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With respect to the preservation of our health, during a course of 16 days of heavy and almost continual rain, I would recommend to every one in a similar situation the method we practised, which is to dip their cloaths in the salt-water, and wring them out, as often as they become filled with rain ; it was the anly resource we had, and I believe was of the greatest service to us, for it felt more like a change of dry cloaths than could well be imagined. We had occasion to do this so often, that at length all our cloaths were wrung to pieces : for, except the few days we passed on the coast of New Holland, we were conti. nually wet either with rain or sea.
Thus, through the assistance of Divine Providence, we surmounted the difficulties and distresses of a most perilous voyage, and arrived safe in an hospitable port, where every necessary and comfort were administered to us with a most liberal hand.
As, from the great humanity and attention of the governor, and the gentlemen, at Coupang, we received every kind of assistance, we were not long without evident signs of returning health : therefore, to secure my arrival ač Batavia, before the October fleet failed for Europe, on the first of July, I purchased a small schooner, 34 feet long, for which I gave 1000 rix-dollars, and fitted her for sea, under the name of his Ma. jesty's schooner Resource. .
On the 20th of July, I had the misfortune to lose Mr. David Nels fon: he died of an inflammatory fever. The loss of this honeft man I very much lamented: he had accomplished, with great care and diligence, the object for which he was lent, and was always ready to for. ward every plan I proposed, for the good of the service we were on. He was equally ufeful in our voyage hither, in the course of which he gave me great satisfaction, by the patience and fortitude with which he conducted himself.
July 21. This day I was employed attending the funeral of Mr. Nelson. The corpse was carried by twelve soldiers drest in black, preceded by the minister; next followed myself and second governor; then ten gentlemen of the town and the officers of the ships in the harbour; and after them my own officers and people. After reading our burial-service, the body was interred behind the chapel, in the burying. ground appropriated to the Europeans of the town. I was sorry I could get no tombstone to place over his remains.
This was the second voyage Mr. Nelson had undertaken to the South Seas, having been sent out by Sir Joseph Banks, to collect plants, feeds, &c. in Captain Cook's last voyage. And now, after surmounting fo many difficulties, and in the midst of thankfulness for his deliverance, he was called upon to pay the debt of nature, at a time least expected.
August 20. “After taking an affectionate leave of the hospitable and friendly inhabitants, I embarked, and we failed from Coupang, exchang. ing salutes with the fort and shipping as we ran out of the harbour. I left the governor, Mr. Van Efte, at the point of death. To this gen. tleman our most grateful thanks are due, for the humane and friendly treatment that we have received from him. His ill state of health only prevented him from showing us more particular marks of attention.
Unhappily, it is to his memory only that I now pay this tribute: It
On the 29th of August, I passed by the west end of the Island
On the 10th of September, I anchored off Passourwang, in latitude
On the oth, I was carried into the country, to the physician-gene-
On the 2d of January, 1790, we failed for Europe, and on the 14th
Anecdote of Henry Prince of Wales. . LIENRY prince of Wales, son of king James the Ift. being 11 at a hunting-match, the stag, almost spent, crossed a road where a butcher was passing with his dog : the stag was instantly killed by the dog, at which the huntsmen were greatly offended, and endeavoured to irritate the prince against the butcher ; but his highness answered coolly, “ What, if the butcher's dog killed the stag; what, could the butcher help it ?" They replied, that if his father had been so served, he would have sworn so, no one could have endured it. “ Away !" cried the prince; “ all she pleasure in the world is not worth an oath.” It is also said of this prince when at play, being asked why he did not swear as others did, “ he answered, he knew no game worthy of an oath.”
Extract of a Letter from New York, dated December 1, 1795.
“ Dear Sister, “ N EVER was I more anxious to write to you than at the pre
I sent time, as, without doubt, you have heard of the dread. ful affli&tion where with our city has been visited, and which may have caused some uneasiness in your mind respecting us; the thoughts of which would have induced me to have wrole long before this, had I not wished to see the removal of the visitation from our heads first, which through mercy is accomplished ; thanks be to God! The stroke has been severe, and its effects dreadful.* Never did I behold a scene at once so awful and so alarming. Death seemed to be let loose upon us with his quiver full of arrows; although his career was iconfined chiefly to one quarter of the city, which lies upon the East river and its viciniiy. The Almighty gave the commission, and the raging peftilence appeared amongst us with all its dreadful terrors. Numbers of our fellow-citizens fell daily ; and, shocking to behold, our streets might literally be faid to be crowded with the bodies of the dead. I say crowded, for frequently two, three, four, and five were piled one upon another in a cari t, to be taken to the place of interment; and a num.
Cerrors. Some peftileniny. Thof the ci
* I am not certain which way the disorder came into the city, but there is reason to believe that it was brought by a ship from the West Indies. It is called the yellow fever, the same as was at Philadelphia in the year 1993. The health. officer, who went on board the ship, caught the infection there, and came home and died in a few days: And several, who belonged to another ship, who went on board, before the reached New-York, caught it and died. This was the latter end of July, and the fever from that time began to spread from one to another throughout the month of August. But September was the most fatal month, though it continued with great fury the first half of October, and did not cease until the middle of November.
