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M. Cargin 3rd of Ni So narroman

secutors searched flrictly for him here, yet Providence lo ordered it, that he was always out of the way when they came : For the Lord was so gracious to him, that he left him not without some notice of approaching danger. One Sabbath, when he was going to Woodside to preach, as he was about to mount the horse, he said to his man, “I must not go to yonder place to day.” A party of the enemy came there that day in search of him, and when they found him not, they fell upon the people, and imprisoned several of them. At another time, a search was made for him in the city, and they came to his chamber, but providentially he was in another house that night. At another time he was preaching privately in the house of one Mr. Calender, and the enemy beset the house, but the people put him and another man in a window, and closed it up with books. The search was so ftri&t that they searched the very ceiling of the house. Had they moved but one of the books they would certainly have found him. But the Lord so ordered it, that they did not ; for as a soldier was about to take up one of the books, the servant maid cried out to the commander, “ The man is going to steal my master's books;" and he was order. ed to let them alone: So narrowly did he escape at that time.

On the 23rd of November, 1668, the council having heard that Mr. Cargil had broke his confinement, ordered him to appear before them on the 11th of January following. He was accord. ingly apprehended and appeared before them, when he was fingu. larly strengthened to bear a faithful testimony, to his Master's honour, his persecuted cause and truth. Yet through the interpo. sition of some persons of quality, his own friends, and his wife's relations, he was dismissed, and returned to Glasgow ; and there performed all ministerial duties, as when in his own church, not. withstanding the diligent search that was made for him. For eighteen months together he preached every Sabbath to multitudes who flocked to hear him, within little more than a quarter of a mile of the city, so that the singing was heard in different parts of it, yet all the while they never molested him.

Mr. Cargil being in company with the party which rose in defence of the Gospel at Bothwell, was taken prisoner. He was struck down to the ground with a sword, and saw nothing but death before him, having received several dangerous wounds in his head. One of the soldiers asked his name; he told him it was Donald Cargil : another asked him, if he was a minister ? He answered he was; whereupon they let him go. When his wounds were examined, he feared to ask if they were mortal, as he then desired, in submission to the will of God, to live a little longer, being led to think that the Lord had yet further work for him to do.

Soon after this, he was pursued from his own chamber out of the town, and was forced to run through several thorn hedges. He was no sooner out, but he saw a troop of dragoons just oppo. lite to him. He could not return back, the soldiers being posted

every where, laying in wait for him: Upon which he went forward, and passed by the troop, who looked upon him, but did not molest him. When he got to the river, he saw another troop on the other side, waiting for him, who called to him, but he made them no answer. He travelled about a mile by the river side and so escaped. Next Lord's-day he preached at Langside without interruption. At another time, being in a house beset with sol. diers, he walked through the midst of them, they supposing him to be the owner of the house: so wonderfully did the Lord preserve his persecuted servant.

There was a certain woman about two miles from Glasgow, who through fear of suffering, persuaded her husband to hear the curate; but afterwards she fell into extreme distress of mind, being forely tempted to question her interest in Chrift, and all that had for. merly passed between God and her soul, and was often tempted to destroy herself. Being well known to be a truly pious woman, she was visited by many christian friends, but without success : She still cried out, “ I am undone! for I have denied Christ, and be has denied me." Mr. Cargil at last visited her several times, but still she continued in the deepest distress. He fet apart several days to wrestle with the Lord in her behalf, and then visited her again, but found her as bad as ever, upon which he took out his Bible, and looking seriously at her, said, “ I have this day a come' mission from my Lord and Master, to renew the marriage con. tract between you and him ; and if you will not consent, I am to require your subscription upon this Bible, that you are willing to quit all right and title to him;" and then he offered her pen and ink for that purpose. She was silent for some time, but at last cried out, “ O Salvation is come to this house: I take the Lord on his own terms, as he is offered to me by his faithful servant.”. And from that time her soul was set at liberty.

