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While he was in prison, a gentlewoman who came to visit him, told him weeping, “That those heaven-daring enemies were preparing a most violent death for him, some said, a barrel with many pikes in iis fides, to roll him in ; others, an iron-chair red-hot to roast him in." But he answered, “ Let neither you, nor any of the “ Lord's people, be troubled on account of such things; for all " that they will find liberty to do, will be to hang me up, cut me “ down, and then cut my old head off. And then, fare them “ well; they will have done with me, and I with them for ever."
On the 19th, he was again brought before the council, when he was examined respecting the excommunication. It appears, that a motion was made to spare his life, as he was an old man, and to send him a prisoner to the Bass during life. This being put to the vote, he was cast by the vote of the Earl of Argyle, who doomed him to the gallows to die like a trạitor.
Upon the 26th, he was brought before the judges, and indicted in the common form. His confession being produced in evidence against him, he was brought in guilty of high-treason, and condemned with the rest, to be hanged at the cross of Edinburghi, and his head to be placed on one of the gates of the city. When they came to these words in the indi&tment, “ Having cast off the fear of God," &c. he desired the clerk 10 stop, and pointing to the king's advocate, Sir George Mc Kenzie, said, “ The man that hath caused that paper to be drawn up, hath done it contrary to the light of his own conscience; for he knoweth that I have lived in the fear of God from my infancy. But that man, I say, wbo took the holy Bible in his hand, and said, that it would never be well with this land vill that blessed Book be destroyed, I say, he is the man that hath cast off the fear of God." The advocate stormed at this, but could not deny the truth of what he said. : When Mr. Cargil's sentence was announced with sound of trumpet, he said, " That is a weary found; but the found of the last trumpet will be a joyful sound to me, and to all who are interested in the righteousness of Christ.
When he was brought to the scaffold, he food with his back to the ladder, and desired the attention of the numerous spectators : and after singing the 118th Psalm, from the 16th verse, he began to speak to three sorts of people; but being interrupted by ihe bearing of drums, he smiled, and said, “ You see, we have not liberty to speak; but God knoweth our hearts." He then began to exhort the people, and to shew them the comfort he had in laying down his life, in the assurance of a blessed eternity; express. ing himself in these words, “ I am as fure of my interest in Christ, and my peace with God, as all within this Bible, and the spirit of Goil can make it. It is near thirty years since the Lord made it sure to me; and since that time, I was never out of an assurance of my interest in Christ, nor long out of his presence. It is long since I could have ventured on eternity, through the boundless røercy of God and the infinite merits of Chrift. It is true, death
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terrible way of tepine it to be eyes beleople of their counting his sladder
fometimes appeared somewhat terrible, but now that is taken away, and death is no more to me, than to cast myself into the arms of my heavenly Redeemer. I have been, in my public ministry, chiefly concerned in the great and leading truths of the Gospel. And O that all the minillers in Scotland had taken the same me. thod, then had there been fewer apostacies. My soul trembles to think how little Regeneration-work there is among the ministers and Professors in Scotland. O the ministers of Scotland ! how have they betrayed the interest of Christ, and deceived the souls of the people! They have sold the things of Christ, and the liberties of his church, for a short and cursed quiet, which is now near an end. As to our professors, my counsel to them is, that they would look well to their own regeneration; for I fear, the far greater part of them have got that work ftill to begin. I am fully persuaded, that this is the very Way for which I suffer; and that the Lord will return gloriously to Scotland; but it will be terrifying to many. Therefore, I intreat you, be not discouraged at the way of Christ, and the cause for which I am to lay down my life and step into eternity, where my soul shall be as full of God as I can desire it to be. This is the sweetest and the most glorious day that ever my eyes beheld. Our enemies are now enraged against the way and the people of God, but ere long, they will be enraged one against another to their own confusion." om Here the drums beat a third time. Then setting his foot on the ladder, he said, “ The Lord knows, that I go up this ladder with less fear and periurbation of mind, than ever I entered the pulpit to preach. I am now near the gaining of my crown, which is made sure, for which I bless the Lord, and desire all of you to bless him, that he hach brought me here, and hath made me to triumph over devils, wicked men, and sin. They shall wound me no more. I forgive all men the wrongs of which they have done me; and I pray that all the Sufferers may be kept from fin, and helped to know their duty." Then having prayed a little pri. vately, he lifted up the napkin and said, “ Farewell, all relations “ and friends in Chrift: Farewell, acquaintances, and all earthly ^ enjoyments : Farewell, reading and preaching, praying and be. 6 lieving, wanderings, reproach, and sufferings; Welcome “ Father, Son, and Holy Ghost: Into thy hands, I commit my “ spirit.” Then he prayed a little, and the executioner turned him off while he was praying; and thus he finilhed his course and the ministry which he had received of the Lord Jesus Chrift,
Sir Robert Hamilton gave Mr., Cargil the following character, “ He was affectionate, affable, and tender-hearted to all sueltas he thought had any thing of the image of God in them; sober and temperate in his diet, often saying, “ that is well saved, which is saved from the flesh.” He was generous, liberal, and very charitable to the poor, a great hater of covetousness, a frequent visitor of the sick, much alone, loving to be retired; but when about his Master's public work, laying hold of every opportunity to edify.