+ The usual inanner of carrying the corpse to the grave, for all ranks of people, is upon men's shoulders, but it was found impracticable to provide a sufficient
aris were empithe habitato obtain an
he next laid with the difondaily was leiz
ber of carts were employed in the same service, going constantly, day and night, from the habitations of the deceased to the burial. grounds. I have not been able to obtain an accurate account of the number which have fallen; but, as near as I am able to estimate, I suppose it is not fewer than fifteen hundred.
Many whole families were fwept off the stage of time, in the course of a few days, after the first in the family was seized. Some were lingering several days with the disorder ; others were seized one day, and the next laid in the silent grave. I have heard of several who were in perfect health, visiting their friends or about their bu. finess, one day, and the next cold and lifeless. Many expired, who, in all probability, would have been alive at the present moment, had they been properly attended. One doctor told me, that out of thirty of his patients, seven, he had reason to believe, died for want of proper attendance. But the disorder being epidemical and at the same time so very fatal, a nurse could hardly be obtain. ed at any price whatever; and except one friend had affection and fortitude sufficient to induce him to look after another, the consen quence was dreadful to many. An hospital was established at a considerable distance from the city, to which many were taken.. and every attention possible was paid them; and a spot of ground was purchased, not far from the hospital, and appropriated to the purpose of a burial-ground, in which many were interred, both from the city and hospital. It was called Potter's-field; and the appellation was just, for it was literally a place to bury strangers in. as a great number of emigrants were there interred. To the ho. nour of America, very considerable sums of money were colle&ted in different parts, and sent to New York, for the assistance of the distressed of every description, which was faithfully distributed by a committee chosen for the purpose.
The whole of the particulars attending this awful scene not being as yet published, I cannot give you an accurate account, only so far as it has fallen under my immediate notice; and God grant that I may never see the like again! “ The mourners went about the streets" in vast numbers, trade was at a stand, and thousands left the cîty ; in consequence of which, numbers of houses and shops were' shut up, especially in that part of the city where the disorder raged most violently : several streets were almost entirely emptied, either by death or flight. * number of men for the purpose. Coffins were generally ordered as soon as the patient was given up by the physician, or else bought where numbers were kept ready made. I knew an instance of a coffin made for a man who was given over by his physician, but he recovered, and another person, with whom I was well.acquainted, was buried in the same coffin It was the constant practice to bury the dead immediately after their decease, to prevent, as much as possible, the infection spreading; as it was supposed to be more fatal from the dead than the living. * * The disorder proved particularly fatal to Europeans, especially men ; but there were very few women died, in proportion to the number of men ; and the French, being mostly from the West Indies, universally escaped. I do not know an instance of a French man or woman dying, or even having the disorder, al. though there are such valt numbers in the place.
But now, though disagreeable to relate, I am under the neceility of informing you of that which is still neaier to ourselves, our brother Joseph is no more with us in the feh.-He was seized with the fatal disorder on the 11th of September, and grew worse and worse until Sunday the 20th, when he drew bis last breath. I called in the most skiiful physician to his alistance, and attended him the whole of the time myself, bosh night and day, although at the hazard of my own life. Blessed be God! the confidence which he implanted in my breaft, in his over ruling providence, and trust in his promises, dispelled the anxiety wbich might have arisen in my mind respecting my own safety amidst the danger to which I was exposed while attending my brother, and visiting many others. I was fully confident that if it should please God to call me to himself, he would take care of my dear wife and children amidlt all the surrounding difficulties of life. God iherefore ena. bled me to say, with the good old patriarch Job, “All the days of my appointed time will I wait until my change come." Thanks be to God for bis unspeakable gift! I must now come to a conclusion, my dear sister : I hope you will not give way to sorrow on account of the loss which you and we have met with, but bear it with Christian fortitude. Our loss is equal to yours on that ac. count, and perhaps more afflicting, being upon the spot with him. But I hope ihat our loss will be his gain. He was just beginning business for himself, and consequently just entering upon trouble; but it pleased the Lord to remove him, leaving us this important admonition, “ Be ye also ready.” Evang, Mag. IV. 2426
A REMARKABLE CONVERSION. W B. of the parish of S - ; a man of the most diffolute
• life, on Saturday evening, March 4, 1789, attended a fu. neral, at the parish church. From the place of interment he went to a publick house, from whence, with difficulty he reached his own habitation. Shortly after he lay down upon his bed; he fell asleep, and dreamed that he saw a serpent of the hydra kind, with nine heads, ready to seize him: whatever way he turned a head presented itself ; nor could he, by all the methods he devised, exiricate himself from this baneful monster. He awoke in great dil. tress and perturbation.
The next morning a serious person observing him to be very pensive, asked him, if he would go with him to a place of wor. ship, and hear a sermon upon the old Serpent. Why the person used this expression he could not tell, nor why he invited him to accompany him that morning, which he had never done before, though they both lived under the same roof; but he could tell, who in the days of his flesh; “must needs go through Samaria, and, whose Providences are always in coincidence with the purposes of his grace.