, of His modes of work, of his relation to us, disciplining the heart with all blessed tempers till it grows normally toward God, inspiring it with all highest hopes and most stimulating impulses and noblest enthusiasms of faith, of immortal joy, of love to man.
How many souls has it thus enlarged! How it expanded the narrow, passionate, illiterate Peter till from an ignorant fisherman he grew to be the chief preacher of the twelve! He stirs us with his bold and masculine eloquence to-day as he thrilled his audience in the pentecostal day. How this Christian spirit changed the bigoted, prejudiced, persecuting Saul of Tarsus into the great broad-horizoned Paul, whose intellectual and moral power has swayed the world as no other man's has. And how many others there are of lesser fame, nay of absolutely obscure lives, to whom this gospel has been equally an enlarging and saving power!
What now will you do with your lives? Will you not strive to enlarge your minds and your souls by aid of these divine helps which have been furnished to you? This Association stands with open hands and hospitable hearts to welcome all newcomers, and to assist them in securing the largest spiritual growth. Never will you, my young friends, who are just beginning University life, find yourselves in circumstances more propitious for insuring spiritual growth. Here you are
surrounded with a great company of friends, who have the same pursuits, the same trials, the same tastes as you have. Sympathy is here ever quick and ready. You need not travel alone in the heavenly way, but you may enjoy the society of those who from experience know the difficulties that are to beset you and the joys that are within your reach. They cordially invite you to cast in your fortunes with them, and in their companionship to seek after the expanding power of the Christian truth and the Christian life.
A PEDAGOGICAL VIEW OF SOME NEW TESTA
PROF. B. A. HINSDALE.
Delivered March 19, 1893.
For though I was free from all men, I brought myself under bondage to all, that I might gain the more. And to the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain Jews; to them that are under the law, as under the law, not being myself under the law, that I might gain them that are under the law; to them that are without law, as without law, not being without law to God, but under law to Christ, that I might gain them that are without law. To the weak I became weak, that I might gain the weak: I am become all things to all men, that I may by all means save some. -1 Cor. ix:19-20.
The New Testament writers constantly keep two things separate and distinct, that we constantly tend to confuse. They are preaching and teaching.
The word kerux, found in the Testament three times, means a herald, a public messenger, an ambassador. The word kerusso, found sixty times, means to act as a herald, to make proclamation, to announce publicly, or proclaim some message, generally of a more or less public or official character. Kerugma, used eight times, signifies what is heralded, cried, or proclaimed. These are the words that are rendered "preacher," "preach,' and "preaching" in the English Testament. They set before us the preaching function in the strongest manner. Kerux and kerusso harmonize admirably with kerugma, considered as the