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$200,000 from the Treasury, but finally fails. Whether he will succeed in his Colonization project, remains to be seen.
Finally. A United States Consul at Hayti has leased about 500 acres of land on the island for seven years, for the purpose of raising cotton and sugar for market. He, of course, wants laborers, and he is now in Washington after negroes to colonize the land in his possession. He only asks the Government to pay their transportation, and support them for six months or so after their arrival.
Such are some of the Colonization schemes which have of late agitated the public mind. When compared with the benevolent scheme of African Colonization, they must appear in the judgment of an intelligent community as selfish and oppressive.
It was decided more than forty years ago, after due deliberation and able discussion on the subject, that Africa was the only country that promised a real and permanent benefit to the free blacks of America. The committee to whom the subject was referred, say in their report :
“No other, adapted to the colony in contemplation, presented itself to our view, nearer than Africa, the native land of negroes; and probably that is the only country on the globe to which it would be practicable to transfer our free people of color with safety and advantage to themselves and the civilized world. It is the country which, in the order of Providence, seems to have been appropriated to that distinct family of mankind. And while it presents the fittest asylum for the free people of color, it opens a wide field for their improvement in civilization, morals and religion, which the humane and enlightened memorialists have conceived it possible, in process of time, to spread over that great continent.”
These words of wisdom and forecast are abundantly verified by the events of history during the existence and operations of the American Colonization Society, in whose behalf they were uttered. How, then, can the true friend of the black man do less, what can he do more for the welfare of the race than help to sustain this beneficent institution ?
JOHN ORCUTT, Trav's Secretary American Colonization Society.
DR. LIVINGSTONE AGAIN ATTACKED IN AFRICA. At the last meeting of the Royal Geographical Society in London, Sir Roderick Murchison read a letter from Dr. Livingstone, dated on the river Rovuma, October 10, 1862. The Doctor has been engaged in another encounter with the natives, who seem to regard him as a fair object of attack, and pay the least possible attention to his Missionary character. He writes that, while ascending the Rovuma, a number of native river pilots followed his party until it had entered a narrow passage under a high bank, when a volley of arrows were fired. He adds:
56 We stopped and expostulated with them for a long time; then got them to one of the boats, and explained to them how easily we could drive them off with our rifles and revolvers, but we wished to be friends, and gave about thirty yards of calico in presents, in proof of friendship. At this time we were within forty yards of a lot of them, armed with muskets and bows, on the bigh bank. On parting, as we thought, on friendly terms, and moving on, we received a volley of musket balls and arrows, four bullet holes being made in my sail, and finding that we, instead of running away, returned the fire, they took to their heels, and left the conviction that these are the border ruffians who, at various points, present obstacles to African exploration- 1. men-stealers, in fact, who care no more for human life than that respectable party in London, who stuffed the pioneer's life buoys with old straw instead of cork.
“ It was sore against the grain to pay away that calico; it was submitting to be robbed for the sake of peace. It cannot be called 'black mail,' for that implies the rendering of important services by Arabs, nor is it custom dues. It is robbery perpetrated by any one who has a traveler or a trader in his power, and when tamely submitted to, increases in amount till wood, water, grass, and every conceivable subject of offence is made an occasion for a fine. On our return we passed quietly through them all, and probably the next English boat will be respected.”
Of this part of the country, the Doctor says :
“We were on a part of the slave route from the Lake Nyassa to Quiloa, (Kilwa) about thirty miles below the station of Ndonde, where that route crosses Rovuma, and a little further from the confluence of the Liende, which, arising from the hills on the east of the Lake Nyassa, flows into Rovuma. It is said to be very large, with reeds and aquatic plants growiug in it, but at this time only ankle deep. It contains no rocks till near its sources on the mountains, and between it and the lake, the distance is reported to require between two and three days. At the cataracts where we turned there is no rock on the shore, as on the Zambesi, at Kebrasa, and Murchison's Cataracts.
- The land is perfectly smooth, as far as we could see; the country presented the same flat appearance, with only a few detached hills. The Tetze is met with all along the Rovuma, and the people have no cattle in consequence. They produce large quantities of oil-yielding seeds, as the susame or gerzelin, and have hires placed on the trees every few miles. We never saw ebony of equal size to what we met on this river; and as to its navigability, as the mark at which water stands for many months, is three feet above what it is now, and it is now said to be a cubic lower than usual. I have no doubt that a vessel drawing, when loaded, about eighteen inches, would run with ease during many months of the year. Should English trade be established on the lake Nyassaf, Englishmen will make this their outlet rather than pay dues to the Portuguese."
Another Trading Company, Perhaps there is no region of the world possessing more natural resources and commercial capabilities than Western Africa, and no people are striving wilh such energy and success to secure this wealth as those of Great Britain. The African mail steamer Atheniam is reported at Liverpool with “1,928 ounces gold, 5,256 dollars, and 3,151 francs.” The exports from Monrovia for the four months ending July 31, were 193,000 gallons of palm oil, 82 tons of camwood, 430 pounds ofivory, 1,240 bushels of palm kernels, and 2,773 pounds of malagatta pepper. The quantity of cotton exported from West Africa for Liverpool, is as 519 against 372 bales this time last year; and the price has arisen in the ratio of from fourteen to twenty-five, or nearly fifty per cent. in the former case, and fully eighty per cent. in the latter.