In the beginning of the year 1680, he retired towards the Frith of Forth, and continued there till he and some others were attacked by a party of soldiers at Queensferry, where some of them were killed, and he was forely wounded, but escaped with his life. A certain woman found him in a private place, and bound up his wounds with her head-clothes, and conducted him to the house of one Robert Pontins, where a surgeon dressed his wounds. Mr. Pontins gave him a little warm milk, and he lay in their barn all night. From thence he went to the South, and the next Lord'sday, notwithstanding his wounds, he preached at Cairn hill near Loudon. For no danger could prevent him from the good work in which he was engaged. At night some persons said to him, “ We think, fir, that preaching and praying go the best with you, when your danger and trials are the greatest." He answered, 6. It has been so, and I hope it will still be so : the more the enemies of religion thrust at me to make me fall, the more sensibly The Lord supports me :” and added, “ The Lord is my strength and my song, and he is become my Salvation." 3 F 2


After this, he and Mr. Richard Cameron met and preached together in Darmeid-muir and other places, till Mr. Cameron was killed at Airs-mofs. From thence Mr. Cargil went north, and in the month of September had a numerous meeting near Sterling, where he pronounced sentence of excommunication against some of the most violent persecutors of that day, as formally as the present state of things would admit. Some time before this, he appeared very low, and said but little in company : Only to some of his friends he said, “ I have a blast to give the trumpet which the Lord has put into my hand, that will found in the ears of many in Britain." When he began, some of his friends feared that he would be shot. His landlord, in whose house he had lodged that night, was so frightened, that he cast off his coat and ran away with all speed. In the forenoon Mr. Cargil lectured upon Ezek. xxi. 25, and preached on 1 Cor. v. 13. He enlarged on the nature of excommunication, and then pronounced the sen. tence. In the afternoon he preached on Lam. iii. 31, 32, “ The Lord will not calt off for ever.”

The next Lord's-day he preached near Livingston. In his introduction he faid, “I know that I am, and shall be condemned by many, for excommunicating those wicked men. But whoso. ever may condemn me, I know that the Lord approves of me; and I am persuaded that what I have done on earth is ratified in heaven; for if ever I knew the mind of God, or was clear in any part of the work he has called me to, it was in that. And I will give you two signs that you may be satisfied that I am in no delu.'. sion: 1. If some of these men do not find that sentence binding upon them before they go off the stage of life, and be obliged to confess it, &c. 2. If these men die the common death of all men, then God hath not spoken by me."

About the 22d of October, a very severe proclamation was published against him, offering a reward of five thousand marks to any one that would apprehend him. A few weeks after, Governor Middleton laid the following plot for him; he prevailed upon one Henderson to write letters in the name of Mr. Adam, in Culross, and some other serious Christians in Fife, defiring Mr. Cargil to come over and preach to them at the Hill-ofBaith. Henderson went to Edinburgh with the letters, and found him in the Westbow. Mr. Cargil being willing to answer the call, Henderson proposed to go before, and to get a boat ready at the ferry again ft Mr. Cargil came; and in order that he might know him, he desired to see Mr. Cargil's clothes that he should then wear. In the mean while Henderson had a company of fol. diers laying in wait for Mr. Cargil on the road. Several of Mr. Cargil's friends went before on foot, while he and some others, were to follow on horse-back. When they came to the place where the soldiers were, they saw the danger, and one of the company escaped and cold Mr. Cargil, so he fled back to Edin. burgh.


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After this remarkable escape, Mr. Cargil seeing nothing but the · violent flames of persecution before him, retired for about three

months into England, where his pious labours were very much blessed to many souls who attended on his ministry. He then returned to Scotland and preached at Cambusnethan on the 11th of May, and after baptizing some children, he preached again in the afternoon. In the mean time his enemies at Glasgow getting notice of this meeting, they seized upon all the horses they could meet with, and came in quest of him. Such was their halte, that one of the soldiers, who was a little behind the rest, riding furiously down the street, although it was mid-day, rode over a child and killed it on the spot. Just as Mr. Cargil was concluding with prayer, a lad alarmed bim of the enemies approach. The people were seized with great fear, so that some of the women cast away their children. Mr. Cargil was running directly among his enemies, but some of his friends feeing his mistake, called him back to the moss, unto which they fled. "The soldiers fired hard upon them, but none were either killed or taken that day. .

