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guide your tender years. For this purpose I take all possible care of my health. I eat, sleep, and converse at iimes with a tolera. ble degree of cheerfulness. You, my dears, as the best return you can make me, will do the same, that I may not have sorrow upon sorrow. The many kind Friends you have around you, I am sure, will not be wanting in giving you all the assistance and comfort that is in their power. My kindeft falutations attend them all. · I hope to leave this place in about fourteen or twenty days. But the soonest I can reach Northampton will not be less than fix weeks or two months time. May God be with you, and give us, though a mournful, yet a comfortable meeting! For your fakes, I trust my life will be spared. And, I bless God, my mind is under no painful anxiety as to the difficulties and dangers of the voyage. .
The winds and the waves are in his hands, to whom I resign myself, and all that is dearest to me, I know I shall have your prayers, and those of my dearest Friends with you. Farewell, my dearest children ! I am your afflicted, but most sincere Friend, and ever affectionate Mother,
'in pour man, en gether. Theoniling from
The General Duties of Man: Translated from a German Book, entitled “The Guide of
Youth." 1. DUTY TOWARD THE CREATOR. THREE things, my son, constitute the objects of thy Meditae
i tion; the NATURE, the ORIGIN, and the End of Man.
Man is a being, confifting of a body of aftonishing Atructure, and of a rational soul, united together. The lion is created to roar in the forest ; but man, endued with the gift of speech, is appointed to live in society with rational beings.
This noble existence man has not of himself; that Being, who is the Original of all things, likewise gave him his existence. .
Life and death, time and eternity, all obey the laws of the Eternal. All acknowledge his Supremacy, from the powerful who wield the sceptre, to the humble who bear the shepherd's staff.
But for what purpose did the Supreme Being place thee on earth. Was it to live in sensual pleasures 1-to gather riches ? - or, per, haps, to gratify thy ambition ? .
God created man in his image. By sin he lost that image. But before and since his fall, God alone can constitute his happiness. The great Creator requires of his creatures the performance of certain duties: but he himself will be the reward of their integrity. Let the fear of the Lord * govern thy heart: let it be the guid, This must be a Filial fear, that flows from love,
ing line of all thide acions; let it impress caution on thy lips, decency on thine eyes, and modesty on thy forebead.
O may this saving fear conduct thee in all the steps ! Br day may it warcb over thee, ani in thy nightly re ft may it not depart from thy couch. - Then shalt thou bring for:h the fruits of boli. pess, as a rich soil warmed by the sun-beams; and why soul hall be the residence of wisdom..
The role arms itself with the thorn againf the hand of the rob. ber: and the soul of the righieous covers itself with the fear of God, as with a shield.
Proteaed by this heavenly armour, thou shalt walk securely in the midit of thine enemies. Hell shall rain around thee in vain. The arrows of wrath shall fall harmless at thy feet.
Thou loveft thy Fa ber, because he is good to thee: but forget not, that God is the tenderest of Fathers, and that he has poured out his gifis richly upon thee.
Turn thine eye beavenward, and consider that globe of light and fountain of heat! It was God who commanded it to spread its light before thee, and to communicate life to all around thee.
Cast thy sight upon the earth which thou inbabiteft : thou wilt find it clothed with the benefits of thy Creator. The works of his goodness are as conspicuous as the wonders of his wisdom.
The plants which spring from the bolom of the earth, the crea mures which people the elements, are commanded to nourile thee, and to labour for thy clothing.
Consider the beauty of the blossom; taste the sweetness of the fruit: but remember, that God is the Creator of them, and that they are the gifts of his benevolence.
Thou beholdet what God has done for thee, in the appoint. ment of nature! But who shall describe that which he has pro. vided for thee, IN THE APPOINTMENT OF GRACE ?
· He who hath snatched thee from the gates of eternal death, .who prevents thee by his grace, is he not worthy that thou dedi.
cateft to Him all thy powers ? . All created beings around thee cry with a loud voice, - “Ace knowledge the Creator's government, and worship his Almighty power !!
The Heavens which roll regularly over thine head, the ocean raging within its appointed bounds, declare unto thee, that they .submissively obey the commands of the Most High
All the elements acknowledge Him, and precisely fulfil his will. He calleth the winds from the uttermost verge of the earth; and they rage over the surface of the globe.
He commandeth the clouds to gather themselves together, and they pour down plenty on the fields.
But if inanimate creatures so faithfully obey the commands of the Creator, how much more art thou in duty bound, who art ex. alted by reason far above other beings!
Hearken to the voice of this reason! It will tell thee that all the powers of thy soul, all the labours of thy life, must be dedi. cated to he service of the Most High. 10 if thou had it once known the happiness of this reasonable service of God! never wouldst thou be anxious for those vain pleasures with which the world tempts thee.
Offer up, my child, unto the Lord, the bloom of thy youth: from thy early days let the increase of thy virtues ascend to his throne,
So oft as Aurora brings back the light of the day, so often eleyale thine heart to the Origin of all good, and pour out thy whole soul before him. , Full of confidence, send thy virtuous wishes to him; place thy necessities before him; and wait in humble resignation the effects of thy prayers.
