« ForrigeFortsæt »
• He is to make a weekly return of what stationery may be wanted, in order that it may be delivered to him by the chaplain, who will take his receipts for the same.
“ He shall every three months deliver to the chaplạin, for the purpose of its being laid by the governor before the board, an exact list of the boys, divided into proper classes of reading, writing, and other employments, specifying each boy's age; the time he has been in the Asylum; the trade to which he is applying, and the progress he has made since his admission.
“ He is to take especial care that the assistants do their duty diligently in the instruction of the boys, and, at convenient times, he is to hear and examine the respective classes.
“ He is to keep hung up in some convenient place, the table of the employment of the boys for the several hours of the day, and see that the same be strictly attended to.
Duty of the Malron. " The matron shall be resident in the Asylum ; she is to have the direction of the female servants, subject to the controul of the governor, and the entire management of the girls, with whom she shall be present during their meals.
“ The rules which are above detailed for the boys, in regard to the times of rising and going to bed, the hours of instruction, the reading of prayers in the morning, and the saying of grace before and after each meal, are to be equally and uniformly maintained among the girls, under the immediate direction of the matron, who shall be responsible for the due observance of the same.
6 She is also to superintend the education of the girls, in reading, writing, sewing, knitting, marking, washing and getting up linen, in kitchen and house-work, and in such other female employments as may qualify them for useful servants.
“ She is to take care that, during their continuance under the protection of this institution, they be properly employed in the school, and in the domestic requisites of the establishment, as far as their ages and abilities will permit.
6 She is to take care that one of the female teachers, or attendants, be always present with the girls at their hours of recreation, to prevent them from behaving improperly in any respect.
“ She is to take under her charge, from the steward (giving him a receipt for the same) the house linen, children's linen, and bedding.
6 She is to see that the linen of the children, and the linen belonging to the Asylum, be as much as possible made up and repaired by the girls ; that the linen of the children be changed twice a week, and their sheets once a month.
“ She must take care that the nurses be constantly attentive to the keeping the heads of the children clean, well combed, and free from vermin, and to the washing of their feet three times a week at the least, in summer, and twice a week in winter.
“ She is to deliver the foul linen (after being examined and mended, if necessary, by the nurses) to the laundress to be washed, keeping an account thereof, and taking a receipt for the same on the delivery, and giving the like upon the return thereof.
“ She is to apply to the steward for such old linen, thread, needles, &c. as may be necessary for mending the linen, who is directed to supply the same.
any linen be lost by nurses she is to inform the steward thereof, that the matter may be laid before the general board, in order to the receiving its directions for deducting the value thereof out of their wages. But if any linen should be lost by her, or her assistant, the person to whom the neglect is to be attributed, is to be answerable for the value of the same.
“ She is personally to inspect the dormitories of the girls, both in the day-time and after they go to bed : and she will not fail to apply to the governor whenever she may consider his interference necessary to enforce a due obedience to her orders."
It was in this year also that Captain Manby's plan for saving mariners from ships in danger of shipwreck was first brought before parliament. It was afterwards im- proved; and its future improvements will be noticed under the years in which they were made : at present we shall confine ourselves to extracting such parts of the papers laid before parliament on this subject, as will illustrate the nature and advantages of Captain Manby's invention, in this stage of its existence.
A committee of field officers of artillery was appointed to take into consideration Captain Manby's invention and experiments : they made their report to the Board of Ordnance. In this report, after stating that “this invention was brought forward by the late Lieutenant Bell of the artillery, near fourteen years since; and that his idea was to project the rope from the ship to the shore, instead of projecting it from the shore to the ship, as Captain Manby proposed,” they speak highly of the captain's invention.
« The committee then attended the following experiments conducted by Captain Manby: the ship to which assistance was supposed to be afforded being moored at a distance of nearly one hundred yards from the five inch and a half brass mortar to be used for the projecting the line to it. Ist round-charge twelve ounces, elevation twenty-two degrees and a half, recoil thirteen yards, the shot was projected over the ship, and the line having lodged on the fore-stay, a two and a half inch rope was fastened to it and hauled on board, and on it a cot was sent from the shore, in which a man passed from the vessel to the land in the space of eighteen minutes from the
firing of the mortar. 2d round-a shot with four burbs was fired with the same charge and elevation, the intent being to hook to the rigging, and to haul a boat off by it in case the crew should be so benumbed with cold as to be unable to make any exertion themselves. The shot was projected far over the ship, and the rope broke soon after the explosion. 3d round-a common shot was fired which broke the rope as before. Ath round—a common shot was fired with the reduced charge of seven ounces of powder, and at about forty degrees elevation, which carried the line over, and lodged it upon the rigging, according to the intention, as on the first round.
“ In consequence of the rope having been broke on the second and third rounds, Captain Manby informed the committee he had not a doubt but that the accident proceeded from its being nearly worn out, as it had been used nearly two years; and having obtained a new rope, he several times projected the shot attached to it with charges of from ten to fourteen ounces of powder, the latter ranging two hundred yards, without the slightest failure."
of the different papers forming the appendix to these reports, and laid with them before parliament, the following is the inost important.
6 When the apparatus is brought on the beach or cliff opposite the stranded vessel, the rope is to be laid with such care on the ground, that no two parts of it overlay or even touch each other, nor must the rope be laid in longer fakes than three or four yards. These precautions are absolutely necessary to the success of the attempt.
“ If the wind be sidewise to the shore, the mortar must be pointed sufficiently to windward to allow for the distance that so great a length of rope must needs be borne to leeward by the effect of a strong wind, and the mortar be placed behind that compartment of rope which is most to leeward
« The line for some length from where it is fastened to
the shot is protected from the flame of the powder at the discharge by a covering of hide. The loading the mortar should be the last service performed, and be fired instantly, that the powder may not be moistened by the spray of the sea, or fall of snow or rain at the time, when under these circumstances it is with difficulty that a match is kept lighted, the mortar is to be fired by a pistol cut transversely at the muzzle to dilate the inflammation, so as to require but little exactness in the direction of the aim.
“ While communication is gaining, the stakes (by which the larger rope is to be drawn tight by means of the guntackle purchase) should be driven into the ground in a triangular position, and so as to meet close at the heads.
“ As soon as a communication has been effected by the crew of the vessel having secured the line attached to the shot, you will make fast to it, and they will haul on board the large rope and a tailed block, through which a smaller rope is rove, both ends of which the smaller rope) you will remember to keep on shore; when they have secured these on board, and you have rove the larger rope through the rollers of the cot-pole, you are to lash a guntackle purchase, and then take the purchase and lash it to the stakes; by means of the purchase the larger rope may be kept at a proper degree of tension; for if care be taken to slacken the purchase as the ship rolls out towards the sea, the danger of the rope being broken will be guarded against, and on the other hand, if the purchase be gathered in as the ship rolls towards the shore, the slackness of the rope which would prevent the cot traversing as it ought to do (and plunge it in the water more than must otherwise be) will be equally avoided. It will likewise be remembered that the ends of the smaller rope which is rove through the tailed block, and is for the purpose of sending the cot to the ship from