About this time fome of the people spoke to Mr. Cargil about his preaching and praying so short. They said, O fir, it is long between meals, and we are in a starving condition; all is exceede ing good, sweet, and wholesome, that you deliver; but why do you give us so small a portion ? He answered, “ Ever since I bowed a knee in good earnest to pray, I never durft preach or pray with my own gifts; and when my heart is not properly affected, I always think it is time to give up. For what does not come froin the heart, I have very little hope will go to the hearts of others."

After this he took a tour through Airshire, where he preached, and baptized some children. He stayed not long but returned to Clydesdale. He designed to have preached at Tinto-bill, but the lady of St. John's kirk, gave it out to be at Home-common. He being in the house of John Leddal near Tinio, went out to spend the Sabbath morning by himself, and seeing the people passing by, asked what it meant, which being told, he rose and followed them about five miles. The morning being warm and the hills steep, he was much fatigued before he got to the place, where a man gave him a drink of water out of his bonnet, and another between the sermons; this was all the entertainment he got that day; for he had tasted nothing in the morning. Here he lectured upon the 6th of Isaiah, and preached on, “ Be not high-minded but fear."

Mr. Cargil had run very fast, for some time, but the end of his painful race was now drawing near. He preached his last sermon at Dunsyre-common, upon Ilaiah xxiv. 20, “Come, my people, enter thou into thy chambers, --and hide thyself for a little moment, until the indignation be over-part.” Some time that night, through the persuasion of his friends, he came to Covington-mill to the house of Andrew Fisher. In the mean time James Irvin the laird of Bonshaw, having got a general commission, marched


with a party of soldiers from Kilbride, and next morning very early came io Si. John's-kirk, and after searching several houses there, he came to Covington-mill, and there apprehended Mr. Cargil, Mr. Smith, and Mr. Boig. Bonshaw, when he found them, cried out, “ O blessed Bondhaw! and blessed be the day that ever I was born! what a prize have I now found, a prize of five thousand marks this morning.” The soldiers marched with all speed to Lanerk, and put them all in prison until they them. selves got some refreshment, and then got horses and set the prie soners on their bare backs. Bonshaw tied Mr. Cargil's feet under the horse's belly with his own hand exceeding hard. Upon this Mr. Cargil looked down upon him and said, “ Why do you tie me so hard? Your wickednels is great. But you will not long escape the just judgment of God, and if I be not mistaken, it will seize you in this place." This came to pass the next year. One of Bonhaw's companions in sin being in a rage with him, ran him through with a sword. His last words were a dreadful curse upon his own soul, too shocking to be repeated. “ Miso chief shall hunt the violent man to destroy him."

They came to Glasgow in haste, fearing that the prisoners would be rescued ; and while waiting aisthe Tolbooth for the magistrates to come to receive them, one John Hisbet said to Mr. Cargil three times over, by way of ridicule, “ Will you not give us one word more?” (alluding to an expression he used sometimes in preaching.) Mr. Cargil answered, “ Mock not, left your bands be made strong. The day is coming when you shall not have one word to say, though you would.” This soon came to pass, for not many days after, Nisbit fell suddenly ill; for three days toge. ther his tongue swelled, and although he strove to speak, he could not pronounce a single word, but died in great terror and torment.

From Glasgow the prisoners were removed to Edinburgh; and July 15, they were brought before the council. Chancellor Rothes, being one of those whom Mr. Cargil had excommuni. cated, ihreatened him with the torture, and a more violent death than ordinary. To whom he said, “ My Lord Rothes, forbear to threaten me; for die what death I will, your eyes shall not see it." Which accordingly came to pass, for he died the morning of that same day, in the afternoon of which Mr. Cargil was executed.*

* The day before the Parliament sat down, the Duke of Rothes died. When he saw his danger, he sent for some of his lady's minifters; for it seems that his own ministers might do to live with, but not to die with. Accordingly, Mr. John Carstairs, and Mr. George Johnson visited him, and used great freedom in speaking to him. To whom he said, “ We all thought little of what that good man did in excommunicating us, but I find that sentence binding upon me now, and it will bind to all eternity." While Mr. Johnson was praying with him, -feveral noblemen and bishops were in the next room; one of whom said to the bishops, “ That is a Presbyterian minister that is praying: The devil-a-one of you could pray as they do, tho' your prayers should keep a soul out of hell." Duke Hamilton answered, “ We banish these men from us, and yet when we come to die, we cannot die without them: this is melancholy work 1 %

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