Should he visit thee with affliction, and prove thy faith with the waters of tribulation; O then take beed that thou dost not murs mur against his yisitation, or, perhaps, renounce his service,
II. DUTIES TO OURSELVES. Mafter-piece of a God, on this world, man! it behoves thee to prize the excellence of thy soul properly, and to assert the worth of this immortal being which thy Creator hath given thee. - Raise thyself, it crieth to thee, raise thyself from the dut! Direct thy views to Heaven, and heroically tread the passions un, der thy feet. • Accustom thyself early to the exercise of virtue. The first im. pressions of it will probably never be effaced from the soul. • Remind thyself incessantly, that thy principal business must be, to labour for Eternity, and to secure thy happiness. All else is either indifferent or injurious, i Be thy days numerous as the sand on the sea-shore, what will such a prodigious length of life avail thee, if it must conclude with the loss of thy soul ? * 'Flce from evil, and do that which is good; for the Most High Judge shall carefully weigh thy works in his balance. "
The life of Man upon earth is as a path; on each side he be holds a frightful abyss'; and snares spread themselves under his feet. - Repress swelling pride, and the raging impulse of anger. These two monsters, hatched by vengeance, have covered the whole earth with sin and destruction.
Doft thou give up thyself to the impulse of wrath? It will cut the thread of thy life, and plunge thee into the pit before thy time.
Flee from the contentious man : He is a troubled ocean, whose waves mount to the heavens ; wrath flashes in his eyes, and the pointed dagger in his hand,
But it is not enough to suppress the boisterous emotions of the foul; the door must be barred againit the entrance of vice : suffer it not to make its abode in thee. Labour by prayer to ob:ain that divine aid, which alone can give thee the full and complete vic. tory over it
Beware of idleness, that poisonous fountain of all evil. On the ocean of life calms are no less dangerous than forms. • The laborious are as a gentle stream, whose cryftaline waters glide over the land, and every where entice forth the riches of the spring.
Carefully avoid all connexion with men who drink wickedness as water, and who glory in their shame,
Immode fty would foon expel every sentiment of purity, chastity and honour from thy beart; would wash out the traces of ingenu. ous bashfulness from thy forehead, and spread in its stead contempt and disgrace,
Art thou once become the sport of thy passions ? then fhalt thou be as a ship despoiled by the form, driven to and fro by the winds ; and a melancholy linking will be the conclusion of thy transgreslions. · The society of the virtuous and pious is to youth, what a good climate is to the constitution, and the waters of the heavens to the fruits of the earth. .
One of the most dangerous rocks to youth is the reading of im. proper books, those dumb teachers of vice and infidelity.
Calt far from thee that poisonous fpawn of hell : rather let blind, ness close thine eyes, than thou should it employ them to thine own destruction. · Heaven and earth, all created beings, and, above all, the Crea. tor himself, all invite, all engage man to the love of wisdom, and the knowledge of eternal truths.
Nothing is more beautiful, nothing more lovely than wisdom: its brightness eclipses the fplendour of gold, and its fruits are sweeter than honey.
Let temperance and fobriety, my son, preside at thy table. He who becomes a slave to his appetites, destroys his body, and weak. ens his under standing.
Consider the glution oppressed with food. He would make his body the temple of pleasure, but he converts it into a lazar-house.
Stupidity is the consequence of gluttony. Wisdom never took up her residence in a soul enamoured with eating and drinking.
* Recollect frequently, that thou art but a passenger in this world, This mortal life is but a moment, to introduce the great day of eternity.
O youth! while the light irradiates thinę eye, labour for thy salvation, Spon, very foon the darkness of death will overtake thee.
Flatter not thyself that the end of thy path is still afar off, How oft is youth deceived, when it presumes on șealth and jovial day!
III. DUTIES TOWARD OTHERS. : When thou, my son, halt considered, and art determined, with the Divine aid, to fulfil thy duty to thy great. Creator and Re. deemer ; when thou hast thus formed thy mind, then turn thy heart to others: first, toward those to whom, under God, thou owest thine existence : Remember incessantly, the anxiety thou gaveft them in thine infancy, and that thy education' was to them a fountain of trouble. :
Know that the blood of thy parents flows in thy veins : Nature itself obliges thee to be grateful. - Dost thou listen with pleasure to the instructions of a father?
Dost thou faithfully observe the precepts of a mother? Then will the Almighty bless thine undertakings, and thy days shall be many as the stars of heaven.
Woe to him that despises the judgments of his father, and the - reproofs of his mother! His candle Thall be extinguished, and
his face covered with fhame.
A child that has thrown off the yoke of restraint, is like an unbridled horse, whose fire unrestrained, plunges himself headlong down the precipice.
Respearfully attend to the voice of instruction : Wisdom shall spring from it: Divine Grace shall accompany it: and the feeds of every virtue shall ftrike their roots in it:
All men are brethren, for all are sprung from the same original.
Death unites all together; the monarch who guided the reins of a mighty kingdom, and the labourer who'with the ploughshare inverts the soil of his fathers.
O ye, who bathe in nectar and ambrosia! despise not the poor countryman whose food is bread, moistened with the fweat of his brow.
Let thy affe&tion, my son, extend to every one. The works of thy charity should know no other limits but those of thy ability. · The wretch who, helpless, wallows in the dust, bears, like thee, the image of God; like thee he bears the Itamp of immortality on his soul.
Does the poor knock at thy door? Does the complaint of his hunger or of his nakedness echo in thy hall; O fhut not thine ear to his complaints, nor push away the hand Atretched out to thee for help!
To the whole human race, thou art debtor : but thy country has the first claim on thee, which thy heart may not deny.
The more thou hast laboured during the summer, the more shalt thou taste and enjoy satisfaction in the winter.
Defame no one. The poison of adders drops from the tongue of the slanderer, and deadly are the wounds it inflicts.