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degree through the liberality of those friends who have supplied the money needed to purchase the goods sent them. While the imperative need of clothing the naked and furnishing some aid to the sick has chiefly occupied them, some attention was also paid to the moral elevation of the people, so far as that could be effected through the agency of schools established for their benefit. A special fund was raised for the purchase of books, slates, &c., and five of the schools have received valuable aid in supplies of cards or tablets, primers and reading books, and facilities for learning writing.

The rapid improvement in reading and writing, especially the latter, has excited the surprise of all who have witnessed it. Their eager attention to the teacher is very striking. At Craney Island, where destitution of every kind has prevailed, the people were successfully taught to write on tiles taken from the roofs of the rebel forts with small pieces of broken slate, no other means being at hand. Specimens of writing were sent from a school which had been in operation only six weeks, which would do credit to pupils who have received much greater advantages. A liberal donation was given towards the erection of a school-house where the scholars crowded in numbers far too great for admission, and it is hoped two will be built, one at Fortress Monroe and one at Yorktown, to meet the earnest desire of the people for education.

Some improvement in their moral condition is evident in several quarters, but the obstacles in their way are greater than any one can imagine who does not see for himself the position they are placed in, under military jurisdiction. Many may feel surprised that in the constant demand for labor any need should still exist for giving clothing to those in the neighborhood of Fortress Monroe and adjacent points in Virginia. A few words can explain the difficulty. Those men and women who have had any opportunity for obtaining work have greatly improved their condition and need no help; but the readers of this paper may remember that at the time of McClellan's retreat from Harrison's Landing a body of colored people, consisting of aged, infirm, and sick men, and of mothers with children, whose husbands were in the army, were left at Craney Island, a barren spot, a few acres in extent, where there was no ground to be cultivated and no work to be obtained. These numbered about 1300. To a certain extent they could improve their position by fishing and gathering oysters; but this was a limited resource, and they were not allowed to leave the island and seek others. Their numbers were increased by destitute refugees from Suffolk, Portsmouth, &c., who were sent there from time to time. Rations were allowed them, and they had a roof over their heads, but their sufferings were very severe,


died. Recently Government has ordered these people to be removed from Craney Island to the neighborhood of Fort Monroe, preparatory to making arrangements for them on the Government farms, which


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they are to cultivate. Their destitution as regards clothing may be imagined from the fact stated by Capt. Wilder, the energetic and excellent superintendent at Fort Monroe, that he saw sixty men with no other clothing than a single shirt. As all the ablebodied men are put on Government work, we may infer safely that these were sick, or infirm, or aged men. Letters and oral information from three members of the Society of Friends, who have been faithfully laboring among these poor creatures, both in teaehing school and in distributing clothing, inform us that both at Yorktown, where there is another large body of women and children in equal or greater destitution, and at Fort Monroe, women may be seen with no other covering than a ragged piece of carpet or sail cloth, and they beg for clothing for their children before winter

In six weeks from this time the northeast storms will, in all human probability, bring snow, rain, and sleet on these people, who have no earthly way of helping themselves, because there is no remunerative labor to be obtained, and we implore Friends everywhere to unite together and provide clothing for the children, or to send funds to us to enable us to purchase the needed articles. There

very few friends so poor as not to be able to furnish one garment for a child.

From a few Friends we have received most liberal aid in this arduous work, and some subscriptions were especially cheering, as evidencing an increase of interest among the

many. Friend from the neighborhood of Moorestown brought $20, collected there ; another from Trenton, N. J., sent $100, the result of similar excursions. A contribution from Westtown teachers was also received, while from England, and even from Switzerland, help has

It is the union of many small streams that makes the river, and we need a broad one to bear these people on till next spring, when their own labor on the farms will, it is hoped, fully support them.

