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time at Navihi Levoo, sailed with his people for Tacownove, which is a district on the western side of Pau, the largest of the Fiji Islands. Pau is much resorted to by American vessels, and vessels from Port Jackson, for sandal-wood, which grows to perfection only at a certain part of the island, called Vooía. The principal market for this article is China; and the demand for it is so great, in proportion to the smallness of the place which produces it, that it is now growing scarce, and, consequently, dearer. Formerly they would give a considerable quantity for a few nails, but now they demand axes and chisels, and those too of the best quality, for they have gradually become judges of such things : whales' teeth are also given in exchange for it. The chiefs of the Fiji
Islands very seldom oil themselves, and, consequently, require very little of this wood, the principal use of it being to scent the oil. The natives of the Tonga islands, however, who use a considerable quantity of it, complain heavily of its scarcity; and what renders the matter still worse, is, that the Fiji people, demanding a greater number of axes and chisels for a given quantity of the wood, these implements are growing very scarce at the Tonga Islands, and plentiful at Fiji. Before the Tonga people acquired iron implements, they usually gave whales' teeth, gnatoo, mats for sails, and platt; but whales' teeth are exceedingly scarce, and the other articles are too bulky for ready exportation. The sting of the fish called stingray was also occasionally given, but these stings, which they use for the points of spears, are by no means plentiful. This fish is found in the greatest quantity at an island called
Ooea, which lies about mid-way between Vivaoo and Hamoa. It has already been remarked that the sandal-wood tree will not transplant to Tonga.
During the time Cow Mooala was at Pau, a vessel was wrecked off that island, and all the crew except two perished. The wreck was taken possession of by the natives ; who got out of her a number of dollars, and a quantity of muslins, with some other East India commodities. From these circumstances it would appear that she was an American smuggler on her return from Peru, with part of her original cargo undisposed of. One of the men was afterwards killed in a quarrel with the other. Mr Mariner could not learn the name of the vessel.
The people of Pau gave Cow Mooala an account of an enormous lizard, which they supposed must have been sent by the gods from Bolotoo. Late one evening, a canoe put in at a neighbouring small island, and the weather being very hot, and the crew much fatigued, they resolved to sleep during the night upon the open beach. After having been asleep some time, they were awakened on a sudden by the loud cries of one of their companions; when, starting up, they observed by the light of the moon, with the utmost astonishment, a prodigious lizard plunge into the water. At this they were greatly alarmed, and, missing a man, they went farther up the country for safety. Early in the morning, one of them went into the sea to bathe, and was also snatched away by the monster. The whole island was soon in a state of alarm. Every body flocked to the beach, but no lizard was to be seen; and, in the course of the day, they who belonged to the canoe took their departure.
A few days now elapsed, during which the prodigy was no where to be found, and they supposed it was gone altogether, convinced of its having been the visitation of a god for some crime they had committed. One evening, however, while a woman was washing some talo root in a salt water lake, about a quarter of a mile from the beach, burrounded by thick rushes, the monster suddenly made his appearance, and, seizing the unfortunate woman, plunged with her into the lake. The people of the neighbouring houses having given the alarm, all the inhabitants of the island were soon up in arms, and, running to the spot, uttered loud exclamations, and threw stones and various missiles into the lake. The animal, being disturbed, now rushed out, and made towards the sea, pursued by a number of men, who threw spears at him ; but these were of no avail, his hard scales proving impenetrable to such weapons.
This circumstance filled them with increased alarm and wonder, and confirmed them in the opinion that it must be a god, for they saw bim escape unhurt into the sea. In this way he destroyed nine people at different places, when an old man, observing that he came on shore every morning at one particular place near the lake, in which he afterwards concealed himself, boldly devised a method to destroy him. He prepared a long rope, with a running noose at one end of it, which, passing over the thick branch of a fehi tree that stood between the beach and the lake, while that end containing the noose hung down near the ground, at the farther end he placed fourteen or fifteen strong men concealed among high grass. The old man was a staunch warrior, and well fitted for such a perilous enterprise ; and,
having obtained the solemn promise of his confederates to act their parts with steadiness and fidelity, he undertook to walk about on the beach at the time the monster was expected, and, at his approach, to recede behind the noose, through which the animal must necessarily pass his head to lay hold of him. Matters being thus adjusted, the expected enemy made his appearance, and ran towards the old man, who took his station behind the noose, and, the moment the animal put his jaws through it, he sprang back, and gave an appointed signal. Instantly the cord was drawn tight, and their prey was caught with his head and one paw through the noose ;—they soon secured the rope, and, running up, beat him about the head, and pierced him wherever they could, till, at length, after much hard work, they killed him. When their toil was over, the first thing they thought of, was to try if he was good to eat. Accordingly, selecting those parts which they thought the tenderest, they baked a sufficient quantity, and, finding it very good, made a hearty meal. Cow Mooala saw the bones, from the description of which, as well as from what he had heard concerning the living animal, Mr Mariner supposes that it must have been a crocodile which, by some accident, had made its way from the East Indies. And, as it was the first of the kind the natives had ever seen or heard of, we need not wonder that they supposed it to be a supernatural lizard, sent by the gods from Bolotoo as a punishment for their offences.
Pau is decidedly the largest of the Fiji Islands, and much larger than Vavaoo ; but Cow Mooala gave an exaggerated account of its size. He de
ścribed it to be so large, that many of the people in its interior had never seen the sea, owing to their distance from it; and that the people living on the mountains, and who constantly resided there to avoid the frequent wars and disturbances on the plains below, very seldom came down ; and when they did, and saw fish for the first time, they would not believe but what they were hotooas (gods), and wondered very much to see people eat them. The mountains on the western side, called Tacownove, are the highest. On the base of one of these mountains are two hot springs, situated near together, at which a neighbouring garrison generally boil their yams and plantains, by putting them into a vessel with holes in the side, and suffering the boiling water to pass through it. * The natives of the Fiji Islands are much more curly headed than those of Tonga ; and all of them, both men and women, powder their hair with the ashes of the bread-fruit leaf, or with powdered lime, prepared from the coral, or else with soot collected from the smoke of the tooi-tooi. The pulverized lime is only worn now and then with a view to stiffen their hair, which it does remarkably well. In using either of these substances, they plentifully diffuse it through water, in which they dip their heads; and when the hair is dry they dip again, repeating this operation three or four times. The hair becoming now replete with the powder, when quite dry they work it up with great care and attention, occupying three or four hours in frizzing it out with a sort of comb, to a
* Jeremiah Higgins, who was at these islands thirteen weeks, saw the steami arising from these springs, but he had not an opportunity of approaching the spot.