’s Voyage. 389 In conversation constantly dropping what might minister grace to the bearers. Preaching in season and out of season, at all hazards, ever the same in judgment and in practice. From his youth, he was much engaged in secret prayer, for whole nights together; in the performance of which, both in secret and in families, he always kneeled quite upright, with his hands lifted up to heaven; and in this posture he died with the rope about his neck."
Thus died this faithful servant of God, who had he lived in better times might have been wonderfully useful in his hand for for many years longer. How mysterious are the ways of the Lord, when such a man is suffered to die fuch a death? And what abund. ant reason have we to praise God for the privileges we enjoy? May he also give'us grace duly to improve them to his glory and our own eternal good. Șo prays your affectionate Friend and Brother,
Extract of Captain Bligh’s Voyage.
[ Continued from page 336. ] M A Y 27. Fresh breezeş south-easterly, and fine weather. The wea.
IV ther was now serene, but unhappily we found ourselves unable to bear the sun's heat; many of us suffering a languor and faintness, which made life indifferent. We were, however, fo fortunate as to catch two boobies to-day; their stomachs contained several flying-fish and small cuttlefish, all of which I saved to be divided for dinner. We passed much drift wood, and saw many birds; I therefore did not hesitate to pronounce that we were near the reefs of New Holland, and assured every one I would make the coast without delay, in the parallel we were in, and range the reef till I found an opening, through which we might get into smooth water, and pick up some supplies. From my recollection of Captain Cook's survey of this coast, I considered the direction of it to be NW, and I was therefore satisfied that, with the wind to the southward of E, I could always clear any dangers. After writing my account, I divided the two birds with their entrails, and the contents of their maws, into 18 portions, and, as the prize was a very valuable one, it was divided as before, by calling out, “Who shall have this p" so that to-day, with the allowance of a 25th of a pound of bread at breakfast, and another at dinner, with the proportion of water, I was happy to see that every person thought he had feasted.
May 28. Fresh breezes and fair weather; In the evening we saw a gannet; and the clouds remained so fixed in the west, that I had little doubt of our being near to New Holland; and every person, after taking his allowance of water for supper, began to divert himself with conversing on the probability of what we should find. At one in the morning the person at the helm heard the sound of breakers, and I no sooner lifted up my head, than I saw them close under our lee, not Vol. XIX, August, 1796.
inore than a quarter of a mile distant from us. I immediately hauled on a wind to the N NE, and in ten minutes time we could neither see nor hear them. I have already mentioned my reason for making New Holland so far to the southward ; for I never doubted of numerous openings in the recf, through which I could have access to the Shore: and, knowing the inclination of the coast to be to the N W, and the wind mostly to the southward of E, I could with ease range fuch a barrier of reefs till I should find a passage, which now became absolutely neceflary, without a moment's loss of time. The idea of getting into smooth water, and finding refreshments, kept my people's spirits up: their joy was very great after we had got clear of the breakers, co which we had been much nearer than I thought was possible to be de. fore we saw them.