" THE WEST AFRICA COMPANY" is the name of a joint stock concern in course of organization in England, with a capital of one and a quarter millions of dollars, divided in twenty-five thousand shares of fifty dollars each. The object avowed is “to establish trading stations, factories, and depots on the coast of Western Africa, and means of organized agencies, to bring down and collect for shipmeut at such stations the valuable products of the interior; to import goods, and to introduce machinery for cleaning and pressing cotton, and for other purposes; and generally to enter into conimercial relations with the native traders, by means of barter, traffic, or otherwise; and thereby to open up, in exchange for British manufactures, a practically illimitable market for cotton and other products, and to secure their transmission to the ports of the United Kingdom.”
When it is considered that the bulk of African trade is carried on by means of barter of manufactured goods for raw materials, it is hardly possible that a good dividend on the money employed can fail to result, while it will benefit the manufacturing interests of England, and develope the resources of Western Africa.
The commercial requirements of the United States would find there a grand theatre, and operations could be carried on on peculiarly favorable circumstances, owing to the fact, that competent acclimated persons in Liberia are ready to act in behalf of merchants or associated capital. Our Government has just entered into treaty stipulations with the authorities of this prosperous Republic, which we liope will further stimulate our people to intercourse with that and the surrounding region.-Col. Herald.
Hope for Africa. There are evidences of material and moral progress in Africa. The slave trade is giving way to legitimate commerce. The merchants of England are now organizing a trading company, with a capital of one-and-a-quarter million of dollars; and another project representing two-and-a-half millions is on foot for general banking operations in Western Africa A line of monthly steamers on the coast has proved successful and profitable.
Sierra Leone, in 1860, had a population of 41,624, of whom 15,782 were liberated Africans.
In Liberia, the citizens and natives are engaging in commercial transactions with diligence, and are reaping the benefits of enlarged communication. This Republic is proving not only a refuge for the American people of color, and for those who are rescued from slave ships by our men-of-war, but a nucleus of civilization and school of Christian teaching.
Proceeding along the coast, Missionaries are zealously operating at many points, among which may be named as occupied by Europeans, Coonassie, Abeokuta, Lagos, and on the Calabar and Niger rivers; and by Americans at Corisco and Gaboon.
It is within the bounds of truth to assume that along the west coast of the contiperit there are one hundred and fifty churches.
A felicitous combination of circumstances is preparing Africa for her political, moral, and Christian regeneration.—Journal of Commerce.
CORISCO ISLAND-A GREEN SPOT IN THE SEA. This small island off the African coast, near the equator, a few miles from the main-land, has about 1,200 copper-faced negroes, and a Mission Station of three Missionaries, under the patronage of the Old School Presbyterian Board. These earnest men (says the Independent) preach to the people every Sabbath day. Thirtyseven natives are enrolled as church members. The Sunday schools collect together 160 children, and a school for the week embraces 80 pupils, in which English is taught, and the English Bible a text-book
We have seen some letters written by these young islanders, in which, from the handwriting, from the good spelling, and from the felicitous style, one would suppose that the authors were graduates from a Yankee high-school The chief object of this school is to raise up a native ministry not for the island alone, but for the wide coasts of the continent near at hand.
Mr. de Heer, a Hollander by birth, but an American by long residence and labor in this country, went to Corisco about seven years ago ; and that little green spot, ever since, has been growing greener under his hand.
He and his co-workers, encountering the obstacle of an unwritten language, immediately set themselves, with pen and ink, to the brave task of rescuing it from the lips of its musical speakers, in order that the Bible might be translated even for so little handful of God's needy children. A considerable portion of this translation having already been made, Mr. de Heer has brought the manuscript to this country to be printed, together with some little books of primary instruction, and expects, as soon as these are is sued from the press, to return to his people. The isles shall wait for Thy law, said the prophet. So waits now the Isle of Corisco. Níay fair winds speed the ship that shall bear thither the glad tidings of great joy!
THE LATE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY. We published the Forty-sixth Annual Report of the American Colonization Society in our last number. In this, we gave copious extracts from the proceedings of the Board of Directors. General harmony prevailed in the councils and action of the Directors, and ardent desires and fixed purposes were expressed of advancing the great and philanthropic design of the Society. The spirit evinced at this meeting, if diffused through the public mind of the country, would cause a jubilee in two great quarters of the world.
THE MESSAGE OF PRESIDENT BENSON.
We invite the friends of Liberia to a careful perusal of the message of President Benson. The great and most urgent want of that Republic is for an industrious emigrant population, which in numbers, the United States can now provide if our free people of color are true to themselves and their race.
The Home and Foreign Record contains an account of a short visit made by Rev. L. Mackey, of the Corisco Mission, and Mr. Mann, an English Botanist on the Mainland, to visit the Pangwe's, but obstructions were thrown in their way, and attempts made to embarrass their return. The natives are much occupied, in many places, in collecting India rubber. The river Mumuni which they begun to ascend, though wide at the mouth, does not go interior more than eighty or ninety miles from the sea. Mr. Mackey believes, however, that the way will be gradually opened in the Providence of God, as fast, if not much faster than we can train men to go forward in it. In this, patient and persevering labor and prayer
We are in receipt of letters from Bishop Payne and the Rev. Mr. Hoffman, to 15th December. These came to hand since the foregoing pages were made up.
The Bishop was at Cape Palmas, attending the usual semi-annual examination. He says: “I am thankful to report all at present in good African health, and quietly engaged in our work.”
Mr. and Mrs. Auer were also at the Cape. The former had quite recovered from his recent illness.-Spirit of Missions.
A report made to the Liberian Government on the subject of the progress of education among the people, states that of all the adults there cannot be found three out of ten who canpot read, and out of every fifteen, five who cannot write to some extent, as well as read; while amongst the youthful population out of every ten, two cannot be found who are not able to read and to write.