The generous aid of Friends in England, transmitted through our friend Josiah Forster, deserve especial notice. In all they have contributed to the funds of the committee the sum of $2,811, which has enabled us to purchase a large amount of material, greatly needed for the pressing wants of these poor

creatures. Without their timely help, we should have been unable to go on preparing during the summer and autumn the warm clothing we are now sending to these destitute people. For their hearty sympathy in this work, we return our grateful acknowledgments, and to all those Friends who have aided us in it, the thanks due to their efficient help.

One family was found by a Friend in a nook of a building destroyed by fire. There were five children, without a single comfort; no bedding, no seat but a few bricks, on which the mother sat, supporting her head upon her hands, and crying, “Oh, I have nothing ! I have nothing !" Absorbed in her own misery, she did not see the, visitor until roused by the voice which told her help was coming. She said to the Friend she thought she must go back to slavery ;

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even the ownership of her children could hardly sustain her in the want of all things. Food was sent for, a garment given for her boy, and a little hay which had packed some medicine was given her to lie upon. The next day she was again visited and found singing over the shirt she was making, thankful and encouraged.

The following extract from a letter written by one of our correspondents, who has charge of the people on two or three farms, one known as Gale Farm, exhibits a more cheering picture, and shows the result of the labor bestowed upon them :

"Dr. Brown, the General Superintendent, told me a short time since that on none of the other farms did he find the people so comfortable and decent, or so contented and happy as on these ; and as the liberal aid of my friends in West Chester and Philadelphia has had much to do with this state of things, I am very happy to be able to inform them of it. The improvement in their manners, habits, and morals is astonishing. There is a great deal of religious feeling among them, and in many cases it is developed, as true religion always is, in a change of life. There is a very marked change in the way that the Sabbath is observed. When I first came here they made very little difference in the manner in which they employed it from other days, and were very uproarious. Now it is as quiet as I ever knew it anywhere."

This young woman acts as teacher among them, and advises them in many ways.

The following statement will show what has been done since the last report, 12th mo. 22d, 1862, up to which time 4,589 garments had been sent. 12th mo. 26th, 1862, two boxes for Craney Island and Fort Norfolk, containing 551 garments. Ist mo. 5th, 1863, to Newbern, N. C., one box, 310 garments. 15th, one box to ‘Alexandria and one to Craney island, containing in both 281 garments. 1st mo. 27th, two boxes of clothing to Cincinnati, containing 460 garments. 2d mo. 14th, to Cincinnati two boxes, 392 garments. 24th, box for Rhoda Smith, Gale Farm, 25 garments, 14 yds. flannel, towels, books, yarn, needles, &c. 2d mo. 28th, three boxes, containing 570 garments, 727 books given for the purpose; one for Craney Island, one designed for Newbern, but afterwards sent to Fort Monroe, and one to the West. 3d. mo. 14th, one box to Washington, D. C., containing 235 garments and some books. 4th mo. 11th, box to Camp Barker, Washington, containing 299 articles. 5th mo. 2d, box of books for schools at Fortress Monroe, with one piece of gingham, one of muslin, remnants of goods, tape, needles, thread, buttons, &c. 5th mo. 15th, box of books for schools at Norfolk, 574 books, spellers, primers, readers, &c., tablets or cards, slates, pencils, maps, writing books, pens., &c., with some remnants of goods and trimmings for sewing-school. 6th mo. 13th, box for Emily Howland, Camp Baker, Washington, 79 garments. Box for E. Yates, Fort Monroe, 100 garments, books, sewing materials. Box for Craney Island, 88 garments, needles, thread, thimbles, spectacles, &c. Box for Norfolk, 93 garments, 3 pieces of muslin, 3 of calico, with trimmings for sewing school, and 24 books. 8th mo. 26th, box for Portsmouth, 271 garments. 9th mo. 26th, box for Orphan Asylum at Norfolk, 76 garments, 5 doz. primers, 3 sets of cards; also primers, slates, and pencils, with 2 pieces of calico, 3 pieces of muslin made into garments, 5 pieces of sinsey woolsey cut up into skirts, designed for Yorktown and Fortress Monroe. Total number of garments 3,830. A box of clothing was received from Salem, N. J., and many articles, second-hand, from various quarters, with blankets, shawls, &c., from Germantown.