In the morning, at day-light, I bore 'away again for the reefs, and saw them by nine o'clock. The sea broke furiously over every part, and I had no sooner got near to them, than the wind came at E, so that we could only lie along the line of the breakers, within which we saw the water so smooth, that every person already anticipated the heartfelt satisfaction he would receive, as soon as we could get within them. But I now found we were embayed, for I could not lie clear with my fails, the wind having backed against us, and the sea set in so heavy to. wards the reef that our situation was become dangerous. We could effect but little with the oars, having scarce strength to pull them; and it was becoming every minute more and more probable that we should he obliged to attempt. pushing over the reef, in case we could not pull off. Even this I did not despair of effe&ting with success, when happily we discovered a break in the reef, about one mile from us, and at the same time an island of a moderate height within it, nearly in the fame direction, bearing W IN. I entered the passage with a strong stream running to the westward, and found it about a quarter of a mile broad, with every appearance of deep water.
On the outside, the reef inclined to the N E for a few miles, and from thence to the N W; on the south side of the entrance, it inclined to the SSW as far as I could see it; and I conjecture that a similar pallage to this which we now entered, may be found near the breakers that I first discovered, which are 23 miles S of this channel. Being now happily within the reefs, and in smooth water, I endeavoured to keep near them to try for fish ; but the tide set us to the N W; I therefore bore away in that direction, and, having promised to land on the first convenient fpot we could find, all our past hardships seemed already to be forgotten. We now returned God thanks for his gracious protection, and with much content took our miserable allowance of a 25th of a pound of bread, and a quarter of a pint of water, for dinner.
May 29. Moderate breezes and fine weather, wind ES E. As we advanced within the reefs, the coast began to shew itself very distinctly, with a variety of high and low land; some parts of which were covered with wood. Two islands lay about four iniles to the W by N, and appeared eligible for a resting place, if nothing more ; but on my ap. proach to the first I found it only a heap of stones, and its size too inconsiderable to shelter the boat. I therefore proceeded to the next,
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which was close to it and towards the main. I now landed to examine if there were any signs of the natives being near us; but though I disa covered some old fire-places, I saw nothing to alarm me for our situa: tion during the night. Every one was anxious to find something to eat, and I soon heard that there were oysters on the rocks, for the tide was out; but it was nearly dark, and only a few could be gathered. I de. termined therefore to wait till the morning, to know how to proceed, and I consented that one half of us should ficep on shore, and the other in the boat. We would gladly have made a fire, but, as we could not accomplish it, we took our rest for the night, which happily was calm and undisturbed.
The dawn of day brought greater strength and spirits to us than I expected; for, notwithstanding every one was very weak, there appeared strength sufficient remaining to make me conceive the most favourable hopes of our being able to surmount the difficulties we might yet have to encounter. As soon as I saw that there were not any natives immediately near us, I sent our parties in search of supplies, while others were putting the boat in order, that I might be ready to go to sea in case any unforeseen cause might make it necessary. The first object of this work, that demanded our attention, was the rudder: one of the gudgeons had come out, in the course of the night, and was loft. This, if it had happened at sea, would probably have been the cause of our perishing, as the management of the boat could not have been so nicely preserved as these very heavy seas required. I had often expressed my fears of this accident, and, that we might be prepared for it, had taken the precaution to have grummets fixed on each quarter of the boat for oars; but even our utmost readiness in using them, I fear, would not have faved us. It appears, therefore, a providential circumstance, that it happened at this place, and was in our power to remedy the defect; for by great good luck we found a large staple in the boat that answered the purpose. .
The parties were now returned, highly rejoiced at having found plenty of oysters and fresh water. I also had made a fire, by help of a small magnifying glass, that I always carried about me, to read off the divisions of my fextants; and, what was still more fortunate, among the few things which had been thrown into the boat and saved, was a piece of brimstone and a tinder-box, so that I secured fire for the fu. ture. One of my people had been so provident as to bring away with him a copper pot : it was by being in poffession of this article that I was enabled to make a proper use of the supply we found, for, with a mixture of bread and a little pork, I made a stew that might have .. been relished by people of more delicate appetites, of which each per: son received a full pint. The general complaints of disease among us, were a dizziness in the head, great weakness of the joints, and violent tenesmus, most of us having had no evacuation by stool since we left the ship. I had constantly a severe pain at my stomach ; but none of our complaints were alarming; on the contrary, every one retained marks of strength, that with a mind poffefsed of any fortitude, could bear more fatigue than I hoped we had to undergo in our voyage to Timor. As I would not allow the people to expose themselves to the heat of 3 G 2