Donations in money should be sent to the Treasurer, Sarah W. Cope, No. 1312 Filbert street.

Donations of clothing, or other articles, to the House of Industry, 112 North 7th street. On behalf of the Association,

E. C. COLLINS, Secretary. 10th month 14th, 1863. Statement of cash received by the Treasurer, Sarah W. Cope, from

1st mo. Ist, to 10th mo. 17th, 1863. From Friends of Philadelphia and its vicinity

$2,874 34 in New Jersey..

275 00 " New England.

170 00 “ Wilmington, Del.....

60 00 in the State of New York and Canada.. 28 67 a Friend in Baltimore...

40 00 E. Fehr, St. Gall, Switzerland.

50 00

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Special Fund to be distributed through Eliza Yates. From Friends in Germantown..

$385 00 Philadelphia and vicinity.

161 00 “ New Jersey and New York,

35 00

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581 00 Philadelphia, 10th mo. 1863. HANNAH W. BEESLEY, CATHARINE EVANS,

Members of the Executive Committee. E. H. FARNUM, $. PENNOOK.

AFRICAN MISSIONS. CORISCO.-Mr. Mackey speaks of the missionary force as being quite inadequate to the work. There was much 'danger of the few laborers now on the ground being broken down by over work. See his letter in the Foreign Missionary of this month. We regret to learn that his own health had “not been very good recently."

LIBERIA.—Mr. James, whose experience and good judgment give much weight to his opinion, expresses strongly his sense of the importance of the Alexander High-school. He desires to see it in vigorous activity, as an indispensable auxiliary to our church in that country. As our readers are aware, measures are in progress for this purpose.-Presb. Home and Foreign Record for December.


LATEST FROM LIBERIA. The following letter will be perused with interest by the friends of Mr. Leonard and all the friends of Liberia. His return in the Stevens is daily expected.

Rev. C. LEONARD, of the Baptist Church, Wasbington, writes, dated “On board the Stevens, at Sea, October 16th, 1863,” in which he mentions that he had sailed from Boston on the 5th of July, and arrived at Sierra Leone on the 23d of March, where he had an attack of African fever, but having recovered, took an English Steamer and arrived at Cape Palmas on the 16th of April. Here, he was again sick for several days, but when able to travel, he surveyed that section of country, and was pleased to notice that the surface of the country was not flat, as I had understood, but beautifully diversified with hill and dale and pleasant valleys, teaming with the rich and delicate fruits of the tropical clime; here and there bounded by rivers like the Cavalla and the St. Pauls; pleasant brooks, refreshing springs, with cool and delightful water. I was indeed happily dissappointed to find the water so cool and refreshing.

I visited Bishop Payne at the Cape Mission House, and spent a few hours with him very pleasantly, and gained much information from him. He has done a good work for Liberia. I spent much of my time with Judge Drayton and his good lady, who treated me with very marked attention during my sickness at their house. The citizens here are supplied with fish and very fine large oysters from the rivers and bay, which in their season are considered & great luxury. The land here is good for raising Cam, Coffee, and vegetables, and some are beginning to raise Cotton.

Visited Sinoe, and was much pleased with the towns on the Sinoe river; Farmington, Lexington, and Louisiana. These towns are farming, and consequently not thickly settled. The land is good for raising all kinds of vegetables, fruits and grain. Col. Drayton has a very fine farm on the Sinoe of 400 acres, forty of which are under excelleut cultivation. He has growing on his farm, rice, corn, cassada, cocoa or eddog, watermelons, lima beans, ochra, ginger, arrow root, tobacco, cotton, coffee, pea nuts, sweet potatoes,

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